Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French béryl
, Old French beril
, Latin beryllus
, Greek bh`ryllos
, probably from Sanskrit vaidūrya
. Confer Brilliant
.] (Min.) A mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. It occurs in hexagonal prisms, commonly of a green or bluish green color, but also yellow, pink, and white. It is a silicate of aluminium and glucinum (beryllium). The aquamarine is a transparent, sea-green variety used as a gem. The emerald is another variety highly prized in jewelry, and distinguished by its deep color, which is probably due to the presence of a little oxide of chromium.
Berylline adjective Like a beryl; of a light or bluish green color.
[ New Latin ] (Chemistry) A metallic element found in the beryl. See Glucinum .
Berylloid noun [ Beryl + - oid .] (Crystallog.) A solid consisting of a double twelve- sided pyramid; -- so called because the planes of this form occur on crystals of beryl.
Besaiel, Besaile Be*sayle" noun [ Old French beseel , French bisaïeul , from Latin bis twice + Late Latin avolus , dim. of Latin avus grandfather.]
1. A great-grandfather. [ Obsolete] 2. (Law) A kind of writ which formerly lay where a great-grandfather died seized of lands in fee simple, and on the day of his death a stranger abated or entered and kept the heir out. This is now abolished. Blackstone.
Besaint transitive verb To make a saint of.
Bescatter transitive verb
1. To scatter over. 2. To cover sparsely by scattering (something); to strew. "With flowers bescattered ." Spenser.
Bescorn transitive verb To treat with scorn. "Then was he bescorned ." Chaucer.
Bescratch transitive verb To tear with the nails; to cover with scratches.
Bescrawl transitive verb To cover with scrawls; to scribble over. Milton.
Bescreen transitive verb To cover with a screen, or as with a screen; to shelter; to conceal. Shak.
Bescribble transitive verb To scribble over. " Bescribbled with impertinences." Milton.
Bescumber, Bescummer transitive verb [ Prefix be- + scumber , scummer .] To discharge ordure or dung upon. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Besee transitive verb & i. [ Anglo-Saxon beseón ; prefix be- + ...eón to see.] To see; to look; to mind. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Beseech transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Besought
; present participle & verbal noun Beseeching
.] [ Middle English bisechen
(akin to German besuchen
to visit); prefix be-
, to seek. See Seek
.] 1. To ask or entreat with urgency; to supplicate; to implore.
I beseech you, punish me not with your hard thoughts.
But Eve . . . besought his peace. Syn.
-- To beg; to crave. -- To Beseech
. These words agree in marking that sense of want which leads men to beg some favor. To solicit
is to make a request, with some degree of earnestness and repetition, of one whom we address as a superior. To entreat
implies greater urgency, usually enforced by adducing reasons or arguments. To beseech
is still stronger, and belongs rather to the language of poetry and imagination. To implore
denotes increased fervor of entreaty, as addressed either to equals or superiors. To supplicate
expresses the extreme of entreaty, and usually implies a state of deep humiliation. Thus, a captive supplicates
a conqueror to spare his life. Men solicit
by virtue of their interest with another; they entreat
in the use of reasoning and strong representations; they beseech
with importunate earnestness; they implore
from a sense of overwhelming distress; they supplicate
with a feeling of the most absolute inferiority and dependence.
Beseech noun Solicitation; supplication. [ Obsolete or Poetic] Shak.
Beseecher noun One who beseeches.
Beseeching adjective Entreating urgently; imploring; as, a beseeching look. -- Be*seech"ing*ly , adverb -- Be*seech"ing*ness , noun
Beseechment noun The act of beseeching or entreating earnestly. [ R.] Goodwin.
Beseek transitive verb To beseech. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Beseem transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beseemed
; present participle & verbal noun Beseeming
.] [ Prefix be-
.] Literally: To appear or seem ( well , ill , best , etc.) for (one) to do or to have. Hence: To be fit, suitable, or proper for, or worthy of; to become; to befit.
A duty well beseeming the preachers.
What form of speech or behavior beseemeth us, in our prayers to God ?
Beseem intransitive verb To seem; to appear; to be fitting. [ Obsolete] "As beseemed best." Spenser.
Beseeming noun 1. Appearance; look; garb.
I . . . did company these three in poor beseeming . 2. Comeliness. Baret.
Beseeming adjective Becoming; suitable. [ Archaic] -- Be*seem"ing*ly , adverb -- Be*seem"ing*ness , noun
Beseemly adjective Fit; suitable; becoming.
In beseemly order sitten there.
Beseen adjective [ Properly the past participle of besee .]
1. Seen; appearing. [ Obsolete or Archaic] 2. Decked or adorned; clad. [ Archaic] Chaucer. 3. Accomplished; versed. [ Archaic] Spenser.
Beset transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beset
; present participle & verbal noun Besetting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon besettan
(akin to Old High German bisazjan
, German besetzen
, Dutch bezetten
); prefix be-
to set. See Set
.] 1. To set or stud (anything) with ornaments or prominent objects.
A robe of azure beset with drops of gold.
The garden is so beset with all manner of sweet shrubs that it perfumes the air. 2. To hem in; to waylay; to surround; to besiege; to blockade.
with foes." Milton.
Let thy troops beset our gates. 3. To set upon on all sides; to perplex; to harass; -- said of dangers, obstacles, etc.
"Adam, sore beset
, replied." Milton.
with ills." Addison.
"Incommodities which beset
old age." Burke. 4. To occupy; to employ; to use up.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Syn.
-- To surround; inclose; environ; hem in; besiege; encircle; encompass; embarrass; urge; press.
Besetment noun The act of besetting, or the state of being beset; also, that which besets one, as a sin. "Fearing a besetment ." Kane.
Besetter noun One who, or that which, besets.
Besetting adjective Habitually attacking, harassing, or pressing upon or about; as, a besetting sin.
(be*shīn") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beshone
; present participle & verbal noun Beshining
.] To shine upon; to illumine.
Beshow noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) A large food fish ( Anoplopoma fimbria ) of the north Pacific coast; -- called also candlefish .
Beshrew transitive verb To curse; to execrate.
Beshrew me, but I love her heartily.
» Often a very mild form of imprecation; sometimes so far from implying a curse, as to be uttered coaxingly, nay even with some tenderness. Schmidt.
Beshroud transitive verb To cover with, or as with, a shroud; to screen.
Beshut transitive verb To shut up or out. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English biside
, preposition and adverb , beside, besides; prefix be-
by + side
. Confer Besides, and see Side
] 1. At the side of; on one side of.
him hung his bow." Milton. 2. Aside from; out of the regular course or order of; in a state of deviation from; out of.
[ You] have done enough 3. Over and above; distinct from; in addition to.
To put him quite beside his patience.
[ In this use besides
is now commoner.]
Wise and learned men beside those whose names are in the Christian records. To be beside one's self
, to be out of one's wits or senses.
Paul, thou art beside thyself . Acts xxvi. 24. Syn.
. These words, whether used as prepositions or adverbs, have been considered strictly synonymous, from an early period of our literature, and have been freely interchanged by our best writers. There is, however, a tendency, in present usage, to make the following distinction between them: 1. That beside
be used only and always as a preposition, with the original meaning "by the side of; " as, to sit beside
a fountain; or with the closely allied meaning "aside from", "apart from", or "out of"; as, this is beside
our present purpose; to be beside
one's self with joy. The adverbial sense to be wholly transferred to the cognate word. 2. That besides
, as a preposition, take the remaining sense "in addition to", as, besides
all this; besides
the considerations here offered. "There was a famine in the land besides the first famine." Gen. xxvi. 1.
And that it also take the adverbial sense of "moreover", "beyond", etc., which had been divided between the words; as, besides
, there are other considerations which belong to this case. The following passages may serve to illustrate this use of the words: --
Lovely Thais sits beside thee. Dryden.
Only be patient till we have appeased Shak.
The multitude, beside themselves with fear.
It is beside my present business to enlarge on this speculation. Locke.
Besides this, there are persons in certain situations who are expected to be charitable. Bp. Porteus.
And, besides , the Moor Shak.
May unfold me to him; there stand I in much peril.
That man that does not know those things which are of necessity for him to know is but an ignorant man, whatever he may know besides . Tillotson.
Besides preposition Over and above; separate or distinct from; in addition to; other than; else than. See Beside , prep ., 3, and Syn. under Beside .
Besides your cheer, you shall have sport.
Besides, Beside adverb
[ Middle English Same as beside
, preposition ; the ending - s
is an adverbial one, prop. a genitive sign.] 1. On one side.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Shak. 2. More than that; over and above; not included in the number, or in what has been mentioned; moreover; in addition.
The men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides ?
Gen. xix. 12.
To all beside , as much an empty shade,
An Eugene living, as a Cæsar dead.
» These sentences may be considered as elliptical.
Besiege transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Besieged
; present participle & verbal noun Besieging
.] [ Middle English bisegen
; prefix be-
to siege. See Siege
.] To beset or surround with armed forces, for the purpose of compelling to surrender; to lay siege to; to beleaguer; to beset.
Till Paris was besieged , famished, and lost. Syn.
-- To environ; hem in; invest; encompass.
Besiegement noun The act of besieging, or the state of being besieged. Golding.
Besieger noun One who besieges; - - opposed to the besieged .
Besieging adjective That besieges; laying siege to. -- Be*sie"ging*ly , adverb
Besit transitive verb [ Prefix be- + sit .] To suit; to fit; to become. [ Obsolete]
Beslabber transitive verb To beslobber.
Beslave transitive verb To enslave. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
Beslaver transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Beslavered
; present participle & verbal noun Beslavering
.] To defile with slaver; to beslobber.
Beslime transitive verb To daub with slime; to soil. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Beslobber transitive verb To slobber on; to smear with spittle running from the mouth. Also Fig.: as, to beslobber with praise.