Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Syndicalism noun [ French syndicalisme .] The theory, plan, or practice of trade- union action (originally as advocated and practiced by the French Confédération Générale du Travail) which aims to abolish the present political and social system by means of the general strike (as distinguished from the local or sectional strike) and direct action of whatever kind (as distinguished from action which takes effect only through the medium of political action) -- direct action including any kind of action that is directly effective, whether it be a simple strike, a peaceful public demonstration, sabotage, or revolutionary violence. By the general strike and direct action syndicalism aims to establish a social system in which the means and processes of production are in the control of local organizations of workers, who are manage them for the common good.
Syndicalist noun One who advocates or practices syndicalism. -- Syn`dic*al*is"tic adjective
Syndicate noun [ Confer French syndicat , Late Latin syndicatus .]
1. The office or jurisdiction of a syndic; a council, or body of syndics. Bp. Burnet. 2. An association of persons officially authorized to undertake some duty or to negotiate some business; also, an association of persons who combine to carry out, on their own account, a financial or industrial project; as, a syndicate of bankers formed to take up and dispose of an entire issue of government bonds.
Syndicate transitive verb [ Late Latin syndicatus , past participle of syndicare to censure.] To judge; to censure. [ Obsolete]
Syndicate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle -cated
; present participle & verbal noun -cating
.] 1. To combine or form into, or manage as, a syndicate. 2. To acquire or control for or by, or to subject to the management of, a syndicate; as, syndicated newspapers.
Syndicate intransitive verb To unite to form a syndicate.
Syndication noun Act or process of syndicating or forming a syndicate.
Syndrome noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; sy`n with + ... a course, a running.] Concurrence. [ R.] Glanvill.
Syndyasmian adjective [ Greek syndyasmo`s a pairing, from syndya`zein to pair.] Pertaining to the state of pairing together sexually; -- said of animals during periods of procreation and while rearing their offspring. Morgan.
[ See Since
.] 1. Afterwards; since; ago.
[ Obsolete or Scot.] R. of Brunne. 2. Late, -- as opposed to soon .
[ Each rogue] shall be discovered either soon or syne . W. Hamilton (Life of Wallace).
Syne conj. Since; seeing. [ Scot.]
Synecdoche (sĭn*ĕk"do*ke) noun [ Latin synecdoche , Greek synekdochh` , from to receive jointly; sy`n with + ... to receive; ... out + ... to receive.] (Rhet.) A figure or trope by which a part of a thing is put for the whole (as, fifty sail for fifty ships ), or the whole for a part (as, the smiling year for spring ), the species for the genus (as, cutthroat for assassin ), the genus for the species (as, a creature for a man ), the name of the material for the thing made, etc. Bain.
Synecdochical adjective Expressed by synecdoche; implying a synecdoche.
Isis is used for Themesis by a synecdochical kind of speech, or by a poetical liberty, in using one for another. Drayton.
Synecdochically adverb By synecdoche.
Synechia noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to hold together; sy`n with + ... to hold.] (Medicine) A disease of the eye, in which the iris adheres to the cornea or to the capsule of the crystalline lens.
Synecphonesis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to utter together.] (Gram.) A contraction of two syllables into one; synizesis.
Synedral adjective [ Greek ... sitting with; sy`n with + "e`dra seat.] (Botany) Growing on the angles of a stem, as the leaves in some species of Selaginella.
Synentognathi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n with + 'ento`s within + gna`qos jaw.] (Zoology) An order of fishes, resembling the Physoclisti, without spines in the dorsal, anal, and ventral fins. It includes the true flying fishes.
Synepy noun [ Greek ...; sy`n with + ... a word.] (Rhet.) The interjunction, or joining, of words in uttering the clauses of sentences.
Synergetic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... to work together; sy`n with + 'e`rgon work.] Working together; coöperating; as, synergetic muscles.
[ See Synergetic
.] (Theol.) The doctrine or theory, attributed to Melanchthon, that in the regeneration of a human soul there is a coöperation, or joint agency, on the part both of God and of man.
Synergist noun [ Confer French synergiste .]
1. One who holds the doctrine of synergism. 2. (Medicine) A remedy which has an action similar to that of another remedy, and hence increases the efficiency of that remedy when combined with it.
1. Of or pertaining to synergism. "A synergistic view of regeneration." Shedd. 2. Coöperating; synergetic.
[ Greek .... See Synergetic
.] Combined action
; especially (Medicine)
, the combined healthy action of every organ of a particular system; as, the digestive synergy .
Synesis noun [ Greek ... intelligence.] (Gram.) A construction in which adherence to some element in the sense causes a departure from strict syntax, as in "Philip went down to Samaria and preached Christ unto them ."
Syngenesia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n with, together + ... generation, birth.] (Botany) A Linnæan class of plants in which the stamens are united by the anthers.
Syngenesian, Syngenesious adjective (Botany) Having the stamens united by the anthers; of or pertaining to the Syngenesia.
Syngenesis noun [ Prefix syn- + genesis .] (Biol.) A theory of generation in which each germ is supposed to contain the germs of all subsequent generations; -- the opposite of epigenesis .
Syngnathi noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek sy`n with + ... jaw.] (Zoology) A suborder of lophobranch fishes which have an elongated snout and lack the ventral and first dorsal fins. The pipefishes and sea horses are examples. -- Syng"na*thous adjective
Syngraph noun [ Latin syngrapha , Greek ...; sy`n with + ... to write.] (Law) A writing signed by both or all the parties to a contract or bond.
Synizesis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to sit together; sy`n with + ... to sit.]
1. (Medicine) An obliteration of the pupil of the eye. 2. (Gram.) A contraction of two syllables into one; synecphonesis.
; plural Synneuroses
. [ New Latin , from Greek ...; sy`n
with + ... a sinew, ligament.] (Anat.) Syndesmosis.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... a holding together. See Synechia
.] (Medicine) See Synochus .
Synochal adjective (Medicine) Of or pertaining to synocha; like synocha. [ Obsolete]
Synochus noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... joined together.] (Medicine) A continuous fever. [ Obsolete] » Synocha and synochus were used as epithets of two distinct types of fever, but in different senses at different periods. The same disease is placed under synocha by one author, under synochus by another. Quain.
Synocil noun [ Prefix syn- + cil ium.] (Zoology) A sense organ found in certain sponges. It consists of several filaments, each of which arises from a single cell.
[ Latin synodus
, Greek sy`nodos
a meeting; sy`n
with + "odo`s
a way; confer Anglo-Saxon sinoð
, French synode
, both from the Latin.] 1. (Eccl. Hist.) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters.
are of four kinds: 1. General
, or ecumenical
, which are composed of bishops from different nations; -- commonly called general council
. 2. National
, composed of bishops of one nation only. 3. Provincial
, in which the bishops of only one province meet; -- called also convocations
. 4. Diocesan
, a synod in which the bishop of the diocese or his representative presides. Among Presbyterians, a synod
is composed of several adjoining presbyteries. The members are the ministers and a ruling elder from each parish. 2. An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body.
It hath in solemn synods been decreed, Shak.
Both by the Syracusians and ourselves,
To admit no traffic to our adverse towns.
Parent of gods and men, propitious Jove! Dryden. 3. (Astron.) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies.
And you, bright synod of the powers above.
[ R.] Milton.
Synodal adjective [ Latin synodalis : confer French synodal .] Synodical. Milton.
Synodal noun 1. (Ch. of Eng.) A tribute in money formerly paid to the bishop or archdeacon, at the time of his Easter visitation, by every parish priest, now made to the ecclesiastical commissioners; a procuration.
Synodals are due, of common right, to the bishop only. Gibson. 2. A constitution made in a provincial or diocesan synod.
Synodic, Synodical adjective
[ Latin synodicus
, Greek ...: confer French synodique
.] 1. (Eccl.) Of or pertaining to a synod; transacted in, or authorized by, a synod; as, synodical proceedings or forms.
epistle." Bp. Stillingfleet. 2. (Astron.) Pertaining to conjunction, especially to the period between two successive conjunctions; extending from one conjunction, as of the moon or a planet with the sun, to the next; as, a synodical month (see Lunar month , under Month ); the synodical revolution of the moon or a planet.
Synodically adverb In a synodical manner; in a synod; by the authority of a synod. " Synodically agreed upon." R. Nelson.
Synodist noun An adherent to a synod.
These synodists thought fit in Latin as yet to veil their decrees from vulgar eyes. Fuller.
Synomocy noun [ Greek ..., from ... to swear with or together; sy`n with + ... to swear.] Sworn brotherhood; a society in ancient Greece nearly resembling a modern political club.
; plural Synonyms
(- nĭmz). [ French synonyme
, Latin synonyma
, plural of synonymum
, Greek synw`nymon
. See Synonymous
.] One of two or more words (commonly words of the same language) which are equivalents of each other; one of two or more words which have very nearly the same signification, and therefore may often be used interchangeably. See under Synonymous .
[ Written also synonyme
All languages tend to clear themselves of synonyms as intellectual culture advances, the superfluous words being taken up and appropriated by new shades and combinations of thought evolved in the progress of society. De Quincey.
His name has thus become, throughout all civilized countries, a synonym for probity and philanthropy. Macaulay.
In popular literary acceptation, and as employed in special dictionaries of such words, synonyms are words sufficiently alike in general signification to be liable to be confounded, but yet so different in special definition as to require to be distinguished. G. P. Marsh.
1. An incorrect or incorrectly applied scientific name, as a new name applied to a species or genus already properly named, or a specific name preoccupied by that of another species of the same genus; -- so used in the system of nomenclature (which see) in which the correct scientific names of certain natural groups (usually genera, species, and subspecies) are regarded as determined by priority. 2. One of two or more words corresponding in meaning but of different languages; a heteronym. [ Rare]
Synonyma (sĭn*ŏn"ĭ*mȧ) noun plural [ Latin ] Synonyms. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Synonymal adjective Synonymous. [ Obsolete]
Synonymally adverb Synonymously. [ Obsolete]