Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Encage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Encaged
; present participle & verbal noun Engaging
.] [ Prefix en-
: confer French encager
.] To confine in a cage; to coop up. Shak.
Encalendar transitive verb To register in a calendar; to calendar. Drayton.
Encamp intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Encamped
(?; 215); present participle & verbal noun Encamping
.] To form and occupy a camp; to prepare and settle in temporary habitations, as tents or huts; to halt on a march, pitch tents, or form huts, and remain for the night or for a longer time, as an army or a company traveling.
The host of the Philistines encamped in the valley of Rephaim. 1 Chron. xi. 15.
Encamp transitive verb To form into a camp; to place in a temporary habitation, or quarters.
Bid him encamp his soldiers. Shak.
Encampment noun 1. The act of pitching tents or forming huts, as by an army or traveling company, for temporary lodging or rest. 2. The place where an army or a company is encamped; a camp; tents pitched or huts erected for temporary lodgings.
A square of about seven hundred yards was sufficient for the encampment of twenty thousand Romans. Gibbon.
A green encampment yonder meets the eye. Guardian.
Encanker transitive verb To canker. [ Obsolete]
Encapsulation noun (Physiol.) The act of inclosing in a capsule; the growth of a membrane around (any part) so as to inclose it in a capsule.
Encarnalize transitive verb To carnalize; to make gross. [ R.] " Encarnalize their spirits." Tennyson.
Encarpus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... containing fruit; ... in + ... fruit; confer Latin encarpa , plural, Greek ....] (Architecture) An ornament on a frieze or capital, consisting of festoons of fruit, flowers, leaves, etc. [ Written also encarpa .]
Encase transitive verb
[ Confer Enchase
.] To inclose as in a case. See Incase . Beau. & Fl.
[ Confer Casement
.] 1. The act of encasing; also, that which encases. 2. (Biol.) An old theory of generation similar to emboîtement. See Ovulist .
Encash transitive verb (Eng. Banking) To turn into cash; to cash. Sat. Rev.
Encashment noun (Eng. Banking) The payment in cash of a note, draft, etc.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... mark caused by burning, from .... See Encaustic
.] (Medicine) An ulcer in the eye, upon the cornea, which causes the loss of the humors. Dunglison.
[ Latin encausticus
, Greek ..., from ... to burn in; ... in + ... to burn: confer French encaustique
. See Caustic
, and confer Ink
.] (Fine Arts) Prepared by means of heat; burned in. Encaustic painting (Fine Arts)
, painting by means of wax with which the colors are combined, and which is afterwards fused with hot irons, thus fixing the colors.
-- Encaustic tile (Fine Arts)
, an earthenware tile which has a decorative pattern and is not wholly of one color.
[ Latin encaustica
, Greek ... (sc. ...): confer French encaustique
. See Encaustic
] The method of painting in heated wax, or in any way where heat is used to fix the colors.
Encave transitive verb
[ Prefix en-
: confer French encaver
. Confer Incavated
.] To hide in, or as in, a cave or recess.
"Do but encave
[ French, from enceindre
to gird about, surround, Latin incingere
(intens). + cingere
to gird. See Cincture
.] 1. (Fort.) The line of works which forms the main inclosure of a fortress or place; -- called also body of the place . 2. The area or town inclosed by a line of fortification.
The suburbs are not unfrequently larger than their enceinte . S. W. Williams.
Enceinte adjective [ French, from Latin in not + cinctus , past participle of cingere to gird about.] Pregnant; with child.
Encenia noun plural [ Late Latin encaenia , from Greek ... a feast of dedication; ... in + ... new.] A festival commemorative of the founding of a city or the consecration of a church; also, the ceremonies (as at Oxford and Cambridge, England) commemorative of founders or benefactors.
Encense transitive verb & i.
[ French encenser
, from encens
. See Incense
] To offer incense to or upon; to burn incense.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ See Encephalon
.] (Anat.) Pertaining to the encephalon or brain.
Encephalitis noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'egke`falos the brain + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the brain. -- En`ceph*a*lit"ic adjective
Encephalocele noun [ Greek 'egke`falos the brain + kh`lh tumor.] (Medicine) Hernia of the brain.
[ Greek 'egke`falos
.] Resembling the material of the brain; cerebriform. Encephaloid cancer (Medicine)
, a very malignant form of cancer of brainlike consistency. See under Cancer .
Encephaloid noun An encephaloid cancer.
Encephalology noun [ Greek 'egke`falos the brain + -logy .] The science which treats of the brain, its structure and functions.
[ New Latin See Encephalos
.] (Anat.) The contents of the cranium; the brain.
Encephalopathy noun [ Greek 'egke`falos the brain + pa`schein , paqei^n , to suffer.] (Medicine) Any disease or symptoms of disease referable to disorders of the brain; as, lead encephalopathy , the cerebral symptoms attending chronic lead poisoning.
[ New Latin , from Greek 'egke`falos
in + kefalh`
head.] (Anat.) The encephalon.
In man the encephalos reaches its full size about seven years of age. Sir W. Hamilton.
Encephalotomy noun [ Greek 'egke`falos the brain + ... a cutting.] (Surg.) The act or art of dissecting the brain.
Encephalous adjective (Zoology) Having a head; -- said of most Mollusca; -- opposed to acephalous .
Enchafe transitive verb To chafe; to enrage; to heat. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Enchafing noun Heating; burning.
The wicked enchaufing or ardure of this sin [ lust]. Chaucer.
Enchain transitive verb
[ French enchaîner
; prefix en-
chain. See Chain
, and confer Incatenation
.] 1. To bind with a chain; to hold in chains. 2. To hold fast; to confine; as, to enchain attention. 3. To link together; to connect. Howell.
Enchainment noun [ Confer French enchaînement .] The act of enchaining, or state of being enchained.
Enchair transitive verb To seat in a chair. Tennyson.
Enchannel transitive verb To make run in a channel. "Its waters were enchanneled ." Sir D. Brewster.
Enchant transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enchanted
; present participle & verbal noun Enchanting
.] [ French enchanter
, Latin incantare
to chant or utter a magic formula over or against one, to bewitch; in
in, against + cantare
to sing. See Chant
, and confer Incantation
.] 1. To charm by sorcery; to act on by enchantment; to get control of by magical words and rites.
And now about the caldron sing, Shak.
Like elves and fairies in a ring,
Enchanting all that you put in.
He is enchanted , cannot speak. Tennyson. 2. To delight in a high degree; to charm; to enrapture; as, music enchants the ear.
Arcadia was the charmed circle where all his spirits forever should be enchanted . Sir P. Sidney. Syn.
-- To charm; bewitch; fascinate. Confer Charm
Enchanted adjective Under the power of enchantment; possessed or exercised by enchanters; as, an enchanted castle.
[ Confer French enchanteur
.] One who enchants; a sorcerer or magician; also, one who delights as by an enchantment.
Like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing. Shelley. Enchanter's nightshade (Botany)
, a genus ( Circæa ) of low inconspicuous, perennial plants, found in damp, shady places.
Enchanting adjective Having a power of enchantment; charming; fascinating. -- En*chant"ing*ly , adverb
[ French enchantement
.] 1. The act of enchanting; the production of certain wonderful effects by the aid of demons, or the agency of supposed spirits; the use of magic arts, spells, or charms; incantation.
After the last enchantment you did here. Shak. 2. The effect produced by the act; the state of being enchanted; as, to break an enchantment . 3. That which captivates the heart and senses; an influence or power which fascinates or highly delights.
Such an enchantment as there is in words. South. Syn.
-- Incantation; necromancy; magic; sorcery; witchcraft; spell; charm; fascination; witchery.
Enchantress noun [ Confer French enchanteresse .] A woman versed in magical arts; a sorceress; also, a woman who fascinates. Shak.
Encharge transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Encharged
; present participle & verbal noun Encharging
.] [ Old French enchargier
, French encharger
; prefix en-
) + French charger
. See Charge
.] To charge (with); to impose (a charge) upon.
His countenance would express the spirit and the passion of the part he was encharged with. Jeffrey.
Encharge noun A charge. [ Obsolete] A. Copley.
Enchase transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Enchased
; present participle & verbal noun Enchasing
.] [ French enchâsser
; prefix en-
) + châsse
box containing relics, frame, case, the same word as caisse
case. See 1st Case
, and confer Chase
.] 1. To incase or inclose in a border or rim; to surround with an ornamental casing, as a gem with gold; to encircle; to inclose; to adorn.
Enchased with a wanton ivy twine. Spenser.
An precious stones, in studs of gold enchased , Mickle. 2. To chase; to ornament by embossing or engraving; as, to enchase a watch case.
The shaggy velvet of his buskins graced.
With golden letters . . . well enchased . Spenser. 3. To delineate or describe, as by writing.
All which . . . for to enchase , Spenser.
Him needeth sure a golden pen, I ween.
Enchaser noun One who enchases.
Enchasten transitive verb To chasten. [ Obsolete]
Encheson, Encheason noun [ Old French enchaison , from Latin incidere to happen; in + cadere to fall.] Occasion, cause, or reason. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.