Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Telotrochal, Telotrochous adjective [ Greek ... complete + ... wheel, hoop.] (Zoology) Having both a preoral and a posterior band of cilla; -- applied to the larvæ of certain annelids.

Telotype noun [ Greek ... far off + - type .] An electric telegraph which prints the messages in letters and not in signs.

Telpher noun [ Greek ... far, far off + ... to bear.] (Electricity) A contrivance for the conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity. Fleeming Jenkin.

Telpher line , or Telpher road , an electric line or road over which vehicles for carrying loads are moved by electric engines actuated by a current conveyed by the line.

Telpher noun (Electricity) Specif., the equipment or apparatus used in a system of electric transportation by means of carriages which are suspended on an overhead conductor, as of wire.

Telpherage noun The conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity. Fleeming Jenkin.

Telpherage noun (Electricity) Specif., electric transportation of goods by means of carriages suspended on overhead conductors, as of wire, the power being conveyed to the motor carriage by the wires on which it runs. Telpherage and telpher are sometimes applied to such systems in which the motive power is not electricity.

Telson noun ; plural Telsons . [ New Latin , from Greek ... a boundary, limit.] (Zoology) The terminal joint or movable piece at the end of the abdomen of Crustacea and other articulates. See Thoracostraca .

Telugu noun
1. A Darvidian language spoken in the northern parts of the Madras presidency. In extent of use it is the next language after Hindustani (in its various forms) and Bengali. [ Spelt also Teloogoo .]

2. One of the people speaking the Telugu language.

Telugu adjective Of or pertaining to the Telugu language, or the Telugus.

Temblor noun [ Spanish ] An earthquake. [ Western U. S.]

Temerarious adjective [ Latin temerarius . See Temerity .] Unreasonably adventurous; despising danger; rash; headstrong; audacious; reckless; heedless. -- Tem`er*a"ri*ous*ly , adverb

I spake against temerarious judgment.
Latimer.

Temeration noun [ Latin temerare to defile.] Temerity. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Temerity noun [ Latin temeritas , from temere by chance, rashly; perhaps akin to Sanskrit tamas darkness: confer French témérité .] Unreasonable contempt of danger; extreme venturesomeness; rashness; as, the temerity of a commander in war.

Syn. -- Rashness; precipitancy; heedlessness; venturesomeness. - - Temerity , Rashness . These words are closely allied in sense, but have a slight difference in their use and application. Temerity is Latin, and rashness is Anglo-Saxon. As in many such cases, the Latin term is more select and dignified; the Anglo-Saxon more familiar and energetic. We show temerity in hasty decisions, and the conduct to which they lead. We show rashness in particular actions, as dictated by sudden impulse. It is an exhibition of temerity to approach the verge of a precipice; it is an act of rashness to jump into a river without being able to swim. Temerity , then, is an unreasonable contempt of danger; rashness is a rushing into danger from thoughtlessness or excited feeling.

It is notorious temerity to pass sentence upon grounds uncapable of evidence.
Barrow.

Her rush hand in evil hour
Forth reaching to the fruit, she plucked, she eat.
Milton.

Temerous adjective Temerarious. [ Obsolete]

Tempean adjective Of or pertaining to Temple, a valley in Thessaly, celebrated by Greek poets on account of its beautiful scenery; resembling Temple; hence, beautiful; delightful; charming.

Temper transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Tempered ; present participle & verbal noun Tempering .] [ Anglo-Saxon temprian or Old French temper , French tempérer , and (in sense 3) temper , Latin temperare , akin to tempus time. Confer Temporal , Distemper , Tamper .]
1. To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm.

Puritan austerity was so tempered by Dutch indifference, that mercy itself could not have dictated a milder system.
Bancroft.

Woman! lovely woman! nature made thee
To temper man: we had been brutes without you.
Otway.

But thy fire
Shall be more tempered , and thy hope far higher.
Byron.

She [ the Goddess of Justice] threw darkness and clouds about her, that tempered the light into a thousand beautiful shades and colors.
Addison.

2. To fit together; to adjust; to accomodate.

Thy sustenance . . . serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.
Wisdom xvi. 21.

3. (Metal.) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel.

The tempered metals clash, and yield a silver sound.
Dryden.

4. To govern; to manage. [ A Latinism & Obsolete]

With which the damned ghosts he governeth,
And furies rules, and Tartare tempereth .
Spenser.

5. To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.

6. (Mus.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.

Syn. -- To soften; mollify; assuage; soothe; calm.

Temper noun
1. The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.

2. Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.

The exquisiteness of his [ Christ's] bodily temper increased the exquisiteness of his torment.
Fuller.

3. Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper ; a hasty temper ; a fretful temper .

Remember with what mild
And gracious temper he both heared and judged.
Milton.

The consequents of a certain ethical temper .
J. H. Newman.

4. Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper .

To fall with dignity, with temper rise.
Pope.

Restore yourselves to your tempers , fathers.
B. Jonson.

5. Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense. [ Colloq.]

6. The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.

7. Middle state or course; mean; medium. [ R.]

The perfect lawgiver is a just temper between the mere man of theory, who can see nothing but general principles, and the mere man of business, who can see nothing but particular circumstances.
Macaulay.

8. (Sugar Works) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.

Temper screw , in deep well boring, an adjusting screw connecting the working beam with the rope carrying the tools, for lowering the tools as the drilling progresses.

Syn. -- Disposition; temperament; frame; humor; mood. See Disposition .

Temper intransitive verb
1. To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable.

I have him already tempering between my finger and my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him.
Shak.

Temper screw
1. A screw link, to which is attached the rope of a rope-drilling apparatus, for feeding and slightly turning the drill jar at each stroke.

2. A set screw used for adjusting.

Tempera noun [ Italian ] (Paint.) A mode or process of painting; distemper.

» The term is applied especially to early Italian painting, common vehicles of which were yolk of egg, yolk and white of egg mixed together, the white juice of the fig tree, and the like.

Temperable adjective Capable of being tempered.

The fusible, hard, and temperable texture of metals.
Emerson.

Temperament noun [ Latin temperamentum a mixing in due proportion, proper measure, temperament: confer French tempérament . See Temper , transitive verb ]
1. Internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts.

The common law . . . has reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament .
Sir M. Hale.

2. Due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions. [ Obsolete]

However, I forejudge not any probable expedient, any temperament that can be found in things of this nature, so disputable on their side.
Milton.

3. The act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such adjustment is effected.

Wholesome temperaments of the rashness of popular assemblies.
Sir J. Mackintosh.

4. Condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature. [ Obsolete]

Bodies are denominated "hot" and "cold" in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied.
Locke.

5. (Mus.) A system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C♯ becoming identical with D♭, and so on.

6. (Physiol.) The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament , sanguine temperament , etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.

Equal temperament (Mus.) , that in which the variations from mathematically true pitch are distributed among all the keys alike. -- Unequal temperament (Mus.) , that in which the variations are thrown into the keys least used.

Temperamental adjective Of or pertaining to temperament; constitutional. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

Temperance noun [ Latin temperantia : confer French tempérance . See Temper , transitive verb ]
1. Habitual moderation in regard to the indulgence of the natural appetites and passions; restrained or moderate indulgence; moderation; as, temperance in eating and drinking; temperance in the indulgence of joy or mirth; specifically, moderation, and sometimes abstinence, in respect to using intoxicating liquors.

2. Moderation of passion; patience; calmness; sedateness. [ R.] "A gentleman of all temperance ." Shak.

He calmed his wrath with goodly temperance .
Spenser.

3. State with regard to heat or cold; temperature. [ Obsolete] "Tender and delicate temperance ." Shak.

Temperance society , an association formed for the purpose of diminishing or stopping the use of alcoholic liquors as a beverage.

Temperancy noun Temperance.

Temperate adjective [ Latin temperatus , past participle of temperare . See Temper , transitive verb ]
1. Moderate; not excessive; as, temperate heat; a temperate climate.

2. Not marked with passion; not violent; cool; calm; as, temperate language.

She is not hot, but temperate as the morn.
Shak.

That sober freedom out of which there springs
Our loyal passion for our temperate kings.
Tennyson.

3. Moderate in the indulgence of the natural appetites or passions; as, temperate in eating and drinking.

Be sober and temperate , and you will be healthy.
Franklin.

4. Proceeding from temperance. [ R.]

The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air.
Pope.

Temperate zone (Geology) , that part of the earth which lies between either tropic and the corresponding polar circle; -- so called because the heat is less than in the torrid zone, and the cold less than in the frigid zones.

Syn. -- Abstemious; sober; calm; cool; sedate.

Temperate transitive verb To render temperate; to moderate; to soften; to temper. [ Obsolete]

It inflames temperance, and temperates wrath.
Marston.

Temperately adverb In a temperate manner.

Temperateness noun The quality or state of being temperate; moderateness; temperance.

Temperative adjective [ Confer Latin temperativus soothing.] Having power to temper. [ R.] T. Granger.

Temperature noun [ French température , Latin temperatura due measure, proportion, temper, temperament.]
1. Constitution; state; degree of any quality.

The best composition and temperature is, to have openness in fame and opinion, secrecy in habit, dissimulation in seasonable use, and a power to feign, if there be no remedy.
Bacon.

Memory depends upon the consistence and the temperature of the brain.
I. Watts.

2. Freedom from passion; moderation. [ Obsolete]

In that proud port, which her so goodly graceth,
Most goodly temperature you may descry.
Spenser.

3. (Physics) Condition with respect to heat or cold, especially as indicated by the sensation produced, or by the thermometer or pyrometer; degree of heat or cold; as, the temperature of the air; high temperature ; low temperature ; temperature of freezing or of boiling.

4. Mixture; compound. [ Obsolete]

Made a temperature of brass and iron together.
Holland.

Absolute temperature . (Physics) See under Absolute . -- Animal temperature (Physiol.) , the nearly constant temperature maintained in the bodies of warm-blooded ( homoiothermal ) animals during life. The ultimate source of the heat is to be found in the potential energy of the food and the oxygen which is absorbed from the air during respiration. See Homoiothermal . -- Temperature sense (Physiol.) , the faculty of perceiving cold and warmth, and so of perceiving differences of temperature in external objects. H. N. Martin.

Temperature noun (Physiol. & Med.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98°-99.5° F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4°).

Tempered adjective Brought to a proper temper; as, tempered steel; having (such) a temper; -- chiefly used in composition; as, a good- tempered or bad- tempered man; a well- tempered sword.

Temperer noun One who, or that which, tempers; specifically, a machine in which lime, cement, stone, etc., are mixed with water.

Tempering noun (Metal.) The process of giving the requisite degree of hardness or softness to a substance, as iron and steel; especially, the process of giving to steel the degree of hardness required for various purposes, consisting usually in first plunging the article, when heated to redness, in cold water or other liquid, to give an excess of hardness, and then reheating it gradually until the hardness is reduced or drawn down to the degree required, as indicated by the color produced on a polished portion, or by the burning of oil.

Tempering color , the shade of color that indicates the degree of temper in tempering steel, as pale straw yellow for lancets, razors, and tools for metal; dark straw yellow for penknives, screw taps, etc.; brown yellow for axes, chisels, and plane irons; yellow tinged with purple for table knives and shears; purple for swords and watch springs; blue for springs and saws; and very pale blue tinged with green, too soft for steel instruments.

Tempest noun [ Old French tempeste , French tempête , (assumed) Late Latin tempesta , from Latin tempestas a portion of time, a season, weather, storm, akin to tempus time. See Temporal of time.]
1. An extensive current of wind, rushing with great velocity and violence, and commonly attended with rain, hail, or snow; a furious storm.

[ We] caught in a fiery tempest , shall be hurled,
Each on his rock transfixed.
Milton.

2. Fig.: Any violent tumult or commotion; as, a political tempest ; a tempest of war, or of the passions.

3. A fashionable assembly; a drum. See the Note under Drum , noun , 4. [ Archaic] Smollett.

» Tempest is sometimes used in the formation of self- explaining compounds; as, tempest -beaten, tempest -loving, tempest -tossed, tempest -winged, and the like.

Syn. -- Storm; agitation; perturbation. See Storm .

Tempest transitive verb [ Confer Old French tempester , French tempêter to rage.] To disturb as by a tempest. [ Obsolete]

Part huge of bulk
Wallowing unwieldy, enormous in their gait,
Tempest the ocean.
Milton.

Tempest intransitive verb To storm. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Tempestive adjective [ Latin tempestivus .] Seasonable; timely; as, tempestive showers. [ Obsolete] Heywood. -- Tem*pes"tive*ly , adverb [ Obsolete]

Tempestivily noun [ Latin tempestivitas .] The quality, or state, of being tempestive; seasonableness. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Tempestuous adjective [ Latin tempestuous : confer Old French tempestueux , French tempêtueux .] Of or pertaining to a tempest; involving or resembling a tempest; turbulent; violent; stormy; as, tempestuous weather; a tempestuous night; a tempestuous debate. -- Tem*pes"tu*ous*ly , adverb -- Tem*pes"tu*ous*ness , noun

They saw the Hebrew leader,
Waiting, and clutching his tempestuous beard.
Longfellow.

Templar noun [ Middle English templere , French templier , Late Latin templarius . See Temple a church.]
1. One of a religious and military order first established at Jerusalem, in the early part of the 12th century, for the protection of pilgrims and of the Holy Sepulcher. These Knights Templars, or Knights of the Temple, were so named because they occupied an apartment of the palace of Bladwin II. in Jerusalem, near the Temple.

» The order was first limited in numbers, and its members were bound by vows of chastity and poverty. After the conquest of Palestine by the Saracens, the Templars spread over Europe, and, by reason of their reputation for valor and piety, they were enriched by numerous donations of money and lands. The extravagances and vices of the later Templars, however, finally led to the suppression of the order by the Council of Vienne in 1312.

2. A student of law, so called from having apartments in the Temple at London, the original buildings having belonged to the Knights Templars. See Inner Temple , and Middle Temple , under Temple . [ Eng.]

3. One belonged to a certain order or degree among the Freemasons, called Knights Templars. Also, one of an order among temperance men, styled Good Templars.

Templar adjective Of or pertaining to a temple. [ R.]

Solitary, family, and templar devotion.
Coleridge.

Template noun Same as Templet .

Temple noun [ Confer Templet .] (Weaving) A contrivence used in a loom for keeping the web stretched transversely.

Temple noun [ Old French temple , French tempe , from Latin tempora , tempus ; perhaps originally, the right place, the fatal spot, supposed to be the same word as tempus , temporis , the fitting or appointed time. See Temporal of time, and confer Tempo , Tense , noun ]
1. (Anat.) The space, on either side of the head, back of the eye and forehead, above the zygomatic arch and in front of the ear.

2. One of the side bars of a pair of spectacles, jointed to the bows, and passing one on either side of the head to hold the spectacles in place.

Temple noun [ Anglo-Saxon tempel , from Latin templum a space marked out, sanctuary, temple; confer Greek ... a piece of land marked off, land dedicated to a god: confer French témple , from the Latin. Confer Contemplate .]
1. A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of some deity; as, the temple of Jupiter at Athens, or of Juggernaut in India. "The temple of mighty Mars." Chaucer.

2. (Jewish Antiq.) The edifice erected at Jerusalem for the worship of Jehovah.

Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.
John x. 23.

3. Hence, among Christians, an edifice erected as a place of public worship; a church.

Can he whose life is a perpetual insult to the authority of God enter with any pleasure a temple consecrated to devotion and sanctified by prayer?
Buckminster.

4. Fig.: Any place in which the divine presence specially resides. "The temple of his body." John ii. 21.

Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the spirit of God dwelleth in you?
1 Cor. iii. 16.

The groves were God's first temples .
Bryant.

Inner Temple , & Middle Temple , two buildings, or ranges of buildings, occupied by two inns of court in London, on the site of a monastic establishment of the Knights Templars, called the Temple .

Temple transitive verb To build a temple for; to appropriate a temple to; as, to temple a god. [ R.] Feltham.

Temple noun
1. (Mormon Ch.) A building dedicated to the administration of ordinances.

2. A local organization of Odd Fellows.