Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Otter noun [ Middle English oter , Anglo-Saxon otor ; akin to D. & German otter , Icelandic otr , Danish odder , Swedish utter , Lithuanian udra , Russ, vuidra , Greek "y`dra water serpent, hydra, Sanskrit udra otter, and also to English water . √137, 215. See Water , and confer Hydra .]


1. (Zoology) Any carnivorous animal of the genus Lutra , and related genera. Several species are described. They have large, flattish heads, short ears, and webbed toes. They are aquatic, and feed on fish. Their fur is soft and valuable. The common otter of Europe is Lutra vulgaris ; the American otter is Latin Canadensis ; other species inhabit South America and Asia.

2. (Zoology) The larva of the ghost moth. It is very injurious to hop vines.

Otter hound , Otter dog (Zoology) , a small breed of hounds, used in England for hunting otters. -- Otter sheep . See Ancon sheep , under Ancon . -- Otter shell (Zoology) , very large bivalve mollusk ( Schizothærus Nuttallii ) found on the northwest coast of America. It is excellent food, and is extensively used by the Indians. -- Sea otter . (Zoology) See in the Vocabulary.

Otter noun A corruption of Annotto .

Otto noun See Attar .

Otto cycle (Thermodynamics) A four- stroke cycle for internal-combustion engines consisting of the following operations: First stroke, suction into cylinder of explosive charge, as of gas and air; second stroke, compression, ignition, and explosion of this charge; third stroke (the working stroke), expansion of the gases; fourth stroke, expulsion of the products of combustion from the cylinder. This is the cycle invented by Beau de Rochas in 1862 and applied by Dr. Otto in 1877 in the Otto-Crossley gas engine, the first commercially successful internal-combustion engine made.

Otto engine An engine using the Otto cycle.

Ottoman adjective [ French ottoman : confer Italian ottomano , ottomanno ; -- from Othoman , Othman , or Osman , the name of a sultan who assumed the government of Turkey about the year 1300. Confer Osmanli , Ottoman a stuffed seat.] Of or pertaining to the Turks; as, the Ottoman power or empire.

Ottoman noun ; plural Ottomans
1. A Turk.

2. [ French ottomane , from ottoman Turkish.] A stuffed seat without a back, originally used in Turkey.

Ottomite noun An Ottoman. [ R.] Shak.

Ottrelite noun [ From Ottrez , on the borders of Luxembourg.] (Min.) A micaceous mineral occurring in small scales. It is characteristic of certain crystalline schists.

Ouakari noun [ From the native name.] (Zoology) Any South American monkey of the genus Brachyurus , especially B. ouakari .

Ouananiche noun [ Canadian F., of Amer. Indian origin.] A small landlocked variety of the Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar ounaniche ) of Lake St. John, Canada, and neighboring waters, noted for its vigor and activity, and habit of leaping from the water when hooked.

Ouanderoo noun (Zoology) The wanderoo.

Ouarine noun [ French] (Zoology) A Brazilian monkey of the genus Mycetes.

Oubliette noun [ French, from oublier to forget, from (assumed) Late Latin oblitare , Latin oblivisci , past participle oblitus .] A dungeon with an opening only at the top, found in some old castles and other strongholds, into which persons condemned to perpetual imprisonment, or to perish secretly, were thrust, or lured to fall.

Sudden in the sun
An oubliette winks. Where is he? Gone.
Mrs. Browning.

Ouch (ouch) noun [ Middle English ouch , nouche ( a nouch being taken for an ouch : confer Adder ), from Old French nusche , nosche , nousche , buckle, clasp, Late Latin nusca , from Old High German nusca , nuscha .] A socket or bezel holding a precious stone; hence, a jewel or ornament worn on the person.

A precious stone in a rich ouche .
Sir T. Elyot.

Your brooches, pearls, and ouches .
Shak.

Oughne (ō"n e ) adjective Own. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ought (at) noun & adverb See Aught .

Ought imperfect , past participle , or auxiliary . [ Orig. the preterit of the verb to owe . Middle English oughte , aughte , ahte , Anglo-Saxon āhte . √110. See Owe .]
1. Was or were under obligation to pay; owed. [ Obsolete]

This due obedience which they ought to the king.
Tyndale.

The love and duty I long have ought you.
Spelman.

[ He] said . . . you ought him a thousand pound.
Shak.

2. Owned; possessed. [ Obsolete]

The knight the which that castle ought .
Spenser.

3. To be bound in duty or by moral obligation.

We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak.
Rom. xv. 1.

4. To be necessary, fit, becoming, or expedient; to behoove; -- in this sense formerly sometimes used impersonally or without a subject expressed. "Well ought us work." Chaucer.

To speak of this as it ought , would ask a volume.
Milton.

Ought not Christ to have suffered these things?
Luke xxiv. 26.

» Ought is now chiefly employed as an auxiliary verb, expressing fitness, expediency, propriety, moral obligation, or the like, in the action or state indicated by the principal verb.

Syn. -- Ought , Should . Both words imply obligation, but ought is the stronger. Should may imply merely an obligation of propriety, expendiency, etc.; ought denotes an obligation of duty.

Oughtness noun The state of being as a thing ought to be; rightness. [ R.] N. W. Taylor.

Oughwhere adverb [ Anglo-Saxon āhwær .] Anywhere; somewhere. See Owher . [ Obsolete]

Ouistiti noun [ French] (Zoology) See Wistit .

Oul noun An awl. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Oul noun An owl. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Oulachan noun (Zoology) Same as Eulachon .

Ounce noun [ French once , from Latin uncia a twelfth, the twelfth part of a pound or of a foot: confer Greek ... bulk, mass, atom. Confer 2d Inch , Oke .]
1. A weight, the sixteenth part of a pound avoirdupois, and containing 437... grains.

2. (Troy Weight) The twelfth part of a troy pound.

» The troy ounce contains twenty pennyweights, each of twenty-four grains, or, in all, 480 grains, and is the twelfth part of the troy pound. The troy ounce is also a weight in apothecaries' weight. [ Troy ounce is sometimes written as one word, troyounce .]

3. Fig.: A small portion; a bit. [ Obsolete]

By ounces hung his locks that he had.
Chaucer.

Fluid ounce . See under Fluid , noun

Ounce noun [ French once ; confer Italian lonza , Spanish onza ; probably for lonce , taken as l'once , from Latin lynx , Greek ..., or an (assumed) fem. adj. lyncea , from lynx . Confer Lynx .] (Zoology) A feline quadruped ( Felis irbis, or uncia ) resembling the leopard in size, and somewhat in color, but it has longer and thicker fur, which forms a short mane on the back. The ounce is pale yellowish gray, with irregular dark spots on the neck and limbs, and dark rings on the body. It inhabits the lofty mountain ranges of Asia. Called also once .

Ounded, Oundy adjective [ French ondé , -ée , from onde , Latin unda , a wave.] Wavy; waving... curly. [ Obsolete] " Owndie hair." Chaucer.

Ounding verbal noun Waving. [ Obsolete]

Ounding , paling, winding, or bending . . . of cloth.
Chaucer.

Ouphe noun [ See Auf .] A fairy; a goblin; an elf. [ Obsolete] "Like urchins, ouphes , and fairies." Shak.

Ouphen adjective Elfish. [ Obsolete]

Our possessive pron. [ Anglo-Saxon ...re our, of us; akin to ...s us, to us, and to German unser our, of us, Goth. unsara . √186 See Us .] Of or pertaining to us; belonging to us; as, our country; our rights; our troops; our endeavors. See I .

The Lord is our defense.
Ps. lxxxix. 18.

» When the noun is not expressed, ours is used in the same way as hers for her , yours for your , etc.; as, whose house is that? It is ours .

Our wills are ours , we known not how.
Tennyson.

Ourang noun (Zoology) The orang-outang.

Ourang-outang noun (Zoology) See Orang-outang .

Ouranographist noun See Uranographist .

Ouranography noun See Uranography .

Ourebi noun (Zoology) A small, graceful, and swift African antelope, allied to the klipspringer.

Ouretic adjective [ Greek ..., from ... urine. Confer Uretic .] (Chemistry) Uric.

Ourology noun See Urology .

Ouroscopy noun [ Greek ... urine + -scopy .] Ourology.

Ours possessive pron. See Note under Our .

Ourselves pron. ; sing . Ourself An emphasized form of the pronoun of the first person plural; -- used as a subject, usually with we ; also, alone in the predicate, in the nominative or the objective case.

We ourselves might distinctly number in words a great deal further then we usually do.
Locke.

Safe in ourselves , while on ourselves we stand.
Dryden.

» The form ourself is usec only in the regal or formal style after we or us , denoting a single person.

Unless we would denude ourself of all force.
Clarendon.

Ouse noun & v. See Ooze . [ Obsolete]

Ousel noun [ Middle English osel , Anglo-Saxon ...sle ; akin to German amsel , Old High German amsala , and perhaps to Latin merula blackbird. Confer Merle , Amsel .] (Zoology) One of several species of European thrushes, especially the blackbird ( Merula merula , or Turdus merula ), and the mountain or ring ousel ( Turdus torquatus ). [ Written also ouzel .]

Rock ousel (Zoology) , the ring ousel. -- Water ousel (Zoology) , the European dipper ( Cinclus aquaticus ), and the American dipper ( C. Mexicanus ).

Oust noun See Oast .

Oust transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Ousted ; present participle & verbal noun Ousting .] [ Old French oster , French ôter , probably from Latin obstare to oppose, hence, to forbid, take away. See Obstacle , and confer Ouster .]
1. To take away; to remove.

Multiplication of actions upon the case were rare, formerly, and thereby wager of law ousted .
Sir M. Hale.

2. To eject; to turn out. Blackstone.

From mine own earldom foully ousted me.
Tennyson.

Ouster noun [ Prob. from the Old French infin. oster , used substantively. See Oust .] A putting out of possession; dispossession; ejection; disseizin.

Ouster of the freehold is effected by abatement, intrusion, disseizin, discontinuance, or deforcement.
Blackstone.

Ouster le main . [ Ouster + French la main the hand, Latin manus .] (Law) A delivery of lands out of the hands of a guardian, or out of the king's hands, or a judgement given for that purpose. Blackstone.

Out adverb [ Middle English out , ut , oute , ute , Anglo-Saxon ūt , and ūte , ūtan , from ūt ; akin to Dutch uit , Old Saxon ūt , German aus , Old High German ūz , Icelandic ūt , Swedish ut , Danish ud , Goth. ut , Sanskrit ud . √198. Confer About , But , preposition , Carouse , Utter , adjective ] In its original and strict sense, out means from the interior of something; beyond the limits or boundary of somethings; in a position or relation which is exterior to something; -- opposed to in or into . The something may be expressed after of , from , etc. (see Out of , below); or, if not expressed, it is implied; as, he is out ; or, he is out of the house, office, business, etc.; he came out ; or, he came out from the ship, meeting, sect, party, etc. Out is used in a variety of applications, as: --


1. Away; abroad; off; from home, or from a certain, or a usual, place; not in; not in a particular, or a usual, place; as, the proprietor is out , his team was taken out . "My shoulder blade is out ." Shak.

He hath been out (of the country) nine years.
Shak.

2. Beyond the limits of concealment, confinement, privacy, constraint, etc., actual of figurative; hence, not in concealment, constraint, etc., in, or into, a state of freedom, openness, disclosure, publicity, etc.; as, the sun shines out ; he laughed out , to be out at the elbows; the secret has leaked out , or is out ; the disease broke out on his face; the book is out .

Leaves are out and perfect in a month.
Bacon.

She has not been out [ in general society] very long.
H. James.

3. Beyond the limit of existence, continuance, or supply; to the end; completely; hence, in, or into, a condition of extinction, exhaustion, completion; as, the fuel, or the fire, has burned out . "Hear me out ." Dryden.

Deceitiful men shall not live out half their days.
Ps. iv. 23.

When the butt is out , we will drink water.
Shak.

4. Beyond possession, control, or occupation; hence, in, or into, a state of want, loss, or deprivation; -- used of office, business, property, knowledge, etc.; as, the Democrats went out and the Whigs came in; he put his money out at interest. "Land that is out at rack rent." Locke. "He was out fifty pounds." Bp. Fell.

I have forgot my part, and I am out .
Shak.

5. Beyond the bounds of what is true, reasonable, correct, proper, common, etc.; in error or mistake; in a wrong or incorrect position or opinion; in a state of disagreement, opposition, etc.; in an inharmonious relation. "Lancelot and I are out ." Shak.

Wicked men are strangely out in the calculating of their own interest.
South.

Very seldom out , in these his guesses.
Addison.

6. Not in the position to score in playing a game; not in the state or turn of the play for counting or gaining scores.

» Out is largely used in composition as a prefix, with the same significations that it has as a separate word; as out bound, out break, out building, out come, out do, out door, out field. See also the first Note under Over , adverb

Day in, day out , from the beginning to the limit of each of several days; day by day; every day. -- Out and out . (a) adverb Completely; wholly; openly. (b) adj. Without any reservation or disguise; absolute; as, an out and out villain . [ As an adj . written also out-and-out .] -- Out at , Out in , Out on , etc., elliptical phrases, that to which out refers as a source, origin, etc., being omitted; as, out (of the house and) at the barn; out (of the house, road, fields, etc., and) in the woods.

Three fishers went sailing out into the west,
Out into the west, as the sun went down.
C. Kingsley.

In these lines after out may be understood, "of the harbor," "from the shore," "of sight," or some similar phrase. The complete construction is seen in the saying: " Out of the frying pan into the fire." -- Out from , a construction similar to out of (below). See Of and From .

Out of , a phrase which may be considered either as composed of an adverb and a preposition, each having its appropriate office in the sentence, or as a compound preposition. Considered as a preposition, it denotes, with verbs of movement or action, from the interior of ; beyond the limit : from ; hence, origin , source , motive , departure , separation , loss , etc.; -- opposed to in or into ; also with verbs of being, the state of being derived, removed, or separated from. Examples may be found in the phrases below, and also under Vocabulary words; as, out of breath; out of countenance.

Out of cess , beyond measure, excessively. Shak. -- Out of character , unbecoming; improper. -- Out of conceit with , not pleased with. See under Conceit . -- Out of date , not timely; unfashionable; antiquated. -- Out of door , Out of doors , beyond the doors; from the house; in, or into, the open air; hence, figuratively, shut out; dismissed. See under Door , also, Out-of-door , Outdoor , Outdoors , in the Vocabulary. "He 's quality, and the question's out of door ," Dryden. -- Out of favor , disliked; under displeasure. -- Out of frame , not in correct order or condition; irregular; disarranged. Latimer. -- Out of hand , immediately; without delay or preparation. "Ananias . . . fell down and died out of hand ." Latimer. -- Out of harm's way , beyond the danger limit; in a safe place. -- Out of joint , not in proper connection or adjustment; unhinged; disordered. "The time is out of joint ." Shak. -- Out of mind , not in mind; forgotten; also, beyond the limit of memory; as, time out of mind . -- Out of one's head , beyond commanding one's mental powers; in a wandering state mentally; delirious. [ Colloq.] -- Out of one's time , beyond one's period of minority or apprenticeship. -- Out of order , not in proper order; disarranged; in confusion. -- Out of place , not in the usual or proper place; hence, not proper or becoming. -- Out of pocket , in a condition of having expended or lost more money than one has received. -- Out of print , not in market, the edition printed being exhausted; -- said of books, pamphlets, etc. -- Out of the question , beyond the limits or range of consideration; impossible to be favorably considered. -- Out of reach , beyond one's reach; inaccessible. -- Out of season , not in a proper season or time; untimely; inopportune. -- Out of sorts , wanting certain things; unsatisfied; unwell; unhappy; cross. See under Sort , noun -- Out of temper , not in good temper; irritated; angry. -- Out of time , not in proper time; too soon, or too late. - - Out of time , not in harmony; discordant; hence, not in an agreeing temper; fretful. -- Out of twist , winding , or wind , not in warped condition; perfectly plain and smooth; -- said of surfaces. -- Out of use , not in use; unfashionable; obsolete. -- Out of the way . (a) On one side; hard to reach or find; secluded . (b) Improper; unusual; wrong. -- Out of the woods , not in a place, or state, of obscurity or doubt; free from difficulty or perils; safe. [ Colloq.] -- Out to out , from one extreme limit to another, including the whole length, breadth, or thickness; -- applied to measurements. -- Out West , in or towards, the West; specifically, in some Western State or Territory. [ U. S.] -- To come out , To cut out , To fall out , etc. See under Come , Cut , Fall , etc. -- To put out of the way , to kill; to destroy. -- Week in, week out . See Day in, day out (above).

Out noun
1. One who, or that which, is out; especially, one who is out of office; -- generally in the plural.

2. A place or space outside of something; a nook or corner; an angle projecting outward; an open space; -- chiefly used in the phrase ins and outs ; as, the ins and outs of a question. See under In .

3. (Print.) A word or words omitted by the compositor in setting up copy; an omission.

To make an out (Print.) , to omit something, in setting or correcting type, which was in the copy.

Out transitive verb
1. To cause to be out; to eject; to expel.

A king outed from his country.
Selden.

The French have been outed of their holds.
Heylin.

2. To come out with; to make known. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

3. To give out; to dispose of; to sell. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Out intransitive verb To come or go out; to get out or away; to become public. "Truth will out ." Shak.

Out interj. Expressing impatience, anger, a desire to be rid of; -- with the force of command; go out; begone; away; off.

Out , idle words, servants to shallow fools !
Shak.

Out upon or on! equivalent to "shame upon!" "away with!" as, out upon you!