Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Skilder intransitive verb To beg; to pilfer; to skelder. [ Prov. Eng.& Scot.] Sir W. Scott.
[ Icelandic skil
a distinction, discernment; akin to skilja
to separate, divide, distinguish, Swedish skilja
to separate, skiel
reason, right, justice, Swedish skäl
reason, Lithuanian skelli
to cleave. Confer Shell
, a multitude.] 1. Discrimination; judgment; propriety; reason; cause.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
"As it was skill
and right." Chaucer.
For great skill is, he prove that he wrought.
[ For with good reason he should test what he created.] Chaucer. 2. Knowledge; understanding.
That by his fellowship he color might Spenser.
Both his estate and love from skill of any wight.
Nor want we skill or art. Milton. 3. The familiar knowledge of any art or science, united with readiness and dexterity in execution or performance, or in the application of the art or science to practical purposes; power to discern and execute; ability to perceive and perform; expertness; aptitude; as, the skill of a mathematician, physician, surgeon, mechanic, etc.
Phocion, . . . by his great wisdom and skill at negotiations, diverted Alexander from the conquest of Athens. Swift.
Where patience her sweet skill imparts. Keble. 4. Display of art; exercise of ability; contrivance; address.
Richard . . . by a thousand princely skills , gathering so much corn as if he meant not to return. Fuller. 5. Any particular art.
Learned in one skill , and in another kind of learning unskillful. Hooker. Syn.
-- Dexterity; adroitness; expertness; art; aptitude; ability. -- Skill
is more intelligent, denoting familiar knowledge united to readiness of performance. Dexterity
, when applied to the body, is more mechanical, and refers to habitual ease of execution. Adroitness
involves the same image with dexterity
, and differs from it as implaying a general facility of movement (especially in avoidance of danger or in escaping from a difficalty). The same distinctions apply to the figurative sense of the words. A man is skillful
in any employment when he understands both its theory and its practice. He is dexterous
when he maneuvers with great lightness. He is adroit
in the use od quick, sudden, and well-directed movements of the body or the mind, so as to effect the object he has in view.
Skill transitive verb To know; to understand.
To skill the arts of expressing our mind. Barrow.
Skill intransitive verb 1. To be knowing; to have understanding; to be dexterous in performance.
I can not skill of these thy ways. Herbert. 2. To make a difference; to signify; to matter; -- used impersonally. Spenser.
What skills it, if a bag of stones or gold Herbert.
About thy neck do drown thee?
It skills not talking of it. Sir W. Scott.
Skill-less adjective Wanting skill. Shak.
Skilled adjective Having familiar knowledge united with readiness and dexterity in its application; familiarly acquainted with; expert; skillful; -- often followed by in ; as, a person skilled in drawing or geometry.
[ Old French escuelette
, dim. of escuelle
a porringer, French ecuelle
, from Latin scutella
, dim. of scutra
, a dish. Confer Scuttle
a basket.] A small vessel of iron, copper, or other metal, with a handle, used for culinary purpose, as for stewing meat.
[ Written also skilful
.] 1. Discerning; reasonable; judicious; cunning.
[ Obsolete] "Of skillful
judgment." Chaucer. 2. Possessed of, or displaying, skill; knowing and ready; expert; well-versed; able in management; as, a skillful mechanic; -- often followed by at , in , or of ; as, skillful at the organ; skillful in drawing.
And they shall call the husbandman to mourning, and such as are skillful of lamentations to wailing. Amos v. 16. Syn.
-- Expert; skilled; dexterous; adept; masterly; adroit; clever; cunning. -- Skill"ful*ly
Skilligalee noun A kind of thin, weak broth or oatmeal porridge, served out to prisoners and paupers in England; also, a drink made of oatmeal, sugar, and water, sometimes used in the English navy or army. [ Written also skilligolee , skillygalee , etc.]
[ Confer Sheeling
.] A bay of a barn; also, a slight addition to a cottage.
[ Prov. Eng.]
[ Swedish & Dan. See Shilling
.] A money od account in Sweden, Norwey, Denmark, and North Germany, and also a coin. It had various values, from three fourths of a cent in Norway to more than two cents in Lübeck.
Skilts noun plural A kind of large, coarse, short trousers formerly worn. [ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.
Skilty noun The water rail. [ Prov. Eng.]
(skĭm) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Skimmed
(skĭmd); present participle & verbal noun Skimming
.] [ Confer Swedish skymma
to darken. √158. See Scum
.] 1. To clear (a liquid) from scum or substance floating or lying thereon, by means of a utensil that passes just beneath the surface; as, to skim milk; to skim broth. 2. To take off by skimming; as, to skim cream. 3. To pass near the surface of; to brush the surface of; to glide swiftly along the surface of.
Homer describes Mercury as flinging himself from the top of Olympus, and skimming the surface of the ocean. Hazlitt. 4. Fig.: To read or examine superficially and rapidly, in order to cull the principal facts or thoughts; as, to skim a book or a newspaper.
Skim intransitive verb 1. To pass lightly; to glide along in an even, smooth course; to glide along near the surface.
Not so when swift Camilla scours the plain, Pope. 2. To hasten along with superficial attention.
Flies o'er the unbending corn, and skims along the main.
They skim over a science in a very superficial survey. I. Watts. 3. To put on the finishing coat of plaster.
Skim adjective Contraction of Skimming and Skimmed . Skim coat
, the final or finishing coat of plaster.
-- Skim colter
, a colter for paring off the surface of land.
-- Skim milk
, skimmed milk; milk from which the cream has been taken.
Skim noun Scum; refuse. Bryskett.
Skimback (skĭm"băk`) noun (Zoology) The quillback. [ Local, U.S.]
[ A reduplication of scamble
.] Rambling; disorderly; unconnected.
Such a deal of skimble-scamble stuff. Shak.
1. One who, or that which, skims; esp., a utensil with which liquids are skimmed. 2. (Zoology) Any species of longwinged marine birds of the genus Rhynchops , allied to the terns, but having the lower mandible compressed and much longer than the upper one. These birds fly rapidly along the surface of the water, with the lower mandible immersed, thus skimming out small fishes. The American species ( R. nigra ) is common on the southern coasts of the United States. Called also scissorbill , and shearbill . 3. (Zoology) Any one of several large bivalve shells, sometimes used for skimming milk, as the sea clams, and large scallops.
1. The act of one who skims. 2. That which is skimmed from the surface of a liquid; -- chiefly used in the plural; as, the skimmings of broth.
Skimmingly adverb In a skimming manner.
Skimmington noun [ Etymol. uncertain. Perhaps the name of some notorius scold.] A word employed in the phrase, To ride Skimmington ; that is to ride on a horse with a woman, but behind her, facing backward, carrying a distaff, and accompanied by a procession of jeering neighbors making mock music; a cavalcade in ridicule of a henpecked man. The custom was in vogue in parts of England.
Skimp transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Skimped
; present participle & verbal noun Skimping
.] [ Confer Skinch
, transitive verb
] 1. To slight; to do carelessly; to scamp.
[ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.] 2. To make insufficient allowance for; to scant; to scrimp.
[ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U. S.]
Skimp intransitive verb To save; to be parsimonious or niggardly. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]
Skimp adjective Scanty. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]
[ Icelandic skinn
; akin to Swedish skinn
, Danish skind
, Anglo-Saxon scinn
, German schined
to skin.] 1. (Anat.) The external membranous integument of an animal.
» In man, and the vertebrates generally, the skin consist of two layers, an outer nonsensitive and nonvascular epidermis
, or skarfskin
, composed of cells which are constantly growing and multiplying in the deeper, and being thrown off in the superficial, layers; and an inner sensitive, and vascular dermis
, or true skin
, composed mostly of connective tissue. 2. The hide of an animal, separated from the body, whether green, dry, or tanned; especially, that of a small animal, as a calf, sheep, or goat. 3. A vessel made of skin, used for holding liquids. See Bottle , 1.
of wine." Tennyson. 4. The bark or husk of a plant or fruit; the exterior coat of fruits and plants. 5. (Nautical) (a) That part of a sail, when furled, which remains on the outside and covers the whole. Totten. (b) The covering, as of planking or iron plates, outside the framing, forming the sides and bottom of a vessel; the shell; also, a lining inside the framing. Skin friction
, Skin resistance (Nautical)
, the friction, or resistance, caused by the tendency of water to adhere to the immersed surface (skin) of a vessel.
-- Skin graft (Surg.)
, a small portion of skin used in the process of grafting. See Graft , transitive verb , 2.
-- Skin moth (Zoology)
, any insect which destroys the prepared skins of animals, especially the larva of Dermestes and Anthrenus.
-- Skin of the teeth
, nothing, or next to nothing; the least possible hold or advantage. Job xix. 20.
-- Skin wool
, wool taken from dead sheep.
Skin transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Skinned
; present participle & verbal noun Skinning
.] 1. To strip off the skin or hide of; to flay; to peel; as, to skin an animal. 2. To cover with skin, or as with skin; hence, to cover superficially.
It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. Shak. 3. To strip of money or property; to cheat.
Skin intransitive verb
1. To become covered with skin; as, a wound skins over. 2. To produce, in recitation, examination, etc., the work of another for one's own, or to use in such exercise cribs, memeoranda, etc., which are prohibited. [ College Cant, U.S.]
Skin-deep adjective Not deeper than the skin; hence, superficial. Lowell.
Skinbound adjective Having the skin adhering closely and rigidly to the flesh; hidebound. Skinbound disease
. (Medicine) See Sclerema neonatorum , under Sclerema .
Skinch transitive verb & i.
[ imperfect & past participle Skinched
; present participle & verbal noun Skinching
.] [ Confer Scant
.] To give scant measure; to squeeze or pinch in order to effect a saving.
[ Prev. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.]
Skinflint noun [ Skin + flint .] A penurious person; a miser; a niggard. Sir W. Scott.
; plural Skinfuls As much as a skin can hold.
Skink noun [ Latin scincus , Greek .............] [ Written also scink .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of regularly scaled harmless lizards of the family Scincidæ , common in the warmer parts of all the continents. » The officinal skink ( Scincus officinalis ) inhabits the sandy plains of South Africa. It was believed by the ancients to be a specific for various diseases. A common slender species ( Seps tridactylus ) of Southern Europe was formerly believed to produce fatal diseases in cattle by mere contact. The American skinks include numerous species of the genus Eumeces , as the blue-tailed skink ( E. fasciatus ) of the Eastern United States. The ground skink, or ground lizard ( Oligosoma laterale ) inhabits the Southern United States.
Skink transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Skinked
; present participle & verbal noun Skinking
.] [ Icelandic skenja
; akin to Swedish skäka
, Danish skienke
, Anglo-Saxon scencan
, D. & German schenken
. As. scencan
is usually derived from sceonc
, shank, a hollow bone being supposed to have been used to draw off liquor from a cask. √161. See Shank
, and confer Nunchion
.] To draw or serve, as drink.
Bacchus the wine them skinketh all about. Chaucer.
Such wine as Ganymede doth skink to Jove. Shirley.
Skink intransitive verb To serve or draw liquor. [ Obsolete]
Skink noun Drink; also, pottage. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Skinker noun One who serves liquor; a tapster.
Skinless adjective Having no skin, or a very thin skin; as, skinless fruit.
1. One who skins. 2. One who deals in skins, pelts, or hides.
Skinniness noun Quality of being skinny.
Skinny adjective Consisting, or chiefly consisting, of skin; wanting flesh.
He holds him with a skinny hand. Coleridge.
[ See Skep
.] 1. A basket. See Skep .
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.] 2. A basket on wheels, used in cotton factories. 3. (Mining) An iron bucket, which slides between guides, for hoisting mineral and rock. 4. (Sugar Manuf.) A charge of sirup in the pans. 5. A beehive; a skep.
Skip intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Skipped
; present participle & verbal noun Skipping
.] [ Middle English skippen
, of uncertain origin; confer Icelandic skopa
to spin like a top, OSw. & dial. Swedish skimmpa
to run, skimpa
, to hop, skip; or Ir. sgiob
to snatch, Gael. sgiab
to start or move suddenly, to snatch, W. ysgipio
to snatch.] 1. To leap lightly; to move in leaps and hounds; -- commonly implying a sportive spirit.
The lamb thy riot dooms to bleed to-day, Pope.
Had he thy reason, would he skip and play?
So she drew her mother away skipping , dancing, and frisking fantastically. Hawthorne. 2. Fig.: To leave matters unnoticed, as in reading, speaking, or writing; to pass by, or overlook, portions of a thing; -- often followed by over .
Skip transitive verb 1. To leap lightly over; as, to skip the rope. 2. To pass over or by without notice; to omit; to miss; as, to skip a line in reading; to skip a lesson.
They who have a mind to see the issue may skip these two chapters. Bp. Burnet. 3. To cause to skip; as, to skip a stone.
Skip noun 1. A light leap or bound. 2. The act of passing over an interval from one thing to another; an omission of a part. 3. (Mus.) A passage from one sound to another by more than a degree at once. Busby. Skip kennel
, a lackey; a footboy.
[ Slang.] Swift.
-- Skip mackerel
. (Zoology) See Bluefish , 1.