Fastigiate, Fastigiated Fas·tig"i·ate, Fas·tig"i·a`ted adjective [ Latin fastigium gable end, top, height, summit.] 1. Narrowing towards the top. 2. (Botany) Clustered, parallel, and upright, as the branches of the Lombardy poplar; pointed. 3. (Zoology) United into a conical bundle, or into a bundle with an enlarged head, like a sheaf of wheat.
Fastish Fast"ish adjective Rather fast; also, somewhat dissipated. [ Colloq.] Thackeray.
Fastly Fast"ly adverb Firmly; surely.
Fastness Fast"ness noun
[ Anglo-Saxon fæstnes
, from fæst
fast. See Fast
] 1. The state of being fast and firm; firmness; fixedness; security; faithfulness.
All . . . places of fastness [ are] laid open. Sir J. Davies. 2. A fast place; a stronghold; a fortress or fort; a secure retreat; a castle; as, the enemy retired to their fastnesses in the mountains. 3. Conciseness of style.
[ Obsolete] Ascham. 4. The state of being fast or swift.
Fastuous Fas"tu·ous adjective [ Latin fastuosus , from fastus haughtiness, pride: confer French fastueux .] Proud; haughty; disdainful. [ Obsolete] Barrow. -- Fas"tu*ous*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Fat Fat noun
[ See Vat
] 1. A large tub, cistern, or vessel; a vat.
The fats shall overflow with wine and oil. Joel ii. 24. 2. A measure of quantity, differing for different commodities.
[ Obsolete] Hebert.
Fat Fat adjective
[ Compar. Fatter
; superl. Fattest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon fǣtt
; akin to Dutch vet
, German fett
, Icelandic feitr
, Swedish fet
, Danish fed
, and perhaps to Greek pi^dax
spring, fountain, pidy`ein
to gush forth, pi`wn
fat, Sanskrit pi
to swell.] 1. Abounding with fat
; as: (a) Fleshy; characterized by fatness; plump; corpulent; not lean; as, a fat man; a fat ox. (b) Oily; greasy; unctuous; rich; -- said of food. 2. Exhibiting the qualities of a fat animal; coarse; heavy; gross; dull; stupid.
Making our western wits fat and mean. Emerson.
Make the heart of this people fat . Is. vi. 10. 3. Fertile; productive; as, a fat soil; a fat pasture. 4. Rich; producing a large income; desirable; as, a fat benefice; a fat office; a fat job.
Now parson of Troston, a fat living in Suffolk. Carlyle. 5. Abounding in riches; affluent; fortunate.
Persons grown fat and wealthy by long impostures. Swift. 6. (Typog.) Of a character which enables the compositor to make large wages; -- said of matter containing blank, cuts, or many leads, etc.; as, a fat take; a fat page. Fat lute
, a mixture of pipe clay and oil for filling joints.
Fat Fat noun 1. (Physiol. Chem.) An oily liquid or greasy substance making up the main bulk of the adipose tissue of animals, and widely distributed in the seeds of plants. See Adipose tissue , under Adipose . » Animal fats are composed mainly of three distinct fats, tristearin , tripalmitin , and triolein , mixed in varying proportions. As olein is liquid at ordinary temperatures, while the other two fats are solid, it follows that the consistency or hardness of fats depends upon the relative proportion of the three individual fats. During the life of an animal, the fat is mainly in a liquid state in the fat cells, owing to the solubility of the two solid fats in the more liquid olein at the body temperature. Chemically, fats are composed of fatty acid, as stearic, palmitic, oleic, etc., united with glyceryl. In butter fat, olein and palmitin predominate, mixed with another fat characteristic of butter, butyrin. In the vegetable kingdom many other fats or glycerides are to be found, as myristin from nutmegs, a glyceride of lauric acid in the fat of the bay tree, etc. 2. The best or richest productions; the best part; as, to live on the fat of the land. 3. (Typog.) Work. containing much blank, or its equivalent, and, therefore, profitable to the compositor. Fat acid . (Chemistry) See Sebacic acid , under Sebacic . -- Fat series , Fatty series (Chemistry) , the series of the paraffine hydrocarbons and their derivatives; the marsh gas or methane series. -- Natural fats (Chemistry) , the group of oily substances of natural occurrence, as butter, lard, tallow, etc., as distinguished from certain fatlike substance of artificial production, as paraffin. Most natural fats are essentially mixtures of triglycerides of fatty acids.
Fat Fat transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fatted
; present participle & verbal noun atting
.] [ Middle English fatten
, Anglo-Saxon fǣttian
. See Fat
, and confer Fatten
.] To make fat; to fatten; to make plump and fleshy with abundant food; as, to fat fowls or sheep.
We fat all creatures else to fat us. Shak.
Fat Fat intransitive verb To grow fat, plump, and fleshy.
An old ox fats as well, and is as good, as a young one. Mortimer.
Fat-brained Fat"-brained` adjective Dull of apprehension.
Fat-kidneyed Fat"-kid`neyed adjective Gross; lubberly.
Peace, ye fat-kidneyed rascal ! Shak.
Fat-witted Fat"-wit`ted adjective Dull; stupid. Shak.
Fata Morgana Fa"ta Mor·ga"na [ Italian ; -- so called because this phenomenon was looked upon as the work of a fairy (It. fata ) of the name of Morgána . See Fairy .] A kind of mirage by which distant objects appear inverted, distorted, displaced, or multiplied. It is noticed particularly at the Straits of Messina, between Calabria and Sicily.
Fatal Fa"tal adjective
[ Latin fatalis
, from fatum
: confer French fatal
. See Fate
.] 1. Proceeding from, or appointed by, fate or destiny; necessary; inevitable.
These thing are fatal and necessary. Tillotson.
It was fatal to the king to fight for his money. Bacon. 2. Foreboding death or great disaster.
That fatal screech owl to our house Shak. 3. Causing death or destruction; deadly; mortal; destructive; calamitous; as, a fatal wound; a fatal disease; a fatal day; a fatal error.
That nothing sung but death to us and ours.
Fatalism Fa"tal·ism noun [ Confer French fatalisme .] The doctrine that all things are subject to fate, or that they take place by inevitable necessity.
Fatalist Fa"tal·ist noun [ Confer French fataliste .] One who maintains that all things happen by inevitable necessity.
Fatalistic Fa`tal·is"tic adjective Implying, or partaking of the nature of, fatalism.
Fatality Fa·tal"i·ty noun
; plural Fatalities
. [ Latin fatalitas
: confer French fatalité
] 1. The state of being fatal, or proceeding from destiny; invincible necessity, superior to, and independent of, free and rational control.
The Stoics held a fatality , and a fixed, unalterable course of events. South. 2. The state of being fatal; tendency to destruction or danger, as if by decree of fate; mortaility.
The year sixty-three is conceived to carry with it the most considerable fatality . Ser T. Browne.
By a strange fatality men suffer their dissenting. Eikon Basilike. 3. That which is decreed by fate or which is fatal; a fatal event. Dryden.
Fatally Fa"tal·ly adverb 1. In a manner proceeding from, or determined by, fate. Bentley. 2. In a manner issuing in death or ruin; mortally; destructively; as, fatally deceived or wounded.
Fatalness Fa"tal·ness noun Quality of being fatal. Johnson.
Fatback Fat"back` noun (Zoology) The menhaden.
Fate Fate noun
[ Latin fatum
a prophetic declaration, oracle, what is ordained by the gods, destiny, fate, from fari
to speak: confer Old French fat
. See Fame
, and confer 1st Fay
.] 1. A fixed decree by which the order of things is prescribed; the immutable law of the universe; inevitable necessity; the force by which all existence is determined and conditioned.
Necessity and chance Milton.
Approach not me; and what I will is fate .
Beyond and above the Olympian gods lay the silent, brooding, everlasting fate of which victim and tyrant were alike the instruments. Froude. 2. Appointed lot; allotted life; arranged or predetermined event; destiny; especially, the final lot; doom; ruin; death.
The great, th'important day, big with the fate Addison.
Of Cato and of Rome.
Our wills and fates do so contrary run Shak.
That our devices still are overthrown.
The whizzing arrow sings, Pope. 3. The element of chance in the affairs of life; the unforeseen and unestimated conitions considered as a force shaping events; fortune; esp., opposing circumstances against which it is useless to struggle; as, fate was, or the fates were, against him.
And bears thy fate , Antinous, on its wings.
A brave man struggling in the storms of fate . Pope.
Sometimes an hour of Fate's serenest weather strikes through our changeful sky its coming beams. B. Taylor. 4. plural
[ Latin Fata
, plural of fatum
.] (Myth.) The three goddesses, Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos, sometimes called the Destinies , or Parcæ who were supposed to determine the course of human life. They are represented, one as holding the distaff, a second as spinning, and the third as cutting off the thread.
» Among all nations it has been common to speak of fate
or destiny as a power superior to gods and men -- swaying all things irresistibly. This may be called the fate
of poets and mythologists. Philosophical fate
is the sum of the laws of the universe, the product of eternal intelligence and the blind properties of matter. Theological fate
represents Deity as above the laws of nature, and ordaining all things according to his will -- the expression of that will being the law. Krauth- Fleming. Syn.
-- Destiny; lot; doom; fortune; chance.
Fated Fat"ed past participle & adjective 1. Decreed by fate; destined; doomed; as, he was fated to rule a factious people.
One midnight Shak. 2. Invested with the power of determining destiny.
Fated to the purpose.
[ Obsolete] "The fated
sky." Shak. 3. Exempted by fate.
[ Obsolete or R.] Dryden.
Fateful Fate"ful adjective . Having the power of serving or accomplishing fate.
steel." J. Barlow. 2. Significant of fate; ominous.
The fateful cawings of the crow. Longfellow.
Fathead Fat"head` noun (Zoology) (a) A cyprinoid fish of the Mississippi valley ( Pimephales promelas ); -- called also black-headed minnow . (b) A labroid food fish of California; the redfish.
[ Middle English fader
, Anglo-Saxon fæder
; akin to Old Saxon fadar
, Dutch vader
, Old High German fatar
, German vater
, Icelandic faðir
Swedish & Danish fader
, OIr. athir
, Latin pater
, Greek path`r
, Sanskrit pitr
, perhaps from Sanskrit pā
protect. √75, 247. Confer Papa
.] 1. One who has begotten a child, whether son or daughter; a generator; a male parent.
A wise son maketh a glad father . Prov. x. 1. 2. A male ancestor more remote than a parent; a progenitor; especially, a first ancestor; a founder of a race or family; -- in the plural, fathers , ancestors.
David slept with his fathers . 1 Kings ii. 10.
Abraham, who is the father of us all. Rom. iv. 16. 3. One who performs the offices of a parent by maintenance, affetionate care, counsel, or protection.
I was a father to the poor. Job xxix. 16.
He hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house. Gen. xiv. 8. 4. A respectful mode of address to an old man.
And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him [ Elisha], . . . and said, O my father , my father ! 2 Kings xiii. 14. 5. A senator of ancient Rome. 6. A dignitary of the church, a superior of a convent, a confessor (called also father confessor ), or a priest; also, the eldest member of a profession, or of a legislative assembly, etc.
Bless you, good father friar ! Shak. 7. One of the chief ecclesiastical authorities of the first centuries after Christ; -- often spoken of collectively as the Fathers ; as, the Latin, Greek, or apostolic Fathers . 8. One who, or that which, gives origin; an originator; a producer, author, or contriver; the first to practice any art, profession, or occupation; a distinguished example or teacher.
The father of all such as handle the harp and organ. Gen. iv. 21.
Might be the father , Harry, to that thought. Shak.
The father of good news. Shak. 9. The Supreme Being and Creator; God; in theology, the first person in the Trinity.
Our Father , which art in heaven. Matt. vi. 9.
Now had the almighty Father from above . . . Milton. Adoptive father
Bent down his eye.
, one who adopts the child of another, treating it as his own.
-- Apostolic father
, Conscript fathers, etc. See under Apostolic , Conscript , etc.
-- Father in God
, a title given to bishops.
-- Father of lies
, the Devil.
-- Father of the bar
, the oldest practitioner at the bar.
-- Fathers of the city
, the aldermen.
-- Father of the Faithful
. (a) Abraham. Rom. iv. Gal. iii. 6- 9. (b) Mohammed, or one of the sultans, his successors.
-- Father of the house
, the member of a legislative body who has had the longest continuous service.
-- Most Reverend Father in God
, a title given to archbishops and metropolitans, as to the archbishops of Canterbury and York.
-- Natural father
, the father of an illegitimate child.
-- Putative father
, one who is presumed to be the father of an illegitimate child; the supposed father.
-- Spiritual father
. (a) A religious teacher or guide, esp. one instrumental in leading a soul to God. (b) (R. C. Ch.) A priest who hears confession in the sacrament of penance.
-- The Holy Father (R. C. Ch.)
, the pope.
Father Fa"ther transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fathered
; present participle & verbal noun Fathering
.] 1. To make one's self the father of; to beget.
Cowards father cowards, and base things sire base. Shak. 2. To take as one's own child; to adopt; hence, to assume as one's own work; to acknowledge one's self author of or responsible for (a statement, policy, etc.).
Men of wit Swift. 3. To provide with a father.
Often fathered what he writ.
Think you I am no stronger than my sex, Shak. To father on
Being so fathered and so husbanded ?
, to ascribe to, or charge upon, as one's offspring or work; to put or lay upon as being responsible.
"Nothing can be so uncouth or extravagant, which may not be fathered on
some fetch of wit, or some caprice of humor." Barrow.
Father longlegs Fa"ther long"legs` (Zoology) See Daddy longlegs , 2.
Father-in-law Fa"ther-in-law` noun
; plural Fathers-in-law The father of one's husband or wife; -- correlative to son-in-law and daughter- in-law .
» A man who marries a woman having children already, is sometimes, though erroneously, called their father-in-law
Father-lasher Fa"ther-lash`er noun (Zoology) A European marine fish ( Cottus bubalis ), allied to the sculpin; -- called also lucky proach .
Fatherhood Fa"ther·hood noun The state of being a father; the character or authority of a father; paternity.
Fatherland Fa"ther·land" noun [ Imitated from Dutch vaderland . See Father , and Land .] One's native land; the native land of one's fathers or ancestors.
Fatherless Fa"ther·less adjective 1. Destitute of a living father; as, a fatherless child. 2. Without a known author. Beau. & Fl.
Fatherlessness Fa"ther·less·ness noun The state of being without a father.
Fatherliness Fa"ther·li·ness noun [ From Fatherly .] The qualities of a father; parantal kindness, care, etc.
Fatherly Fa"ther·ly adjective 1. Like a father in affection and care; paternal; tender; protecting; careful.
You have showed a tender, fatherly regard. Shak. 2. Of or pertaining to a father.
Fathership Fa"ther·ship noun The state of being a father; fatherhood; paternity.
[ Middle English fadme
, Anglo-Saxon fæðm
fathom, the embracing arms; akin to Old Saxon faðmos
the outstretched arms, Dutch vadem
, fathom, Old High German fadom
, German faden
fathom, thread, Icelandic faðmr
fathom, Swedish famn
, Danish favn
; confer Greek .............................. to spread out, ..................... outspread, flat, Latin patere
to lie open, extend. Confer Patent
.] 1. A measure of length, containing six feet; the space to which a man can extend his arms; -- used chiefly in measuring cables, cordage, and the depth of navigable water by soundings. 2. The measure or extant of one's capacity; depth, as of intellect; profundity; reach; penetration.
Another of his fathom they have none Shak.
To lead their business.
Fathom Fath"om transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fathomed
; present participle & verbal noun Fathoming
.] 1. To encompass with the arms extended or encircling; to measure by throwing the arms about; to span.
[ Obsolete] Purchas. 2. To measure by a sounding line; especially, to sound the depth of; to penetrate, measure, and comprehend; to get to the bottom of. Dryden.
The page of life that was spread out before me seemed dull and commonplace, only because I had not fathomed its deeper import. Hawthotne.
Fathomable Fath"om·a·ble adjective Capable of being fathomed.
Fathomer Fath"om·er noun One who fathoms.
Fathomless Fath"om·less adjective 1. Incapable of being fathomed; immeasurable; that can not be sounded.
And buckle in a waist most fathomless . Shak. 2. Incomprehensible.
The fathomless absurdity. Milton.
Fatidical Fa·tid"i·cal adjective [ Latin fatidicus ; fatum fate + dicere to say, tell.] Having power to foretell future events; prophetic; fatiloquent; as, the fatidical oak. [ R.] Howell. -- Fa*tid"i*cal*ly , adverb
Fatiferous Fa·tif"er·ous adjective [ Latin fatifer ; fatum fate + ferre to bear, bring.] Fate-bringing; deadly; mortal; destructive. [ R.] Johnson.
Fatigable Fat"i·ga·ble adjective [ Latin fatigabilis : confer F. fatigable . See Fatigue .] Easily tired. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Fatigate Fat"i·gate adjective
[ Latin fatigatus
, past participle of fatigare
. See Fatigue
.] Wearied; tired; fatigued.
Requickened what in flesh was fatigate . Shak.
Fatigate Fat"i·gate transitive verb To weary; to tire; to fatigue. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.
Fatigation Fat`i·ga"tion noun [ Latin fatigatio : confer Old French fatigation .] Weariness. [ Obsolete] W. Montaqu.
Fatigue Fa·tigue" noun [ French, from fatiguer to fatigue, Latin fatigare ; confer Latin affatim sufficiently.] 1. Weariness from bodily labor or mental exertion; lassitude or exhaustion of strength. 2. The cause of weariness; labor; toil; as, the fatigues of war. Dryden. 3. The weakening of a metal when subjected to repeated vibrations or strains. Fatigue call (Mil.) , a summons, by bugle or drum, to perform fatigue duties. -- Fatigue dress , the working dress of soldiers. -- Fatigue duty (Mil.) , labor exacted from soldiers aside from the use of arms. Farrow. -- Fatigue party , a party of soldiers on fatigue duty.
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