Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ From French mappe
, in mappemonde
map of the world, from Latin mappa
napkin, signal cloth; -- a Punic word. Confer Apron
.] 1. A representation of the surface of the earth, or of some portion of it, showing the relative position of the parts represented; -- usually on a flat surface. Also, such a representation of the celestial sphere, or of some part of it.
» There are five principal kinds of projection used in making maps: the orthographic
, the stereographic
, the globuar
, the conical
, and the cylindrical
, or Mercator's projection
. See Projection
. 2. Anything which represents graphically a succession of events, states, or acts; as, an historical map .
Thus is his cheek the map of days outworn. Shak. Map lichen (Botany)
, a lichen ( Lecidea geographica .) growing on stones in curious maplike figures. Dr. Prior.
Map transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Mapped
; present participle & verbal noun Mapping
.] To represent by a map; -- often with out ; as, to survey and map , or map out , a county . Hence, figuratively: To represent or indicate systematically and clearly; to sketch; to plan; as, to map , or map out , a journey; to map out business.
I am near to the place where they should meet, if Pisanio have mapped it truly. Shak.
Mapach noun [ Mexican.] The raccoon.
Maple noun [ Anglo-Saxon mapolder , mapulder , mapol ; akin to Icelandic möpurr ; confer Old High German mazzaltra , mazzoltra , German massholder .] (Botany) A tree of the genus Acer , including about fifty species. A. saccharinum is the rock maple, or sugar maple, from the sap of which sugar is made, in the United States, in great quantities, by evaporation; the red or swamp maple is A. rubrum ; the silver maple, A. dasycarpum , having fruit wooly when young; the striped maple, A. Pennsylvanium , called also moosewood . The common maple of Europe is A. campestre , the sycamore maple is A. Pseudo-platanus , and the Norway maple is A. platanoides . » Maple is much used adjectively, or as the first part of a compound; as, maple tree, maple leaf, etc. Bird's-eye maple , Curled maple , varieties of the wood of the rock maple, in which a beautiful lustrous grain is produced by the sinuous course of the fibers. -- Maple honey , Maple molasses , or Maple sirup , maple sap boiled to the consistency of molasses. -- Maple sugar , sugar obtained from the sap of the sugar maple by evaporation.
Maplike adjective Having or consisting of lines resembling a map; as, the maplike figures in which certain lichens grow.
Mappery noun [ From Map.] The making, or study, of maps. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Maqui noun (Botany) A Chilian shrub ( Aristotelia Maqui ). Its bark furnishes strings for musical instruments, and a medicinal wine is made from its berries.
Mar noun A small lake. See Mere .
[ Prov. Eng.]
Mar transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Marred
(märd); present participle & verbal noun Marring
.] [ Middle English marren
, Anglo-Saxon merran
(in comp.), to obstruct, impede, dissipate; akin to Old Saxon merrian
, Old High German marrjan
; confer Dutch marren
, to moor a ship, Icelandic merja
to bruise, crush, and Goth. marzjan
to offend. Confer Moor
] 1. To make defective; to do injury to, esp. by cutting off or defacing a part; to impair; to disfigure; to deface.
I pray you mar no more trees with wiring love songs in their barks. Shak.
But mirth is marred , and the good cheer is lost. Dryden.
Ire, envy, and despair Milton. 2. To spoil; to ruin.
Which marred all his borrowed visage.
"It makes us, or it mars
us." "Striving to mend, to mar
the subject." Shak.
Mar noun A mark or blemish made by bruising, scratching, or the like; a disfigurement.
Mara noun [ Sanskrit māra .] (Hind. Myth.) The principal or ruling evil spirit. E. Arnold.
[ Icelandic mara
nightmare, an ogress. See Nightmare
.] (Norse Myth.) A female demon who torments people in sleep by crouching on their chests or stomachs, or by causing terrifying visions.
Mara noun (Zoology) The Patagonian cavy ( Dolichotis Patagonicus ).
[ French] 1. (Zoology) A large stork of the genus Leptoptilos (formerly Ciconia ), esp. the African species ( Latin crumenifer ), which furnishes plumes worn as ornaments. The Asiatic species ( Latin dubius , or Latin argala ) is the adjutant. See Adjutant .
[ Written also marabu
.] 2. One having five eighths negro blood; the offspring of a mulatto and a griffe.
[ Louisiana] Bartlett.
Marabou noun A kind of thrown raw silk, nearly white naturally, but capable of being dyed without scouring; also, a thin fabric made from it, as for scarfs, which resembles the feathers of the marabou in delicacy, -- whence the name.
[ French, from Portuguese marabuto
, Arabic morābit
. Confer Maravedi
.] A Mohammedan saint; especially, one who claims to work cures supernaturally.
Maracan noun [ Braz. maracaná .] (Zoology) A macaw.
Marai noun A sacred inclosure or temple; -- so called by the islanders of the Pacific Ocean.
[ Aramaic māran athā
.] "Our Lord cometh;" -- an expression used by St. Paul at the conclusion of his first Epistle to the Corinthians (xvi. 22). This word has been used in anathematizing persons for great crimes; as much as to say, "May the Lord come quickly to take vengeance of thy crimes." See Anathema maranatha , under Anathema .
Maranta noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A genus of endogenous plants found in tropical America, and some species also in India. They have tuberous roots containing a large amount of starch, and from one species ( Maranta arundinacea ) arrowroot is obtained. Many kinds are cultivated for ornament.
Maraschino noun [ Italian , from marasca , amarasca , a sour cherry, Latin amarus bitter.] A liqueur distilled from fermented cherry juice, and flavored with the pit of a variety of cherry which grows in Dalmatia.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... , from ..., to quench, as fire; pass., to die away.] (Medicine) A wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease; a kind of consumption; atrophy; phthisis.
Pining atrophy, Milton. Marasmus senilis
Marasmus , and wide-wasting pestilence.
[ Latin ], progressive atrophy of the aged.
Marathi, Mahratta noun A Sanskritic language of western India, probably descended from the Maharastri Prakrit, spoken by the Marathas and neighboring peoples. It has an abundant literature dating from the 13th century. It has a book alphabet nearly the same as Devanagari and a cursive script translation between the Devanagari and the Gujarati.
Maraud intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Marauded
; present participle & verbal noun Marauding
.] [ French marauder
, from maraud
vagabond, Old French marault
; of uncertain origin, perhaps for malault
, from (assumed) Late Latin malaldus
; from Latin malus
bad, ill + a suffix of German origin (cf. Herald
). Confer Malice
.] To rove in quest of plunder; to make an excursion for booty; to plunder.
Maraud noun An excursion for plundering.
[ From Maraud
: confer French maraudeur
.] A rover in quest of booty or plunder; a plunderer; one who pillages. De Quincey.
[ Spanish maravedí
; -- so called from the Morābitīn
(lit., the steadfast), an Arabian dynasty which reigned in Africa and Spain. Confer Marabout
.] (Numis.) A small copper coin of Spain, equal to three mils American money, less than a farthing sterling. Also, an ancient Spanish gold coin.
[ Middle English marbel
, French marbre
, Latin marmor
, from Greek ma`rmaros
, from marmai`rein
to sparkle, flash. Confer Marmoreal
.] 1. A massive, compact limestone; a variety of calcite, capable of being polished and used for architectural and ornamental purposes. The color varies from white to black, being sometimes yellow, red, and green, and frequently beautifully veined or clouded. The name is also given to other rocks of like use and appearance, as serpentine or verd antique marble, and less properly to polished porphyry, granite, etc.
» Breccia marble
consists of limestone fragments cemented together. -- Ruin marble
, when polished, shows forms resembling ruins, due to disseminated iron oxide. -- Shell marble
contains fossil shells. -- Statuary marble
is a pure, white, fine-grained kind, including Parian
(from Paros) and Carrara
marble. If coarsely granular it is called saccharoidal
. 2. A thing made of, or resembling, marble, as a work of art, or record, in marble; or, in the plural, a collection of such works; as, the Arundel or Arundelian marbles ; the Elgin marbles . 3. A little ball of marble, or of some other hard substance, used as a plaything by children; or, in the plural, a child's game played with marbles.
is also much used in self-explaining compounds; when used figuratively in compounds it commonly means, hard, cold, destitute of compassion or feeling; as, marble-
1. Made of, or resembling, marble; as, a marble mantel; marble paper. 2. Cold; hard; unfeeling; as, a marble breast or heart.
Marble transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Marbled
; present participle & verbal noun Marbling
.] [ Confer French marbrer
. See Marble
] To stain or vein like marble; to variegate in color; as, to marble the edges of a book, or the surface of paper.
Marble-edged adjective Having the edge veined or spotted with different colors like marble, as a book.
Marbled adjective 1. Made of, or faced with, marble.
[ Obsolete] "The marbled
mansion." Shak. 2. Made to resemble marble; veined or spotted like marble.
paper." Boyle. 3. (zoöl.) Varied with irregular markings, or witch a confused blending of irregular spots and streaks.
Marbleize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Marbleized
; present participle & verbal noun Marbleizing
.] To stain or grain in imitation of marble; to cover with a surface resembling marble; as, to marbleize slate, wood, or iron.
1. One who works upon marble or other stone. [ R.] Fuller. 2. One who colors or stains in imitation of marble.
1. The art or practice of variegating in color, in imitation of marble. 2. An intermixture of fat and lean in meat, giving it a marbled appearance. 3. plural (Zoology) Distinct markings resembling the variegations of marble, as on birds and insects.
Marbly adjective Containing, or resembling, marble.
[ Late Latin , from Old French & French marble
marble. See Marble
.] A cloth woven so as to imitate the appearance of marble; -- much used in the 15th and 16th centuries. Beck (Draper's Dict.).
Marc noun [ French] The refuse matter which remains after the pressure of fruit, particularly of grapes.
[ Anglo-Saxon marc
; akin to German mark
, Icelandic mörk
, perhaps akin to English mark
a sign. √106, 273.] [ Written also mark
.] 1. A weight of various commodities, esp. of gold and silver, used in different European countries. In France and Holland it was equal to eight ounces. 2. A coin formerly current in England and Scotland, equal to thirteen shillings and four pence. 3. A German coin and money of account. See Mark .
[ Italian mercatante
. See Merchant
.] A merchant.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Marcasite noun [ French marcassite ; confer Italian marcassita , Spanish marquesita , Portuguese marquezita ; all from Arabic marqashītha .] (Min.) A sulphide of iron resembling pyrite or common iron pyrites in composition, but differing in form; white iron pyrites. Golden marcasite , tin. [ Obsolete]
Marcasitic, Marcasitical adjective Containing, or having the nature of, marcasite.
Marcassin noun [ French] (Her.) A young wild boar.
Marcato adjective [ Italian ] (Mus.) In a marked emphatic manner; -- used adverbially as a direction.
Marceline noun [ French, from Latin marcidus withered, from marcere to wither, shrivel.] A thin silk fabric used for linings, etc., in ladies' dresses.
Marcescent adjective [ Latin marcescens , present participle of marcescere to wither, decay, from marcere to wither, droop: confer French marcescent .] (Botany) Withering without falling off; fading; decaying.
Marcescible adjective [ Confer French marcescible .] Liable to wither or decay.