Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Disintegrate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disintegrated
; present participle & verbal noun Disintegrating
.] [ Latin dis-
, past participle of integrare
to renew, repair, from integer
entire, whole. See Integer
.] To separate into integrant parts; to reduce to fragments or to powder; to break up, or cause to fall to pieces, as a rock, by blows of a hammer, frost, rain, and other mechanical or atmospheric influences.
Marlites are not disintegrated by exposure to the atmosphere, at least in six years. Kirwan.
Disintegrate intransitive verb To decompose into integrant parts; as, chalk rapidly disintegrates .
Disintegration noun (a) The process by which anything is disintegrated; the condition of anything which is disintegrated.
Specifically (b) (Geol.) The wearing away or falling to pieces of rocks or strata, produced by atmospheric action, frost, ice, etc.
Society had need of further disintegration before it could begin to reconstruct itself locally. Motley.
Disintegrator noun (Mech.) A machine for grinding or pulverizing by percussion.
Disinter transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disinterred
; present participle & verbal noun Disinterring
.] 1. To take out of the grave or tomb; to unbury; to exhume; to dig up. 2. To bring out, as from a grave or hiding place; to bring from obscurity into view. Addison.
Disinteress transitive verb
[ French désintéresser
to deprive of interest in; prefix dés-
) + intéresser
to interest, from Latin interesse
to import, concern. See Interest
, and confer Disinterest
.] To deprive or rid of interest in, or regard for; to disengage.
Disinteressment noun [ Confer French désintéressement .] Disinterestedness; impartiality; fairness. [ Obsolete] Prior.
Disinterest p. adjective Disinterested.
The measures they shall walk by shall be disinterest and even. Jer. Taylor.
1. What is contrary to interest or advantage; disadvantage. [ Obsolete] Glanvill. 2. Indifference to profit; want of regard to private advantage; disinterestedness. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
Disinterest transitive verb To divest of interest or interested motives. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
[ Confer Disinteressed
.] Not influenced by regard to personal interest or advantage; free from selfish motive; having no relation of interest or feeling; not biased or prejudiced; as, a disinterested decision or judge.
The happiness of disinterested sacrifices. Channing. Syn.
-- Unbiased; impartial; uninterested; indifferent.
Disinterestedly adverb In a disinterested manner; without bias or prejudice.
Disinterestedness noun The state or quality of being disinterested; impartiality.
That perfect disinterestedness and self- devotion of which man seems to be incapable, but which is sometimes found in woman. Macaulay.
Disinteresting adjective Uninteresting. [ Obsolete] " Disinteresting passages." Bp. Warburton.
Disinterment noun The act of disinterring, or taking out of the earth; exhumation.
Disinthrall transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disinthralled
; present participle & verbal noun Disinthralling
.] [ Prefix dis-
. Confer Disenthrall
.] To free from thralldom; to disenthrall.
[ Written also disinthral
Disinthrallment noun A releasing from thralldom or slavery; disenthrallment. [ Written also disinthralment .]
Disintricate transitive verb To disentangle. [ R.] "To disintricate the question." Sir W. Hamilton.
Disinure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disinured
; present participle & verbal noun Disinuring
.] [ Prefix dis-
.] To render unaccustomed or unfamiliar.
We are hindered and disinured . . . towards the true knowledge. Milton.
Disinvestiture noun The act of depriving of investiture. [ Obsolete] Ogilvie.
Disinvigorate transitive verb To enervate; to weaken. [ R.] Sydney Smith.
Disinvolve transitive verb To uncover; to unfold or unroll; to disentangle. [ R.] Dr. H. More.
Disjection noun [ Latin disjicere , disjectum , to throw asunder, disperse; dis- + jacere to throw.] Destruction; dispersion. Bp. Horsley.
(dĭs*join") transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disjoined
(-joind"); present participle & verbal noun Disjoining
.] [ Old French desjoindre
, French disjoindre
, from Latin disjungere
to join. See Join
, and confer Disjoint
.] To part; to disunite; to separate; to sunder.
That marriage, therefore, God himself disjoins . Milton.
Never let us lay down our arms against France, till we have utterly disjoined her from the Spanish monarchy. Addison.
Windmill Street consisted of disjoined houses. Pennant. Syn.
-- To disunite; separate; detach; sever; dissever; sunder; disconnect.
Disjoin intransitive verb To become separated; to part.
[ Old French desjoint
, past participle of desjoindre
. See Disjoin
.] Disjointed; unconnected; -- opposed to conjoint . Milton.
[ From Old French desjoint
, past participle of desjoindre
. See Disjoint
, transitive verb
] Difficult situation; dilemma; strait.
[ Obsolete] "I stand in such disjoint
Disjoint transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disjointed
; present participle & verbal noun Disjointing
.] 1. To separate the joints of; to separate, as parts united by joints; to put out of joint; to force out of its socket; to dislocate; as, to disjoint limbs; to disjoint bones; to disjoint a fowl in carving.
Yet what could swords or poisons, racks or flame, Prior. 2. To separate at junctures or joints; to break where parts are united; to break in pieces; as, disjointed columns; to disjoint an edifice.
But mangle and disjoint the brittle frame?
Some half-ruined wall Longfellow. 3. To break the natural order and relations of; to make incoherent; as, a disjointed speech.
Disjointed and about to fall.
Disjoint intransitive verb To fall in pieces. Shak.
Disjointed adjective Separated at the joints; disconnected; incoherent. -- Dis*joint"ed*ly , adverb -- Dis*joint"ed*ness , noun
Disjointly adverb In a disjointed state. Sandys.
Disjudication noun Judgment; discrimination. See Dijudication .
[ Obsolete] Boyle.
[ Latin disjunctus
, past participle of disjungere
to disjoin. See Disjoin
, and confer Disjoint
.] 1. Disjoined; separated.
[ R.] 2. (Zoology) Having the head, thorax, and abdomen separated by a deep constriction. Disjunct tetrachords (Mus.)
, tetrachords so disposed to each other that the gravest note of the upper is one note higher than the acutest note of the other.
Disjunction noun [ Latin disjunctio .]
1. The act of disjoining; disunion; separation; a parting; as, the disjunction of soul and body. 2. A disjunctive proposition. Coleridge.
Disjunctive adjective [ Latin disjunctivus : confer French disjonctif .] Disjunctive conjunction (Gram.) , one connecting grammatically two words or clauses, expressing at the same time an opposition or separation inherent in the notions or thoughts; as, either , or , neither , nor , but , although , except , lest , etc. -- Disjunctive proposition , one in which the parts are connected by disjunctive conjunctions; as it is either day or night. -- Disjunctive syllogism (Logic) , one in which the major proposition is disjunctive ; as, the earth moves in a circle or an ellipse; but in does not move in a circle, therefore it moves in an ellipse.
1. Tending to disjoin; separating; disjoining. 2. (Mus.) Pertaining to disjunct tetrachords. " Disjunctive notes." Moore (Encyc. of Music).
Disjunctive noun (a) (Gram.) A disjunctive conjunction. (b) (Logic) A disjunctive proposition.
Disjunctively adverb In a disjunctive manner; separately. Dr. H. More.
Disjuncture noun The act of disjoining, or state of being disjoined; separation. Fuller.
[ Latin discus
, Greek di`skos
. See Dish
.] [ Written also disc
.] 1. A discus; a quoit.
Some whirl the disk , and some the javelin dart. Pope. 2. A flat, circular plate; as, a disk of metal or paper. 3. (Astron.) The circular figure of a celestial body, as seen projected of the heavens. 4. (Biol.) A circular structure either in plants or animals; as, a blood disk ; germinal disk , etc. 5. (Botany) (a) The whole surface of a leaf. (b) The central part of a radiate compound flower, as in sunflower. (c) A part of the receptacle enlarged or expanded under, or around, or even on top of, the pistil. 6. (Zoology) (a) The anterior surface or oral area of cœlenterate animals, as of sea anemones. (b) The lower side of the body of some invertebrates, especially when used for locomotion, when it is often called a creeping disk . (c) In owls, the space around the eyes. Disk engine
, a form of rotary steam engine.
-- Disk shell (Zoology)
, any species of Discina.
Disk clutch (Engineering) A friction clutch in which the gripping surfaces are disks or more or less resemble disks.
Diskindness noun Unkindness; disservice. [ R.] A. Tucker.
Diskless adjective Having no disk; appearing as a point and not expanded into a disk, as the image of a faint star in a telescope.
Dislade transitive verb To unlade. [ Obsolete] Heywood.
[ See Disloyal
.] Disloyal; perfidious.
[ Obsolete] " Disleal
Disleave transitive verb To deprive of leaves.
The cankerworms that annually that disleaved the elms. Lowell.
Dislike transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Disliked
; present participle & verbal noun Disliking
.] 1. To regard with dislike or aversion; to disapprove; to disrelish.
Every nation dislikes an impost. Johnson. 2. To awaken dislike in; to displease.
Dislike noun 1. A feeling of positive and usually permanent aversion to something unpleasant, uncongenial, or offensive; disapprobation; repugnance; displeasure; disfavor; -- the opposite of liking or fondness .
God's grace . . . gives him continual dislike to sin. Hammond.
The hint malevolent, the look oblique, Hannah More.
The obvious satire, or implied dislike .
We have spoken of the dislike of these excellent women for Sheridan and Fox. J. Morley.
His dislike of a particular kind of sensational stories. A. W. Ward. 2. Discord; dissension.
[ Obsolete] Fairfax. Syn.
-- Distaste; disinclination; disapprobation; disfavor; disaffection; displeasure; disrelish; aversion; reluctance; repugnance; disgust; antipathy. -- Dislike
is the more general term, applicable to both persons and things and arising either from feeling or judgment. It may mean little more than want of positive liking; but antipathy
, and aversion
are more intense phases of dislike
denotes a fixed and habitual dislike; as, an aversion
to or for business. Reluctance
denote a mental strife or hostility something proposed ( repugnance
being the stronger); as, a reluctance
to make the necessary sacrifices, and a repugnance
to the submission required. Disgust
is repugnance either of taste or moral feeling; as, a disgust
at gross exhibitions of selfishness. Antipathy
is primarily an instinctive feeling of dislike of a thing, such as most persons feel for a snake. When used figuratively, it denotes a correspondent dislike for certain persons, modes of acting, etc. Men have an aversion
to what breaks in upon their habits; a reluctance
to what crosses their will; a disgust
at what offends their sensibilities; and are often governed by antipathies
for which they can give no good reason.
Dislikeful adjective Full of dislike; disaffected; malign; disagreeable. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Dislikelihood noun The want of likelihood; improbability. Sir W. Scott.
Disliken transitive verb To make unlike; to disguise. [ Obsolete] Shak.
Dislikeness noun Unlikeness. [ R.] Locke.