Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer German synonymik
. See Synonymous
.] (Gram.) The science, or the scientific treatment, of synonymous words.
Synonymic, Synonymical adjective Of or pertaining to synonyms, or synonymic; synonymous.
Synonymicon noun [ New Latin ] A dictionary of synonyms. C. J. Smith.
Synonymist noun [ Confer French synonymiste .] One who collects or explains synonyms.
Synonymize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Synonymized
; present participle & verbal noun Synonymizing
.] To express by a synonym or synonyms; to give the synonym or synonyms corresponding to.
This word "fortis" we may synonymize after all these fashions: stout, hardy, valiant, doughty, courageous, adventurous, brave, bold, daring, intrepid. Camden.
[ Greek ...; sy`n
with, together + ..., ..., name. See Syn-
, and Name
.] Having the character of a synonym; expressing the same thing; conveying the same, or approximately the same, idea.
These words consist of two propositions, which are not distinct in sense, but one and the same thing variously expressed; for wisdom and understanding are synonymous words here. Tillotson. Syn.
-- Identical; interchangeable. -- Synonymous
. If no words are synonymous
except those which are identical
in use and meaning, so that the one can in all cases be substituted for the other, we have scarcely ten such words in our language. But the term more properly denotes that the words in question approach so near to each other, that, in many or most cases, they can be used interchangeably. 1. Words may thus coincide in certain
connections, and so be interchanged, when they can not be interchanged in other connections; thus we may speak either strength
of mind or of force
of mind, but we say the force
) of gravitation. 2. Two words may differ slightly, but this difference may be unimportant to the speaker's object, so that he may freely interchange them; thus it makes but little difference, in most cases, whether we speak of a man's having secured
his object or having attained
his object. For these and other causes we have numerous words which may, in many cases or connections, be used interchangeably, and these are properly called synonyms
words "are words which, with great and essential resemblances of meaning, have, at the same time, small, subordinate, and partial differences, -- these differences being such as either originally and on the ground of their etymology inhered in them; or differences which they have by usage acquired in the eyes of all; or such as, though nearly latent now, they are capable of receiving at the hands of wise and discreet masters of the tongue. Synonyms
are words of like significance in the main, but with a certain unlikeness as well." Trench.
Synonymy noun [ Latin synonymia , Greek ... a synonym: confer French synonymie .]
1. The quality of being synonymous; sameness of meaning. 2. A system of synonyms. 3. (Rhet.) A figure by which synonymous words are used to amplify a discourse.
; plural Synopses
. [ Latin , from Greek ...; sy`n
with, together + ... a sight, view, from the root seen in English optic
.] A general view, or a collection of heads or parts so arranged as to exhibit a general view of the whole; an abstract or summary of a discourse; a syllabus; a conspectus.
That the reader may see in one view the exactness of the method, as well as force of the argument, I shall here draw up a short synopsis of this epistle. Bp. Warburton. Syn.
-- Abridgment; compendium; epitome; abstract; summary; syllabus; conspectus. See Abridgment
Synoptic noun One of the first three Gospels of the New Testament. See Synoptist .
Synoptic, Synoptical adjective
[ Greek ...: confer French synoptique
. See Synopsis
.] Affording a general view of the whole, or of the principal parts of a thing; as, a synoptic table; a synoptical statement of an argument.
Synoptist noun Any one of the authors of the three synoptic Gospels, which give a history of our Lord's life and ministry, in distinction from the writer of John's Gospel, which gives a fuller record of his teachings.
Synosteology noun [ Prefix syn- + Greek ... bone + -logy .] That part of anatomy which treats of joints; arthrology.
; plural Synosteoses
. [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n
with + ... bone.] (Anat.) Union by means of bone; the complete closing up and obliteration of sutures.
Synovia noun [ New Latin , perhaps from Greek sy`n with + Latin ovum egg: confer French synovie .] (Anat.) A transparent, viscid, lubricating fluid which contains mucin and secreted by synovial membranes; synovial fluid.
Synovial adjective [ Confer French synovial .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to synovia; secreting synovia. Synovial capsule , a closed sac of synovial membrane situated between the articular surfaces at diarthrodial joints. -- Synovial fluid , synovia. -- Synovial membrane , the dense and very smooth connective tissue membrane which secretes synovia and surrounds synovial capsules and other synovial cavities.
[ New Latin See Synovia
.] (Medicine) Inflammation of the synovial membrane.
Synpelmous adjective [ Prefix syn- + ... the sole of the foot.] (Zoology) Having the two main flexor tendons of the toes blended together.
Synsepalous adjective [ Prefix syn- + sepal .] (Botany) Having united sepals; gamosepalous.
Syntactic, Syntactical adjective
[ Confer G. ... putting together. See Syntax
.] Of or pertaining to syntax; according to the rules of syntax, or construction.
[ Latin syntaxis
, Greek ..., from ... to put together in order; sy`n
with + ... to put in order; confer French syntaxe
. See Syn-
, and Tactics
.] 1. Connected system or order; union of things; a number of things jointed together; organism.
They owe no other dependence to the first than what is common to the whole syntax of beings. Glanvill. 2. That part of grammar which treats of the construction of sentences; the due arrangement of words in sentences in their necessary relations, according to established usage in any language.
Syntaxis noun Syntax. [ R.] B. Jonson.
Synteresis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... preservation, from ... to preserve; sy`n with + ... to guard.]
1. (Medicine) Prophylaxis. [ Obsolete] 2. (Metaph.) Conscience viewed as the internal repository of the laws of duty. Whewell.
Synteretic adjective [ Greek ....] (Medicine) Preserving health; prophylactic. [ Obsolete]
Synteretics noun (Medicine) That department of medicine which relates to the preservation of health; prophylaxis. [ Obsolete]
Synthermal adjective [ Prefix syn- + thermal .] Having the same degree of heat.
; plural Syntheses
. [ Latin , a mixture, properly, a putting together, Greek ..., from ... to place or put together; sy`n
with + ... to place. See Thesis
.] 1. Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines. 2. (Chemistry) The art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis ; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis . 3. (Logic) The combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of analysis .
Analysis and synthesis , though commonly treated as two different methods, are, if properly understood, only the two necessary parts of the same method. Each is the relative and correlative of the other. Sir W. Hamilton.
Synthesist noun One who employs synthesis, or who follows synthetic methods.
Synthesize transitive verb
1. To combine by synthesis; to unite. 2. To produce by synthesis; as, to synthesize albumin.
Synthetic, Synthetical adjective
[ Greek ...: confer French synthétique
.] 1. Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical .
Philosophers hasten too much from the analytic to the synthetic method; that is, they draw general conclusions from too small a number of particular observations and experiments. Bolingbroke. 2. (Chemistry) Artificial. Confer Synthesis , 2. 3. (Zoology) Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; -- said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the Note under Comprehensive , 3. Synthetic
, or Synthetical language
, an inflectional language, or one characterized by grammatical endings; -- opposed to analytic language . R. Morris.
Synthetically adverb In a synthetic manner.
Synthetize transitive verb [ Confer Greek ....] To combine; to unite in regular structure. [ R.]
Syntomy noun [ Greek ..., from ... to cut short; sy`n with + ... to cut.] Brevity; conciseness. [ R.]
Syntonic adjective (Physics) Of or pert. to syntony; specif., designating, or pert. to, a system of wireless telegraphy in which the transmitting and receiving apparatus are in syntony with, and only with, one another. -- Syn*ton"ic*al adjective -- Syn*ton"ic*al*ly , adverb
[ Confer Greek ... stretched tight, intense.] (Physiol. Chem.) A proteid substance (acid albumin) formed from the albuminous matter of muscle by the action of dilute acids; -- formerly called musculin . See Acid albumin , under Albumin .
Syntonize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle -nized
; present participle & verbal noun -nizing
.] [ See Syntony
.] (Physics) To adjust or devise so as to emit or respond to electric oscillations of a certain wave length; to tune; specif., to put (two or more instruments or systems of wireless telegraphy) in syntony with each other.
-- Syn`to*ni*za"tion noun
Syntonizer noun (Physics) One that syntonizes; specif., a device consisting essentially of a variable inductance coil and condenser with a pair of adjustable spark balls, for attuning the time periods of antennæ in wireless telegraphy (called also syntonizing coil ).
[ Confer Greek ... agreement. See Syn-
.] (Physics) State of being adjusted to a certain wave length; agreement or tuning between the time period of an apparatus emitting electric oscillations and that of a receiving apparatus, esp. in wireless telegraphy.
Syphering noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] (Carp.) The lapping of chamfered edges of planks to make a smooth surface, as for a bulkhead.
Syphilide noun [ French] (Medicine) A cutaneous eruption due to syphilis.
[ New Latin , from Syphilus
, the name of a shepherd in the Latin poem of Fracastoro, " Syphilus
, sive Morbus Gallicus," which was published in 1530; Greek ... hog, swine + ... dear, loving. The term was introduced into nosology by Sauvages.] (Medicine) The pox, or venereal disease; a chronic, specific, infectious disease, usually communicated by sexual intercourse or by hereditary transmission, and occurring in three stages known as primary , secondary , and tertiary syphilis . See under Primary , Secondary , and Tertiary .
Syphilitic adjective [ Confer French syphilitique .] (Medicine) Of or pertaining to syphilis; of the nature of syphilis; affected with syphilis. -- noun A syphilitic patient.
Syphilitically adverb (Medicine) In a syphilitic manner; with venereal disease.
Syphilization noun (Medicine) Inoculation with the syphilitic virus, especially when employed as a preventive measure, like vaccination.
Syphilize transitive verb (Medicine) To inoculate with syphilis.
[ See Syphilis
, and Derm
.] (Medicine) A cutaneous affection due to syphilis.
Syphilodermatous adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to the cutaneous manifestations of syphilis.
Syphiloid adjective [ Syphil is + -oid .] (Medicine) Resembling syphilis.
Syphilologist noun One skilled in syphilology.
Syphilology noun [ Syphil is + -logy .] That branch of medicine which treats of syphilis.