Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bereft (be*rĕft"), imperfect & past participle of Bereave.

Berenice's Hair [ See Berenice's , Locks , in Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.] (Astron.) See Coma Berenices , under Coma .

Beretta noun Same as Berretta.

Berg noun [ √95. See Barrow hill, and confer Iceberg .] A large mass or hill, as of ice.

Glittering bergs of ice.
Tennyson.

Bergamot (bẽr"gȧ*mŏt) noun [ French bergamote , from Italian bergamotta ; probably a corruption of Turk. beg armūdi a lord's pear.]
1. (Botany) (a) A tree of the Orange family ( Citrus bergamia ), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit. (b) A variety of mint ( Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata ).

2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.

3. A variety of pear. Johnson.

4. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.

The better hand . . . gives the nose its bergamot .
Cowper.

5. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.

Wild bergamot (Botany) , an American herb of the Mint family ( Monarda fistulosa ).

Bergander noun [ Berg , for burrow + gander a male goose? Confer German bergente , Danish gravgaas .] (Zoology) A European duck ( Anas tadorna ). See Sheldrake .

Bergeret noun [ Old French bergerete , French berger a shepherd.] A pastoral song. [ Obsolete]

Bergh noun [ Anglo-Saxon beorg .] A hill. [ Obsolete]

Bergmaster noun See Barmaster .

Bergmeal noun [ German berg mountain + mehl meal.] (Min.) An earthy substance, resembling fine flour. It is composed of the shells of infusoria, and in Lapland and Sweden is sometimes eaten, mixed with flour or ground birch bark, in times of scarcity. This name is also given to a white powdery variety of calcite.

Bergmote noun See Barmote .

Bergomask noun A rustic dance, so called in ridicule of the people of Bergamo, in Italy, once noted for their clownishness.

Bergschrund noun [ G., lit., mountain gap.] (Physics Geology) The crevasse or series of crevasses, usually deep and often broad, frequently occurring near the head of a mountain glacier, about where the névé field joins the valley portion of the glacier.

Bergstock noun [ G., lit., mountain stick.] A long pole with a spike at the end, used in climbing mountains; an alpenstock.

Bergylt noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Zoology) The Norway haddock. See Rosefish .

Berhyme transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Berhymed ; present participle & verbal noun Berhyming .] To mention in rhyme or verse; to rhyme about. [ Sometimes use depreciatively.] Shak.

Beriberi noun [ Singhalese beri weakness.] An acute disease occurring in India, characterized by multiple inflammatory changes in the nerves, producing great muscular debility, a painful rigidity of the limbs, and cachexy.

Berime transitive verb To berhyme. [ The earlier and etymologically preferable spelling.]

Bering Sea Controversy A controversy (1886 -- 93) between Great Britain and the United States as to the right of Canadians not licensed by the United States to carry on seal fishing in the Bering Sea, over which the United States claimed jurisdiction as a mare clausum. A court of arbitration, meeting in Paris in 1893, decided against the claim of the United States, but established regulations for the preservation of the fur seal.

Berkeleian adjective Of or relating to Bishop Berkeley or his system of idealism; as, Berkeleian philosophy. -- Berke"ley*ism , noun

Berlin noun [ The capital of Prussia]
1. A four-wheeled carriage, having a sheltered seat behind the body and separate from it, invented in the 17th century, at Berlin.

2. Fine worsted for fancy-work; zephyr worsted; -- called also Berlin wool .

Berlin black , a black varnish, drying with almost a dead surface; -- used for coating the better kinds of ironware. Ure. -- Berlin blue , Prussian blue. Ure. -- Berlin green , a complex cyanide of iron, used as a green dye, and similar to Prussian blue. -- Berlin iron , a very fusible variety of cast iron, from which figures and other delicate articles are manufactured. These are often stained or lacquered in imitation of bronze. -- Berlin shop , a shop for the sale of worsted embroidery and the materials for such work. -- Berlin work , worsted embroidery.

Berm, Berme noun [ French berme , of German origin; confer German brame , bräme , border, akin to English brim .]
1. (Fort.) A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.

2. (Engineering) A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.

Bermuda grass (Botany) A kind of grass ( Cynodon Dactylon ) esteemed for pasture in the Southern United States. It is a native of Southern Europe, but is now wide-spread in warm countries; -- called also scutch grass , and in Bermuda, devil grass .

Bermuda lily (Botany) The large white lily ( Lilium longiflorum eximium , syn. Latin Harrisii ) which is extensively cultivated in Bermuda.

Berna fly (Zoology) A Brazilian dipterous insect of the genus Trypeta , which lays its eggs in the nostrils or in wounds of man and beast, where the larvæ do great injury.

Bernacle noun See Barnacle .

Bernardine adjective Of or pertaining to St. Bernard of Clairvaux, or to the Cistercian monks. -- noun A Cistercian monk.

Bernese adjective Pertaining to the city or canton of Bern, in Switzerland, or to its inhabitants. -- noun sing. & plural A native or natives of Bern.

Bernicle noun [ Middle English bernak , bernacle ; confer Old French bernac ; probably from Late Latin bernacula for hibernicula , bernicula , from Hibernia ; the birds coming from Hibernia or Ireland. Confer 1st Barnacle .] A bernicle goose. [ Written also barnacle .]

Bernicle goose (Zoology) , a goose ( Branta leucopsis ), of Arctic Europe and America. It was formerly believed that it hatched from the cirripeds of the sea ( Lepas ), which were, therefore, called barnacles, goose barnacles, or Anatifers. The name is also applied to other related species. See Anatifa and Cirripedia .

Bernouse noun Same as Burnoose .

Berob transitive verb To rob; to plunder. [ Obsolete]

Beroe noun [ Latin Beroe , one of the Oceanidæ Greek ... : confer French beroé .] (Zoology) A small, oval, transparent jellyfish, belonging to the Ctenophora.

Berretta noun [ Italian , from Late Latin birrettum , berretum , a cap, dim. of Latin birrus , birrum , a cloak to keep off rain, confer Greek ... tawny, red: confer Spanish birreta , Portuguese barrete , and English Barret .] A square cap worn by ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church. A cardinal's berretta is scarlet; that worn by other clerics is black, except that a bishop's is lined with green. [ Also spelt beretta , biretta , etc.]

Berried adjective Furnished with berries; consisting of a berry; baccate; as, a berried shrub.

Berry noun ; plural Berries . [ Middle English berie , Anglo-Saxon berie , berige ; akin to Dutch bes , German beere , Old Saxon and Old High German beri , Icelandic ber , Swedish bär , Goth. basi , and perhaps Sanskrit bhas to eat.]
1. Any small fleshy fruit, as the strawberry, mulberry, huckleberry, etc.

2. (Botany) A small fruit that is pulpy or succulent throughout, having seeds loosely imbedded in the pulp, as the currant, grape, blueberry.

3. The coffee bean.

4. One of the ova or eggs of a fish. Travis.

In berry , containing ova or spawn.

Berry intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Berried ; present participle & verbal noun Berrying .] To bear or produce berries.

Berry noun [ Anglo-Saxon beorh . See Barrow a hill.] A mound; a hillock. W. Browne.

Berrying noun A seeking for or gathering of berries, esp. of such as grow wild.

Berseem noun [ Arabic bershīm clover.] An Egyptian clover ( Trifolium alexandrinum ) extensively cultivated as a forage plant and soil- renewing crop in the alkaline soils of the Nile valley, and now introduced into the southwestern United States. It is more succulent than other clovers or than alfalfa. Called also Egyptian clover .

Berserk, Berserker noun [ Icelandic berserkr .]
1. (Scand. Myth.) One of a class of legendary heroes, who fought frenzied by intoxicating liquors, and naked, regardless of wounds. Longfellow.

2. One who fights as if frenzied, like a Berserker.

Berstle noun See Bristle . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Berth noun [ From the root of bear to produce, like birth nativity. See Birth .] [ Also written birth .]


1. (Nautical) (a) Convenient sea room. (b) A room in which a number of the officers or ship's company mess and reside. (c) The place where a ship lies when she is at anchor, or at a wharf.

2. An allotted place; an appointment; situation or employment. "He has a good berth ." Totten.

3. A place in a ship to sleep in; a long box or shelf on the side of a cabin or stateroom, or of a railway car, for sleeping in.

Berth deck , the deck next below the lower gun deck. Ham. Nav. Encyc. -- To give (the land or any object) a wide berth , to keep at a distance from it.

Berth transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Berthed ; present participle & verbal noun Berthing .]
1. To give an anchorage to, or a place to lie at; to place in a berth; as, she was berthed stem to stern with the Adelaide.

2. To allot or furnish berths to, on shipboard; as, to berth a ship's company. Totten.

Bertha noun [ French berthe , from Berthe , a woman's name.] A kind of collar or cape worn by ladies.

Berthage noun A place for mooring vessels in a dock or harbor.

Berthierite noun [ From Berthier , a French naturalist.] (Min.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.

Berthing noun (Nautical) The planking outside of a vessel, above the sheer strake. Smyth.

Bertillon system [ After Alphonse Bertillon , French anthropologist.] A system for the identification of persons by a physical description based upon anthropometric measurements, notes of markings, deformities, color, impression of thumb lines, etc.

Bertram noun [ Corrupted from Latin pyrethrum , Greek ... a hot spicy plant, from ... fire.] (Botany) Pellitory of Spain ( Anacyclus pyrethrum ).

Berycoid (bĕr"ĭ*koid) adjective [ New Latin beryx , the name of the typical genus + -oid .] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Berycidæ , a family of marine fishes.