Cytoblast Cy"to·blast noun [ Greek ............ hollow vessel + -blast .] (Biol.) The nucleus of a cell; the germinal or active spot of a cellule, through or in which cell development takes place.
Cytoblastema Cy`to·blas·te"ma noun [ New Latin , from Greek ......... hollow vessel + ............ growth.] (Biol.) See Protoplasm .
Cytococcus Cy`to·coc"cus noun
; plural Cytococci
(-s...). [ New Latin , from Greek ......... hollow vessel + ............ kernel.] (Biol.) The nucleus of the cytula or parent cell. Hæckel.
Cytode Cy"tode noun [ Greek ............ hollow vessel, from ............. See Cyst .] (Biol.) A nonnucleated mass of protoplasm, the supposed simplest form of independent life differing from the amoeba , in which nuclei are present.
Cytogenesis Cy`to·gen"e·sis noun [ Greek ............ hollow vessel + English genesis .] (Biol.) Development of cells in animal and vegetable organisms. See Gemmation , Budding , Karyokinesis ; also Cell development , under Cell .
Cytogenic Cy`to·gen"ic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to cytogenesis or cell development.
Cytogenous Cy·tog"e·nous adjective (Anat.) Producing cells; -- applied esp. to lymphatic, or adenoid, tissue.
Cytogeny Cy·tog"e·ny n . (Biol.) Cell production or development; cytogenesis.
Cytoid Cy"toid adjective [ Greek ............ hollow vessel + -oid .] (Physiol.) Cell-like; -- applied to the corpuscles of lymph, blood, chyle, etc.
Cytoplasm Cy"to·plasm noun [ Greek ............ hollow vessel + ............ a mold.] (Biol.) The substance of the body of a cell, as distinguished from the karyoplasma , or substance of the nucleus. -- Cy`to*plas"mic (-pl...z"m...k) adjective
Cytula Cyt"u·la noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............ a hollow vessel.] (Biol.) The fertilized egg cell or parent cell, from the development of which the child or other organism is formed. Hæckel.
Czar Czar (zär) noun [ Russian tsare , from Latin Caesar Cæsar; confer OPol. czar , Pol. car . ] A king; a chief; the title of the emperor of Russia. [ Written also tzar .]
Czarevna Cza·rev"na noun [ Russian tsarevna .] The title of the wife of the czarowitz.
Czarina Cza·ri"na noun [ Confer German Zarin , Czarin , fem., Russian tsaritsa .] The title of the empress of Russia.
Czarinian Cza·rin"i·an adjective Of or pertaining to the czar or the czarina; czarish.
Czarish Czar"ish adjective Of or pertaining to the czar.
Czarowitz Czar"o·witz noun
; plural Czarowitzes
(- ...z). [ Russian tsarévich'
.] The title of the eldest son of the czar of Russia.
Czech Czech noun 1. One of the Czechs. 2. The language of the Czechs (often called Bohemian), the harshest and richest of the Slavic languages.
Czechic Czech"ic adjective Of or pertaining to the Czechs. "One Czechic realm." The Nation.
Czechs Czechs noun plural ; sing. Czech . [ Named after their chieftain, Czech .] (Ethnol.) The most westerly branch of the great Slavic family of nations, numbering now more than 6,000,000, and found principally in Bohemia and Moravia.
Cæca Cæ"ca noun plural See Cæcum .
Cæcal Cæ"cal adjective (Anat.) 1. Of or pertaining to the cæcum, or blind gut. 2. Having the form of a cæcum, or bag with one opening; baglike; as, the cæcal extremity of a duct.
Cæcias Cæ"ci·as noun [ Latin caecias , Greek ....] A wind from the northeast. Milton.
Cæcilian Cæ·cil"i·an noun [ Latin caecus blind. So named from the supposed blindness of the species, the eyes being very minute.] (Zoology) A limbless amphibian belonging to the order Cæciliæ or Ophimorpha . See Ophiomorpha . [ Written also cœcilian .]
Cæcum Cæ"cum noun
; plural Cæcums
, Latin Cæca
. [ Latin caecus
blind, invisible, concealed.] (Anat.) (a) A cavity open at one end, as the blind end of a canal or duct. (b) The blind part of the large intestine beyond the entrance of the small intestine; -- called also the blind gut .
» The cæcum
is comparatively small in man, and ends in a slender portion, the vermiform appendix
; but in herbivorous mammals it is often as large as the rest of the large intestine. In fishes there are often numerous intestinal cæca.
Cælatura Cæ`la·tu"ra noun [ Latin , from caelare to engrave in relief.] Art of producing metal decorative work other than statuary, as reliefs, intaglios, engraving, chasing, etc.
Cænozoic Cæ`no·zo"ic adjective (Geol.) See Cenozoic .
Cæsar Cæ"sar noun
[ Latin ] A Roman emperor, as being the successor of Augustus Cæsar. Hence, a kaiser, or emperor of Germany, or any emperor or powerful ruler. See Kaiser , Kesar .
Malborough anticipated the day when he would be servilely flattered and courted by Cæsar on one side and by Louis the Great on the other.
Cæsarean, Cæsarian Cæ·sa"re·an, Cæ·sa"ri·an adjective [ Latin Caesareus , Caesarianus .] Of or pertaining to Cæsar or the Cæsars; imperial. Cæsarean section (Surg.) , the operation of taking a child from the womb by cutting through the walls of the abdomen and uterus; -- so called because Julius Cæsar is reported to have been brought into the world by such an operation.
Cæsarism Cæ"sar·ism noun [ Confer French Césarisme .] A system of government in which unrestricted power is exercised by a single person, to whom, as Cæsar or emperor, it has been committed by the popular will; imperialism; also, advocacy or support of such a system of government. » This word came into prominence in the time of Napoleon III., as an expression of the claims and political views of that emperor, and of the politicians of his court.
Cæsious Cæ"si·ous adjective [ Latin caesius bluish gray.] (Nat. Hist.) Of the color of lavender; pale blue with a slight mixture of gray. Lindley.
Cæsium Cæ"si·um noun [ New Latin , from Latin caesius bluish gray.] (Chemistry) A rare alkaline metal found in mineral water; -- so called from the two characteristic blue lines in its spectrum. It was the first element discovered by spectrum analysis, and is the most strongly basic and electro-positive substance known. Symbol Cs. Atomic weight 132.6.
Cæspitose Cæs"pi·tose` adjective Same as Cespitose .
Cæsura Cæ·su"ra noun
[ Latin caesura
a cutting off, a division, stop, from caedere
, to cut off. See Concise
.] A metrical break in a verse, occurring in the middle of a foot and commonly near the middle of the verse; a sense pause in the middle of a foot. Also, a long syllable on which the cæsural accent rests, or which is used as a foot.
» In the following line the cæsura
is between study
Cæsural Cæ·su"ral adjective Of or pertaining to a cæsura. Cæsural pause , a pause made at a cæsura.