Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Inflamed p. adjective
1. Set on fire; enkindled; heated; congested; provoked; exasperated. 2. (Her.) Represented as burning, or as adorned with tongues of flame.
Inflamer noun The person or thing that inflames. Addison.
Inflammabillty noun [ Confer French inflammabilite .] Susceptibility of taking fire readily; the state or quality of being inflammable.
Inflammable adjective [ CF. French inflammable .] Inflammable air , the old chemical name for hydrogen.
1. Capable of being easily set fire; easily enkindled; combustible; as, inflammable oils or spirits. 2. Excitable; irritable; irascible; easily provoked; as, an inflammable temper.
Inflammableness noun The quality or state of being inflammable; inflammability. Boyle.
Inflammably (ĭn*flăm"mȧ*blȳ) adverb In an inflammable manner.
[ Latin inflammatio
: confer French inflammation
. See Inflame
.] 1. The act of inflaming, kindling, or setting on fire; also, the state of being inflamed.
of fat." Wilkins. 2. (Medicine) A morbid condition of any part of the body, consisting in congestion of the blood vessels, with obstruction of the blood current, and growth of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by redness and swelling, attended with heat and pain. 3. Violent excitement; heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as, an inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties. Hooker.
Inflammative adjective Inflammatory.
[ Confer French inflammatoire
.] 1. Tending to inflame, kindle, or irritate. 2. Tending to excite anger, animosity, tumult, or sedition; seditious; as, inflammatory libels, writings, speeches, or publications. Burke. 3. (Medicine) Accompanied with, or tending to cause, preternatural heat and excitement of arterial action; as, an inflammatory disease. Inflammatory crust
. (Medicine) Same as Buffy coat , under Buffy .
-- Inflammatory fever
, a variety of fever due to inflammation.
Inflatable adjective That may be inflated.
Inflate p. adjective
[ Latin inflatus
, past participle of inflare
to inflate; prefix in-
in + flare
to blow. See Blow
to puff wind.] Blown in; inflated. Chaucer.
Inflate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Inflated
; present participle & verbal noun Inflating
.] 1. To swell or distend with air or gas; to dilate; to expand; to enlarge; as, to inflate a bladder; to inflate the lungs.
When passion's tumults in the bosom rise, J. Scott of Amwell. 2. Fig.: To swell; to puff up; to elate; as, to inflate one with pride or vanity.
Inflate the features, and enrage the eyes.
Inflate themselves with some insane delight. Tennyson. 3. To cause to become unduly expanded or increased; as, to inflate the currency.
Inflate intransitive verb To expand; to fill; to distend.
Inflated adjective 1. Filled, as with air or gas; blown up; distended; as, a balloon inflated with gas. 2. Turgid; swelling; puffed up; bombastic; pompous; as, an inflated style.
Inflated and astrut with self- conceit. Cowper. 3. (Botany) Hollow and distended, as a perianth, corolla, nectary, or pericarp. Martyn. 4. Distended or enlarged fictitiously; as, inflated prices, etc.
Inflater noun One who, or that which, inflates; as, the inflaters of the stock exchange.
Inflatingly adverb In a manner tending to inflate.
Inflation noun [ Latin inflatio : confer French inflation .]
1. The act or process of inflating, or the state of being inflated, as with air or gas; distention; expansion; enlargement. Boyle. 2. The state of being puffed up, as with pride; conceit; vanity. B. Jonson. 3. Undue expansion or increase, from overissue; -- said of currency. [ U.S.]
Inflationist noun One who favors an increased or very large issue of paper money. [ U.S.]
[ Latin See Inflate
, transitive verb
] A blowing or breathing into; inflation; inspiration.
The divine breath that blows the nostrils out Mrs. Browning.
To ineffable inflatus .
Inflect transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Inflected
; present participle & verbal noun Inflecting
.] [ Latin inflectere
; prefix in-
in + flectere
to bend. See Flexible
, and confer Inflex
.] 1. To turn from a direct line or course; to bend; to incline, to deflect; to curve; to bow.
Are they [ the rays of the sun] not reflected, refracted, and inflected by one and the same principle ? Sir I. Newton. 2. (Gram.) To vary, as a noun or a verb in its terminations; to decline, as a noun or adjective, or to conjugate, as a verb. 3. To modulate, as the voice.
Inflected adjective 1. Bent; turned; deflected. 2. (Gram.) Having inflections; capable of, or subject to, inflection; inflective. Inflected cycloid (Geom.)
, a prolate cycloid. See Cycloid .
[ Latin inflexio
: confer French inflexion
. See Inflect
.] [ Written also inflecxion
.] 1. The act of inflecting, or the state of being inflected. 2. A bend; a fold; a curve; a turn; a twist. 3. A slide, modulation, or accent of the voice; as, the rising and the falling inflection . 4. (Gram.) The variation or change which words undergo to mark case, gender, number, comparison, tense, person, mood, voice, etc. 5. (Mus.) (a) Any change or modification in the pitch or tone of the voice. (b) A departure from the monotone, or reciting note, in chanting. 6. (Opt.) Same as Diffraction . Point of inflection (Geom.)
, the point on opposite sides of which a curve bends in contrary ways.
Inflectional adjective Of or pertaining to inflection; having, or characterized by, inflection. Max Müller.
Inflective adjective 1. Capable of, or pertaining to, inflection; deflecting; as, the inflective quality of the air. Derham. 2. (Gram.) Inflectional; characterized by variation, or change in form, to mark case, tense, etc.; subject to inflection. Inflective language (Philol.)
, a language like the Greek or Latin, consisting largely of stems with variable terminations or suffixes which were once independent words. English is both agglutinative, as, manlike , headache , and inflective, as, he , his , him . Confer Agglutinative .
Inflesh transitive verb To incarnate.
Inflex transitive verb
[ Confer Flex
.] To bend; to cause to become curved; to make crooked; to deflect. J. Philips.
1. Turned; bent. Feltham. 2. (Botany) Bent or turned abruptly inwards, or toward the axis, as the petals of a flower.
[ Confer French inflexibilité
.] The quality or state of being inflexible, or not capable of being bent or changed; unyielding stiffness; inflexibleness; rigidity; firmness of will or purpose; unbending pertinacity; steadfastness; resoluteness; unchangeableness; obstinacy.
The inflexibility of mechanism. A. Baxter.
That grave inflexibility of soul. Churchill.
The purity and inflexibility of their faith. T. Warton.
[ Latin inflexiblis
: confer French inflexible
. See In-
not, and Flexible
.] 1. Not capable of being bent; stiff; rigid; firm; unyielding. 2. Firm in will or purpose; not to be turned, changed, or altered; resolute; determined; unyieding; inexorable; stubborn.
" Inflexible as steel." Miltom.
A man of upright and inflexible temper . . . can overcome all private fear. Addison. 3. Incapable of change; unalterable; immutable.
The nature of things is inflexible . I. Watts. Syn.
-- -- Unbending; unyielding; rigid; inexorable; pertinacious; obstinate; stubborn; unrelenting.
Inflexibleness noun The quality or state of being inflexible; inflexibility; rigidity; firmness.
Inflexibly adverb In an inflexible manner.
Inflexion noun Inflection.
Inflexive adjective 1. Inflective.
" Inflexive endings." W. E. Jelf. 2. Inflexible.
[ R.] "Foes inflexive
Inflexure noun An inflection; a bend or fold. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.
Inflict transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Inflicted
; present participle & verbal noun Inflicting
.] [ Latin inflictus
, past participle of infligere
to strike on, to inflict; prefix in-
in, on + fligere
to strike. Confer Flail
.] To give, cause, or produce by striking, or as if by striking; to apply forcibly; to lay or impose; to send; to cause to bear, feel, or suffer; as, to inflict blows; to inflict a wound with a dagger; to inflict severe pain by ingratitude; to inflict punishment on an offender; to inflict the penalty of death on a criminal.
What heart could wish, what hand inflict , this dire disgrace? Drygen.
The persecution and the pain Cowper.
That man inflicts on all inferior kinds.
Inflicter noun One who inflicts.
God is the sole and immediate inflicter of such strokes. South.
[ Latin inflictio
: confer French infliction
.] 1. The act of inflicting or imposing; as, the infliction of torment, or of punishment. 2. That which is inflicted or imposed, as punishment, disgrace, calamity, etc.
His severest inflictions are in themselves acts of justice and righteousness. Rogers.
Inflictive adjective [ Confer French inflictif .] Causing infliction; acting as an infliction. Whitehead.
[ Latin inflorescens
, present participle of inflorescere
to begin to blossom; prefix in-
in + florescere
to begin to blossom: confer French inflorescence
. See Florescent
.] 1. A flowering; the putting forth and unfolding of blossoms. 2. (Botany) (a) The mode of flowering, or the general arrangement and disposition of the flowers with reference to the axis, and to each other. (b) An axis on which all the buds are flower buds.
Inflorescence affords an excellent characteristic mark in distinguishing the species of plants. Milne. Centrifugal inflorescence
, determinate inflorescence.
-- Centripetal inflorescence
, indeterminate inflorescence. See under Determinate , and Indeterminate .
Inflow intransitive verb To flow in. Wiseman.
[ French influence
, from Latin influens
, present participle See Influent
, and confer Influenza
.] 1. A flowing in or upon; influx.
God hath his influence into the very essence of all things. Hooker. 2. Hence, in general, the bringing about of an effect, physical or moral, by a gradual process; controlling power quietly exerted; agency, force, or tendency of any kind which affects, modifies, or sways; as, the influence which the sun exerts on animal and vegetable life; the influence of education on the mind; the influence , according to astrologers, of the stars over affairs.
Astrologers call the evil influences of the stars, evil aspects. Bacon.
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion? Job xxxviii. 31.
She said : "Ah, dearest lord! what evil star Spenser. 3. Power or authority arising from elevated station, excelence of character or intellect, wealth, etc.; reputation; acknowledged ascendency; as, he is a man of influence in the community.
On you hath frown'd, and poured, his influence bad?"
Such influence hath your excellency. Sir P. Sidney. 4. (Electricity) Induction. Syn.
-- Control; persuasion; ascendency; sway; power; authority; supremacy; mastery; management; restraint; character; reputation; prestige.
Influence transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Influenced
; present participle & verbal noun Influencing
.] To control or move by power, physical or moral; to affect by gentle action; to exert an influence upon; to modify, bias, or sway; to move; to persuade; to induce.
These experiments succeed after the same manner in vacuo as in the open air, and therefore are not influenced by the weight or pressure of the atmosphere. Sir I. Newton.
This standing revelation . . . is sufficient to influence their faith and practice, if they attend. Attebury.
The principle which influenced their obedience has lost its efficacy. Rogers.
Influencer (ĭn"flu* e n*sẽr) noun One who, or that which, influences.
Influencive (-sĭv) adjective Tending to influence; influential.
[ Latin influens
, present participle of influere
, to flow in; prefix in-
in + fluere
to flow. See Fluid
.] 1. Flowing in.
odors." Mrs. Browning. 2. Exerting influence; influential.
I find no office by name assigned unto Dr. Cox, who was virtually influent upon all, and most active. Fuller.
[ See Influence
.] Exerting or possessing influence or power; potent; efficacious; effective; strong; having authority or ascendency; as, an influential man, station, argument, etc.
A very influential Gascon prefix. Earle.
Influentially adverb In an influential manner.
[ Italian influenza
influence, an epidemic formerly attributed by astrologers to the influence of the heavenly bodies, influenza. See Influence
.] (Medicine) An epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever.
[ Latin influxus
, from influere
, to flow in: confer French influx
. See Influent
.] 1. The act of flowing in; as, an influx of light. 2. A coming in; infusion; intromission; introduction; importation in abundance; also, that which flows or comes in; as, a great influx of goods into a country, or an influx of gold and silver.
The influx of food into the Celtic region, however, was far from keeping pace with the influx of consumers. Macaulau.
The general influx of Greek into modern languages. Earle. 3. Influence; power.
[ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
Influxion noun [ Latin influxio : confer French influxion .] A flowing in; infusion. [ R.] Bacon.