Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Manca noun [ Late Latin ] See Mancus .

Manche noun [ Also maunch .] [ French manche , from Latin manica . See Manacle .] A sleeve. [ Obsolete]

Manchet noun Fine white bread; a loaf of fine bread. [ Archaic] Bacon. Tennyson.

Manchineel noun [ Spanish manzanillo , from manzana an apple, from Latin malum Matianum a kind of apple. So called from its apple-like fruit.] (Botany) A euphorbiaceous tree ( Hippomane Mancinella ) of tropical America, having a poisonous and blistering milky juice, and poisonous acrid fruit somewhat resembling an apple.

Bastard manchineel , a tree ( Cameraria latifolia ) of the East Indies, having similar poisonous properties. Lindley.

Manchu adjective [ Written also Manchoo , Mantchoo , etc.] Of or pertaining to Manchuria or its inhabitants. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Manchuria; also, the language spoken by the Manchus.

Mancipate transitive verb [ Latin mancipatus , past participle of mancipare to sell. Confer Emancipate .] To enslave; to bind; to restrict. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.

Mancipation noun [ Latin mancipatio a transfer.] Slavery; involuntary servitude. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Manciple noun [ From Old French mancipe slave, servant (with l inserted, as in participle ), from Latin mancipium . See Mancipate .] A steward; a purveyor, particularly of a college or Inn of Court. Chaucer.

Mancona bark See Sassy bark .

Mancus noun [ Anglo-Saxon ] An old Anglo Saxon coin both of gold and silver, and of variously estimated values. The silver mancus was equal to about one shilling of modern English money.

Mand noun A demand. [ Obsolete] See Demand .

Mandamus noun [ Latin , we command, from mandare to command.] (Law) A writ issued by a superior court and directed to some inferior tribunal, or to some corporation or person exercising authority, commanding the performance of some specified duty.

Mandarin noun [ Portuguese mandarim , from Malay mantrī minister of state, prop. a Hind. word, from Sanskrit mantrin a counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.]
1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official in China and Annam.

2. (Botany) A small orange, with easily separable rind. It is thought to be of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species ( Citrus nobilis ).

Mandarin duck (Zoology) , a beautiful Asiatic duck ( Dendronessa galericulata ), often domesticated, and regarded by the Chinese as an emblem of conjugal affection. -- Mandarin language , the spoken or colloquial language of educated people in China. -- Mandarin yellow (Chemistry) , an artificial aniline dyestuff used for coloring silk and wool, and regarded as a complex derivative of quinoline.

Mandarinate noun The collective body of officials or persons of rank in China. S. W. Williams.

Mandarinic adjective Appropriate or peculiar to a mandarin.

Mandarining noun (Dyeing) The process of giving an orange color to goods formed of animal tissue, as silk or wool, not by coloring matter, but by producing a certain change in the fiber by the action of dilute nitric acid. Tomlinson.

Mandarinism noun A government mandarins; character or spirit of the mandarins. F. Lieder.

Mandatary noun [ Latin mandatarius, from mandatum a charge, commission, order: confer French mandataire . See Mandate .]
1. One to whom a command or charge is given; hence, specifically, a person to whom the pope has, by his prerogative, given a mandate or order for his benefice. Ayliffe.

2. (Law) One who undertakes to discharge a specific business commission; a mandatory. Wharton.

Mandate noun [ Latin mandatum , from mandare to commit to one's charge, order, orig., to put into one's hand; manus hand + dare to give: confer French mandat . See Manual , Date a time, and confer Commend , Maundy Thursday .]
1. An official or authoritative command; an order or injunction; a commission; a judicial precept.

This dream all-powerful Juno; I bear
Her mighty mandates , and her words you hear.
Dryden.

2. (Canon Law) A rescript of the pope, commanding an ordinary collator to put the person therein named in possession of the first vacant benefice in his collation.

3. (Scots Law) A contract by which one employs another to manage any business for him. By the Roman law, it must have been gratuitous. Erskine.

Mandator noun [ Latin ]
1. A director; one who gives a mandate or order. Ayliffe.

2. (Rom. Law) The person who employs another to perform a mandate. Bouvier.

Mandatory adjective [ Latin mandatorius .] Containing a command; preceptive; directory.

Mandatory noun Same as Mandatary .

Mandelate noun (Chemistry) A salt of mandelic acid.

Mandelic adjective [ German mandel almond.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to an acid first obtained from benzoic aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a white crystalline substance; -- called also phenyl glycolic acid .

Mander transitive verb & i. See Maunder .

Manderil noun A mandrel.

Mandible noun [ Latin mandibula , mandibulum , from mandere to chew. Confer Manger .]
1. (Anat.) The bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior maxilla; -- also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the beak of birds.

2. (Zoology) The anterior pair of mouth organs of insects, crustaceaus, and related animals, whether adapted for biting or not. See Illust. of Diptera .

Mandibular adjective [ Confer French mandibulaire .] Of or pertaining to a mandible; like a mandible. -- noun The principal mandibular bone; the mandible.

Mandibular arch (Anat.) , the most anterior visceral arch, -- that in which the mandible is developed.

Mandibulate noun (Zoology) An insect having mandibles.

Mandibulate, Mandibulated adjective (Zoology) Provided with mandibles adapted for biting, as many insects.

Mandibuliform adjective (Zoology) Having the form of a mandible; -- said especially of the maxillæ of an insect when hard and adapted for biting.

Mandibulohyoid adjective (Anat.) Pertaining both to the mandibular and the hyoid arch, or situated between them.

Mandil (măn"dĭl) noun [ Old French mandil ; confer Spanish & Portuguese mandil a coarse apron, a haircloth; all from Arabic mandil tablecloth, handkerchief, mantle, from LGr. mandh`lion , from Latin mantile , mantele . See Mantle .] A loose outer garment worn the 16th and 17th centuries.

Mandilion noun See Mandil . Chapman.

Mandingos noun plural sing. Mandingo . (Ethnol.) An extensive and powerful tribe of West African negroes.

Mandioc Man`di*o"ca noun (Botany) See Manioc .

Mandlestone noun [ German mandelstein almond stone.] (Min.) Amygdaloid.

Mandment noun Commandment. [ Obsolete]

Mandola noun [ Italian See Mandolin .] (Mus.) An instrument closely resembling the mandolin, but of larger size and tuned lower.

Mandolin, Mandoline noun [ French mandoline , Italian mandolino , dim. of mandola , from Latin pandura . See Bandore .] (Mus.) A small and beautifully shaped instrument resembling the lute.

Mandore noun [ See Mandolin , and Bandore .] (Mus.) A kind of four-stringed lute.

Mandragora noun [ Latin , mandragoras the mandrake.] (Botany) A genus of plants; the mandrake. See Mandrake , 1.

Mandragorite noun One who habitually intoxicates himself with a narcotic obtained from mandrake.

Mandrake (măn"drāk) noun [ Anglo-Saxon mandragora , Latin mandragoras , from Greek mandrago`ras : confer French mandragore .]
1. (Botany) A low plant ( Mandragora officinarum ) of the Nightshade family, having a fleshy root, often forked, and supposed to resemble a man. It was therefore supposed to have animal life, and to cry out when pulled up. All parts of the plant are strongly narcotic. It is found in the Mediterranean region.

And shrieks like mandrakes , torn out of the earth,
That living mortals, hearing them, run mad.
Shak.

» The mandrake of Scripture was perhaps the same plant, but proof is wanting.

2. (Botany) The May apple ( Podophyllum peltatum ). See May apple under May , and Podophyllum . [ U.S.]

Mandrel noun [ French mandrin , probably through (assumed) Late Latin mamphurinum , from Latin mamphur a bow drill.] (Machinery) (a) A bar of metal inserted in the work to shape it, or to hold it, as in a lathe, during the process of manufacture; an arbor. (b) The live spindle of a turning lathe; the revolving arbor of a circular saw. It is usually driven by a pulley. [ Written also manderil .]

Mandrel lathe , a lathe with a stout spindle, adapted esp. for chucking, as for forming hollow articles by turning or spinning.

Mandrill (-drĭl) noun [ Confer French mandrille , Spanish mandril , Italian mandrillo ; probably the native name in Africa. Confer Drill an ape.] (Zoology) A large West African baboon ( Cynocephalus, or Papio, mormon ). The adult male has, on the sides of the nose, large, naked, grooved swellings, conspicuously striped with blue and red.

Manducable adjective [ Confer French manducable . See Manducate .] Such as can be chewed; fit to be eaten. [ R.]

Any manducable creature.
Sir T. Herbert.

Manducate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Manducated ; present participle & verbal noun Manducating .] [ Latin manducatus , past participle of manducare to chew. See Manger .] To masticate; to chew; to eat. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.

Manducation noun [ Latin manducatio : confer French manducation .] The act of chewing. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.