Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Yellow-covered adjective Covered or bound in yellow paper.

Yellow-covered literature , cheap sensational novels and trashy magazines; -- formerly so called from the usual color of their covers. [ Colloq. U. S.] Bartlett.

Yellow-eyed adjective Having yellow eyes.

Yellow-eyed grass (Botany) , any plant of the genus Xyris.

Yellow-golds noun (Botany) A certain plant, probably the yellow oxeye. B. Jonson.

Yellowammer noun (Zoology) See Yellow-hammer .

Yellowbill noun (Zoology) The American scoter.

Yellowbird noun (Zoology) (a) The American goldfinch, or thistle bird. See Goldfinch . (b) The common yellow warbler; -- called also summer yellowbird . See Illust. of Yellow warbler , under Yellow , adjective

Yellowfin noun (Zoology) A large squeteague.

Yellowfish noun (Zoology) A rock trout ( Pleurogrammus monopterygius ) found on the coast of Alaska; -- called also striped fish , and Atka mackerel .

Yellowhammer noun [ For yellow- ammer , where ammer is from Anglo-Saxon amore a kind of bird; akin to German ammer a yellow-hammer, Old High German amero .] (Zoology) (a) A common European finch ( Emberiza citrinella ). The color of the male is bright yellow on the breast, neck, and sides of the head, with the back yellow and brown, and the top of the head and the tail quills blackish. Called also yellow bunting , scribbling lark , and writing lark . [ Written also yellow-ammer .] (b) The flicker. [ Local, U. S.]

Yellowing noun The act or process of making yellow.

Softened . . . by the yellowing which time has given.
G. Eliot.

Yellowish adjective Somewhat yellow; as, amber is of a yellowish color. -- Yel"low*ish*ness , noun

Yellowlegs noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of long-legged sandpipers of the genus Totanus , in which the legs are bright yellow; -- called also stone snipe , tattler , telltale , yellowshanks ; and yellowshins . See Tattler , 2.

Yellowness noun
1. The quality or state of being yellow; as, the yellowness of an orange.

2. Jealousy. [ Obsolete]

I will possess him with yellowness .
Shak.

Yellowroot noun (Botany) Any one of several plants with yellow roots. Specifically: (a) See Xanthorhiza . (b) Same as Orangeroot .

Yellows noun
1. (Far.) A disease of the bile in horses, cattle, and sheep, causing yellowness of the eyes; jaundice.

His horse . . . sped with spavins, rayed with the yellows .
Shak.

2. (Botany) A disease of plants, esp. of peach trees, in which the leaves turn to a yellowish color; jeterus.

3. (Zoology) A group of butterflies in which the predominating color is yellow. It includes the common small yellow butterflies. Called also redhorns , and sulphurs . See Sulphur .

Yellowseed noun (Botany) A kind of pepper grass ( Lepidium campestre ).

Yellowshanks, Yellowshins noun (Zoology) See Yellolegs .

Yellowtail noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of marine carangoid fishes of the genus Seriola ; especially, the large California species ( S. dorsalis ) which sometimes weighs thirty or forty pounds, and is highly esteemed as a food fish; -- called also cavasina , and white salmon . (b) The mademoiselle, or silver perch. (c) The menhaden. (d) The runner, 12. (e) A California rockfish ( Sebastodes flavidus ). (f) The sailor's choice ( Diplodus rhomboides ).

» Several other fishes are also locally called yellowtail .

Yellowthroat noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of American ground warblers of the genus Geothlypis , esp. the Maryland yellowthroat ( G. trichas ), which is a very common species.

Yellowtop noun (Botany) A kind of grass, perhaps a species of Agrostis .

Yellowwood noun (Botany) The wood of any one of several different kinds of trees; also, any one of the trees themselves. Among the trees so called are the Cladrastis tinctoria , an American leguminous tree; the several species of prickly ash ( Xanthoxylum ); the Australian Flindersia Oxleyana , a tree related to the mahogany; certain South African species of Podocarpus , trees related to the yew; the East Indian Podocarpus latifolia ; and the true satinwood ( Chloroxylon Swietenia ). All these Old World trees furnish valuable timber.

Yellowwort noun (Botany) A European yellow-flowered, gentianaceous ( Chlora perfoliata ). The whole plant is intensely bitter, and is sometimes used as a tonic, and also in dyeing yellow.

Yelp intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Yelped ; present participle & verbal noun Yelping .] [ Middle English yelpen , ʒelpen , to boast, boast noisily, Anglo-Saxon gielpan , gilpan , gylpan ; akin to Old High German gelph arrogant: confer Icelandic gjālpa to yelp. Confer Yap .]


1. To boast. [ Obsolete]

I keep [ care] not of armes for to yelpe .
Chaucer.

2. To utter a sharp, quick cry, as a hound; to bark shrilly with eagerness, pain, or fear; to yaup.

A little herd of England's timorous deer,
Mazed with a yelping kennel of French curs?
Shak.

At the least flourish of a broomstick or ladle, he would fly to the door with a yelping precipitation.
W. Irving.

Yelp noun A sharp, quick cry; a bark. Chaucer.

Yelper noun An animal that yelps, or makes a yelping noise. Specifically: (Zoology) (a) The avocet; -- so called from its sharp, shrill cry. [ Prov. Eng.] (b) The tattler. [ Local, U. S.]

Yelting noun [ Orig. uncert.] The Florida and West Indian red snapper ( Lutianus aya ); also, sometimes, one of certain other allied species, as Latin caxis .

Yeman noun A yeoman. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Yen noun The unit of value and account in Japan. Since Japan's adoption of the gold standard, in 1897, the value of the yen has been about 50 cents. The yen is equal to 100 sen .

Yend transitive verb To throw; to cast. [ Prov. Eng.]

Yenite noun [ After Jena , in Germany.] (Min.) A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals; -- also called ilvaite . [ Spelt also jenite .]

Yeoman noun ; plural Yeomen . [ Middle English yoman , ʒeman , ʒoman ; of uncertain origin; perhaps the first, syllable is akin to OFries. district, region, German gau , Old High German gewi , gouwi , Goth. gawi . √100.]


1. A common man, or one of the commonly of the first or most respectable class; a freeholder; a man free born.

» A yeoman in England is considered as next in order to the gentry. The word is little used in the United States, unless as a title in law proceedings and instruments, designating occupation, and this only in particular States.

2. A servant; a retainer. [ Obsolete]

A yeman hadde he and servants no mo.
Chaucer.

3. A yeoman of the guard; also, a member of the yeomanry cavalry. [ Eng.]

4. (Nautical) An interior officer under the boatswain, gunner, or carpenters, charged with the stowage, account, and distribution of the stores.

Yeoman of the guard , one of the bodyguard of the English sovereign, consisting of the hundred yeomen, armed with partisans, and habited in the costume of the sixteenth century. They are members of the royal household.

Yeomanlike adjective Resembling, or suitable to, a yeoman; yeomanly.

Yeomanly adjective Pertaining to a yeoman; becoming or suitable to, a yeoman; yeomanlike. B. Jonson.

Well could he dress his tackle yeomanly .
Chaucer.

Yeomanry noun
1. The position or rank of a yeoman. [ Obsolete] "His estate of yeomanry ." Chaucer.

2. The collective body of yeomen, or freeholders.

The enfranchised yeomanry began to feel an instinct for dominion.
Bancroft.

3. The yeomanry cavalry. [ Eng.]

Yeomanry cavalry , certain bodies of volunteer cavalry liable to service in Great Britain only. [ Eng.]

Yeomanry noun A British volunteer cavalry force, growing out of a royal regiment of fox hunters raised by Yorkshire gentlemen in 1745 to fight the Pretender, Charles Edward. The members furnish their own horses, have fourteen days' annual camp training, and receive pay and allowance when on duty. In 1901 the name was altered to imperial yeomanry in recognition of the services of the force in the Boer war. See Army organization , above.

Yeorling noun [ Confer Yellow .] (Zoology) The European yellow-hammer.

Yer preposition Ere; before. [ Obsolete] Sylvester.

Yerba noun [ Spanish ] (Botany) An herb; a plant.

» This word is much used in compound names of plants in Spanish; as, yerba buena [ Spanish , a good herb], a name applied in Spain to several kinds of mint ( Mentha sativa , viridis , etc.), but in California universally applied to a common, sweet- scented labiate plant ( Micromeria Douglasii ).

Yerba dol osa . [ Spanish , herb of the she-bear.] A kind of buckthorn ( Rhamnus Californica ). -- Yerba mansa . [ Spanish , a mild herb, soft herb.] A plant ( Anemopsis Californica ) with a pungent, aromatic rootstock, used medicinally by the Mexicans and the Indians. -- Yerba reuma . [ Confer Spanish reuma rheum, rheumatism.] A low California undershrub ( Frankenia grandifolia ).

Yerd noun See 1st & 2d Yard . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Yerk transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Yerked ; present participle & verbal noun Yerking .] [ See Yerk .]


1. To throw or thrust with a sudden, smart movement; to kick or strike suddenly; to jerk.

Their wounded steeds . . .
Yerk out their armed heels at their dead masters.
Shak.

2. To strike or lash with a whip. [ Obsolete or Scot.]

Yerk intransitive verb
1. To throw out the heels; to kick; to jerk.

They flirt, they yerk , they backward . . . fling.
Drayton.

2. To move a quick, jerking motion.

Yerk noun A sudden or quick thrust or motion; a jerk.

Yern intransitive verb See 3d Yearn . [ Obsolete]

Yern adjective [ Middle English ʒern , ʒeorne , Anglo-Saxon georn desirous, eager. See Yearn to long.] Eager; brisk; quick; active. [ Obsolete] "Her song . . . loud and yern ." Chaucer.

Yerne adverb [ Middle English ʒeorne . See Yern , adjective ] Eagerly; briskly; quickly. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.

My hands and my tongue go so yerne .
Chaucer.

Yernut noun [ Confer Danish jordnöd , Swedish jordnöt , earthnut. Confer Jarnut .] An earthnut, or groundnut. See Groundnut (d) . [ Written also yarnut .]

Yerst adverb See Erst . [ Obsolete] Sylvester.

Yes adverb [ Middle English yis , ʒis , ʒes , ʒise , Anglo-Saxon gese , gise ; probably from geá yea + swā so. √188. See Yea , and So .] Ay; yea; -- a word which expresses affirmation or consent; -- opposed to no .

» Yes is used, like yea , to enforce, by repetition or addition, something which precedes; as, you have done all this -- yes , you have done more. " Yes , you despise the man books confined." Pope.

» "The fine distinction between ‘yea' and ‘yes,' ‘nay' and ‘no,' that once existed in English, has quite disappeared. ‘Yea' and ‘nay' in Wyclif's time, and a good deal later, were the answers to questions framed in the affirmative. ‘Will he come?' To this it would have been replied, ‘Yea' or ‘Nay', as the case might be. But, ‘Will he not come?' To this the answer would have been ‘Yes' or ‘No.' Sir Thomas More finds fault with Tyndale, that in his translation of the Bible he had not observed this distinction, which was evidently therefore going out even then, that is, in the reign of Henry VIII.; and shortly after it was quite forgotten." Trench.

Yest noun See Yeast . Shak.

Yester adjective [ See Yesterday .] Last; last past; next before; of or pertaining to yesterday.

[ An enemy] whom yester sun beheld
Mustering her charms.
Dryden.

» This word is now seldom used except in a few compounds; as, yester day, yester night, etc.