Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Do (dō) noun (Mus.) A syllable attached to the first tone of the major diatonic scale for the purpose of solmization, or solfeggio. It is the first of the seven syllables used by the Italians as manes of musical tones, and replaced, for the sake of euphony, the syllable Ut , applied to the note C. In England and America the same syllables are used by many as a scale pattern, while the tones in respect to absolute pitch are named from the first seven letters of the alphabet.
(dō) transitive verb or auxiliary
. [ imperfect Did
(dĭd); past participle Done
(ducr/n); present participle & verbal noun Doing
(dō"ĭng). This verb, when transitive, is formed in the indicative, present tense, thus: I do
, thou doest
(dō"ĕst) or dost
(dŭst), he does
(dō"ĕth), or doth
(dŭth); when auxiliary, the second person is, thou dost
. As an independent verb, dost
is obsolete or rare, except in poetry. "What dost
thou in this world?" Milton.
The form doeth
is a verb unlimited, doth
, formerly so used, now being the auxiliary form. The second pers, sing., imperfect tense, is didst
(dĭdst), formerly didest
(dĭd"ĕst).] [ Anglo-Saxon dōn
; akin to Dutch doen
, Old Saxon duan
, Old High German tuon
, German thun
, Lithuanian deti
, OSlav. dēti
, OIr. dénim
I do, Greek tiqe`nai
to put, Sanskrit dhā
, and to E. suffix -dom
, and probably to Latin facere
to do, English fact
, and perhaps to Latin -dere
in some compounds, as ad dere
to add, cre dere
to trust. √65. Confer Deed
.] 1. To place; to put.
[ Obsolete] Tale of a Usurer (about 1330). 2. To cause; to make; -- with an infinitive.
My lord Abbot of Westminster did do shewe to me late certain evidences. W. Caxton.
I shall . . . your cloister do make. Piers Plowman.
A fatal plague which many did to die. Spenser.
We do you to wit [ i. e. , We make you to know] of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia. 2 Cor. viii. 1.
» We have lost the idiom shown by the citations ( do
used like the French faire
), in which the verb in the infinitive apparently, but not really, has a passive signification, i. e.
, cause . . . to be made. 3. To bring about; to produce, as an effect or result; to effect; to achieve.
The neglecting it may do much danger. Shak.
He waved indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good not harm. Shak. 4. To perform, as an action; to execute; to transact to carry out in action; as, to do a good or a bad act; do our duty; to do what I can.
Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work. Ex. xx. 9.
We did not do these things. Ld. Lytton.
You can not do wrong without suffering wrong. Emerson.
Hence: To do homage
, etc., to render homage, honor, etc. 5. To bring to an end by action; to perform completely; to finish; to accomplish; -- a sense conveyed by the construction, which is that of the past participle done .
"Ere summer half be done
." "I have done
weeping." Shak. 6. To make ready for an object, purpose, or use, as food by cooking; to cook completely or sufficiently; as, the meat is done on one side only. 7. To put or bring into a form, state, or condition, especially in the phrases, to do death , to put to death; to slay; to do away (often do away with ), to put away; to remove; to do on , to put on; to don; to do off , to take off, as dress; to doff; to do into , to put into the form of; to translate or transform into, as a text.
Done to death by slanderous tongues. Shak.
The ground of the difficulty is done away . Paley.
Suspicions regarding his loyalty were entirely done away . Thackeray.
To do on our own harness, that we may not; but we must do on the armor of God. Latimer.
Then Jason rose and did on him a fair W. Morris (Jason).
Blue woolen tunic.
Though the former legal pollution be now done off , yet there is a spiritual contagion in idolatry as much to be shunned. Milton.
It [ "Pilgrim's Progress"] has been done into verse: it has been done into modern English. Macaulay. 8. To cheat; to gull; to overreach.
He was not be done , at his time of life, by frivolous offers of a compromise that might have secured him seventy- five per cent. De Quincey. 9. To see or inspect; to explore; as, to do all the points of interest.
[ Colloq.] 10. (Stock Exchange) To cash or to advance money for, as a bill or note.
» (a) Do
are much employed as auxiliaries, the verb to which they are joined being an infinitive. As an auxiliary the verb do
has no participle. "I do
set my bow in the cloud." Gen. ix. 13.
[ Now archaic or rare except for emphatic assertion.]
Rarely . . . did the wrongs of individuals to the knowledge of the public. Macaulay. (b)
They are often used in emphatic construction. "You don't say so, Mr. Jobson. -- but I do
say so." Sir W. Scott.
"I did love him
, but scorn him now
." Latham. (c)
In negative and interrogative constructions, do
are in common use. I do
not wish to see them; what do
you think? Did
Cæsar cross the Tiber? He did
not. " Do
you love me?" Shak. (d) Do
, as an auxiliary, is supposed to have been first used before imperatives. It expresses entreaty or earnest request; as, do help me
. In the imperative mood, but not in the indicative, it may be used with the verb to be
; as, do be
, and done
often stand as a general substitute or representative verb, and thus save the repetition of the principal verb. "To live and die is all we have to do
In the case of do
as auxiliaries, the sense may be completed by the infinitive (without to
) of the verb represented. "When beauty lived and died as flowers do
"I . . . chose my wife as she did
her wedding gown." Goldsmith.
My brightest hopes giving dark fears a being. Longfellow.
As the light does the shadow.
In unemphatic affirmative sentences do
is, for the most part, archaic or poetical; as, "This just reproach their virtue does
excite." Dryden. To do one's best
, To do one's diligence
(and the like), to exert one's self; to put forth one's best or most or most diligent efforts.
"We will . . . do our
best to gain their assent." Jowett (Thucyd.).
-- To do one's business
, to ruin one.
[ Colloq.] Wycherley.
-- To do one shame
, to cause one shame.
[ Obsolete] -- To do over
. (a) To make over; to perform a second time. (b) To cover; to spread; to smear.
"Boats . . . sewed together and done over
with a kind of slimy stuff like rosin." De Foe.
-- To do to death
, to put to death.
(See 7.) [ Obsolete] -- To do up
. (a) To put up; to raise.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. (b) To pack together and envelop; to pack up. (c) To accomplish thoroughly.
[ Colloq.] (d) To starch and iron.
"A rich gown of velvet, and a ruff done up
with the famous yellow starch." Hawthorne.
-- To do way
, to put away; to lay aside.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
-- To do with
, to dispose of; to make use of; to employ; -- usually preceded by what .
"Men are many times brought to that extremity, that were it not for God they would not know what to do with
-- To have to do with
, to have concern, business or intercourse with; to deal with. When preceded by what , the notion is usually implied that the affair does not concern the person denoted by the subject of have .
"Philology has to do with
language in its fullest sense." Earle.
I to do with
you, ye sons of Zeruiah? 2 Sam. xvi. 10.
Do intransitive verb 1. To act or behave in any manner; to conduct one's self.
They fear not the Lord, neither do they after . . . the law and commandment. 2 Kings xvii. 34. 2. To fare; to be, as regards health; as, they asked him how he did ; how do you do to- day? 3.
[ Perh. a different word. Middle English dugen
, to avail, be of use, Anglo-Saxon dugan
. See Doughty
.] To succeed; to avail; to answer the purpose; to serve; as, if no better plan can be found, he will make this do .
You would do well to prefer a bill against all kings and parliaments since the Conquest; and if that won't do ; challenge the crown. Collier. To do by
. See under By .
-- To do for
. (a) To answer for; to serve as; to suit. (b) To put an end to; to ruin; to baffle completely; as, a goblet is done for when it is broken.
Some folks are happy and easy in mind when their victim is stabbed and done for . Thackeray.
-- To do withal
, to help or prevent it.
[ Obsolete] "I could not do withal
-- To do without
, to get along without; to dispense with.
- - To have done
, to have made an end or conclusion; to have finished; to be quit; to desist.
-- To have done with
, to have completed; to be through with; to have no further concern with.
-- Well to do
, in easy circumstances.
Do noun 1. Deed; act; fear.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Scott. 2. Ado; bustle; stir; to do.
A great deal of do , and a great deal of trouble. Selden. 3. A cheat; a swindle.
[ Slang, Eng.]
Do transitive verb 1. To perform work upon, about, for, or at, by way of caring for, looking after, preparing, cleaning, keeping in order, or the like.
The sergeants seem to do themselves pretty well. Harper's Mag. 2. To deal with for good and all; to finish up; to undo; to ruin; to do for.
[ Colloq. or Slang]
Sometimes they lie in wait in these dark streets, and fracture his skull, . . . or break his arm, or cut the sinew of his wrist; and that they call doing him. Charles Reade.
Do-all noun General manager; factotum.
Under him, Dunstan was the do-all at court, being the king's treasurer, councilor, chancellor, confessor, all things. Fuller.
Do. noun An abbreviation of Ditto .
[ Spanish doña
. See Duenna
.] Lady; mistress; madam; - - a title of respect used in Spain, prefixed to the Christian name of a lady.
Doab [ Pers. & Hind. doāb , prop., two waters.] A tongue or tract of land included between two rivers; as, the doab between the Ganges and the Jumna. [ India] Am. Cyc.
Doable adjective Capable of being done. Carlyle.
Doand present participle Doing. [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Doat intransitive verb See Dote .
Dobber noun 1. (Zoology) See Dabchick . 2. A float to a fishing line.
[ Local, U. S.]
1. An old jaded horse. Shak. 2. Sea gravel mixed with sand. [ Prov. Eng.]
Dobby noun (Weaving) An apparatus resembling a Jacquard for weaving small figures (usually about 12 - 16 threads, seldom more than 36 - 40 threads).
Dobell's solution (Medicine) An aqueous solution of carbolic acid, borax, sodium bicarbonate, and glycerin, used as a spray in diseases of the nose and throat.
Dobson noun (Zoology) The aquatic larva of a large neuropterous insect ( Corydalus cornutus ), used as bait in angling. See Hellgamite .
Dobule noun (Zoology) The European dace.
Docent adjective [ Latin docens , - entis , present participle of docere to teach.] Serving to instruct; teaching. [ Obsolete]
Docetic adjective Pertaining to, held by, or like, the Docetæ. " Docetic Gnosticism." Plumptre.
Docetism noun (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of the Docetæ.
Docetæ noun plural [ New Latin , from ... to appear.] (Eccl. Hist.) Ancient heretics who held that Christ's body was merely a phantom or appearance.
Dochmiac adjective (Pros.) Pertaining to, or containing, the dochmius.
Dochmius noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Pros.) A foot of five syllables (usually ... -- -... - ).
Docibility, Docibleness noun
[ Latin docibilitas
.] Aptness for being taught; teachableness; docility.
To persons of docibility , the real character may be easily taught in a few days. Boyle.
The docibleness of dogs in general. Walton.
Docible adjective [ Latin docibilis , from docere to teach.] Easily taught or managed; teachable. Milton.
[ Latin docilis
to teach; confer Greek ..., and Latin discere
to learn, Greek ... learned, ... knowing: confer French docile
. Confer Doctor
.] 1. Teachable; easy to teach; docible.
[ Obsolete] 2. Disposed to be taught; tractable; easily managed; as, a docile child.
The elephant is at once docible and docile . C. J. Smith.
[ Latin docilitas
, from docilis
: confer French docilité
.] 1. teachableness; aptness for being taught; docibleness.
[ Obsolete or R.] 2. Willingness to be taught; tractableness.
The humble docility of little children is, in the New Testament, represented as a necessary preparative to the reception of the Christian faith. Beattie.
Docimacy noun [ Greek ... an assay, examination, from ... to examine (Metals), from ... assayed, tested, from ... to take, approve: confer French docimasie .] The art or practice of applying tests to ascertain the nature, quality, etc., of objects, as of metals or ores, of medicines, or of facts pertaining to physiology.
Docimastic adjective [ Greek ...: confer French docimastique .] Proving by experiments or tests. Docimastic art , metallurgy, or the art of assaying metals; the art of separating metals from foreign matters, and determining the nature and quantity of metallic substances contained in any ore or mineral.
Docimology noun [ Greek ... a test + -logy .] A treatise on the art of testing, as in assaying metals, etc.
Docity noun Teachableness. [ Prov. Eng. & Local, U. S.]
[ Anglo-Saxon docce
; of uncertain origin; confer German docken-
blätter, Gael. dogha
burdock, Old French doque
; perhaps akin to Latin daucus
, Greek ..., ..., a kind of parsnip or carrot, used in medicine. Confer Burdock
.] (Botany) A genus of plants ( Rumex ), some species of which are well-known weeds which have a long taproot and are difficult of extermination.
» Yellow dock
is Rumex crispus
, with smooth curly leaves and yellow root, which that of other species is used medicinally as an astringent and tonic.
Dock noun [ Confer Icelandic dockr a short tail, Fries. dok a little bundle or bunch, German docke bundle, skein, a short and thick column.]
1. The solid part of an animal's tail, as distinguished from the hair; the stump of a tail; the part of a tail left after clipping or cutting. Grew. 2. A case of leather to cover the clipped or cut tail of a horse.
Dock transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Docked
; present participle & verbal noun Docking
.] [ See Dock
a tail. Confer W. tociaw
, and twciaw
, to dock, clip.] 1. to cut off, as the end of a thing; to curtail; to cut short; to clip; as, to dock the tail of a horse.
His top was docked like a priest biforn. Chaucer. 2. To cut off a part from; to shorten; to deduct from; to subject to a deduction; as, to dock one's wages. 3. To cut off, bar, or destroy; as, to dock an entail.
Dock noun [ Akin to Dutch dok ; of uncertain origin; confer Late Latin doga ditch, Latin doga ditch, Latin doga sort of vessel, Greek ... receptacle, from ... to receive.] Balance dock , a kind of floating dock which is kept level by pumping water out of, or letting it into, the compartments of side chambers. -- Dry dock , a dock from which the water may be shut or pumped out, especially, one in the form of a chamber having walls and floor, often of masonry and communicating with deep water, but having appliances for excluding it; -- used in constructing or repairing ships. The name includes structures used for the examination, repairing, or building of vessels, as graving docks , floating docks , hydraulic docks , etc. -- Floating dock , a dock which is made to become buoyant, and, by floating, to lift a vessel out of water. -- Graving dock , a dock for holding a ship for graving or cleaning the bottom, etc. -- Hydraulic dock , a dock in which a vessel is raised clear of the water by hydraulic presses. -- Naval dock , a dock connected with which are naval stores, materials, and all conveniences for the construction and repair of ships. -- Sectional dock , a form of floating dock made in separate sections or caissons. -- Slip dock , a dock having a sloping floor that extends from deep water to above high-water mark, and upon which is a railway on which runs a cradle carrying the ship. -- Wet dock , a dock where the water is shut in, and kept at a given level, to facilitate the loading and unloading of ships; -- also sometimes used as a place of safety; a basin.
1. An artificial basin or an inclosure in connection with a harbor or river, -- used for the reception of vessels, and provided with gates for keeping in or shutting out the tide. 2. The slip or water way extending between two piers or projecting wharves, for the reception of ships; -- sometimes including the piers themselves; as, to be down on the dock . 3. The place in court where a criminal or accused person stands.
Dock transitive verb To draw, law, or place (a ship) in a dock, for repairing, cleaning the bottom, etc.
Dock-cress noun (Botany) Nipplewort.
Dockage noun A charge for the use of a dock.
Docket noun [ Dock to cut off + dim. suffix -et .] On the docket , in hand; in the plan; under consideration; in process of execution or performance. [ Colloq.]
1. A small piece of paper or parchment, containing the heads of a writing; a summary or digest. 2. A bill tied to goods, containing some direction, as the name of the owner, or the place to which they are to be sent; a label. Bailey. 3. (Law) (a) An abridged entry of a judgment or proceeding in an action, or register or such entries; a book of original, kept by clerks of courts, containing a formal list of the names of parties, and minutes of the proceedings, in each case in court. (b) (U. S.) A list or calendar of causes ready for hearing or trial, prepared for the use of courts by the clerks. 4. A list or calendar of business matters to be acted on in any assembly.
Docket transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Docketed
; present participle & verbal noun Docketing
.] 1. To make a brief abstract of (a writing) and indorse it on the back of the paper, or to indorse the title or contents on the back of; to summarize; as, to docket letters and papers. Chesterfield. 2. (Law) (a) To make a brief abstract of and inscribe in a book; as, judgments regularly docketed . (b) To enter or inscribe in a docket, or list of causes for trial. 3. To mark with a ticket; as, to docket goods.
Dockyard noun A yard or storage place for all sorts of naval stores and timber for shipbuilding.
Docoglossa noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... a beam + ... the tongue.] (Zoology) An order of gastropods, including the true limpets, and having the teeth on the odontophore or lingual ribbon.
Docquet noun & v. See Docket .
[ Old French doctur
, Latin doctor
, teacher, from docere
to teach. See Docile
.] 1. A teacher; one skilled in a profession, or branch of knowledge; a learned man.
One of the doctors of Italy, Nicholas Macciavel. Bacon. 2. An academical title, originally meaning a man so well versed in his department as to be qualified to teach it. Hence: One who has taken the highest degree conferred by a university or college, or has received a diploma of the highest degree; as, a doctor of divinity, of law, of medicine, of music, or of philosophy. Such diplomas may confer an honorary title only. 3. One duly licensed to practice medicine; a member of the medical profession; a physician.
By medicine life may be prolonged, yet death Shak. 4. Any mechanical contrivance intended to remedy a difficulty or serve some purpose in an exigency; as, the doctor of a calico-printing machine, which is a knife to remove superfluous coloring matter; the doctor , or auxiliary engine, called also donkey engine . 5. (Zoology) The friar skate.
Will seize the doctor too.
[ Prov. Eng.] Doctors' Commons
. See under Commons .
-- Doctor's stuff
, physic, medicine. G. Eliot.
-- Doctor fish (Zoology)
, any fish of the genus Acanthurus ; the surgeon fish; -- so called from a sharp lancetlike spine on each side of the tail. Also called barber fish . See Surgeon fish .
Doctor transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Doctored
; present participle & verbal noun Doctoring
.] 1. To treat as a physician does; to apply remedies to; to repair; as, to doctor a sick man or a broken cart.
[ Colloq.] 2. To confer a doctorate upon; to make a doctor. 3. To tamper with and arrange for one's own purposes; to falsify; to adulterate; as, to doctor election returns; to doctor whisky.
Doctor intransitive verb To practice physic. [ Colloq.]
[ Confer French doctoral
.] Of or relating to a doctor, or to the degree of doctor.
Doctoral habit and square cap. Wood.
Doctorally adverb In the manner of a doctor. [ R.]
Doctorate noun [ Confer French doctorat .] The degree, title, or rank, of a doctor.
Doctorate transitive verb To make (one) a doctor.
He was bred . . . in Oxford and there doctorated . Fuller.
Doctoress noun A female doctor. [ R.]