Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Fat-kidneyed adjective Gross; lubberly.
Peace, ye fat-kidneyed rascal ! Shak.
Fat-witted adjective Dull; stupid. Shak.
Fatigue noun [ French, from fatiguer to fatigue, Latin fatigare ; confer Latin affatim sufficiently.] Fatigue call (Mil.) , a summons, by bugle or drum, to perform fatigue duties. -- Fatigue dress , the working dress of soldiers. -- Fatigue duty (Mil.) , labor exacted from soldiers aside from the use of arms. Farrow. -- Fatigue party , a party of soldiers on fatigue duty.
1. Weariness from bodily labor or mental exertion; lassitude or exhaustion of strength. 2. The cause of weariness; labor; toil; as, the fatigues of war. Dryden. 3. The weakening of a metal when subjected to repeated vibrations or strains.
Fatigue transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fatigued
; present participle & verbal noun Fatiguing
] [ Confer French fatiguer
. See Fatigue
] To weary with labor or any bodily or mental exertion; to harass with toil; to exhaust the strength or endurance of; to tire. Syn.
-- To jade; tire; weary; bore. See Jade
[ See Fatiloquist
.] Prophetic; fatidical.
[ Obsolete] Blount.
Fatiloquist noun [ Latin fatiloquus declaring fate; fatum fate+ Loqui to speak.] A fortune teller.
Fatimite, Fatimide adjective (Hist.) Descended from Fatima, the daughter and only child of Mohammed. -- noun A descendant of Fatima.
Fatiscence noun [ Latin fatiscense , present participle of fatiscere to gape or crack open.] A gaping or opening; state of being chinky, or having apertures. Kirwan.
+ - ling
.] A calf, lamb, kid, or other young animal fattened for slaughter; a fat animal; -- said of such animals as are used for food.
He sacrificed oxen and fatlings . 2 Sam. vi. 13.
Fatly adverb Grossly; greasily.
Fatner noun One who fattens. [ R.] See Fattener . Arbuthnit.
Fatness noun 1. The quality or state of being fat, plump, or full-fed; corpulency; fullness of flesh.
Their eyes stand out with fatness . Ps. lxxiii. 7. 2. Hence; Richness; fertility; fruitfulness.
Rich in the fatness of her plenteous soil. Rowe. 3. That which makes fat or fertile.
The clouds drop fatness . Philips.
Fatten transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fattened
; present participle & verbal noun Fattening
.] [ See Fat
, transitive verb
] 1. To make fat; to feed for slaughter; to make fleshy or plump with fat; to fill full; to fat. 2. To make fertile and fruitful; to enrich; as, to fatten land; to fatten fields with blood. Dryden.
Fatten intransitive verb To grow fat or corpulent; to grow plump, thick, or fleshy; to be pampered.
And villains fatten with the brave man's labor. Otway.
Fattener noun One who, or that which, fattens; that which gives fatness or fertility.
Fattiness noun State or quality of being fatty.
Fattish adjective Somewhat fat; inclined to fatness.
Coleridge, a puffy, anxious, obstructed-looking, fattish old man. Carlyle.
Fatty adjective Containing fat, or having the qualities of fat; greasy; gross; as, a fatty substance. Fatty acid (Chemistry)
, any one of the paraffin series of monocarbonic acids, as formic acid, acetic, etc.; -- so called because the higher members, as stearic and palmitic acids, occur in the natural fats, and are themselves fatlike substances.
-- Fatty clays
. See under Clay .
-- Fatty degeneration (Medicine)
, a diseased condition, in which the oil globules, naturally present in certain organs, are so multiplied as gradually to destroy and replace the efficient parts of these organs.
-- Fatty heart
, Fatty liver
, etc. (Medicine) , a heart, liver, etc., which have been the subjects of fatty degeneration or infiltration.
-- Fatty infiltration (Medicine)
, a condition in which there is an excessive accumulation of fat in an organ, without destruction of any essential parts of the latter.
-- Fatty tumor (Medicine)
, a tumor consisting of fatty or adipose tissue; lipoma.
Fatuitous adjective Stupid; fatuous.
[ Latin fatuitas
, from fatuus
foolish: confer French fatuité
.] Weakness or imbecility of mind; stupidity.
Those many forms of popular fatuity . I Taylor.
[ Latin fatuus
.] 1. Feeble in mind; weak; silly; stupid; foolish; fatuitous. Glanvill. 2. Without reality; illusory, like the ignis fatuus .
Thence fatuous fires and meteors take their birth. Danham.
Faubourg (fō`bōr"; E. fō"bōrg) noun [ French] A suburb of a French city; also, a district now within a city, but formerly without its walls.
[ Latin fauces
throat.] Pertaining to the fauces, or opening of the throat; faucial;
esp., (Phon.) produced in the fauces, as certain deep guttural sounds found in the Semitic and some other languages.
Ayin is the most difficult of the faucals . I. Taylor (The Alphabet).
Fauces noun plural [ Latin ]
1. (Anat.) The narrow passage from the mouth to the pharynx, situated between the soft palate and the base of the tongue; -- called also the isthmus of the fauces . On either side of the passage two membranous folds, called the pillars of the fauces , inclose the tonsils. 2. (Botany) The throat of a calyx, corolla, etc. 3. (Zoology) That portion of the interior of a spiral shell which can be seen by looking into the aperture.
Faucet noun [ French fausset , perhaps from Latin fauces throat.]
1. A fixture for drawing a liquid, as water, molasses, oil, etc., from a pipe, cask, or other vessel, in such quantities as may be desired; -- called also tap , and cock . It consists of a tubular spout, stopped with a movable plug, spigot, valve, or slide. 2. The enlarged end of a section of pipe which receives the spigot end of the next section.
Fauchion noun See Falchion .
Faucial adjective (Anat.) Pertaining to the fauces; pharyngeal.
[ Confer Foh
.] An exclamation of contempt, disgust, or abhorrence.
Faulcon noun (Zoology) See Falcon .
Fauld noun The arch over the dam of a blast furnace; the tymp arch.
Faule noun A fall or falling band.
These laces, ribbons, and these faules . Herrick.
[ Middle English faut
, French faute
(cf. Italian , Spanish , & Portuguese falta
), from a verb meaning to want
, freq., from Latin fallere
to deceive. See Fail
, and confer Default
.] 1. Defect; want; lack; default.
One, it pleases me, for fault of a better, to call my friend. Shak. 2. Anything that fails, that is wanting, or that impairs excellence; a failing; a defect; a blemish.
As patches set upon a little breach Shak. 3. A moral failing; a defect or dereliction from duty; a deviation from propriety; an offense less serious than a crime. 4. (Geol. & Mining) (a) A dislocation of the strata of the vein. (b) In coal seams, coal rendered worthless by impurities in the seam; as, slate fault , dirt fault , etc. Raymond. 5. (Hunting) A lost scent; act of losing the scent.
Discredit more in hiding of the fault .
Ceasing their clamorous cry till they have singled, Shak. 6. (Tennis) Failure to serve the ball into the proper court. At fault
With much ado, the cold fault cleary out.
, unable to find the scent and continue chase; hence, in trouble or embarrassment, and unable to proceed; puzzled; thrown off the track.
-- To find fault
, to find reason for blaming or complaining; to express dissatisfaction; to complain; -- followed by with before the thing complained of; but formerly by at .
"Matter to find fault at
." Robynson (More's Utopia). Syn.
-- -- Error; blemish; defect; imperfection; weakness; blunder; failing; vice. -- Fault
. A fault
is positive, something morally wrong; a failing
is negative, some weakness or falling short in a man's character, disposition, or habits; a defect
is also negative, and as applied to character is the absence of anything which is necessary to its completeness or perfection; a foible
is a less important weakness, which we overlook or smile at. A man may have many failings
, and yet commit but few faults
; or his faults
may be few, while his foibles
are obvious to all. The faults
of a friend are often palliated or explained away into mere defects
, and the defects
of an enemy exaggerated into faults
. "I have failings
in common with every human being, besides my own peculiar faults
; but of avarice I have generally held myself guiltless." Fox.
"Presumption and self-applause are the foibles
of mankind." Waterland.
Fault transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Faulted
; present participle & verbal noun Faulting
.] 1. To charge with a fault; to accuse; to find fault with; to blame.
For that I will not fault thee. Old Song. 2. (Geol.) To interrupt the continuity of (rock strata) by displacement along a plane of fracture; -- chiefly used in the past participle ; as, the coal beds are badly faulted .
Fault intransitive verb To err; to blunder, to commit a fault; to do wrong.
If after Samuel's death the people had asked of God a king, they had not faulted . Latimer.
Fault noun fault plane . When this plane is vertical, the fault is a vertical fault ; when its inclination is such that the present relative position of the two masses could have been produced by the sliding down, along the fault plane, of the mass on its upper side, the fault is a normal , or gravity , fault . When the fault plane is so inclined that the mass on its upper side has moved up relatively, the fault is then called a reverse (or reversed ), thrust , or overthrust , fault . If no vertical displacement has resulted, the fault is then called a horizontal fault . The linear extent of the dislocation measured on the fault plane and in the direction of movement is the displacement ; the vertical displacement is the throw ; the horizontal displacement is the heave . The direction of the line of intersection of the fault plane with a horizontal plane is the trend of the fault. A fault is a strike fault when its trend coincides approximately with the strike of associated strata (i.e., the line of intersection of the plane of the strata with a horizontal plane); it is a dip fault when its trend is at right angles to the strike; an oblique fault when its trend is oblique to the strike. Oblique faults and dip faults are sometimes called cross faults . A series of closely associated parallel faults are sometimes called step faults and sometimes distributive faults .
1. (Electricity) A defective point in an electric circuit due to a crossing of the parts of the conductor, or to contact with another conductor or the earth, or to a break in the circuit. 2. (Geol. & Mining) A dislocation caused by a slipping of rock masses along a plane of facture; also, the dislocated structure resulting from such slipping. The surface along which the dislocated masses have moved is called the
Fault-finder noun One who makes a practice of discovering others' faults and censuring them; a scold.
Fault-finding noun The act of finding fault or blaming; -- used derogatively. Also Adj.
Faulter noun One who commits a fault.
Behold the faulter here in sight. Fairfax.
Faultful adjective Full of faults or sins. Shak.
Faultily adverb In a faulty manner.
Faultiness noun Quality or state of being faulty.
Round, even to faultiness . Shak.
Faulting noun (Geol.) The state or condition of being faulted; the process by which a fault is produced.
Faultless adjective Without fault; not defective or imperfect; free from blemish; free from incorrectness, vice, or offense; perfect; as, a faultless poem.
Whoever thinks a faultless piece to see, Pope. Syn.
Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be.
-- Blameless; spotless; perfect. See Blameless
. -- Fault"less*ly
Faulty adjective 1. Containing faults, blemishes, or defects; imperfect; not fit for the use intended.
Created once Milton. 2. Guilty of a fault, or of faults; hence, blamable; worthy of censure. Shak.
So goodly and erect, though faulty since.
The king doth speak . . . as one which is faulty . 2 Sam. xiv. 13.
[ Latin Faunus
, from favere
to be favorable. See Favor
.] (Rom. Myth.) A god of fields and shipherds, diddering little from the satyr. The fauns are usually represented as half goat and half man.
Satyr or Faun , or Sylvan. Milton.
[ New Latin : confer French faune
. See Faun
.] (Zoology) The animals of any given area or epoch; as, the fauna of America; fossil fauna ; recent fauna .
Faunal adjective Relating to fauna.
Faunist noun One who describes the fauna of country; a naturalist. Gilbert White.
; plural Fauni
. [ Latin ] (Myth.) See Faun .