Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Inhibitory adjective [ Late Latin inhibitorius : confer French inhibitoire .] Of or pertaining to, or producing, inhibition; consisting in inhibition; tending or serving to inhibit; as, the inhibitory action of the pneumogastric on the respiratory center.

I would not have you consider these criticisms as inhibitory .
Lamb.

Inhibitory nerves (Physiol.) , those nerves which modify, inhibit, or suppress a motor or secretory act already in progress.

Inhibitory-motor adjective (Physiol.) A term applied to certain nerve centers which govern or restrain subsidiary centers, from which motor impressions issue. McKendrick.

Inhive transitive verb To place in a hive; to hive.

Inhold transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inheld ; present participle & verbal noun Inholding .] To have inherent; to contain in itself; to possess. [ Obsolete] Sir W. Raleigh.

Inholder noun An inhabitant. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Inhoop transitive verb To inclose in a hoop, or as in a hoop. [ R.] Shak.

Inhospitable adjective [ Prefix in- not + hospitable : confer Latin inhospitalis .]


1. Not hospitable; not disposed to show hospitality to strangers or guests; as, an inhospitable person or people.

Have you no touch of pity, that the poor
Stand starved at your inhospitable door?
Cowper.

2. Affording no shelter or sustenance; barren; desert; bleak; cheerless; wild. " Inhospitable wastes." Blair.

-- In*hos"pi*ta*ble*ness , noun -- In*hos"pi*ta*bly , adverb

Inhospitality noun [ Latin inhospitalitas : confer French inhospitalité . See In- not, and Hospitality .] The quality or state of being inhospitable; inhospitableness; lack of hospitality. Bp. Hall.

Inhuman adjective [ Latin inhumanus : confer French inhumain . See In- not, and Human .]


1. Destitute of the kindness and tenderness that belong to a human being; cruel; barbarous; savage; unfeeling; as, an inhuman person or people.

2. Characterized by, or attended with, cruelty; as, an inhuman act or punishment.

Syn. -- Cruel; unfeeling; pitiless; merciless; savage; barbarous; brutal; ferocious; ruthless; fiendish.

Inhumanity noun ; plural Inhumanities . [ Latin inhumanitas : confer French inhumanité .] The quality or state of being inhuman; cruelty; barbarity.

Man's inhumanity to man
Makes countless thousands mourn.
Burns.

Inhumanly adverb In an inhuman manner; cruelly; barbarously.

Inhumate transitive verb [ Latin inhumatus , past participle of inhumare to inhume; prefix in- in + humare to cover with earth. See Humation , and confer Inhume .] To inhume; to bury; to inter. Hedge.

Inhumation noun [ Confer French inhumation .]


1. The act of inhuming or burying; interment.

2. (Old Chem.) The act of burying vessels in warm earth in order to expose their contents to a steady moderate heat; the state of being thus exposed.

3. (Medicine) Arenation.

Inhume transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inhumed ; present participle & verbal noun Inhuming .] [ Confer French inhumer . See Inhumate .]


1. To deposit, as a dead body, in the earth; to bury; to inter.

Weeping they bear the mangled heaps of slain,
Inhume the natives in their native plain.
Pope.

2. To bury or place in warm earth for chemical or medicinal purposes.

Inia noun (Zoology) A South American freshwater dolphin ( Inia Boliviensis ). It is ten or twelve feet long, and has a hairy snout.

Inial adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the inion.

Inimaginable adjective Unimaginable; inconceivable. [ R.] Bp. Pearson.

Inimical adjective [ Latin inimicalis , from inimicus unfriendly, hostile; prefix in- not + amicus friendly. See Amity .]


1. Having the disposition or temper of an enemy; unfriendly; unfavorable; -- chiefly applied to private , as hostile is to public , enmity.

2. Opposed in tendency, influence, or effects; antagonistic; inconsistent; incompatible; adverse; repugnant.

We are at war with a system, which, by its essence, is inimical to all other governments.
Burke.

Inimicality noun The state or quality of being inimical or hostile; hostility; unfriendliness. [ R.]

Inimically adverb In an inimical manner.

Inimicitious adjective [ Latin inimicitia enmity. See Inimical .] Inimical; unfriendly. [ R.] Sterne.

Inimicous adjective [ Latin inimicus .] Inimical; hurtful. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Inimitability noun The quality or state of being inimitable; inimitableness. Norris.

Inimitable adjective [ Latin inimitabilis : confer French inimitable . See In- not, and Imitable .] Not capable of being imitated, copied, or counterfeited; beyond imitation; surpassingly excellent; matchless; unrivaled; exceptional; unique; as, an inimitable style; inimitable eloquence. " Inimitable force." Dryden.

Performing such inimitable feats.
Cowper.

-- In*im"i*ta*ble*ness , noun -- In*im"i*ta*bly , adverb

Inion noun [ New Latin , from Greek 'ini`on the back of the head.] (Anat.) The external occipital protuberance of the skull.

Iniquitous adjective [ From Iniquity .] Characterized by iniquity; unjust; wicked; as, an iniquitous bargain; an iniquitous proceeding.

Demagogues . . . bribed to this iniquitous service.
Burke.

Syn. -- Wicked; wrong; unjust; unrighteous; nefarious; criminal. -- Iniquitous , Wicked , Nefarious . Wicked is the generic term. Iniquitous is stronger, denoting a violation of the rights of others, usually by fraud or circumvention. Nefarious is still stronger, implying a breach of the most sacred obligations, and points more directly to the intrinsic badness of the deed.

Iniquitously adverb In an iniquitous manner; unjustly; wickedly.

Iniquity noun ; plural Iniquities . [ Middle English iniquitee , French iniquité , Latin iniquitas , inequality, unfairness, injustice. See Iniquous .]


1. Absence of, or deviation from, just dealing; want of rectitude or uprightness; gross injustice; unrighteousness; wickedness; as, the iniquity of bribery; the iniquity of an unjust judge.

Till the world from his perfection fell
Into all filth and foul iniquity .
Spenser.

2. An iniquitous act or thing; a deed of injustice or unrighteousness; a sin; a crime. Milton.

Your iniquities have separated between you and your God.
Is. lix. 2.

3. A character or personification in the old English moralities, or moral dramas, having the name sometimes of one vice and sometimes of another. See Vice .

Acts old Iniquity , and in the fit
Of miming gets the opinion of a wit.
B. Jonson.

Iniquous adjective [ Latin iniquus ; prefix in- not + aequus . See Equal .] Iniquitous. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Inirritable adjective [ Prefix in- not + irritable : confer French inirritable .] Not irritable; esp. (Physiol.) , incapable of being stimulated to action, as a muscle. -- In*ir`ri*ta*bil"i*ty noun

Inirritative adjective Not accompanied with excitement; as, an inirritative fever. E. Darwin.

Inisle transitive verb [ Confer Enisled .] To form into an island; to surround. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Initial adjective [ Latin initialis , from initium a going in, entrance, beginning, from inire to go into, to enter, begin; prefix in- in + ire to go: confer French initial . See Issue , and confer Commence .]


1. Of or pertaining to the beginning; marking the commencement; incipient; commencing; as, the initial symptoms of a disease.

2. Placed at the beginning; standing at the head, as of a list or series; as, the initial letters of a name.

Initial noun The first letter of a word or a name.

Initial transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Initialed ; present participle & verbal noun Initialing .] To put an initial to; to mark with an initial of initials. [ R.]

Initially adverb In an initial or incipient manner or degree; at the beginning. Barrow.

Initiate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Initiated ; present participle & verbal noun Initiating .] [ Latin initiatus , past participle of initiare to begin, from initium beginning. See Initial .]


1. To introduce by a first act; to make a beginning with; to set afoot; to originate; to commence; to begin or enter upon.

How are changes of this sort to be initiated ?
I. Taylor.

2. To acquaint with the beginnings; to instruct in the rudiments or principles; to introduce.

Providence would only initiate mankind into the useful knowledge of her treasures, leaving the rest to employ our industry.
Dr. H. More.

To initiate his pupil into any part of learning, an ordinary skill in the governor is enough.
Locke.

3. To introduce into a society or organization; to confer membership on; especially, to admit to a secret order with mysterious rites or ceremonies.

The Athenians believed that he who was initiated and instructed in the mysteries would obtain celestial honor after death.
Bp. Warburton.

He was initiated into half a dozen clubs before he was one and twenty.
Spectator.

Initiate intransitive verb To do the first act; to perform the first rite; to take the initiative. [ R.] Pope.

Initiate adjective [ Latin initiatus , past participle ]


1. Unpracticed; untried; new. [ Obsolete] "The initiate fear that wants hard use." Shak.

2. Begun; commenced; introduced to, or instructed in, the rudiments; newly admitted.

To rise in science as in bliss,
Initiate in the secrets of the skies.
Young.

Initiate tenant by courtesy (Law) , said of a husband who becomes such in his wife's estate of inheritance by the birth of a child, but whose estate is not consummated till the death of the wife. Mozley & W.

Initiate noun One who is, or is to be, initiated.

Initiation noun [ Latin initiatio : confer French initiation .]


1. The act of initiating, or the process of being initiated or introduced; as, initiation into a society, into business, literature, etc. "The initiation of courses of events." Pope.

2. The form or ceremony by which a person is introduced into any society; mode of entrance into an organized body; especially, the rite of admission into a secret society or order.

Silence is the first thing that is taught us at our initiation into sacred mysteries.
Broome.

Initiative adjective [ Confer French initiatif .] Serving to initiate; inceptive; initiatory; introductory; preliminary.

Initiative noun [ Confer French initiative .]


1. An introductory step or movement; an act which originates or begins.

The undeveloped initiatives of good things to come.
I. Taylor.

2. The right or power to introduce a new measure or course of action, as in legislation; as, the initiative in respect to revenue bills is in the House of Representatives.

Initiative noun (Political Science) The right or procedure by which legislation may be introduced or enacted directly by the people, as in the Swiss Confederation and in many of the States of the United States; -- chiefly used with the . The procedure of the initiative is essentially as follows: Upon the filing of a petition signed by a required number or percentage of qualified voters the desired measure must be submitted to a popular vote, and upon receiving the required majority (commonly a majority of those voting on the measure submitted) it becomes a law. In some States of the United States the initiative is only local; in others it is state-wide and includes the making of constitutional amendments.

Initiator noun [ Latin ] One who initiates.

Initiatory adjective
1. Suitable for an introduction or beginning; introductory; prefatory; as, an initiatory step. Bp. Hall.

2. Tending or serving to initiate; introducing by instruction, or by the use and application of symbols or ceremonies; elementary; rudimentary.

Some initiatory treatises in the law.
Herbert.

Two initiatory rites of the same general import can not exist together.
J. M. Mason.

Initiatory noun An introductory act or rite. [ R.]

Inition noun [ Confer Old French inition . See Initial .] Initiation; beginning. [ Obsolete] Sir R. Naunton.

Inject transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Injected ; present participle & verbal noun Injecting .] [ Latin injectus , past participle of inicere , injicere , to throw in; prefix in- in + jacere to throw: confer French injecter . See Jet a shooting forth.]


1. To throw in; to dart in; to force in; as, to inject cold water into a condenser; to inject a medicinal liquid into a cavity of the body; to inject morphine with a hypodermic syringe.

2. Fig.: To throw; to offer; to propose; to instill.

Cæsar also, then hatching tyranny, injected the same scrupulous demurs.
Milton.

3. To cast or throw; -- with on . [ R.]

And mound inject on mound.
Pope.

4. (Anat.) To fill (a vessel, cavity, or tissue) with a fluid or other substance; as, to inject the blood vessels.

Injection noun [ Latin injectio : confer French injection .]
1. The act of injecting or throwing in; -- applied particularly to the forcible throwing in of a liquid, or aëriform body, by means of a syringe, pump, etc.

2. That which is injected; especially, a liquid medicine thrown into a cavity of the body by a syringe or pipe; a clyster; an enema. Mayne.

3. (Anat.) (a) The act or process of filling vessels, cavities, or tissues with a fluid or other substance. (b) A specimen prepared by injection.

4. (Steam Eng.) (a) The act of throwing cold water into a condenser to produce a vacuum. (b) The cold water thrown into a condenser.

Injection cock , or Injection valve (Steam Eng.) , the cock or valve through which cold water is admitted into a condenser. -- Injection condenser . See under Condenser . -- Injection pipe , the pipe through which cold water is through into the condenser of a steam engine.