Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Weapon noun [ Middle English wepen , Anglo-Saxon w...pen ; akin to Old Saxon w...pan , OFries. w...pin , w...pen , Dutch wapen , German waffe , Old High German waffan , wāfan , Icelandic vāpn , Danish vaaben , Swedish vapen , Goth. w...pna , plural; of uncertain origin. Confer Wapentake .]


1. An instrument of offensive of defensive combat; something to fight with; anything used, or designed to be used, in destroying, defeating, or injuring an enemy, as a gun, a sword, etc.

The weapons of our warfare are not carnal.
2 Cor. x. 4.

They, astonished, all resistance lost,
All courage; down their idle weapons dropped.
Milton.

2. Fig.: The means or instrument with which one contends against another; as, argument was his only weapon . "Woman's weapons , water drops." Shak.

3. (Botany) A thorn, prickle, or sting with which many plants are furnished.

Concealed weapons . See under Concealed . -- Weapon salve , a salve which was supposed to cure a wound by being applied to the weapon that made it. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

Weaponed adjective Furnished with weapons, or arms; armed; equipped.

Weaponless adjective Having no weapon.

Weaponry noun Weapons, collectively; as, an array of weaponry . [ Poetic]

Wear noun Same as Weir .

Wear transitive verb [ Confer Veer .] (Nautical) To cause to go about, as a vessel, by putting the helm up , instead of alee as in tacking, so that the vessel's bow is turned away from, and her stern is presented to, the wind, and, as she turns still farther, her sails fill on the other side; to veer.

Wear transitive verb [ imperfect Wore ; past participle Worn ; present participle & verbal noun Wearing . Before the 15th century wear was a weak verb, the imperfect & past participle being Weared .] [ Middle English weren , werien , Anglo-Saxon werian to carry, to wear, as arms or clothes; akin to Old High German werien , weren , to clothe, Goth. wasjan , Latin vestis clothing, vestire to clothe, Greek ..., Sanskrit vas . Confer Vest .]


1. To carry or bear upon the person; to bear upon one's self, as an article of clothing, decoration, warfare, bondage, etc.; to have appendant to one's body; to have on; as, to wear a coat; to wear a shackle.

What compass will you wear your farthingale?
Shak.

On her white breast a sparkling cross s...... wore ,
Which Jews might kiss, and infidels adore.
Pope.

2. To have or exhibit an appearance of, as an aspect or manner; to bear; as, she wears a smile on her countenance. "He wears the rose of youth upon him." Shak.

His innocent gestures wear
A meaning half divine.
Keble.

3. To use up by carrying or having upon one's self; hence, to consume by use; to waste; to use up; as, to wear clothes rapidly.

4. To impair, waste, or diminish, by continual attrition, scraping, percussion, on the like; to consume gradually; to cause to lower or disappear; to spend.

That wicked wight his days doth wear .
Spenser.

The waters wear the stones.
Job xiv. 19.

5. To cause or make by friction or wasting; as, to wear a channel; to wear a hole.

6. To form or shape by, or as by, attrition.

Trials wear us into a liking of what, possibly, in the first essay, displeased us.
Locke.

To wear away , to consume; to impair, diminish, or destroy, by gradual attrition or decay. -- To wear off , to diminish or remove by attrition or slow decay; as, to wear off the nap of cloth. -- To wear on or upon , to wear. [ Obsolete] "[ I] weared upon my gay scarlet gites [ gowns.]" Chaucer. -- To wear out . (a) To consume, or render useless, by attrition or decay; as, to wear out a coat or a book. (b) To consume tediously. " To wear out miserable days." Milton. (c) To harass; to tire. "[ He] shall wear out the saints of the Most High." Dan vii. 25. (d) To waste the strength of; as, an old man worn out in military service. -- To wear the breeches . See under Breeches . [ Colloq.]

Wear intransitive verb
1. To endure or suffer use; to last under employment; to bear the consequences of use, as waste, consumption, or attrition; as, a coat wears well or ill; - - hence, sometimes applied to character, qualifications, etc.; as, a man wears well as an acquaintance.

2. To be wasted, consumed, or diminished, by being used; to suffer injury, loss, or extinction by use or time; to decay, or be spent, gradually. "Thus wore out night." Milton.

Away, I say; time wears .
Shak.

Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou and this people that is with thee.
Ex. xviii. 18.

His stock of money began to wear very low.
Sir W. Scott.

The family . . . wore out in the earlier part of the century.
Beaconsfield.

To wear off , to pass away by degrees; as, the follies of youth wear off with age. -- To wear on , to pass on; as, time wears on . G. Eliot. -- To wear weary , to become weary, as by wear, long occupation, tedious employment, etc.

Wear noun
1. The act of wearing, or the state of being worn; consumption by use; diminution by friction; as, the wear of a garment.

2. The thing worn; style of dress; the fashion.

Motley 's the only wear .
Shak.

Wear and tear , the loss by wearing, as of machinery in use; the loss or injury to which anything is subjected by use, accident, etc.

Wear noun The result of wearing or use; consumption, diminution, or impairment due to use, friction, or the like; as, the wear of this coat has been good.

Wearable adjective Capable of being worn; suitable to be worn.

Wearer noun
1. One who wears or carries as appendant to the body; as, the wearer of a cloak, a sword, a crown, a shackle, etc.

Cowls, hoods, and habits, with their wearers , tossed,
And fluttered into rags.
Milton.

2. That which wastes or diminishes.

Weariable adjective That may be wearied.

Weariful adjective Abounding in qualities which cause weariness; wearisome. -- Wea"ri*ful*ly , adverb

Weariless adjective Incapable of being wearied.

Wearily adverb In a weary manner.

Weariness noun The quality or state of being weary or tried; lassitude; exhaustion of strength; fatigue.

With weariness and wine oppressed.
Dryden.

A man would die, though he were neither valiant nor miserable, only upon a weariness to do the same thing so oft over and over.
Bacon.

Wearing noun
1. The act of one who wears; the manner in which a thing wears; use; conduct; consumption.

Belike he meant to ward, and there to see his wearing .
Latimer.

2. That which is worn; clothes; garments. [ Obsolete]

Give me my nightly wearing and adieu.
Shak.

Wearing adjective Pertaining to, or designed for, wear; as, wearing apparel.

Wearish adjective [ Etymol. uncertain, but perhaps akin to weary .]


1. Weak; withered; shrunk. [ Obsolete] "A wearish hand." Ford.

A little, wearish old man, very melancholy by nature.
Burton.

2. Insipid; tasteless; unsavory. [ Obsolete]

Wearish as meat is that is not well tasted.
Palsgrave.

Wearisome adjective Causing weariness; tiresome; tedious; weariful; as, a wearisome march; a wearisome day's work; a wearisome book.

These high wild hills and rough uneven ways
Draws out our miles, and makes them wearisome .
Shak.

Syn. -- Irksome; tiresome; tedious; fatiguing; annoying; vexatious. See Irksome .

-- Wea"ri*some*ly , adverb -- Wea"ri*some*ness , noun

Weary adjective [ Compar. Wearier ; superl. Weariest .] [ Middle English weri , Anglo-Saxon w...rig ; akin to Old Saxon w...rig , Old High German wu...rag ; of uncertain origin; confer Anglo-Saxon w...rian to ramble.]


1. Having the strength exhausted by toil or exertion; worn out in respect to strength, endurance, etc.; tired; fatigued.

I care not for my spirits if my legs were not weary .
Shak.

[ I] am weary , thinking of your task.
Longfellow.

2. Causing weariness; tiresome. " Weary way." Spenser. "There passed a weary time." Coleridge.

3. Having one's patience, relish, or contentment exhausted; tired; sick; -- with of before the cause; as, weary of marching, or of confinement; weary of study.

Syn. -- Fatigued; tiresome; irksome; wearisome.

Weary transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Wearied ; present participle & verbal noun Wearying .]


1. To reduce or exhaust the physical strength or endurance of; to tire; to fatigue; as, to weary one's self with labor or traveling.

So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers.
Shak.

2. To make weary of anything; to exhaust the patience of, as by continuance.

I stay too long by thee; I weary thee.
Shak.

3. To harass by anything irksome.

I would not cease
To weary him with my assiduous cries.
Milton.

To weary out , to subdue or exhaust by fatigue.

Syn. -- To jade; tire; fatigue; fag. See Jade .

Weary intransitive verb To grow tired; to become exhausted or impatient; as, to weary of an undertaking.

Weasand noun [ Middle English wesand , Anglo-Saxon wāsend ; akin to OFries. wāsende , wāsande ; confer Old High German weisunt .] The windpipe; -- called also, formerly, wesil . [ Formerly, written also, wesand , and wezand .]

Cut his weasand with thy knife.
Shak.

Weasel noun [ Middle English wesele , Anglo-Saxon wesle ; akin to Dutch wezel , German wiesel , Old High German wisala , Icelandic hreyi vīsla , Danish väsel , Swedish vessla ; of uncertain origin; confer Greek ..., ..., cat, weasel.] (Zoology) Any one of various species of small carnivores belonging to the genus Putorius , as the ermine and ferret. They have a slender, elongated body, and are noted for the quickness of their movements and for their bloodthirsty habit in destroying poultry, rats, etc. The ermine and some other species are brown in summer, and turn white in winter; others are brown at all seasons.

Malacca weasel , the rasse. -- Weasel coot , a female or young male of the smew; -- so called from the resemblance of the head to that of a weasel. Called also weasel duck . -- Weasel lemur , a short-tailed lemur ( Lepilemur mustelinus ). It is reddish brown above, grayish brown below, with the throat white.

Weasel-faced adjective Having a thin, sharp face, like a weasel.

Weaser noun (Zoology) The American merganser; -- called also weaser sheldrake . [ Local, U. S.]

Weasiness noun Quality or state of being weasy; full feeding; sensual indulgence. [ Obsolete] Joye.

Weasy adjective [ Confer Weasand .] Given to sensual indulgence; gluttonous. [ Obsolete] Joye.

Weather noun [ Middle English weder , Anglo-Saxon weder ; akin to Old Saxon wedar , OFries. weder , Dutch weder , weêr , German wetter , Old High German wetar , Icelandic veðr , Danish veir , Swedish väder wind, air, weather, and perhaps to OSlav. vedro fair weather; or perhaps to Lithuanian vetra storm, Russian vieter' , vietr' , wind, and English wind . Confer Wither .]


1. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather ; cold weather ; wet weather ; dry weather , etc.

Not amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather .
Shak.

Fair weather cometh out of the north.
Job xxxvii. 22.

2. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air. Bacon.

3. Storm; tempest.

What gusts of weather from that gathering cloud
My thoughts presage!
Dryden.

4. A light rain; a shower. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

Stress of weather , violent winds; force of tempests. -- To make fair weather , to flatter; to give flattering representations. [ R.] -- To make good , or bad , weather (Nautical) , to endure a gale well or ill; -- said of a vessel. Shak. -- Under the weather , ill; also, financially embarrassed. [ Colloq. U. S.] Bartlett. -- Weather box . Same as Weather house , below. Thackeray. -- Weather breeder , a fine day which is supposed to presage foul weather. -- Weather bureau , a popular name for the signal service. See Signal service , under Signal , adjective [ U. S.] -- Weather cloth (Nautical) , a long piece of canvas of tarpaulin used to preserve the hammocks from injury by the weather when stowed in the nettings. -- Weather door . (Mining) See Trapdoor , 2. -- Weather gall . Same as Water gall , 2. [ Prov. Eng.] Halliwell. -- Weather house , a mechanical contrivance in the form of a house, which indicates changes in atmospheric conditions by the appearance or retirement of toy images.

Peace to the artist whose ingenious thought
Devised the weather house , that useful toy!
Cowper.

-- Weather molding , or Weather moulding (Architecture) , a canopy or cornice over a door or a window, to throw off the rain. -- Weather of a windmill sail , the obliquity of the sail, or the angle which it makes with its plane of revolution. -- Weather report , a daily report of meteorological observations, and of probable changes in the weather; esp., one published by government authority. -- Weather spy , a stargazer; one who foretells the weather. [ R.] Donne. -- Weather strip (Architecture) , a strip of wood, rubber, or other material, applied to an outer door or window so as to cover the joint made by it with the sill, casings, or threshold, in order to exclude rain, snow, cold air, etc.

Weather transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Weathered ; present participle & verbal noun Weathering .]


1. To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.

[ An eagle] soaring through his wide empire of the air
To weather his broad sails.
Spenser.

This gear lacks weathering .
Latimer.

2. Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist; as, to weather the storm.

For I can weather the roughest gale.
Longfellow.

You will weather the difficulties yet.
F. W. Robertson.

3. (Nautical) To sail or pass to the windward of; as, to weather a cape; to weather another ship.

4. (Falconry) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air. Encyc. Brit.

To weather a point . (a) (Nautical) To pass a point of land, leaving it on the lee side. (b) Hence, to gain or accomplish anything against opposition. -- To weather out , to encounter successfully, though with difficulty; as, to weather out a storm.

Weather intransitive verb To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.

The organisms . . . seem indestructible, while the hard matrix in which they are imbedded has weathered from around them.
H. Miller.

Weather adjective (Nautical) Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to lee ; as, weather bow, weather braces, weather gauge, weather lifts, weather quarter, weather shrouds, etc.

Weather gauge . (a) (Nautical) The position of a ship to the windward of another. (b) Fig.: A position of advantage or superiority; advantage in position.

To veer, and tack, and steer a cause
Against the weather gauge of laws.
Hudibras.

-- Weather helm (Nautical) , a tendency on the part of a sailing vessel to come up into the wind, rendering it necessary to put the helm up, that is, toward the weather side. -- Weather shore (Nautical) , the shore to the windward of a ship. Totten. -- Weather tide (Nautical) , the tide which sets against the lee side of a ship, impelling her to the windward. Mar. Dict.

Weather map A map or chart showing the principal meteorological elements at a given hour and over an extended region. Such maps usually show the height of the barometer, the temperature of the air, the relative humidity, the state of the weather, and the direction and velocity of the wind. Isobars and isotherms outline the general distribution of temperature and pressure, while shaded areas indicate the sections over which rain has just fallen. Other lines inclose areas where the temperature has fallen or risen markedly. In tabular form are shown changes of pressure and of temperature, maximum and minimum temperatures, and total rain for each weather station since the last issue, usually 12 hours.

Weather signal Any signal giving information about the weather. The system used by the United States Weather Bureau includes temperature, cold or hot wave, rain or snow, wind direction, storm, and hurricane signals.

Weather station (Meteor.) A station for taking meteorological observations, making weather forecasts, or disseminating such information. Such stations are of the first order when they make observations of all the important elements either hourly or by self-registering instruments; of the second order when only important observations are taken; of the third order when simpler work is done, as to record rainfall and maximum and minimum temperatures.

Weather-beaten adjective Beaten or harassed by the weather; worn by exposure to the weather, especially to severe weather. Shak.

Weather-bit noun (Nautical) A turn of the cable about the end of the windlass, without the bits.

Weather-bitten adjective Eaten into, defaced, or worn, by exposure to the weather. Coleridge.

Weather-board transitive verb (Architecture) To nail boards upon so as to lap one over another, in order to exclude rain, snow, etc. Gwilt.

Weather-bound adjective Kept in port or at anchor by storms; delayed by bad weather; as, a weather-bound vessel.

Weather-driven adjective Driven by winds or storms; forced by stress of weather. Carew.

Weather-fend transitive verb To defend from the weather; to shelter. Shak.

[ We] barked the white spruce to weather-fend the roof.
Emerson.

Weatherbit transitive verb (Nautical) To take another turn with, as a cable around a windlass. Totten.

Weatherboard noun
1. (Nautical) (a) That side of a vessel which is toward the wind; the windward side. (b) A piece of plank placed in a porthole, or other opening, to keep out water.

2. (a) (Architecture) A board extending from the ridge to the eaves along the slope of the gable, and forming a close junction between the shingling of a roof and the side of the building beneath. (b) A clapboard or feather-edged board used in weatherboarding.

Weatherboarding noun (Architecture) (a) The covering or siding of a building, formed of boards lapping over one another, to exclude rain, snow, etc. (b) Boards adapted or intended for such use.

Weathercock noun
1. A vane, or weather vane; -- so called because originally often in the figure of a cock, turning on the top of a spire with the wind, and showing its direction. "As a wedercok that turneth his face with every wind." Chaucer.

Noisy weathercocks rattled and sang of mutation.
Longfellow.

2. Hence, any thing or person that turns easily and frequently; one who veers with every change of current opinion; a fickle, inconstant person.

Weathercock transitive verb To supply with a weathercock; to serve as a weathercock for.

Whose blazing wyvern weathercock the spire.
Tennyson.

Weathered adjective
1. (Architecture) Made sloping, so as to throw off water; as, a weathered cornice or window sill.

2. (Geol.) Having the surface altered in color, texture, or composition, or the edges rounded off by exposure to the elements.