Dollardee Dol`lar·dee" noun (Zoology) A species of sunfish ( Lepomis pallidus ), common in the United States; -- called also blue sunfish , and copper-nosed bream .
Dollman Doll"man noun See Dolman .
Dolly Dol"ly noun
; plural Dollies 1. (Mining) A contrivance, turning on a vertical axis by a handle or winch, and giving a circular motion to the ore to be washed; a stirrer. 2. (Machinery) A tool with an indented head for shaping the head of a rivet. Knight. 3. In pile driving, a block interposed between the head of the pile and the ram of the driver. 4. A small truck with a single wide roller used for moving heavy beams, columns, etc., in bridge building. 5. A compact, narrow-gauge locomotive used for moving construction trains, switching, etc.
Dolly Dol"ly noun A child's mane for a doll. Dolly shop , a shop where rags, old junk, etc., are bought and sold; usually, in fact, an unlicensed pawnbroker's shop, formerly distinguished by the sign of a black doll. [ England]
Dolly Varden Dol"ly Var"den 1. A character in Dickens's novel "Barnaby Rudge," a beautiful, lively, and coquettish girl who wore a cherry-colored mantle and cherry-colored ribbons. 2. A style of light, bright-figured dress goods for women; also, a style of dress. Dolly Varden trout (Zoology) , a trout of northwest America; -- called also bull trout , malma , and red-spotted trout . See Malma .
Dolman Dol"man (dŏl"m a n) noun [ Turk. dōlāmān : confer French doliman .] 1. A long robe or outer garment, with long sleeves, worn by the Turks. [ Written also doliman .] 2. A cloak of a peculiar fashion worn by women.
Dolman Dol"man noun
; plural Dolmans
. 1. A woman's cloak with capelike pieces instead of sleeves. 2. The uniform jacket of many European hussar regiments, worn like a cloak, fastened with a cord or chain, and with sleeves hanging loose.
Dolmen Dol"men (dŏl"mĕn) noun [ Armor. taol , tol , table + mean , maen , men , stone: confer French dolmen .] A cromlech. See Cromlech . [ Written also tolmen .]
Dolomite Dol"o·mite (dŏl"o*mīt) noun [ After the French geologist Dolomieu .] (Geol. & Min.) A mineral consisting of the carbonate of lime and magnesia in varying proportions. It occurs in distinct crystals, and in extensive beds as a compact limestone, often crystalline granular, either white or clouded. It includes much of the common white marble. Also called bitter spar .
Dolomitic Dol`o·mit"ic adjective Pertaining to dolomite.
Dolomize Dol"o·mize transitive verb To convert into dolomite. -- Dol`o*mi*za"tion noun
Dolor Do"lor noun
[ Middle English dolor
, French douleur
, Latin dolor
, from dolere
. See 1st Dole
.] Pain; grief; distress; anguish.
[ Written also dolour
.] [ Poetic]
Of death and dolor telling sad tidings. Spenser.
Doloriferous Dol`or·if"er·ous adjective [ Latin dolor pain + -ferous .] Producing pain. Whitaker.
Dolorific, Dolorifical Dol`or·if"ic, Dol`or·if"ic·al adjective [ Late Latin dolorificus ; Latin dolor pain + facere to make.] Causing pain or grief. Arbuthnot.
Doloroso Do`lo·ro"so adjective & adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) Plaintive; pathetic; -- used adverbially as a musical direction.
Dolorous Dol"or·ous adjective
[ Latin dolorosus
, from dolor
: confer French douloureux
. See Dolor
.] 1. Full of grief; sad; sorrowful; doleful; dismal; as, a dolorous object; dolorous discourses.
You take me in too dolorous a sense; Shak. 2. Occasioning pain or grief; painful.
I spake to you for your comfort.
Their dispatch is quick, and less dolorous than the paw of the bear or teeth of the lion. Dr. H. More.
Dolphin Dol"phin (dŏl"fĭn) noun [ French dauphin dolphin, dauphin, earlier spelt also doffin ; confer Old French dalphinal of the dauphin; from Latin delphinus , Greek delfi`s a dolphin (in senses 1, 2, & 5), perhaps properly, belly fish; confer delfy`s womb, Sanskrit garbha ; perhaps akin to English calf . Confer Dauphin , Delphine .] 1. (Zool.) (a) A cetacean of the genus Delphinus and allied genera (esp. D. delphis ); the true dolphin. (b) The Coryphæna hippuris , a fish of about five feet in length, celebrated for its surprising changes of color when dying. It is the fish commonly known as the dolphin. See Coryphænoid . » The dolphin of the ancients ( D. delphis ) is common in the Mediterranean and Atlantic, and attains a length of from six to eight feet. 2. [ Greek delfi`s ] (Gr. Antiq.) A mass of iron or lead hung from the yardarm, in readiness to be dropped on the deck of an enemy's vessel. 3. (Nautical) (a) A kind of wreath or strap of plaited cordage. (b) A spar or buoy held by an anchor and furnished with a ring to which ships may fasten their cables. R. H. Dana. (c) A mooring post on a wharf or beach. (d) A permanent fender around a heavy boat just below the gunwale. Ham. Nav. Encyc. 4. (Gun.) In old ordnance, one of the handles above the trunnions by which the gun was lifted. 5. (Astron.) A small constellation between Aquila and Pegasus. See Delphinus , noun , 2. Dolphin fly (Zoology) , the black, bean, or collier, Aphis ( Aphis fable ), destructive to beans. -- Dolphin striker (Nautical) , a short vertical spar under the bowsprit.
Dolphinet Dol"phin·et noun A female dolphin. [ R.] Spenser.
(dōlt; 110) noun
[ Middle English dulte
, propast participle p. of dullen
to dull. See Dull
.] A heavy, stupid fellow; a blockhead; a numskull; an ignoramus; a dunce; a dullard.
This Puck seems but a dreaming dolt . Drayton.
Dolt Dolt intransitive verb To behave foolishly. [ Obsolete]
Doltish Dolt"ish adjective Doltlike; dull in intellect; stupid; blockish; as, a doltish clown. -- Dolt"ish*ly , adverb -- Dolt"ish*ness , noun
Dolus Do"lus noun [ Latin , deceit; akin to Greek ....] (Law) Evil intent, embracing both malice and fraud. See Culpa . Wharton.
Dolven Dolv"en past participle of Delve . [ Obsolete] Rom. of R.
Dom Dom noun [ Portuguese See Don .] 1. A title anciently given to the pope, and later to other church dignitaries and some monastic orders. See Don , and Dan . 2. In Portugal and Brazil, the title given to a member of the higher classes.
Domable Dom"a·ble adjective [ Latin domabilis , from domare to tame.] Capable of being tamed; tamable.
Domableness Dom"a·ble·ness noun Tamableness.
Domage Dom"age noun [ See Damage .] 1. Damage; hurt. [ Obsolete] Chapman. 2. Subjugation. [ Obsolete] Hobbes.
Domain Do·main" noun
[ French domaine
, Old French demaine
, Latin dominium
, property, right of ownership, from dominus
master, owner. See Dame
, and cf Demesne
.] 1. Dominion; empire; authority. 2. The territory over which dominion or authority is exerted; the possessions of a sovereign or commonwealth, or the like. Also used figuratively.
The domain of authentic history. E. Everett.
The domain over which the poetic spirit ranges. J. C. Shairp. 3. Landed property; estate; especially, the land about the mansion house of a lord, and in his immediate occupancy; demesne. Shenstone. 4. (Law) Ownership of land; an estate or patrimony which one has in his own right; absolute proprietorship; paramount or sovereign ownership. Public domain
, the territory belonging to a State or to the general government; public lands.
[ U.S.] -- Right of eminent domain
, that superior dominion of the sovereign power over all the property within the state, including that previously granted by itself, which authorizes it to appropriate any part thereof to a necessary public use, reasonable compensation being made.
Domal Do"mal adjective [ Latin domus house.] (Astrol.) Pertaining to a house. Addison.
Domanial Do·ma"ni·al adjective Of or relating to a domain or to domains.
Dome Dome noun
[ French dôme
, Italian duomo
, from Latin domus
a house, domus Dei
, house of the Lord, house of God; akin to Greek ... house, ... to build, and English timber
. See Timber
.] 1. A building; a house; an edifice; -- used chiefly in poetry.
Approach the dome , the social banquet share. Pope. 2. (Architecture) A cupola formed on a large scale.
» "The Italians apply the term il duomo
to the principal church of a city, and the Germans call every cathedral church Dom
; and it is supposed that the word in its present English sense has crept into use from the circumstance of such buildings being frequently surmounted by a cupola." Am. Cyc. 3. Any erection resembling the dome or cupola of a building; as the upper part of a furnace, the vertical steam chamber on the top of a boiler, etc. 4. (Crystallog.) A prism formed by planes parallel to a lateral axis which meet above in a horizontal edge, like the roof of a house; also, one of the planes of such a form.
» If the plane is parallel to the longer diagonal (macrodiagonal) of the prism, it is called a macrodome
; if parallel to the shorter (brachydiagonal), it is a brachydome
; if parallel to the inclined diagonal in a monoclinic crystal, it is called a clinodome
; if parallel to the orthodiagonal axis, an orthodome
Dome Dome noun [ See Doom .] Decision; judgment; opinion; a court decision. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Domebook Dome"book` noun [ Dome doom + book .] (O. Eng. Law) A book said to have been compiled under the direction of King Alfred. It is supposed to have contained the principal maxims of the common law, the penalties for misdemeanors, and the forms of judicial proceedings. Domebook was probably a general name for book of judgments . Burrill.
Domed Domed adjective Furnished with a dome; shaped like a dome.
Domesday Domes"day` noun A day of judgment. See Doomsday . [ Obsolete] Domesday Book , the ancient record of the survey of most of the lands of England, made by order of William the Conqueror, about 1086. It consists of two volumes, a large folio and a quarto, and gives the proprietors' tenures, arable land, woodland, etc. [ Written also Doomsday Book .]
Domesman Domes"man noun
; plural Domesmen
. [ See Doom
.] A judge; an umpire.
Domestic Do·mes"tic adjective
[ Latin domesticus
, from domus
use: confer French domestique
. See 1st Dome
.] 1. Of or pertaining to one's house or home, or one's household or family; relating to home life; as, domestic concerns, life, duties, cares, happiness, worship, servants.
His fortitude is the more extraordinary, because his domestic feelings were unusually strong. Macaulay. 4. Of or pertaining to a nation considered as a family or home, or to one's own country; intestine; not foreign; as, foreign wars and domestic dissensions. Shak. 3. Remaining much at home; devoted to home duties or pleasures; as, a domestic man or woman. 4. Living in or near the habitations of man; domesticated; tame as distinguished from wild; as, domestic animals. 5. Made in one's own house, nation, or country; as, domestic manufactures, wines, etc.
Domestic Do·mes"tic noun 1. One who lives in the family of an other, as hired household assistant; a house servant.
The master labors and leads an anxious life, to secure plenty and ease to the domestic . V. Knox. 2. plural (Com.) Articles of home manufacture, especially cotton goods.
[ U. S.]
Domestical Do·mes"tic·al adjective Domestic.
Our private and domestical matter. Sir. P. Sidney.
Domestical Do·mes"tic·al noun A family; a household. [ Obsolete]
Domestically Do·mes"tic·al·ly adverb In a domestic manner; privately; with reference to domestic affairs.
Domesticant Do·mes"ti·cant adjective Forming part of the same family. [ Obsolete] Sir E. Dering.
Domesticate Do·mes"ti·cate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Domesticated ; present participle & verbal noun Domesticating. ] [ Late Latin domesticatus , past participle of domesticare to reside in, to tame. See Domestic , adjective ] 1. To make domestic; to habituate to home life; as, to domesticate one's self. 2. To cause to be, as it were, of one's family or country; as, to domesticate a foreign custom or word. 3. To tame or reclaim from a wild state; as, to domesticate wild animals; to domesticate a plant.
Domestication Do·mes`ti·ca"tion noun [ Confer French domestication .] The act of domesticating, or accustoming to home; the action of taming wild animals.
Domesticator Do·mes"ti·ca`tor noun One who domesticates.
Domesticity Do`mes·tic"i·ty noun [ Late Latin domesticitas : confer French domesticité .] The state of being domestic; domestic character; household life.
Domett Dom"ett noun A kind of baize of which the ward is cotton and the weft woolen. Blakely.
Domeykite Do"mey·kite noun [ Named after Domeyko , a mineralogist of Chili.] (Min.) A massive mineral of tin-white or steel-gray color, an arsenide of copper.
Domical Dom"i·cal adjective Relating to, or shaped like, a dome.
Domicile Dom"i·cile noun [ Latin domicilium ; domus house + (prob.) root of celare to conceal: confer French domicile . See Dome , and Conceal .] 1. An abode or mansion; a place of permanent residence, either of an individual or a family. 2. (Law) A residence at a particular place accompanied with an intention to remain there for an unlimited time; a residence accepted as a final abode. Wharton.
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