Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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White-face noun A white mark in the forehead of a horse, descending almost to the nose; -- called also white-blaze .

White-foot noun (Far.) A white mark on the foot of a horse, between the fetlock and the coffin.

White-fronted adjective Having a white front; as, the white-fronted lemur.

White-fronted goose (Zoology) , the white brant, or snow goose. See Snow goose , under Snow .

White-heart noun (Botany) A somewhat heart-shaped cherry with a whitish skin.

White-hot adjective White with heat; heated to whiteness, or incandescence.

White-limed adjective Whitewashed or plastered with lime. " White-limed walls." Shak.

White-livered adjective Having a pale look; feeble; hence, cowardly; pusillanimous; dastardly.

They must not be milksops, nor white-livered knights.
Latimer.

White-pot noun A kind of food made of milk or cream, eggs, sugar, bread, etc., baked in a pot. King.

White-water noun (Far.) A dangerous disease of sheep.

Whitefish noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of Coregonus , a genus of excellent food fishes allied to the salmons. They inhabit the lakes of the colder parts of North America, Asia, and Europe. The largest and most important American species ( C. clupeiformis ) is abundant in the Great Lakes, and in other lakes farther north. Called also lake whitefish , and Oswego bass . (b) The menhaden. (c) The beluga, or white whale.

» Various other fishes are locally called whitefish , as the silver salmon, the whiting (a) , the yellowtail, and the young of the bluefish ( Pomatomus saltatrix ).

Whiteflaw noun [ See Whitlow .] (Medicine) A whitlow. [ Obsolete] Holland.

Whitehead noun (Zoology) (a) The blue-winged snow goose. (b) The surf scoter.

Whitehead torpedo or White"head` noun A form of self- propelling torpedo.

Whitely adjective Like, or coming near to, white. [ Obsolete]

Whiten intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Whitened ; present participle & verbal noun Whitening .] [ Middle English whitenen ; confer Icelandic hvītna .] To grow white; to turn or become white or whiter; as, the hair whitens with age; the sea whitens with foam; the trees in spring whiten with blossoms.

Whiten transitive verb To make white; to bleach; to blanch; to whitewash; as, to whiten a wall; to whiten cloth.

The broad stream of the Foyle then whitened by vast flocks of wild swans.
Macaulay.

Syn. -- See Blanch .

Whitener noun One who, or that which, whitens; a bleacher; a blancher; a whitewasher.

Whiteness noun [ Anglo-Saxon hwītness .]


1. The quality or state of being white; white color, or freedom from darkness or obscurity on the surface. Chaucer.

2. Want of a sanguineous tinge; paleness; as from terror, grief, etc. "The whiteness in thy cheek." Shak.

3. Freedom from stain or blemish; purity; cleanness.

He had kept
The whiteness of his soul, and thus men o'er him wept.
Byron.

4. Nakedness. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

5. (Zoology) A flock of swans.

Whitening noun


1. The act or process of making or becoming white.

2. That which is used to render white; whiting. [ R.]

Whitening stone , a sharpening and polishing stone used by cutlers; also, a finishing grindstone of fine texture.

Whiterump noun (Zoology) The American black-tailed godwit.

Whites noun plural


1. (Medicine) Leucorrh...a.

2. The finest flour made from white wheat.

3. Cloth or garments of a plain white color.

Whiteside noun (Zoology) The golden-eye.

Whitesmith noun


1. One who works in tinned or galvanized iron, or white iron; a tinsmith.

2. A worker in iron who finishes or polishes the work, in distinction from one who forges it.

Whitester noun [ White + - ster .] A bleacher of linen; a whitener; a whitster. [ Prov. Eng.]

Whitetail noun
1. (Zoology) The Virginia deer.

2. (Zoology) The wheatear. [ Prov. Eng.]

Whitethorn noun (Botany) The hawthorn.

Whitethroat noun (Zoology) Any one of several species of Old World warblers, esp. the common European species ( Sylvia cinerea ), called also strawsmear , nettlebird , muff , and whitecap , the garden whitethroat, or golden warbler ( S. hortensis ), and the lesser whitethroat ( S. curruca ).

Whitetop noun (Botany) Fiorin.

Whitewall noun (Zoology) The spotted flycatcher; -- so called from the white color of the under parts. [ Prov. Eng.]

Whitewash noun


1. Any wash or liquid composition for whitening something, as a wash for making the skin fair. Addison.

2. A composition of line and water, or of whiting size, and water, or the like, used for whitening walls, ceilings, etc.; milk of lime.

Whitewash transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Whitewashed ; present participle & verbal noun Whitewashing .]


1. To apply a white liquid composition to; to whiten with whitewash.

2. To make white; to give a fair external appearance to; to clear from imputations or disgrace; hence, to clear (a bankrupt) from obligation to pay debts.

Whitewash transitive verb In various games, to defeat (an opponent) so that he fails to score, or to reach a certain point in the game; to skunk. [ Colloq., U. S.]

Whitewasher noun One who whitewashes.

Whiteweed noun (Botany) A perennial composite herb ( Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum ) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy .

Whitewing noun (Zoology) (a) The chaffinch; -- so called from the white bands on the wing. (b) The velvet duck.

Whitewood noun The soft and easily- worked wood of the tulip tree ( Liriodendron ). It is much used in cabinetwork, carriage building, etc.

» Several other kinds of light-colored wood are called whitewood in various countries, as the wood of Bignonia leucoxylon in the West Indies, of Pittosporum bicolor in Tasmania, etc.

Whitewood bark . See the Note under Canella .

Whitewort noun (Botany) (a) Wild camomile. (b) A kind of Solomon's seal ( Polygonum officinale ).

Whitflaw noun [ See Whitlow .] Whitlow. [ Obsolete] "The nails fallen off by whitflaws ." Herrick.

Whither adverb [ Middle English whider . Anglo-Saxon hwider ; akin to English where , who ; confer Goth. hvadrē whither. See Who , and confer Hither , Thither .]


1. To what place; -- used interrogatively; as, whither goest thou? " Whider may I flee?" Chaucer.

Sir Valentine, whither away so fast?
Shak.

2. To what or which place; -- used relatively.

That no man should know . . . whither that he went.
Chaucer.

We came unto the land whither thou sentest us.
Num. xiii. 27.

3. To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.

Nor have I . . . whither to appeal.
Milton.

Any whither , to any place; anywhere. [ Obsolete] " Any whither , in hope of life eternal." Jer. Taylor. -- No whither , to no place; nowhere. [ Obsolete] 2 Kings v. 25.

Syn. -- Where. -- Whither , Where . Whither properly implies motion to place, and where rest in a place. Whither is now, however, to a great extent, obsolete, except in poetry, or in compositions of a grave and serious character and in language where precision is required. Where has taken its place, as in the question, " Where are you going?"

Whithersoever adverb [ Whither + soever .] To whatever place; to what place soever; wheresoever; as, I will go whithersoever you lead.

Whitherward adverb In what direction; toward what or which place. R. of Brunne.

Whitherward to turn for a good course of life was by no means too apparent.
Carlyle.

Whitile noun [ Perhaps properly, the cutter (see Whittle , v. ), or confer whitewall , witwal .] (Zoology) The yaffle. [ Prov. Eng.]

Whiting noun [ From White .]


1. (Zoology) (a) A common European food fish ( Melangus vulgaris ) of the Codfish family; -- called also fittin . (b) A North American fish ( Merlucius vulgaris ) allied to the preceding; -- called also silver hake . (c) Any one of several species of North American marine sciænoid food fishes belonging to genus Menticirrhus , especially M. Americanus , found from Maryland to Brazil, and M. littoralis , common from Virginia to Texas; -- called also silver whiting , and surf whiting .

» Various other fishes are locally called whiting , as the kingfish (a) , the sailor's choice (b) , the Pacific tomcod, and certain species of lake whitefishes.

2. Chalk prepared in an impalpable powder by pulverizing and repeated washing, used as a pigment, as an ingredient in putty, for cleaning silver, etc.

Whiting pollack . (Zoology) Same as Pollack . -- Whiting pout (Zoology) , the bib, 2.

Whiting-mop noun [ Obsolete]


1. (Zoology) A young whiting. [ Prov. Eng.]

2. A fair lass. "This pretty whiting- mop ." Massinger.

Whitish adjective [ From White .]


1. Somewhat white; approaching white; white in a moderate degree.

2. (Botany) Covered with an opaque white powder.

Whitishness noun The quality or state of being whitish or somewhat white.

Whitleather noun [ White + leather .]


1. Leather dressed or tawed with alum, salt, etc., remarkable for its pliability and toughness; white leather.

2. (Anat.) The paxwax. See Paxwax .

Whitling noun [ White + - ling .] (Zoology) A young full trout during its second season. [ Prov. Eng.]

Whitlow noun [ Prov. English whickflaw , for quickflaw , i. e., a flaw or sore at the quick; confer Icelandic kvika the quick under the nail or under a horse's hoof. See Quick , adjective , and Flaw .]


1. (Medicine) An inflammation of the fingers or toes, generally of the last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may occupy any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.

2. (Far.) An inflammatory disease of the feet. It occurs round the hoof, where an acrid matter is collected.

Whitlow grass (Botany) , name given to several inconspicuous herbs, which were thought to be a cure for the whitlow, as Saxifraga tridactylites , Draba verna , and several species of Paronychia .

Whitlow-wort noun (Botany) Same as Whitlow grass , under Whitlow .