Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Dissolutely adverb In a dissolute manner.
Dissoluteness noun State or quality of being dissolute; looseness of morals and manners; addictedness to sinful pleasures; debauchery; dissipation.
Chivalry had the vices of dissoluteness . Bancroft.
[ Middle English dissolucioun
dissoluteness, French dissolution
, from Latin dissolutio
, from dissolvere
. See Dissolve
.] 1. The act of dissolving, sundering, or separating into component parts; separation.
Dissolutions of ancient amities. Shak. 2. Change from a solid to a fluid state; solution by heat or moisture; liquefaction; melting. 3. Change of form by chemical agency; decomposition; resolution.
The dissolution of the compound. South. 4. The dispersion of an assembly by terminating its sessions; the breaking up of a partnership.
Dissolution is the civil death of Parliament. Blackstone. 5. The extinction of life in the human body; separation of the soul from the body; death.
We expected Milton. 6. The state of being dissolved, or of undergoing liquefaction.
Immediate dissolution .
A man of continual dissolution and thaw. Shak. 7. The new product formed by dissolving a body; a solution. Bacon. 8. Destruction of anything by the separation of its parts; ruin.
To make a present dissolution of the world. Hooker. 9. Corruption of morals; dissipation; dissoluteness.
[ Obsolete or R.] Atterbury.
Dissolvability noun Capacity of being dissolved; solubility. Richardson.
[ From Dissolve
, confer Dissoluble
.] Capable of being dissolved, or separated into component parts; capable of being liquefied; soluble.
Though everything which is compacted be in its own nature dissolvable . Cudworth.
Such things as are not dissolvable by the moisture of the tongue. Sir I. Newton.
Dissolvative noun Having the power to dissolve anything; solvent. [ Obsolete] Frampton.
Dissolve transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dissolved
; present participle & verbal noun Dissolving
.] [ Latin dissolvere
to loose, free. See Solve
, and confer Dissolute
.] 1. To separate into competent parts; to disorganize; to break up; hence, to bring to an end by separating the parts, sundering a relation, etc.; to terminate; to destroy; to deprive of force; as, to dissolve a partnership; to dissolve Parliament.
Lest his ungoverned rage dissolve the life. Shak. 2. To break the continuity of; to disconnect; to disunite; to sunder; to loosen; to undo; to separate.
Nothing can dissolve us. Shak.
Down fell the duke, his joints dissolved asunder. Fairfax.
For one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another. The Declaration of Independence. 3. To convert into a liquid by means of heat, moisture, etc.,; to melt; to liquefy; to soften.
As if the world were all dissolved to tears. Shak. 4. To solve; to clear up; to resolve.
the mystery." Tennyson.
Make interpretations and dissolve doubts. Dan. v. 16. 5. To relax by pleasure; to make powerless.
Angels dissolved in hallelujahs lie. Dryden. 6. (Law) To annul; to rescind; to discharge or release; as, to dissolve an injunction. Syn.
-- See Adjourn
Dissolve intransitive verb 1. To waste away; to be dissipated; to be decomposed or broken up. 2. To become fluid; to be melted; to be liquefied.
A figure Shak. 3. To fade away; to fall to nothing; to lose power.
Trenched in ice, which with an hour's heat
Dissolves to water, and doth lose his form.
The charm dissolves apace. Shak.
Dissolvent adjective [ Latin dissolvens , -entis , present participle of dissolvere .] Having power to dissolve power to dissolve a solid body; as, the dissolvent juices of the stomach. Ray.
Dissolvent noun 1. That which has the power of dissolving or melting other substances, esp. by mixture with them; a menstruum; a solvent.
Melted in the crucible dissolvents . A. Smith.
The secret treaty of December acted as an immediate dissolvent to the truce. Mothley. 2. (Medicine) A remedy supposed capable of dissolving concretions in the body, such as calculi, tubercles, etc.
Dissolver noun One who, or that which, has power to dissolve or dissipate.
Thou kind dissolver of encroaching care. Otway.
Dissolving adjective Melting; breaking up; vanishing. -- Dis*solv"ing*ly , adverb Dissolving view , a picture which grows dim and is gradually replaced by another on the same field; -- an effect produced by magic lanterns.
[ Latin dissonantia
: confer French dissonance
.] 1. A mingling of discordant sounds; an inharmonious combination of sounds; discord.
Filled the air with barbarous dissonance . Milton. 2. Want of agreement; incongruity. Milton.
Dissonancy noun Discord; dissonance.
[ Latin dissonans
, present participle of dissonare
to disagree in sound, be discordant; dis-
to sound: confer French dissonant
. See Sonant
.] 1. Sounding harshly; discordant; unharmonious.
With clamor of voices dissonant and loud. Longfellow. 2. Disagreeing; incongruous; discrepant, -- with from or to .
to truth." South.
What can be dissonant from reason and nature than that a man, naturally inclined to clemency, should show himself unkind and inhuman? Hakewill.
Disspirit transitive verb See Dispirit .
Dissuade transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dissuaded
; present participle & verbal noun Dissuading
.] [ Latin dissuadere
to advise, persuade: confer French dissuader
. See Suasion
.] 1. To advise or exhort against; to try to persuade (one from a course).
Mr. Burchell, on the contrary, dissuaded her with great ardor: and I stood neuter. Goldsmith.
War, therefore, open or concealed, alike Milton. 2. To divert by persuasion; to turn from a purpose by reasons or motives; -- with from ; as, I could not dissuade him from his purpose.
My voice dissuades .
I have tried what is possible to dissuade him. Mad. D' Arblay.
Dissuader noun One who dissuades; a dehorter.
[ Latin dissuasio
: confer French dissuasion
. See Dissuade
.] 1. The act of dissuading; exhortation against a thing; dehortation.
In spite of all the dissuasions of his friends. Boyle. 2. A motive or consideration tending to dissuade; a dissuasive.
Dissuasive adjective Tending to dissuade or divert from a measure or purpose; dehortatory; as, dissuasive advice. -- noun A dissuasive argument or counsel; dissuasion; dehortation. Prynne. -- Dis*sua"sive*ly , adverb
Dissuasory noun A dissuasive.
This virtuous and reasonable person, however, has ill luck in all his dissuasories . Jeffrey.
Dissunder transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Dissundered
; present participle & verbal noun Dissundering
.] [ Prefix dis-
(intens) + sunder
.] To separate; to sunder; to destroy.
[ R.] Chapman.
Dissweeten transitive verb To deprive of sweetness. [ R.] Bp. Richardson.
[ Confer French dissyllabique
. See Dissylable
.] Consisting of two syllables only; as, a dissyllabic foot in poetry. B. Jonson.
Dissyllabification noun A forming into two syllables.
Dissyllabify transitive verb [ Dissyllable + -fly .] To form into two syllables. Ogilvie.
Dissyllabize transitive verb To form into two syllables; to dissyllabify.
[ French dissyllabe
, Latin disyllabus
, adj., of two syllables, from Greek ...; di-
twice + ... syllable. See Syllable
.] A word of two syllables; as, pa- per .
Dissymmetrical adjective Not having symmetry; asymmetrical; unsymmetrical.
Dissymmetry noun [ Prefix dis- + symmetry .] Absence or defect of symmetry; asymmetry.
Dissympathy noun Lack of sympathy; want of interest; indifference. [ R.]
Distad adverb [ Dist al + Latin ad toward.] (Anat.) Toward a distal part; on the distal side of; distally.
; plural Distaffs
, rarely Distaves
. [ Middle English distaf
, Anglo-Saxon distaef
; confer LG. diesse
the bunch of flax on a distaff, and English dizen
. See Staff
.] 1. The staff for holding a bunch of flax, tow, or wool, from which the thread is drawn in spinning by hand.
I will the distaff hold; come thou and spin. Fairfax. 2. Used as a symbol of the holder of a distaff; hence, a woman; women, collectively.
His crown usurped, a distaff on the throne. Dryden.
Some say the crozier, some say the distaff was too busy. Howell.
» The plural is regular, but Distaves
occurs in Beaumont & Fletcher. Descent by distaff
, descent on the mother's side.
-- Distaff Day
, or Distaff's Day
, the morrow of the Epiphany, that is, January 7, because working at the distaff was then resumed, after the Christmas festival; -- called also Rock Day , a distaff being called a rock . Shipley.
Distain transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distained
; present participle & verbal noun Distaining
.] [ Middle English desteinen
, Old French desteindre
to take away the color, French déteindre
; prefix des-
) + French teindre
to tinge, dye, Latin tingere
. See Tinge
, and confer Stain
.] To tinge with a different color from the natural or proper one; to stain; to discolor; to sully; to tarnish; to defile; -- used chiefly in poetry.
with dirt and blood." Spenser.
[ She] hath . . . distained her honorable blood. Spenser.
The worthiness of praise distains his worth. Shak.
[ From Distant
.] (Physiol.) (a) Remote from the point of attachment or origin; as, the distal end of a bone or muscle
; -- opposed to proximal
. (b) Pertaining to that which is distal; as, the distal tuberosities of a bone.
Distally adverb (Anat.) Toward a distal part.
[ French distance
, Latin distantia
.] 1. The space between two objects; the length of a line, especially the shortest line joining two points or things that are separate; measure of separation in place.
Every particle attracts every other with a force . . . inversely proportioned to the square of the distance . Sir I. Newton. 2. Remoteness of place; a remote place.
Easily managed from a distance . W. Irving.
'T is distance lends enchantment to the view. T. Campbell.
[ He] waits at distance till he hears from Cato. Addison. 3. (Racing) A space marked out in the last part of a race course.
The horse that ran the whole field out of distance . L'Estrange.
» In trotting matches under the rules of the American Association, the distance
varies with the conditions of the race, being 80 yards in races of mile heats, best two in three, and 150 yards in races of two-mile heats. At that distance from the winning post is placed the distance post
. If any horse has not reached this distance post before the first horse in that heat has reached the winning post, such horse is distanced
, and disqualified for running again during that race. 4. (Mil.) Relative space, between troops in ranks, measured from front to rear; -- contrasted with interval , which is measured from right to left.
between companies in close column is twelve yards." Farrow. 5. Space between two antagonists in fencing. Shak. 6. (Painting) The part of a picture which contains the representation of those objects which are the farthest away, esp. in a landscape.
» In a picture, the Middle distance
is the central portion between the foreground
and the distance
or the extreme distance
. In a perspective drawing, the Point of distance
is the point where the visual rays meet. 7. Ideal disjunction; discrepancy; contrariety. Locke. 8. Length or interval of time; period, past or future, between two eras or events.
Ten years' distance between one and the other. Prior.
The writings of Euclid at the distance of two thousand years. Playfair. 9. The remoteness or reserve which respect requires; hence, respect; ceremoniousness.
I hope your modesty Dryden.
Will know what distance to the crown is due.
'T is by respect and distance that authority is upheld. Atterbury. 10. A withholding of intimacy; alienation; coldness; disagreement; variance; restraint; reserve.
Setting them [ factions] at distance , or at least distrust amongst themselves. Bacon.
On the part of Heaven, Milton. 11. Remoteness in succession or relation; as, the distance between a descendant and his ancestor. 12. (Mus.) The interval between two notes; as, the distance of a fourth or seventh. Angular distance
Now alienated, distance and distaste.
, the distance made at the eye by lines drawn from the eye to two objects.
-- Lunar distance
. See under Lunar .
-- North polar distance (Astron.)
, the distance on the heavens of a heavenly body from the north pole. It is the complement of the declination.
-- Zenith distance (Astron.)
, the arc on the heavens from a heavenly body to the zenith of the observer. It is the complement of the altitude.
-- To keep one's distance
, to stand aloof; to refrain from familiarity.
If a man makes me keep my distance , the comfort is he keeps his at the same time. Swift.
Distance transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distanced
; present participle & verbal noun Distancing
.] 1. To place at a distance or remotely.
I heard nothing thereof at Oxford, being then miles distanced thence. Fuller. 2. To cause to appear as if at a distance; to make seem remote.
His peculiar art of distancing an object to aggrandize his space. H. Miller. 3. To outstrip by as much as a distance (see Distance , noun , 3); to leave far behind; to surpass greatly.
He distanced the most skillful of his contemporaries. Milner.
Distancy noun Distance. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ French, from Latin distans
, present participle of distare
to stand apart, be separate or distant; dis-
to stand. See Stand
.] 1. Separated; having an intervening space; at a distance; away.
One board had two tenons, equally distant . Ex. xxxvi. 22.
Diana's temple is not distant far. Shak. 2. Far separated; far off; not near; remote; -- in place, time, consanguinity, or connection; as, distant times; distant relatives.
The success of these distant enterprises. Prescott. 3. Reserved or repelling in manners; cold; not cordial; somewhat haughty; as, a distant manner.
He passed me with a distant bow. Goldsmith. 4. Indistinct; faint; obscure, as from distance.
Some distant knowledge. Shak.
A distant glimpse. W. Irving. 5. Not conformable; discrepant; repugnant; as, a practice so widely distant from Christianity. Syn.
-- Separate; far; remote; aloof; apart; asunder; slight; faint; indirect; indistinct.
Distantial adjective Distant.
More distantial from the eye. W. Montagu.
Distantly adverb At a distance; remotely; with reserve.
Distaste noun 1. Aversion of the taste; dislike, as of food or drink; disrelish. Bacon. 2. Discomfort; uneasiness.
Prosperity is not without many fears and distastes , and adversity is not without comforts and hopes. Bacon. 3. Alienation of affection; displeasure; anger.
On the part of Heaven, Milton. Syn.
Now alienated, distance and distaste .
-- Disrelish; disinclination; dislike; aversion; displeasure; dissatisfaction; disgust.
Distaste transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distasted
; present participle & verbal noun Distasting
.] 1. Not to have relish or taste for; to disrelish; to loathe; to dislike.
Although my will distaste what it elected. Shak. 2. To offend; to disgust; to displease.
He thought in no policy to distaste the English or Irish by a course of reformation, but sought to please them. Sir J. Davies. 3. To deprive of taste or relish; to make unsavory or distasteful. Drayton.
Distaste intransitive verb To be distasteful; to taste ill or disagreeable.
Dangerous conceits are, in their natures, poisons, Shak.
Which at the are scarce found to distaste .
Distasteful adjective 1. Unpleasant or disgusting to the taste; nauseous; loathsome. 2. Offensive; displeasing to the feelings; disagreeable; as, a distasteful truth.
Distasteful answer, and sometimes unfriendly actions. Milton. 3. Manifesting distaste or dislike; repulsive.
looks." Shak. Syn.
-- Nauseous; unsavory; unpalatable; offensive; displeasing; dissatisfactory; disgusting.
Distasteive adjective Tending to excite distaste. [ Obsolete] -- noun That which excites distaste or aversion. [ Obsolete] Whitlock.
Distasture noun Something which excites distaste or disgust. [ Obsolete] Speed.
Distemper transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distempered
; present participle & verbal noun Distempering
.] [ Old French destemprer
, to distemper, French détremper
to soak, soften, slake (lime); prefix des-
) + Old French temprer
, French tremper
, Latin temperare
to mingle in due proportion. See Temper
, and confer Destemprer
.] 1. To temper or mix unduly; to make disproportionate; to change the due proportions of.
When . . . the humors in his body ben distempered . Chaucer. 2. To derange the functions of, whether bodily, mental, or spiritual; to disorder; to disease. Shak.
The imagination, when completely distempered , is the most incurable of all disordered faculties. Buckminster. 3. To deprive of temper or moderation; to disturb; to ruffle; to make disaffected, ill-humored, or malignant.
spirits." Coleridge. 4. To intoxicate.
The courtiers reeling, Massinger. 5. (Paint.) To mix (colors) in the way of distemper; as, to distemper colors with size.
And the duke himself, I dare not say distempered ,
But kind, and in his tottering chair carousing.
[ See Distemper
, transitive verb
, and confer Destemprer
.] 1. An undue or unnatural temper, or disproportionate mixture of parts. Bacon.
» This meaning and most of the following are to be referred to the Galenical doctrine of the four "humors" in man. See Humor
. According to the old physicians, these humors, when unduly tempered, produce a disordered state of body and mind. 2. Severity of climate; extreme weather, whether hot or cold.
Those countries . . . under the tropic, were of a distemper uninhabitable. Sir W. Raleigh. 3. A morbid state of the animal system; indisposition; malady; disorder; -- at present chiefly applied to diseases of brutes; as, a distemper in dogs; the horse distemper ; the horn distemper in cattle.
They heighten distempers to diseases. Suckling. 4. Morbid temper of the mind; undue predominance of a passion or appetite; mental derangement; bad temper; ill humor.
Little faults proceeding on distemper . Shak.
Some frenzy distemper had got into his head. Bunyan. 5. Political disorder; tumult. Waller. 6. (Paint.) (a) A preparation of opaque or body colors, in which the pigments are tempered or diluted with weak glue or size (cf. Tempera ) instead of oil, usually for scene painting, or for walls and ceilings of rooms. (b) A painting done with this preparation. Syn.
-- Disease; disorder; sickness; illness; malady; indisposition; ailment. See Disease