Webster's Dictionary, 1913
. [ Latin enema
, Greek ..., from ... to send in; ... in + ... to send.] (Medicine) An injection, or clyster, thrown into the rectum as a medicine, or to impart nourishment. Hoblyn.
; plural Enemies
. [ Old French enemi
, French ennemi
, from Latin inimicus
(negative) + amicus
friend. See Amicable
.] One hostile to another; one who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of, another; a foe; an adversary; as, an enemy of or to a person; an enemy to truth, or to falsehood.
To all good he enemy was still. Spenser.
I say unto you, Love your enemies . Matt. v. 44. The enemy (Mil.)
, the hostile force. In this sense it is construed with the verb and pronoun either in the singular or the plural, but more commonly in the singular; as, we have met the enemy and he is ours or they are ours.
It was difficult in such a country to track the enemy . It was impossible to drive him to bay. Macaulay. Syn.
-- Foe; antagonist; opponent. See Adversary
Enemy adjective Hostile; inimical.
They . . . every day grow more enemy to God. Jer. Taylor.
Enepidermic adjective [ Prefix en- (Gr. ...) + epidermic .] (Medicine) Applied to the skin without friction; -- said of medicines.
Energetic, Energetical adjective
[ Greek ..., from ... to work, be active, from ... active. See Energy
.] 1. Having energy or energies; possessing a capacity for vigorous action or for exerting force; active.
"A Being eternally energetic
." Grew. 2. Exhibiting energy; operating with force, vigor, and effect; forcible; powerful; efficacious; as, energetic measures; energetic laws. Syn.
-- Forcible; powerful; efficacious; potent; vigorous; effective; strenuous. -- En`er*get"ic*al*ly
Energetics noun That branch of science which treats of the laws governing the physical or mechanical, in distinction from the vital, forces, and which comprehends the consideration and general investigation of the whole range of the forces concerned in physical phenomena. [ R.]
Energic, Energical adjective
[ Confer French énergique
.] 1. In a state of action; acting; operating. 2. Having energy or great power; energetic.
The energic faculty that we call will. Blackw. Mag.
Energize intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Energized
; present participle & verbal noun Energizing
.] [ From Energy
.] To use strength in action; to act or operate with force or vigor; to act in producing an effect.
Of all men it is true that they feel and energize first, they reflect and judge afterwards. J. C. Shairp.
Energize transitive verb To give strength or force to; to make active; to alacrify; as, to energize the will.
Energizer noun One who, or that which, gives energy, or acts in producing an effect.
Energizing adjective Capable of imparting or exercising energy.
Those nobler exercises of energizing love. Bp. Horsley.
[ Latin energumenos
, from Greek ... possessed by an evil spirit, from ...: confer French énergumène
. See Energetic
.] (Eccl. Antiq.) One possessed by an evil spirit; a demoniac.
; plural Energies
. [ French énergie
, Late Latin energia
, from Greek ..., from ... active; ... in + ... work. See In
, and Work
.] 1. Internal or inherent power; capacity of acting, operating, or producing an effect, whether exerted or not; as, men possessing energies may suffer them to lie inactive.
The great energies of nature are known to us only by their effects. Paley. 2. Power efficiently and forcibly exerted; vigorous or effectual operation; as, the energy of a magistrate. 3. Strength of expression; force of utterance; power to impress the mind and arouse the feelings; life; spirit; -- said of speech, language, words, style; as, a style full of energy . 4. (Physics) Capacity for performing work.
» The kinetic energy
of a body is the energy it has in virtue of being in motion. It is measured by one half of the product of the mass of each element of the body multiplied by the square of the velocity of the element, relative to some given body or point. The available kinetic energy
of a material system unconnected with any other system is that energy which is due to the motions of the parts of the system relative to its center of mass. The potential energy
of a body or system is that energy which is not kinetic; -- energy due to configuration. Kinetic energy
is sometimes called actual energy
. Kinetic energy
is exemplified in the vis viva
of moving bodies, in heat, electric currents, etc.; potential energy
, in a bent spring, or a body suspended a given distance above the earth and acted on by gravity. Accumulation
, & Degradation of energy
, etc. (Physics) See under Accumulation , Conservation , Correlation , etc. Syn.
-- Force; power; potency; vigor; strength; spirit; efficiency; resolution.
Enervate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enervated
; present participle & verbal noun Enervating
.] [ Latin enervatus
, past participle of enervare
, from enervis
nerveless, weak; e
out + nervus
nerve. See Nerve
.] To deprive of nerve, force, strength, or courage; to render feeble or impotent; to make effeminate; to impair the moral powers of.
A man . . . enervated by licentiousness. Macaulay.
And rhyme began t' enervate poetry. Dryden. Syn.
-- To weaken; enfeeble; unnerve; debilitate.
Enervate adjective [ Latin enervatus , past participle ] Weakened; weak; without strength of force. Pope.
Enervation noun [ Latin enervatio : confer French énervation .]
1. The act of weakening, or reducing strength. 2. The state of being weakened; effeminacy. Bacon.
Enervative adjective Having power, or a tendency, to enervate; weakening. [ R.]
Enerve transitive verb
[ Confer French énerver
. See Enervate
.] To weaken; to enervate.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
Enervous adjective [ Latin enervis , enervus .] Lacking nerve or force; enervated. [ R.]
Enface transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enfaced
; present participle & verbal noun Enfacing
.] [ Prefix en-
.] 1. To write or print on the face of (a draft, bill, etc.); as, to enface drafts with memoranda. 2. To write or print (a memorandum, direction, or the like) on the face of a draft, bill, etc.; as, to enface the words "Payable in Calcutta" upon the face of a draft. Enfaced paper (Com.)
, Indian government securities the principal and interest of which are enfaced as payable in silver rupees. Dict. of Pol. Econ.
Enfamish transitive verb To famish; to starve.
[ See Infect
] Contaminated with illegality.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Enfeeble transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enfeebled
; present participle & verbal noun Enfeebling
.] [ Old French enfeblir
; prefix en-
) + feble
, French faible
, feeble. See Feeble
.] To make feeble; to deprive of strength; to reduce the strength or force of; to weaken; to debilitate.
Enfeebled by scanty subsistence and excessive toil. Prescott. Syn.
-- To weaken; debilitate; enervate.
Enfeeblement noun The act of weakening; enervation; weakness.
Enfeebler noun One who, or that which, weakens or makes feeble.
Enfeeblish intransitive verb To enfeeble. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Enfeloned adjective [ Prefix en- + felon : confer Old French enfelonner .] Rendered fierce or frantic. [ Obsolete] "Like one enfeloned or distraught." Spenser.
Enfeoff transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enfeoffed
; present participle & verbal noun Enfeoffing
.] [ Prefix en-
: confer Late Latin infeofare
, Old French enfeffer
.] 1. (Law) To give a feud, or right in land, to; to invest with a fief or fee; to invest (any one) with a freehold estate by the process of feoffment. Mozley & W. 2. To give in vassalage; to make subservient.
[ The king] enfeoffed himself to popularity. Shak.
Enfeoffment noun (Law) (a) The act of enfeoffing. (b) The instrument or deed by which one is invested with the fee of an estate.
Enfester transitive verb To fester. [ Obsolete] " Enfestered sores." Davies (Holy Roode).
Enfetter transitive verb To bind in fetters; to enchain. " Enfettered to her love." Shak.
Enfever transitive verb [ Prefix en- + fever : confer French enfiévrer .] To excite fever in. [ R.] A. Seward.
Enfierce transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enfierced
; present participle & verbal noun Enfiercing
.] To make fierce.
[ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ French, from enfiler
to thread, go trough a street or square, rake with shot; prefix en-
) + fil
thread. See File
a row.] 1. A line or straight passage, or the position of that which lies in a straight line.
[ R.] 2. (Mil.) A firing in the direction of the length of a trench, or a line of parapet or troops, etc.; a raking fire.
Enfilade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enfiladed
; present participle & verbal noun Enfilading
.] (Mil.) To pierce, scour, or rake with shot in the direction of the length of, as a work, or a line of troops. Campbell.
Enfiled p. adjective [ French enfiler to pierce, thread.] (Her.) Having some object, as the head of a man or beast, impaled upon it; as, a sword which is said to be " enfiled of" the thing which it pierces.
Enfire transitive verb To set on fire. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Enflesh transitive verb To clothe with flesh.
Vices which are . . . enfleshed in him. Florio.
Enfleurage noun [ French, from en- (L. in) + fleur flower.] A process of extracting perfumes by exposing absorbents, as fixed oils or fats, to the exhalations of the flowers. It is used for plants whose volatile oils are too delicate to be separated by distillation.
Enflower transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enflowered
; present participle & verbal noun Enflowering
.] To cover or deck with flowers.
These odorous and enflowered fields. B. Jonson.
Enfold transitive verb To infold. See Infold .
Enfoldment noun The act of infolding. See Infoldment .
Enforce transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enforced
; present participle & verbal noun Enforcing
.] [ Old French enforcier
to strengthen, force, French enforcir
; prefix en-
) + French force
. See Force
.] 1. To put force upon; to force; to constrain; to compel; as, to enforce obedience to commands.
Inward joy enforced my heart to smile. Shak. 2. To make or gain by force; to obtain by force; as, to enforce a passage.
furious way." Spenser. 3. To put in motion or action by violence; to drive.
As swift as stones Shak. 4. To give force to; to strengthen; to invigorate; to urge with energy; as, to enforce arguments or requests.
Enforced from the old Assyrian slings.
Enforcing sentiment of the thrust humanity. Burke. 5. To put in force; to cause to take effect; to give effect to; to execute with vigor; as, to enforce the laws. 6. To urge; to ply hard; to lay much stress upon.
Enforce him with his envy to the people. Shak.
Enforce intransitive verb
1. To attempt by force. [ Obsolete] 2. To prove; to evince. [ R.] Hooker. 3. To strengthen; to grow strong. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Enforce noun Force; strength; power.
A petty enterprise of small enforce . Milton.
Enforceable adjective Capable of being enforced.
Enforced adjective Compelled; forced; not voluntary. " Enforced wrong." " Enforced smiles." Shak. -- En*for"ced*ly , adverb Shak.
[ Confer Old French enforcement
.] 1. The act of enforcing; compulsion.
He that contendeth against these enforcements may easily master or resist them. Sir W. Raleigh.
Confess 't was hers, and by what rough enforcement Shak. 2. A giving force to; a putting in execution.
You got it from her.
Enforcement of strict military discipline. Palfrey. 3. That which enforces, constraints, gives force, authority, or effect to; constraint; force applied.
The rewards and punishment of another life, which the Almighty has established as the enforcements of his law. Locke.
Enforcer noun One who enforces.
Enforcible adjective That may be enforced.