Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Vulcanic adjective
1. Of or pertaining to Vulcan; made by Vulcan; Vulcanian.

2. Of or pertaining to volcanoes; specifically, relating to the geological theory of the Vulcanists, or Plutonists.

Vulcanicity noun Volcanicity.

Vulcanism noun Volcanism.

Vulcanist noun A volcanist.

Vulcanite noun Hard rubber produced by vulcanizing with a large proportion of sulphur.

Vulcanization noun [ See Vulcan .] The act or process of imparting to caoutchouc, gutta- percha, or the like, greater elasticity, durability, or hardness by heating with sulphur under pressure.

Vulcanize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Vulcanized ; present participle & verbal noun Vulcanizing .] To change the properties of, as caoutchouc, or India rubber, by the process of vulcanization.

Vulcanized fiber , paper, paper pulp, or other fiber, chemically treated, as with metallic chlorides, so as to form a substance resembling ebonite in texture, hardness, etc. Knight. -- Vulcanized rubber , India rubber, vulcanized.

Vulcanizer noun One who, or that which, vulcanizes; esp., an apparatus for vulcanizing caoutchouc.

Vulcano noun A volcano. [ Obsolete]

Vulcanology noun [ See Vulcan , and -logy .] The science which treats of phenomena due to plutonic action, as in volcanoes, hot springs, etc. [ R.]

Vulgar adjective [ Latin vulgaris , from vulgus the multitude, the common people; of uncertain origin: confer French vulgaire . Confer Divulge .]


1. Of or pertaining to the mass, or multitude, of people; common; general; ordinary; public; hence, in general use; vernacular. "As common as any the most vulgar thing to sense. " Shak.

Things vulgar , and well-weighed, scarce worth the praise.
Milton.

It might be more useful to the English reader . . . to write in our vulgar language.
Bp. Fell.

The mechanical process of multiplying books had brought the New Testament in the vulgar tongue within the reach of every class.
Bancroft.

2. Belonging or relating to the common people, as distinguished from the cultivated or educated; pertaining to common life; plebeian; not select or distinguished; hence, sometimes, of little or no value. "Like the vulgar sort of market men." Shak.

Men who have passed all their time in low and vulgar life.
Addison.

In reading an account of a battle, we follow the hero with our whole attention, but seldom reflect on the
vulgar heaps of slaughter.
Rambler.

3. Hence, lacking cultivation or refinement; rustic; boorish; also, offensive to good taste or refined feelings; low; coarse; mean; base; as, vulgar men, minds, language, or manners.

Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar .
Shak.

Vulgar fraction . (Arith.) See under Fraction .

Vulgar noun [ Confer French vulgaire .]


1. One of the common people; a vulgar person. [ Obsolete]

These vile vulgars are extremely proud.
Chapman.

2. The vernacular, or common language. [ Obsolete]

Vulgarian noun A vulgar person; one who has vulgar ideas. Used also adjectively.

Vulgarism noun [ Confer French vulgarisme .]


1. Grossness; rudeness; vulgarity.

2. A vulgar phrase or expression.

A fastidious taste will find offense in the occasional vulgarisms , or what we now call "slang," which not a few of our writers seem to have affected.
Coleridge.

Vulgarity noun [ Confer French vulgarité , Latin vulgaritas the multitude.]


1. The quality or state of being vulgar; mean condition of life; the state of the lower classes of society. Sir T. Browne.

2. Grossness or clownishness of manners of language; absence of refinement; coarseness.

The reprobate vulgarity of the frequenters of Bartholomew Fair.
B. Jonson.

Vulgarization noun The act or process of making vulgar, or common.

Vulgarize transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Vulgarized ; present participle & verbal noun Vulgarizing .] [ Confer French vulgariser , Late Latin vulgarizare .] To make vulgar, or common.

Exhortation vulgarized by low wit.
V. Knox.

Vulgarly adverb In a vulgar manner.

Vulgarness noun The quality of being vulgar.

Vulgate noun [ New Latin vulgata , from Latin vulgatus usual, common, past participle of vulgare to make general, or common, from vulgus the multitude: confer French vulgate . See Vulgar , adjective ] An ancient Latin version of the Scripture, and the only version which the Roman Church admits to be authentic; -- so called from its common use in the Latin Church.

» The Vulgate was made by Jerome at the close of the 4th century. The Old Testament he translated mostly from the Hebrew and Chaldaic, and the New Testament he revised from an older Latin version. The Douay version, so called, is an English translation from the Vulgate. See Douay Bible .

Vulgate adjective Of or pertaining to the Vulgate, or the old Latin version of the Scriptures.

Vulnerability noun The quality or state of being vulnerable; vulnerableness.

Vulnerable adjective [ Latin vulnerabilis wounding, injurious, from vulnerare to wound, vulnus a wound; akin to Sanskrit vra...a : confer French vulnérable .]


1. Capable of being wounded; susceptible of wounds or external injuries; as, a vulnerable body.

Achilles was vulnerable in his heel; and there will be wanting a Paris to infix the dart.
Dr. T. Dwight.

2. Liable to injury; subject to be affected injuriously; assailable; as, a vulnerable reputation.

His skill in finding out the vulnerable parts of strong minds was consummate.
Macaulay.

Vulnerableness noun The quality or state of being vulnerable; vulnerability.

Vulnerary adjective [ Latin vulnearius : confer French vulnéraire .] Useful in healing wounds; adapted to the cure of external injuries; as, vulnerary plants or potions. "Such vulnerary remedies." Sir W. Scott. -- noun [ Confer French vulnéraire .] (Medicine) A vulnerary remedy.

Vulnerate transitive verb [ Latin vulneratus , past participle of vulnerare to wound.] To wound; to hurt. [ Obsolete]

Vulneration noun [ Latin vulneratio .] The act of wounding, or the state of being wounded. [ Obsolete]

Vulnerose adjective Full of wounds; wounded.

Vulnific, Vulnifical adjective [ Latin vulnificus ; vulnus a wound + facere to make.] Causing wounds; inflicting wounds; wounding.

Vulnose adjective Having wounds; vulnerose. [ R.]

Vulpes noun [ Latin , a fox.] (Zoology) A genus of Carnivora including the foxes.

Vulpic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid obtained from a lichen ( Cetraria vulpina ) as a yellow or red crystalline substance which on decomposition yields pulvinic acid.

Vulpicide noun [ Latin vulpes a fox + caedere to kill.] One who kills a fox, except in hunting; also, the act of so killing a fox. [ Written also vulpecide .]

Vulpine adjective [ Latin vulpinus , from vulpes a fox.] Of or pertaining to the fox; resembling the fox; foxy; cunning; crafty; artful.

Vulpine phalangist (Zoology) , an Australian carnivorous marsupial ( Phalangista, or Trichosurus, vulpina ); -- called also vulpine phalanger , and vulpine opossum .

Vulpinic adjective (Chemistry) Same as Vulpic .

Vulpinism noun The quality of being cunning like the fox; craft; artfulness. [ R.]

He was without guile, and had no vulpinism at all.
Carlyle.

Vulpinite noun [ So called after Vulpino , in Italy.] (Min.) A scaly granular variety of anhydrite of a grayish white color, used for ornamental purposes.

Vultern noun (Zoology) The brush turkey ( Talegallus Lathami ) of Australia. See Brush turkey .

Vulture noun [ Middle English vultur , Latin vultur : confer Old French voltour , French vautour .] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of rapacious birds belonging to Vultur , Cathartes , Catharista , and various other genera of the family Vulturidæ .

» In most of the species the head and neck are naked or nearly so. They feed chiefly on carrion. The condor, king vulture, turkey buzzard, and black vulture ( Catharista atrata ) are well known American species. The griffin, lammergeir, and Pharaoh's chicken, or Egyptian vulture, are common Old World vultures.

Vulturine adjective [ Latin vulturinus .] Of or pertaining to a vulture; resembling a vulture in qualities or looks; as, the vulturine sea eagle ( Gypohierax Angolensis ); vulturine rapacity.

The vulturine nose, which smells nothing but corruption, is no credit to its possessor.
C. Kingsley.

Vulturish adjective Vulturous.

Vulturism noun The quality or state of being like a vulture; rapaciousness.

Vulturous adjective Like a vulture; rapacious.

Vulva noun [ Latin vulva , volva , from volvere to roll.]


1. (Anat.) The external parts of the female genital organs; sometimes, the opening between the projecting parts of the external organs.

2. (Zoology) The orifice of the oviduct of an insect or other invertebrate.

Vulviform adjective [ Latin vulva , volva , a wrapper + -form .] (Botany) Like a cleft with projecting edges.

Vulvitis noun [ New Latin See Vulva , and -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the vulva.

Vulvo-uterine adjective (Anat.) Pertaining both to the vulva and the uterus.

Vulvovaginal adjective (Anat.) Pertaining both to the vulva and the vagina.

Vyce noun [ Confer Vise .] (Coopering) A kind of clamp with gimlet points for holding a barrel head while the staves are being closed around it. Knight.

Vying adjective & noun from Vie . -- Vy"ing*ly , adverb