Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Prefix dis-
. See Disobey
.] 1. Neglecting or refusing to obey; omitting to do what is commanded, or doing what is prohibited; refractory; not observant of duty or rules prescribed by authority; -- applied to persons and acts.
This disobedient spirit in the colonies. Burke.
Disobedient unto the word of the Lord. 1 Kings xiii. 26. 2. Not yielding.
Medicines used unnecessarily contribute to shorten life, by sooner rendering peculiar parts of the system disobedient to stimuli. E. Darwin.
Disobediently adverb In a disobedient manner.
Disobeisance noun [ French désobéissance .] Disobedience. [ Obsolete] E. Hall.
Disobeisant adjective [ French désobéissant .] Disobedient. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Disobey transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disobeyed
; present participle & verbal noun Disobeying
.] [ French désobéir
; prefix dés-
) + obéir
. See Obey
, and confer Disobedient
.] Not to obey; to neglect or refuse to obey (a superior or his commands, the laws, etc.); to transgress the commands of (one in authority); to violate, as an order; as, refractory children disobey their parents; men disobey their Maker and the laws.
Not to disobey her lord's behest. Tennyson.
Disobey intransitive verb To refuse or neglect to obey; to violate commands; to be disobedient.
He durst not know how to disobey . Sir P. Sidney.
Disobeyer noun One who disobeys.
1. The act of disobliging. 2. A disobliging act; an offense. [ Obsolete] Clarendon. 3. Release from obligation. Jer. Taylor.
Disobligatory adjective Releasing from obligation. " Disobligatory power." Charles I.
Disoblige transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disobliged
; present participle & verbal noun Disobliging
.] [ Prefix dis-
: confer French désobliger
.] 1. To do an act which contravenes the will or desires of; to offend by an act of unkindness or incivility; to displease; to refrain from obliging; to be unaccommodating to.
Those . . . who slight and disoblige their friends, shall infallibly come to know the value of them by having none when they shall most need them. South.
My plan has given offense to some gentlemen, whom it would not be very safe to disoblige . Addison. 2. To release from obligation.
Absolving and disobliging from a more general command for some just and reasonable cause. Milton.
Disobligement noun Release from obligation. [ Obsolete]
Disobliger noun One who disobliges.
1. Not obliging; not disposed to do a favor; unaccommodating; as, a disobliging person or act. 2. Displeasing; offensive. [ Obsolete] Cov. of Tongue. -- Dis`o*bli"ging*ly , adverb -- Dis`o*bli"ging*ness , noun
Disoccident transitive verb To turn away from the west; to throw out of reckoning as to longitude. [ Obsolete] Marvell.
Disoccupation noun The state of being unemployed; want of occupation. [ R.]
Disopinion noun Want or difference of belief; disbelief. [ Obsolete] Bp. Reynolds.
Disoppilate transitive verb [ Latin dis- + oppilatus , past participle of oppilare to shut up.] To open. [ Obsolete] Holland.
Disorb transitive verb [ Prefix dis- + orb .] To throw out of the proper orbit; to unsphere. Shak.
Disord noun Disorder. [ Obsolete] Holland.
[ See Ordain
.] Inordinate; irregular; vicious.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Prefix dis-
: confer French désordre
.] 1. Want of order or regular disposition; lack of arrangement; confusion; disarray; as, the troops were thrown into disorder ; the papers are in disorder . 2. Neglect of order or system; irregularity.
From vulgar bounds with brave disorder part, Pope. 3. Breach of public order; disturbance of the peace of society; tumult. Shak. 4. Disturbance of the functions of the animal economy or of the soul; sickness; derangement.
And snatch a grace beyond the reach of art.
in the body." Locke. Syn.
-- Irregularity; disarrangement; confusion; tumult; bustle; disturbance; disease; illness; indisposition; sickness; ailment; malady; distemper. See Disease
Disorder transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disordered
; present participle & verbal noun Disordering
.] 1. To disturb the order of; to derange or disarrange; to throw into confusion; to confuse.
Disordering the whole frame or jurisprudence. Burke.
The burden . . . disordered the aids and auxiliary rafters into a common ruin. Jer. Taylor. 2. To disturb or interrupt the regular and natural functions of (either body or mind); to produce sickness or indisposition in; to discompose; to derange; as, to disorder the head or stomach.
A man whose judgment was so much disordered by party spirit. Macaulay. 3. To depose from holy orders.
[ Obsolete] Dryden. Syn.
-- To disarrange; derange; confuse; discompose.
1. Thrown into disorder; deranged; as, a disordered house, judgment. 2. Disorderly. [ Obsolete] Shak. -- Dis*or"dered*ly , adverb -- Dis*or"dered*ness , noun
Disorderliness noun The state of being disorderly.
1. Not in order; marked by disorder; disarranged; immethodical; as, the books and papers are in a disorderly state. 2. Not acting in an orderly way, as the functions of the body or mind. 3. Not complying with the restraints of order and law; tumultuous; unruly; lawless; turbulent; as, disorderly people; disorderly assemblies. 4. (Law) Offensive to good morals and public decency; notoriously offensive; as, a disorderly house. Syn. -- Irregular; immethodical; confused; tumultuous; inordinate; intemperate; unruly; lawless; vicious.
Disorderly adverb In a disorderly manner; without law or order; irregularly; confusedly.
Withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh disorderly . 2 Thess. iii. 6.
Savages fighting disorderly with stones. Sir W. Raleigh.
Disordinance noun Disarrangement; disturbance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Disordinate adjective Inordinate; disorderly. [ Obsolete] "With disordinate gestures." Prynne.
Disordinately adverb Inordinately. [ Obsolete] E. Hall.
Disordination noun The state of being in disorder; derangement; confusion. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
[ Confer French désorganisation
. See Disorganize
, transitive verb
] 1. The act of disorganizing; destruction of system. 2. The state of being disorganized; as, the disorganization of the body, or of government.
The magazine of a pawnbroker in such total disorganization , that the owner can never lay his hands upon any one article at the moment he has occasion for it. Sir W. Scott.
Disorganize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disorganized
; present participle & verbal noun Disorganizing
.] [ Prefix dis-
: confer French désorganiser
.] To destroy the organic structure or regular system of (a government, a society, a party, etc.); to break up (what is organized); to throw into utter disorder; to disarrange.
Lyford . . . attempted to disorganize the church. Eliot (1809).
Disorganizer noun One who disorganizes or causes disorder and confusion.
Disorient transitive verb To turn away from the east; to confuse as to which way is east; to cause to lose one's bearings. [ R.] Bp. Warburton.
Disorientate transitive verb To turn away from the east, or (figuratively) from the right or the truth. [ R.]
Disown transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disowned
; present participle & verbal noun Disowning
.] 1. To refuse to own or acknowledge as belonging to one's self; to disavow or deny, as connected with one's self personally; as, a parent can hardly disown his child; an author will sometimes disown his writings. 2. To refuse to acknowledge or allow; to deny.
Then they, who brother's better claim disown , Dryden. Syn.
Expel their parents, and usurp the throne.
-- To disavow; disclaim; deny; abnegate; renounce; disallow.
Disownment noun Act of disowning. [ R.]
Disoxidate transitive verb (Chemistry) To deoxidate; to deoxidize. [ R.]
Disoxidation noun (Chemistry) Deoxidation. [ R.]
Disoxygenate transitive verb (Chemistry) To deprive of oxygen; to deoxidize. [ R.]
Disoxygenation noun (Chemistry) Deoxidation. [ R.]
Dispace intransitive verb
[ Prefix dis-
asunder, different ways, to and fro + pace
.] To roam.
In this fair plot dispacing to and fro. Spenser.
Dispair transitive verb To separate (a pair).
I have . . . dispaired two doves. Beau. & Fl.
Dispand transitive verb [ Latin dispandere to spread out; prefix dis- + pandere , pansum , to spread out.] To spread out; to expand. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ See Dispand
.] Act of dispanding, or state of being dispanded.
Disparadised adjective Removed from paradise. [ R.] Cockeram.
Disparage transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disparaged
; present participle & verbal noun Disparaging
.] [ Old French desparagier
, French déparager
, to marry unequally; prefix des-
) + French parage
extraction, lineage, from Latin par
equal, peer. See Peer
.] 1. To match unequally; to degrade or dishonor by an unequal marriage.
Alas! that any of my nation Chaucer. 2. To dishonor by a comparison with what is inferior; to lower in rank or estimation by actions or words; to speak slightingly of; to depreciate; to undervalue.
Should ever so foul disparaged be.
Those forbidding appearances which sometimes disparage the actions of men sincerely pious. Bp. Atterbury.
Thou durst not thus disparage glorious arms. Milton. Syn.
-- To decry; depreciate; undervalue; underrate; cheapen; vilify; reproach; detract from; derogate from; degrade; debase. See Decry
Disparage noun Inequality in marriage; marriage with an inferior.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Dissuaded her from such a disparage . Spenser.
[ Confer Old French desparagement
.] 1. Matching any one in marriage under his or her degree; injurious union with something of inferior excellence; a lowering in rank or estimation.
And thought that match a foul disparagement . Spenser. 2. Injurious comparison with an inferior; a depreciating or dishonoring opinion or insinuation; diminution of value; dishonor; indignity; reproach; disgrace; detraction; -- commonly with to .
It ought to be no disparagement to a star that it is not the sun. South.
Imitation is a disparagement and a degradation in a Christian minister. I. Taylor. Syn.
-- Indignity; derogation; detraction; reproach; dishonor; debasement; degradation; disgrace.
Disparager noun One who disparages or dishonors; one who vilifies or disgraces.