Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Distinguishing adjective Constituting difference, or distinction from everything else; distinctive; peculiar; characteristic.
The distinguishing doctrines of our holy religion. Locke. Distinguishing pennant (Nautical)
, a special pennant by which any particular vessel in a fleet is recognized and signaled. Simmonds.
Distinguishingly adverb With distinction; with some mark of preference. Pope.
Distinguishment noun Observation of difference; distinction. Graunt.
Distitle transitive verb To deprive of title or right. [ R.] B. Jonson.
[ New Latin , from Greek di-
twice + ... mouth.] (Zoology) A genus of parasitic, trematode worms, having two suckers for attaching themselves to the part they infest. See 1st Fluke , 2.
[ Latin distortus
, past participle of distorquere
to twist, distort; dis-
to twist. See Torsion
.] Distorted; misshapen.
Her face was ugly and her mouth distort . Spenser.
Distort transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distorted
; present participle & verbal noun Distorting
.] 1. To twist of natural or regular shape; to twist aside physically; as, to distort the limbs, or the body.
Whose face was distorted with pain. Thackeray. 2. To force or put out of the true posture or direction; to twist aside mentally or morally.
Wrath and malice, envy and revenge, do darken and distort the understandings of men. Tillotson. 3. To wrest from the true meaning; to pervert; as, to distort passages of Scripture, or their meaning. Syn.
-- To twist; wrest; deform; pervert.
Distorter noun One who, or that which, distorts.
Distortion noun [ Latin distortio : confer French distortion .]
1. The act of distorting, or twisting out of natural or regular shape; a twisting or writhing motion; as, the distortions of the face or body. 2. A wresting from the true meaning. Bp. Wren. 3. The state of being distorted, or twisted out of shape or out of true position; crookedness; perversion. 4. (Medicine) An unnatural deviation of shape or position of any part of the body producing visible deformity.
Distortive adjective Causing distortion.
[ Latin distractus
, past participle of distrahere
to draw asunder; dis-
to draw. See Trace
, and confer Distraught
.] 1. Separated; drawn asunder.
[ Obsolete] 2. Insane; mad.
[ Obsolete] Drayton.
Distract transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distracted
, old past participle Distraught
; present participle & verbal noun Distracting
.] 1. To draw apart or away; to divide; to disjoin.
A city . . . distracted from itself. Fuller. 2. To draw (the sight, mind, or attention) in different directions; to perplex; to confuse; as, to distract the eye; to distract the attention.
Mixed metaphors . . . distract the imagination. Goldsmith. 3. To agitate by conflicting passions, or by a variety of motives or of cares; to confound; to harass.
Horror and doubt distract Milton. 4. To unsettle the reason of; to render insane; to craze; to madden; -- most frequently used in the participle, distracted .
His troubled thoughts.
A poor mad soul; . . . poverty hath distracted her. Shak.
Distracted adjective Mentally disordered; unsettled; mad.
My distracted mind. Pope.
Distractedly adverb Disjointedly; madly. Shak.
Distractedness noun A state of being distracted; distraction. Bp. Hall.
Distracter noun One who, or that which, distracts away.
Distractful adjective Distracting. [ R.] Heywood.
Distractible adjective Capable of being drawn aside or distracted.
Distractile adjective (Botany) Tending or serving to draw apart.
Distracting adjective Tending or serving to distract.
[ Latin distractio
: confer French distraction
.] 1. The act of distracting; a drawing apart; separation.
To create distractions among us. Bp. Burnet. 2. That which diverts attention; a diversion.
." G. Eliot. 3. A diversity of direction; detachment.
His power went out in such distractions as Shak. 4. State in which the attention is called in different ways; confusion; perplexity.
Beguiled all species.
That ye may attend upon the Lord without distraction . 1 Cor. vii. 35. 5. Confusion of affairs; tumult; disorder; as, political distractions .
Never was known a night of such distraction . Dryden. 6. Agitation from violent emotions; perturbation of mind; despair.
The distraction of the children, who saw both their parents together, would have melted the hardest heart. Tatler. 7. Derangement of the mind; madness. Atterbury. Syn.
-- Perplexity; confusion; disturbance; disorder; dissension; tumult; derangement; madness; raving; franticness; furiousness.
Distractious adjective Distractive. [ Obsolete]
Distractive adjective Causing perplexity; distracting. " Distractive thoughts." Bp. Hall.
Distrain transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distrained
; present participle & verbal noun Distraining
.] [ Middle English destreinen
to force, Old French destreindre
to press, oppress, force, from Latin distringere
, to draw asunder, hinder, molest, Late Latin , to punish severely; di-
to draw tight, press together. See Strain
, and confer Distress
.] 1. To press heavily upon; to bear down upon with violence; hence, to constrain or compel; to bind; to distress, torment, or afflict.
[ Obsolete] " Distrained
with chains." Chaucer. 2. To rend; to tear.
Neither guile nor force might it [ a net] distrain . Spenser. 3. (Law) (a) To seize, as a pledge or indemnification; to take possession of as security for nonpayment of rent, the reparation of an injury done, etc.; to take by distress; as, to distrain goods for rent, or of an amercement. (b) To subject to distress; to coerce; as, to distrain a person by his goods and chattels.
Distrain intransitive verb To levy a distress.
Upon whom I can distrain for debt. Camden.
Distrainable adjective Capable of being, or liable to be, distrained. Blackstone.
Distrainor noun (Law) One who distrains; the party distraining goods or chattels. Blackstone.
Distraint noun [ Old French destrainte distress, force.] (Law) The act or proceeding of seizing personal property by distress. Abbott.
[ French See Distract
.] Absent-minded; lost in thought; abstracted.
Distraught past participle & adjective
[ Middle English distract
. See Distract
] 1. Torn asunder; separated.
[ Obsolete] "His greedy throat . . . distraught
." Spenser. 2. Distracted; perplexed.
twixt fear and pity." Spenser.
As if thou wert distraught and mad with terror. Shak.
To doubt betwixt our senses and our souls Mrs. Browning.
Which are the most distraught and full of pain.
Distraughted adjective Distracted. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Distream intransitive verb
[ Prefix dis-
(intens.) + stream
.] To flow.
Yet o'er that virtuous blush distreams a tear. Shenstone.
[ Middle English destresse
, Old French destresse
, French détresse
, Old French destrecier
to distress, (assumed) Late Latin districtiare
, from Latin districtus
, past participle of distringere
. See Distrain
, and confer Stress
.] 1. Extreme pain or suffering; anguish of body or mind; as, to suffer distress from the gout, or from the loss of friends.
Not fearing death nor shrinking for distress . Shak. 2. That which occasions suffering; painful situation; misfortune; affliction; misery.
Affliction's sons are brothers in distress . Burns. 3. A state of danger or necessity; as, a ship in distress , from leaking, loss of spars, want of provisions or water, etc. 4. (Law) (a) The act of distraining; the taking of a personal chattel out of the possession of a wrongdoer, by way of pledge for redress of an injury, or for the performance of a duty, as for nonpayment of rent or taxes, or for injury done by cattle, etc. (b) The thing taken by distraining; that which is seized to procure satisfaction. Bouvier. Kent. Burrill.
If he were not paid, he would straight go and take a distress of goods and cattle. Spenser.
The distress thus taken must be proportioned to the thing distrained for. Blackstone. Abuse of distress
. (Law) See under Abuse . Syn.
-- Affliction; suffering; pain; agony; misery; torment; anguish; grief; sorrow; calamity; misfortune; trouble; adversity. See Affliction
Distress transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distressed
; present participle & verbal noun Distressing
.] [ Confer Old French destrecier
. See Distress
] 1. To cause pain or anguish to; to pain; to oppress with calamity; to afflict; to harass; to make miserable.
We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed . 2 Cor. iv. 8. 2. To compel by pain or suffering.
Men who can neither be distressed nor won into a sacrifice of duty. A. Hamilton. 3. (Law) To seize for debt; to distrain. Syn.
-- To pain; grieve; harass; trouble; perplex; afflict; worry; annoy.
Distressedness noun A state of being distressed or greatly pained.
Distressful adjective Full of distress; causing, indicating, or attended with, distress; as, a distressful situation. "Some distressful stroke." Shak. " Distressful cries." Pope. -- Dis*tress"ful*ly , adverb
Distressing (dĭs*trĕs"ĭng) adjective Causing distress; painful; unpleasant.
Distressing adverb In a distressing manner.
Distributable adjective Capable of being distributed. Sir W. Jones.
Distributary adjective Tending to distribute or be distributed; that distributes; distributive.
Distribute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Distributed
; present participle & verbal noun Distributing
.] [ Latin distributus
, past participle of distribuere
to divide, distribute; dis-
to assign, give, allot. See Tribute
.] 1. To divide among several or many; to deal out; to apportion; to allot.
She did distribute her goods to all them that were nearest of kindred. Judith xvi. 24. 2. To dispense; to administer; as, to distribute justice. Shak. 3. To divide or separate, as into classes, orders, kinds, or species; to classify; to assort, as specimens, letters, etc. 4. (Printing) (a) To separate (type which has been used) and return it to the proper boxes in the cases. (b) To spread (ink) evenly, as upon a roller or a table. 5. (Logic) To employ (a term) in its whole extent; to take as universal in one premise.
A term is said to be distributed when it is taken universal, so as to stand for everything it is capable of being applied to. Whately. Syn.
-- To dispense; deal out; apportion; allot; share; assign; divide.
Distribute intransitive verb To make distribution.
Distributing to the necessity of saints. Rom. xii. 13.
Distributer noun One who, or that which, distributes or deals out anything; a dispenser. Addison.
Distributing adjective That distributes; dealing out. Distributing past office , an office where the mails for a large district are collected to be assorted according to their destination and forwarded.
[ Latin distributio
: confer French distribution
.] 1. The act of distributing or dispensing; the act of dividing or apportioning among several or many; apportionment; as, the distribution of an estate among heirs or children.
The phenomena of geological distribution are exactly analogous to those of geography. A. R. Wallace. 2. Separation into parts or classes; arrangement of anything into parts; disposition; classification. 3. That which is distributed.
"Our charitable distributions
." Atterbury. 4. (Logic) A resolving a whole into its parts. 5. (Print.) The sorting of types and placing them in their proper boxes in the cases. 6. (Steam Engine) The steps or operations by which steam is supplied to and withdrawn from the cylinder at each stroke of the piston; viz., admission, suppression or cutting off, release or exhaust, and compression of exhaust steam prior to the next admission. Geographical distribution
, the natural arrangements of animals and plants in particular regions or districts. Syn.
-- Apportionments; allotment; dispensation; disposal; dispersion; classification; arrangement.
Distributional adjective Of or pertaining to distribution. Huxley.
Distributionist noun A distributer. [ R.] Dickens.
[ Confer French distributif
.] 1. Tending to distribute; serving to divide and assign in portions; dealing to each his proper share.
justice." Swift. 2. (Logic) Assigning the species of a general term. 3. (Gram.) Expressing separation; denoting a taking singly, not collectively; as, a distributive adjective or pronoun, such as each , either , every ; a distributive numeral, as (Latin) bini (two by two). Distributive operation (Math.)
, any operation which either consists of two or more parts, or works upon two or more things, and which is such that the result of the total operation is the same as the aggregated result of the two or more partial operations. Ordinary multiplication is distributive , since a Ã— (b + c) = ab + ac , and (a + b) Ã— c = ac + bc .
-- Distributive proportion
. (Math.) See Fellowship .
Distributive noun (Gram.) A distributive adjective or pronoun; also, a distributive numeral.