Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Slab-sided adjective Having flat sides; hence, tall, or long and lank. [ Colloq. U. S.]
[ See 1st Slab
.] Adapted for forming slabs, or for dressing flat surfaces. Slabbing machine
, a milling machine.
[ Compar. Slabbier
; superl. Slabbiest
.] [ See Slab
] 1. Thick; viscous.
They present you with a cup, and you must drink of a slabby stuff. Selden. 2. Sloppy; slimy; miry. See Sloppy . Gay.
[ Confer Slag
.] Small coal; also, coal dust; culm. Raymond.
Slack noun [ Icelandic slakki a slope on a mountain edge.] A valley, or small, shallow dell. [ Prov. Eng.] Grose.
[ Compar. Slacker
; superl. Slackest
.] [ Middle English slak
, Anglo-Saxon sleac
; akin to Old Saxon slak
, Old High German slah
, Prov. German schlack
, Icelandic slakr
, Swedish slak
; confer Sanskrit srj
to let loose, to throw. Confer Slake
.] Lax; not tense; not hard drawn; not firmly extended; as, a slack rope. 2. Weak; not holding fast; as, a slack hand. Milton. 3. Remiss; backward; not using due diligence or care; not earnest or eager; as, slack in duty or service.
The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness. 2 Pet. iii. 9. 4. Not violent, rapid, or pressing; slow; moderate; easy; as, business is slack .
C...sar . . . about sunset, hoisting sail with a slack southwest, at midnight was becalmed. Milton. Slack in stays (Nautical)
, slow in going about, as a ship.
-- Slack water
, the time when the tide runs slowly, or the water is at rest; or the interval between the flux and reflux of the tide.
-- Slack-water navigation
, navigation in a stream the depth of which has been increased, and the current diminished, by a dam or dams. Syn.
-- Loose; relaxed; weak; remiss; backward; abated; diminished; inactive; slow; tardy; dull.
Slack adverb Slackly; as, slack dried hops.
Slack noun The part of anything that hangs loose, having no strain upon it; as, the slack of a rope or of a sail.
Slack, Slacken intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slacked
; present participle & verbal noun Slacking
.] [ See Slack
] 1. To become slack; to be made less tense, firm, or rigid; to decrease in tension; as, a wet cord slackens in dry weather. 2. To be remiss or backward; to be negligent. 3. To lose cohesion or solidity by a chemical combination with water; to slake; as, lime slacks . 4. To abate; to become less violent.
Whence these raging fires Milton. 5. To lose rapidity; to become more slow; as, a current of water slackens . 6. To languish; to fail; to flag. 7. To end; to cease; to desist; to slake.
Will slacken , if his breath stir not their flames.
That through your death your lineage should slack . Chaucer.
They will not of that firste purpose slack . Chaucer.
Slack, Slacken transitive verb 1. To render slack; to make less tense or firm; as, to slack a rope; to slacken a bandage. Wycklif (Acts xxvii. 40) 2. To neglect; to be remiss in.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Slack not the pressage. Dryden. 3. To deprive of cohesion by combining chemically with water; to slake; as, to slack lime. 4. To cause to become less eager; to repress; to make slow or less rapid; to retard; as, to slacken pursuit; to slacken industry.
"Rancor for to slack
I should be grieved, young prince, to think my presence Addison.
Unbent your thoughts, and slackened 'em to arms.
In this business of growing rich, poor men should slack their pace. South.
With such delay Milton. 5. To cause to become less intense; to mitigate; to abate; to ease.
Well plased, they slack their course.
To respite, or deceive, or slack thy pain Milton. Air-slacked lime
Of this ill mansion.
, lime slacked by exposure to the air, in consequence of the absorption of carton dioxide and water, by which it is converted into carbonate of lime and hydrate of lime.
Slacken noun (Metal.) A spongy, semivitrifled substance which miners or smelters mix with the ores of metals to prevent their fusion. [ Written also slakin .]
Slackly adverb In a slack manner. Trench.
Slackness noun The quality or state of being slack.
Slade noun [ Anglo-Saxon sl...d .]
1. A little dell or valley; a flat piece of low, moist ground. [ Obsolete] Drayton. 2. The sole of a plow.
[ Swedish slagg
, or LG. slacke
, whence German schlacke
; originally, perhaps, the splinters struck off from the metal by hammering. See Slay
, transitive verb
] 1. The dross, or recrement, of a metal; also, vitrified cinders. 2. The scoria of a volcano. Slag furnace
, or Slag hearth (Metal.)
, a furnace, or hearth, for extracting lead from slags or poor ore.
-- Slag wool
, mineral wool. See under Mineral .
Slag noun (Metal.) A product of smelting, containing, mostly as silicates, the substances not sought to be produced as matte or metal, and having a lower specific gravity than the latter; -- called also, esp. in iron smelting, cinder . The slag of iron blast furnaces is essentially silicate of calcium, magnesium, and aluminium; that of lead and copper smelting furnaces contains iron.
Slag intransitive verb & t.
[ imperfect & past participle Slagged
; present participle & verbal noun Slagging
.] (Metal.) To form, or form into, a slag; to agglomerate when heated below the fusion point.
Slaggy adjective Of or pertaining to slag; resembling slag; as, slaggy cobalt.
[ See Sley
.] A weaver's reed; a sley.
Slake transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slaked
; present participle & verbal noun Slaking
.] [ Middle English slaken
to render slack, to slake, Anglo-Saxon sleacian
, from sleac
slack. See Slack
] 1. To allay; to quench; to extinguish; as, to slake thirst.
the heavenly fire." Spenser.
It could not slake mine ire nor ease my heart. Shak. 2. To mix with water, so that a true chemical combination shall take place; to slack; as, to slake lime.
Slake intransitive verb Slake trough , a trough containing water in which a blacksmith cools a forging or tool.
1. To go out; to become extinct. "His flame did slake ." Sir T. Browne. 2. To abate; to become less decided. [ R.] Shak. 3. To slacken; to become relaxed. "When the body's strongest sinews slake ." [ R.] Sir J. Davies. 4. To become mixed with water, so that a true chemical combination takes place; as, the lime slakes .
Slakeless adjective Not capable of being slaked.
Slakin noun (Metal.) Slacken.
Slam transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slammed
; present participle & verbal noun Slamming
.] [ Of Scand. origin; confer Icelandic slamra
, Norw. slemba
, dial. Swedish slämma
.] 1. To shut with force and a loud noise; to bang; as, he slammed the door. 2. To put in or on some place with force and loud noise; -- usually with down ; as, to slam a trunk down on the pavement. 3. To strike with some implement with force; hence, to beat or cuff.
[ Prov. Eng.] 4. To strike down; to slaughter.
[ Prov. Eng.] 5. To defeat (opponents at cards) by winning all the tricks of a deal or a hand. Hoyle. To slam to
, to shut or close with a slam.
"He slammed to
the door." W. D. Howells.
Slam intransitive verb To come or swing against something, or to shut, with sudden force so as to produce a shock and noise; as, a door or shutter slams .
Slam noun 1. The act of one who, or that which, slams. 2. The shock and noise produced in slamming.
The slam and the scowl were lost upon Sam. Dickens. 3. (Card Playing) Winning all the tricks of a deal. 4. The refuse of alum works.
[ Prov. Eng.]
Slam noun (Card Playing) Winning all the tricks of a deal (called, in bridge, grand slam , the winning of all but one of the thirteen tricks being called a little slam ).
Slam-bang adverb With great violence; with a slamming or banging noise. [ Colloq.]
Slamkin, Slammerkin noun [ Confer German schlampe , schlamp , dim. schlämpchen ; schlampen to dangle, to be slovenly in one's dress.] A slut; a slatternly woman. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.]
[ Middle English sclandere
, Old French esclandre
, French esclandre
, from Latin scandalum
, Greek ......... a snare, stumbling block, offense, scandal; probably originally, the spring of a trap, and akin to Sanskrit skand
to spring, leap. See Scan
, and confer Scandal
.] 1. A false tale or report maliciously uttered, tending to injure the reputation of another; the malicious utterance of defamatory reports; the dissemination of malicious tales or suggestions to the injury of another.
Whether we speak evil of a man to his face or behind his back; the former way, indeed, seems to be the most generous, but yet is a great fault, and that which we call "reviling;" the latter is more mean and base, and that which we properly call " slander ", or "Backbiting." Tillotson.
[ We] make the careful magistrate B. Jonson. 2. Disgrace; reproach; dishonor; opprobrium.
The mark of slander .
Thou slander of thy mother's heavy womb. Shak. 3. (Law) Formerly, defamation generally, whether oral or written; in modern usage, defamation by words spoken; utterance of false, malicious, and defamatory words, tending to the damage and derogation of another; calumny. See the Note under Defamation . Burril.
Slander transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slandered
; present participle & verbal noun Slandering
.] 1. To defame; to injure by maliciously uttering a false report; to tarnish or impair the reputation of by false tales maliciously told or propagated; to calumniate.
O, do not slander him, for he is kind. Shak. 2. To bring discredit or shame upon by one's acts.
Tax not so bad a voice Shak. Syn.
To slander music any more than once.
-- To asperse; defame; calumniate; vilify; malign; belie; scandalize; reproach. See Asperse
Slanderer noun One who slanders; a defamer; a calumniator. Jer. Taylor.
1. Given or disposed to slander; uttering slander. " Slanderous tongue." Shak. 2. Embodying or containing slander; calumnious; as, slanderous words, speeches, or reports. -- Slan"der*ous*ly , adverb -- Slan"der*ous*ness , noun
Slang imperfect of Sling . Slung.
Slang noun Any long, narrow piece of land; a promontory. [ Local, Eng.] Holland.
[ Confer Sling
.] A fetter worn on the leg by a convict.
Slang noun [ Said to be of Gypsy origin; but probably from Scand., and akin to English sling ; confer Norw. sleng a slinging, an invention, device, slengja to sling, to cast, slengja kjeften (literally, to sling the jaw) to use abusive language, to use slang, slenjeord ( ord = word) an insulting word, a new word that has no just reason for being.] Low, vulgar, unauthorized language; a popular but unauthorized word, phrase, or mode of expression; also, the jargon of some particular calling or class in society; low popular cant; as, the slang of the theater, of college, of sailors, etc.
Slang transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slanged
; present participle & verbal noun Slanging
.] To address with slang or ribaldry; to insult with vulgar language.
Every gentleman abused by a cabman or slanged by a bargee was bound there and then to take off his coat and challenge him to fisticuffs. London Spectator.
Slang-whanger noun [ Slang + whang to beat.] One who uses abusive slang; a ranting partisan. [ Colloq. or Humorous] W. Irving.
Slanginess noun Quality of being slangy.
Slangous adjective Slangy. [ R.] John Bee.
Slangy adjective Of or pertaining to slang; of the nature of slang; disposed to use slang. [ Written also slangey .]
Slank imperfect & past participle of Slink .
Slant intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slanted
; present participle & verbal noun Slanting
.] [ Middle English slenten
to slope, slide; confer Swedish slinta
to slide.] To be turned or inclined from a right line or level; to lie obliquely; to slope.
On the side of younder slanting hill. Dodsley.
Slant transitive verb To turn from a direct line; to give an oblique or sloping direction to; as, to slant a line.
Slant noun Slant or wind , a local variation of the wind from its general direction.
1. A slanting direction or plane; a slope; as, it lies on a slant . 2. An oblique reflection or gibe; a sarcastic remark.
[ Confer dial. Swedish slant
. See Slant
, intransitive verb
] Inclined from a direct line, whether horizontal or perpendicular; sloping; oblique.
Slanting adjective Oblique; sloping. -- Slant"ing*ly , adverb
Slantwise, Slantly adverb In an inclined direction; obliquely; slopingly.