Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Benumbment noun Act of benumbing, or state of being benumbed; torpor. Kirby.

Benzal noun [ Benzoic + al dehyde.] (Chemistry) A compound radical, C 6 H 5 .CH, of the aromatic series, related to benzyl and benzoyl; -- used adjectively or in combination.

Benzamide noun [ Benz oin + amide .] (Chemistry) A transparent crystalline substance, C 6 H 5 .CO.NH 2 , obtained by the action of ammonia upon chloride of benzoyl, as also by several other reactions with benzoyl compounds.

Benzene noun [ From Benzoin .] (Chemistry) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C 6 H 6 , contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole , and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.

Benzene nucleus , Benzene ring (Chemistry) , a closed chain or ring, consisting of six carbon atoms, each with one hydrogen atom attached, regarded as the type from which the aromatic compounds are derived. This ring formula is provisionally accepted as representing the probable constitution of the benzene molecule, C 6 H 6 , and as the type on which its derivatives are formed.

Benzile noun [ From Benzoin .] (Chemistry) A yellowish crystalline substance, C 6 H 5 .CO.CO.C 6 H 5 , formed from benzoin by the action of oxidizing agents, and consisting of a doubled benzoyl radical.

Benzine noun [ From Benzoin .] (Chemistry)
1. A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called also petroleum spirit , petroleum benzine . Varieties or similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene, ligroin, etc.

2. Same as Benzene . [ R.]

» The hydrocarbons of benzine proper are essentially of the marsh gas series, while benzene proper is the typical hydrocarbon of the aromatic series.

Benzoate noun [ Confer French benzoate .] (Chemistry) A salt formed by the union of benzoic acid with any salifiable base.

Benzoic (bĕn*zō"ĭk) adjective [ Confer French benzoïque .] Pertaining to, or obtained from, benzoin.

Benzoic acid , or flowers of benzoin , a peculiar vegetable acid, C 6 H 5 .CO 2 H, obtained from benzoin, and some other balsams, by sublimation or decoction. It is also found in the urine of infants and herbivorous animals. It crystallizes in the form of white, satiny flakes; its odor is aromatic; its taste is pungent, and somewhat acidulous. -- Benzoic aldehyde , oil of bitter almonds; the aldehyde, C 6 H 5 .CHO, intermediate in composition between benzoic or benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. It is a thin colorless liquid.

Benzoin (bĕn*zoin") noun [ Confer French benjoin , Spanish benjui , Portuguese beijoin ; all from Arabic lubān-jāwī incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Confer Benjamin .] [ Called also benjamin .]
1. A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin , a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.

2. A white crystalline substance, C 14 H 12 O 2 , obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.

3. (Botany) The spicebush ( Lindera benzoin ).

Flowers of benzoin , benzoic acid. See under Benzoic .

Benzoinated adjective (Medicine) Containing or impregnated with benzoin; as, benzoinated lard.

Benzole, Benzol noun [ Benzoin + Latin ol eum oil.] (Chemistry) An impure benzene, used in the arts as a solvent, and for various other purposes. See Benzene .

» It has great solvent powers, and is used by manufacturers of India rubber and gutta percha; also for cleaning soiled kid gloves, and for other purposes.

Benzoline noun (Chemistry) (a) Same as Benzole . (b) Same as Amarine . [ R.] Watts.

Benzonaphthol noun Also Ben`zo*naph"tol [ Benzo in + naphthol .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline powder used as an intestinal antiseptic; beta-naphthol benzoate.

Benzosol noun (Pharm.) Guaiacol benzoate, used as an intestinal antiseptic and as a substitute for creosote in phthisis. It is a colorless crystalline pewder.

Benzoyl noun [ Benzoic + Greek ... wood. See -yl .] (Chemistry) A compound radical, C 6 H 5 .CO; the base of benzoic acid, of the oil of bitter almonds, and of an extensive series of compounds. [ Formerly written also benzule .]

Benzyl noun [ Benzoic + - yl .] (Chemistry) A compound radical, C 6 H 5 .CH 2 , related to toluene and benzoic acid; -- commonly used adjectively.

Bepaint transitive verb To paint; to cover or color with, or as with, paint.

Else would a maiden blush bepaint my cheek.
Shak.

Bepelt transitive verb To pelt roundly.

Bepinch transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bepinched ] To pinch, or mark with pinches. Chapman.

Beplaster transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Beplastered ; present participle & verbal noun Beplastering .] To plaster over; to cover or smear thickly; to bedaub.

Beplastered with rouge.
Goldsmith.

Beplumed adjective Decked with feathers.

Bepommel transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bepommeled ; present participle & verbal noun Bepommeling .] To pommel; to beat, as with a stick; figuratively, to assail or criticise in conversation, or in writing. Thackeray.

Bepowder transitive verb To sprinkle or cover with powder; to powder.

Bepraise transitive verb To praise greatly or extravagantly. Goldsmith.

Beprose transitive verb To reduce to prose. [ R.] "To beprose all rhyme." Mallet.

Bepuffed adjective Puffed; praised. Carlyle.

Bepurple transitive verb To tinge or dye with a purple color.

Bequeath (be*kwē&thlig;") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bequeathed ; present participle & verbal noun Bequeathing .] [ Middle English biquethen , Anglo-Saxon becweðan to say, affirm, bequeath; prefix be- + cweðan to say, speak. See Quoth .]
1. To give or leave by will; to give by testament; -- said especially of personal property.

My heritage, which my dead father did bequeath to me.
Shak.

2. To hand down; to transmit.

To bequeath posterity somewhat to remember it.
Glanvill.

3. To give; to offer; to commit. [ Obsolete]

To whom, with all submission, on my knee
I do bequeath my faithful services
And true subjection everlastingly.
Shak.

Syn. -- To Bequeath , Devise . Both these words denote the giving or disposing of property by will. Devise , in legal usage, is property used to denote a gift by will of real property, and he to whom it is given is called the devisee . Bequeath is properly applied to a gift by will or legacy; i. e. , of personal property; the gift is called a legacy , and he who receives it is called a legatee . In popular usage the word bequeath is sometimes enlarged so as to embrace devise ; and it is sometimes so construed by courts.

Bequeathable adjective Capable of being bequeathed.

Bequeathal noun The act of bequeathing; bequeathment; bequest. Fuller.

Bequeathment noun The act of bequeathing, or the state of being bequeathed; a bequest.

Bequest noun [ Middle English biquest , corrupted from bequide ; prefix be- + Anglo-Saxon cwide a saying, becweðan to bequeath. The ending -est is probably due to confusion with quest . See Bequeath , Quest .]
1. The act of bequeathing or leaving by will; as, a bequest of property by A. to B.

2. That which is left by will, esp. personal property; a legacy; also, a gift.

Bequest transitive verb To bequeath, or leave as a legacy. [ Obsolete] "All I have to bequest ." Gascoigne.

Bequethen old past participle of Bequeath . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Bequote transitive verb To quote constantly or with great frequency.

Berain transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Berained ; present participle & verbal noun Beraining .] To rain upon; to wet with rain. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Berate (be*rāt") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Berated ; present participle & verbal noun Berating .] To rate or chide vehemently; to scold. Holland. Motley.

Berattle (be*răt"t'l) transitive verb To make rattle; to scold vociferously; to cry down. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Beray (be*rā") transitive verb [ Prefix be + ray to defile] To make foul; to soil; to defile. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Berbe (bẽrb) noun [ Confer Berber, Barb a Barbary horse.] (Zoology) An African genet ( Genetta pardina ). See Genet .

Berber (bẽr"bẽr) noun [ See Barbary .] A member of a race somewhat resembling the Arabs, but often classed as Hamitic, who were formerly the inhabitants of the whole of North Africa from the Mediterranean southward into the Sahara, and who still occupy a large part of that region; -- called also Kabyles . Also, the language spoken by this people.

Berberine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid obtained, as a bitter, yellow substance, from the root of the barberry, gold thread, and other plants.

Berberry noun See Barberry .

Berceuse noun [ French] (Mus.) A vocal or instrumental composition of a soft tranquil character, having a lulling effect; a cradle song.

Berdash noun A kind of neckcloth. [ Obsolete]

A treatise against the cravat and berdash .
Steele.

Bere (bēr) transitive verb [ Confer OIcel. berja to strike.] To pierce. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Bere noun See Bear, barley. [ Scot.]

Bereave (be*rēv") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bereaved (be*rēvd"), Bereft (be*rĕft"); present participle & verbal noun Bereaving. ] [ Middle English bireven , Anglo-Saxon bereáfian . See Be- , and Reave. ]


1. To make destitute; to deprive; to strip; -- with of before the person or thing taken away.

Madam, you have bereft me of all words.
Shak.

Bereft of him who taught me how to sing.
Tickell.

2. To take away from. [ Obsolete]

All your interest in those territories
Is utterly bereft you; all is lost.
Shak.

3. To take away. [ Obsolete]

Shall move you to bereave my life.
Marlowe.

» The imperfect and past pple. form bereaved is not used in reference to immaterial objects. We say bereaved or bereft by death of a relative, bereft of hope and strength.

Syn. -- To dispossess; to divest.

Bereavement noun The state of being bereaved; deprivation; esp., the loss of a relative by death.

Bereaver noun One who bereaves.