Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Flotant adjective [ Old French flotant , French flottant , present participle of flotter to float.] (Her.) Represented as flying or streaming in the air; as, a banner flotant .
[ Confer French flottation
a floating, flottaison
water line, from flotter
to float. See Flotilla
.] 1. The act, process, or state of floating. 2. The science of floating bodies. Center of flotation
. (Shipbuilding) (a) The center of any given plane of flotation. (b) More commonly, the middle of the length of the load water line. Rankine.
-- Plane, or Line
, of flotation
, the plane or line in which the horizontal surface of a fluid cuts a body floating in it. See Bearing , noun , 9 (c) .
-- Surface of flotation (Shipbuilding)
, the imaginary surface which all the planes of flotation touch when a vessel rolls or pitches; the envelope of all such planes.
Flotation noun (Com. & Finance) Act of financing, or floating, a commercial venture or an issue of bonds, stock, or the like.
Flotation process A process of separating the substances contained in pulverized ore or the like by depositing the mixture on the surface of a flowing liquid, the substances that are quickly wet readily overcoming the surface tension of the liquid and sinking, the others flowing off in a film or slime on the surface, though, perhaps, having a greater specific gravity than those that sink.
Flote transitive verb To fleet; to skim. [ Obsolete] Tusser.
[ Confer French flot
, Latin fluctus
; also confer Float
] A wave.
[ Obsolete] "The Mediterranean flote
Flotery adjective Wavy; flowing.
With flotery beard. Chaucer.
[ Spanish flotilla
, dim. of flota
fleet; akin to French flotte
, Italian flotta
, and French flot
wave, from Latin fluctus
, but probably influenced by words akin to English float
. See Fluctuate
, and confer Float
] A little fleet, or a fleet of small vessels.
Flotsam, Flotson noun
[ French flotter
to float. See FFlotilla
, and confer Jetsam
.] (Law) Goods lost by shipwreck, and floating on the sea; -- in distinction from jetsam or jetson . Blackstone.
Flotten past participle
, transitive verb Skimmed.
Flounce intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Flounced
(flounst); present participle & verbal noun Flouncing
.] [ Confer OSw. flunsa
to immerge.] To throw the limbs and body one way and the other; to spring, turn, or twist with sudden effort or violence; to struggle, as a horse in mire; to flounder; to throw one's self with a jerk or spasm, often as in displeasure.
To flutter and flounce will do nothing but batter and bruise us. Barrow.
With his broad fins and forky tail he laves Addison.
The rising sirge, and flounces in the waves.
Flounce noun The act of floucing; a sudden, jerking motion of the body.
Flounce noun [ Confer German flaus , flausch , a tuft of wool or hair; akin to vliess , English fleece ; or perhaps corrupted from rounce .] An ornamental appendage to the skirt of a woman's dress, consisting of a strip gathered and sewed on by its upper edge around the skirt, and left hanging.
Flounce transitive verb To deck with a flounce or flounces; as, to flounce a petticoat or a frock.
Flounder noun [ Confer Swedish flundra ; akin to Danish flynder , Icelandic fly...ra , German flunder , and perhaps to English flounder , v.i.]
1. (Zoology) A flatfish of the family Pleuronectidæ , of many species. » The common English flounder is Pleuronectes flesus . There are several common American species used as food; as the smooth flounder ( P. glabra ); the rough or winter flounder ( P. Americanus ); the summer flounder, or plaice ( Paralichthys dentatus ), Atlantic coast; and the starry flounder ( Pleuronectes stellatus ). 2. (Bootmaking) A tool used in crimping boot fronts.
Flounder intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Floundered
; present participle & verbal noun Floundering
.] [ Confer Dutch flodderen
to flap, splash through mire, English flounce
, v.i., and flounder
the fish.] To fling the limbs and body, as in making efforts to move; to struggle, as a horse in the mire, or as a fish on land; to roll, toss, and tumble; to flounce.
They have floundered on from blunder to blunder. Sir W. Hamilton.
Flounder noun The act of floundering.
[ French fleur de farine
the flower ( i.e.
, the best) of meal, confer Spanish flor de la harina
superfine flour, Icelandic flür
flower, flour. See Flower
.] The finely ground meal of wheat, or of any other grain; especially, the finer part of meal separated by bolting; hence, the fine and soft powder of any substance; as, flour of emery; flour of mustard. Flour bolt
, in milling, a gauze-covered, revolving, cylindrical frame or reel, for sifting the flour from the refuse contained in the meal yielded by the stones.
-- Flour box a tin box for scattering flour; a dredging box.
-- Flour dredge or dredger
, a flour box.
-- Flour dresser
, a mashine for sorting and distributing flour according to grades of fineness.
-- Flour mill
, a mill for grinding and sifting flour.
Flour transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Floured
; present participle & verbal noun Flouring
.] 1. To grind and bolt; to convert into flour; as, to flour wheat. 2. To sprinkle with flour.
Floured p. adjective Finely granulated; -- said of quicksilver which has been granulated by agitation during the amalgamation process. Raymond.
Flourish intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Flourished
; present participle & verbal noun Flourishing
.] [ Middle English florisshen
, Old French flurir
, French fleurir
, from Latin florere
to bloom, from flos
, flower. See Flower
, and - ish
.] 1. To grow luxuriantly; to increase and enlarge, as a healthy growing plant; a thrive.
A tree thrives and flourishes in a kindly . . . soil. Bp. Horne. 2. To be prosperous; to increase in wealth, honor, comfort, happiness, or whatever is desirable; to thrive; to be prominent and influental; specifically, of authors, painters, etc., to be in a state of activity or production.
When all the workers of iniquity do flourish . Ps. xcii 7
Bad men as frequently prosper and flourish , and that by the means of their wickedness. Nelson.
We say Tennyson. 3. To use florid language; to indulge in rhetorical figures and lofty expressions; to be flowery.
Of those that held their heads above the crowd,
They flourished then or then.
They dilate . . . and flourish long on little incidents. J. Watts. 4. To make bold and sweeping, fanciful, or wanton movements, by way of ornament, parade, bravado, etc.; to play with fantastic and irregular motion.
Impetuous spread Pope. 5. To make ornamental strokes with the pen; to write graceful, decorative figures. 6. To execute an irregular or fanciful strain of music, by way of ornament or prelude.
The stream, and smoking flourished o'er his head.
Why do the emperor's trumpets flourish thus? Shak. 7. To boast; to vaunt; to brag. Pope.
Flourish transitive verb 1. To adorn with flowers orbeautiful figures, either natural or artificial; to ornament with anything showy; to embellish.
[ Obsolete] Fenton. 2. To embellish with the flowers of diction; to adorn with rhetorical figures; to grace with ostentatious eloquence; to set off with a parade of words.
Sith that the justice of your title to him Shak. 3. To move in bold or irregular figures; to swing about in circles or vibrations by way of show or triumph; to brandish.
Doth flourish the deceit.
And flourishes his blade in spite of me. Shak. 4. To develop; to make thrive; to expand.
Bottoms of thread . . . which with a good needle, perhaps may be flourished into large works. Bacon.
; plural Flourishes 1. A flourishing condition; prosperity; vigor.
The Roman monarchy, in her highest flourish , never had the like. Howell. 2. Decoration; ornament; beauty.
The flourish of his sober youth Crashaw. 3. Something made or performed in a fanciful, wanton, or vaunting manner, by way of ostentation, to excite admiration, etc.; ostentatious embellishment; ambitious copiousness or amplification; parade of words and figures; show; as, a flourish of rhetoric or of wit.
Was the pride of naked truth.
He lards with flourishes his long harangue. Dryden. 4. A fanciful stroke of the pen or graver; a merely decorative figure.
The neat characters and flourishes of a Bible curiously printed. Boyle. 5. A fantastic or decorative musical passage; a strain of triumph or bravado, not forming part of a regular musical composition; a cal; a fanfare.
A flourish , trumpets! strike alarum, drums! Shak. 6. The waving of a weapon or other thing; a brandishing; as, the flourish of a sword.
Flourisher noun One who flourishes.
Flourishingly adverb In a flourishing manner; ostentatiously.
Floury adjective Of or resembling flour; mealy; covered with flour. Dickens.
Flout transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Flouted
; present participle & verbal noun Flouting
.] [ OD. fluyten
to play the flute, to jeer, Dutch fluiten
, from fluit
, from French. See Flute
.] To mock or insult; to treat with contempt.
Phillida flouts me. Walton.
Three gaudy standards flout the pale blue sky. Byron.
Flout intransitive verb To practice mocking; to behave with contempt; to sneer; to fleer; -- often with at .
Fleer and gibe, and laugh and flout . Swift.
Flout noun A mock; an insult.
Who put your beauty to this flout and scorn. Tennyson.
Flouter noun One who flouts; a mocker.
Floutingly adverb With flouting; insultingly; as, to treat a lover floutingly .
(flō), obsolete imperfect sing. of Fly , intransitive verb Chaucer.
(flō) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Flowed
(flōd); present participle & verbal noun Flowing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon flōwan
; akin to Dutch vloeijen
, Old High German flawen
to wash, Icelandic flōa
to deluge, Greek plw`ein
to float, sail, and probably ultimately to English float
. √80. Confer Flood
.] 1. To move with a continual change of place among the particles or parts, as a fluid; to change place or circulate, as a liquid; as, rivers flow from springs and lakes; tears flow from the eyes. 2. To become liquid; to melt.
The mountains flowed down at thy presence. Is. lxiv. 3. 3. To proceed; to issue forth; as, wealth flows from industry and economy.
Those thousand decencies that daily flow Milton. 4. To glide along smoothly, without harshness or asperties; as, a flowing period; flowing numbers; to sound smoothly to the ear; to be uttered easily.
From all her words and actions.
Virgil is sweet and flowing in his hexameters. Dryden. 5. To have or be in abundance; to abound; to full, so as to run or flow over; to be copious.
In that day . . . the hills shall flow with milk. Joel iii. 18.
The exhilaration of a night that needed not the influence of the flowing bowl. Prof. Wilson. 6. To hang loose and waving; as, a flowing mantle; flowing locks.
The imperial purple flowing in his train. A. Hamilton. 7. To rise, as the tide; -- opposed to ebb ; as, the tide flows twice in twenty-four hours.
The river hath thrice flowed , no ebb between. Shak. 8. To discharge blood in excess from the uterus.
Flow transitive verb
1. To cover with water or other liquid; to overflow; to inundate; to flood. 2. To cover with varnish.
Flow noun 1. A stream of water or other fluid; a current; as, a flow of water; a flow of blood. 2. A continuous movement of something abundant; as, a flow of words. 3. Any gentle, gradual movement or procedure of thought, diction, music, or the like, resembling the quiet, steady movement of a river; a stream.
The feast of reason and the flow of soul. Pope. 4. The tidal setting in of the water from the ocean to the shore. See Ebb and flow , under Ebb . 5. A low-lying piece of watery land; -- called also flow moss and flow bog .
[ Scot.] Jamieson.
Flowage noun An overflowing with water; also, the water which thus overflows.
obsolete imperfect plural of Fly , intransitive verb Chaucer.
[ Middle English flour
, Old French flour
, French fleur
, from Latin flos
. Confer Blossom
.] 1. In the popular sense, the bloom or blossom of a plant; the showy portion, usually of a different color, shape, and texture from the foliage. 2. (Botany) That part of a plant destined to produce seed, and hence including one or both of the sexual organs; an organ or combination of the organs of reproduction, whether inclosed by a circle of foliar parts or not. A complete flower consists of two essential parts, the stamens and the pistil, and two floral envelopes, the corolla and callyx. In mosses the flowers consist of a few special leaves surrounding or subtending organs called archegonia. See Blossom , and Corolla .
» If we examine a common flower, such for instance as a geranium, we shall find that it consists of: First, an outer envelope or calyx
, sometimes tubular, sometimes consisting of separate leaves called sepals
; secondly, an inner envelope or corolla
, which is generally more or less colored, and which, like the calyx, is sometimes tubular, sometimes composed of separate leaves called petals
; thirdly, one or more stamens
, consisting of a stalk or filament
and a head or anther
, in which the pollen
is produced; and fourthly, a pistil
, which is situated in the center of the flower, and consists generally of three principal parts; one or more compartments at the base, each containing one or more seeds; the stalk
; and the stigma
, which in many familiar instances forms a small head, at the top of the style or ovary, and to which the pollen must find its way in order to fertilize the flower. Sir J. Lubbock. 3. The fairest, freshest, and choicest part of anything; as, the flower of an army, or of a family; the state or time of freshness and bloom; as, the flower of life, that is, youth.
The choice and flower of all things profitable the Psalms do more briefly contain. Hooker.
The flower of the chivalry of all Spain. Southey.
A simple maiden in her flower Tennyson. 4. Grain pulverized; meal; flour.
Is worth a hundred coats of arms.
The flowers of grains, mixed with water, will make a sort of glue. Arbuthnot. 5. plural (Old Chem.) A substance in the form of a powder, especially when condensed from sublimation; as, the flowers of sulphur. 6. A figure of speech; an ornament of style. 7. plural (Print.) Ornamental type used chiefly for borders around pages, cards, etc. W. Savage. 8. plural Menstrual discharges. Lev. xv. 24. Animal flower (Zoology) See under Animal .
-- Cut flowers
, flowers cut from the stalk, as for making a bouquet.
-- Flower bed
, a plat in a garden for the cultivation of flowers.
-- Flower beetle (Zoology)
, any beetle which feeds upon flowers, esp. any one of numerous small species of the genus Meligethes , family Nitidulidæ , some of which are injurious to crops.
- - Flower bird (Zoology)
, an Australian bird of the genus Anthornis , allied to the honey eaters.
-- Flower bud
, an unopened flower.
-- Flower clock
, an assemblage of flowers which open and close at different hours of the day, thus indicating the time.
-- Flower head (Botany)
, a compound flower in which all the florets are sessile on their receptacle, as in the case of the daisy.
-- Flower pecker (Zoology)
, one of a family ( Dicæidæ ) of small Indian and Australian birds. They resemble humming birds in habits.
-- Flower piece
. (a) A table ornament made of cut flowers. (b) (Fine Arts) A picture of flowers.
-- Flower stalk (Botany)
, the peduncle of a plant, or the stem that supports the flower or fructification.
Flower intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Flowered
; present participle & verbal noun Flowering
.] [ From the noun. Confer Flourish
.] 1. To blossom; to bloom; to expand the petals, as a plant; to produce flowers; as, this plant flowers in June. 2. To come into the finest or fairest condition.
Their lusty and flowering age. Robynson (More's Utopia).
When flowered my youthful spring. Spenser. 3. To froth; to ferment gently, as new beer.
That beer did flower a little. Bacon. 4. To come off as flowers by sublimation.
Observations which have flowered off. Milton.
Flower transitive verb To embellish with flowers; to adorn with imitated flowers; as, flowered silk.
Flower State Florida; -- a nickname, alluding to sense of Latin floridus , from florida flowery. See Florid .
Flower-de-luce noun [ Corrupted from fleur-de-lis .] (Botany) A genus of perennial herbs ( Iris ) with swordlike leaves and large three-petaled flowers often of very gay colors, but probably white in the plant first chosen for the royal French emblem. » There are nearly one hundred species, natives of the north temperate zone. Some of the best known are Iris Germanica , I. Florentina , I. Persica , I. sambucina , and the American I. versicolor , I. prismatica , etc.
Flower-fence noun (Botany) A tropical leguminous bush ( Poinciana, or Cæsalpinia, pulcherrima ) with prickly branches, and showy yellow or red flowers; -- so named from its having been sometimes used for hedges in the West Indies. Baird.
Flower-gentle noun (Botany) A species of amaranth ( Amarantus melancholicus ).
Flowerage noun State of flowers; flowers, collectively or in general. Tennyson.
Flowerer noun A plant which flowers or blossoms.
Many hybrids are profuse and persistent flowerers . Darwin.
Floweret noun A small flower; a floret. Shak.
Flowerful adjective Abounding with flowers. Craig.
Floweriness noun The state of being flowery.