Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin sedens
, - entis
, present participle of sedere
to sit. See Sit
.] Sitting; inactive; quiet.
Sedentarily adverb In a sedentary manner.
Sedentariness noun Quality of being sedentary.
[ Latin sedentarius
, from sedere
to sit: confer French seédentaire
. See Sedent
.] 1. Accustomed to sit much or long; as, a sedentary man.
, scholastic sophists." Bp. Warburton. 2. Characterized by, or requiring, much sitting; as, a sedentary employment; a sedentary life.
Any education that confined itself to sedentary pursuits was essentially imperfect. Beaconsfield. 3. Inactive; motionless; sluggish; hence, calm; tranquil.
[ R.] "The sedentary
The soul, considered abstractly from its passions, is of a remiss, sedentary nature. Spectator. 4. Caused by long sitting.
[ Obsolete] " Sedentary
numbness." Milton. 5. (Zoology) Remaining in one place, especially when firmly attached to some object; as, the oyster is a sedentary mollusk; the barnacles are sedentary crustaceans. Sedentary spider (Zoology)
, one of a tribe of spiders which rest motionless until their prey is caught in their web.
[ Latin , they sat, from sedere
to sit.] A sitting, as of a court or other body.
'T is pity we have not Burns's own account of that long sederunt . Prof. Wilson. Acts of sederunt (Scots Law)
, ordinances of the Court of Session for the ordering of processes and expediting of justice. Bell.
[ Middle English segge
, Anglo-Saxon secg
; akin to LG. segge
; -- probably named from its bladelike appearance, and akin to Latin secare
to cut, English saw
a cutting instrument; confer Ir. seisg
, W. hesg
. Confer Hassock
the instrument.] 1. (Botany) Any plant of the genus Carex , perennial, endogenous, innutritious herbs, often growing in dense tufts in marshy places. They have triangular jointless stems, a spiked inflorescence, and long grasslike leaves which are usually rough on the margins and midrib. There are several hundred species.
» The name is sometimes given to any other plant of the order Cyperaceæ
, which includes Carex
, and many other genera of rushlike plants. 2. (Zoology) A flock of herons. Sedge hen (Zoology)
, the clapper rail. See under 5th Rail .
-- Sedge warbler (Zoology)
, a small European singing bird ( Acrocephalus phragmitis ). It often builds its nest among reeds; -- called also sedge bird , sedge wren , night warbler , and Scotch nightingale .
Sedged adjective Made or composed of sedge.
With your sedged crowns and ever-harmless looks. Shak.
Sedgy adjective Overgrown with sedge.
On the gentle Severn\'b6s sedgy bank. Shak.
Sedilia noun plural ; sing. Sedile [ Latin sedile a seat.] (Architecture) Seats in the chancel of a church near the altar for the officiating clergy during intervals of service. Hook.
[ French sédiment
, Latin sedimentum
a settling, from sedere
to sit, to settle. See Sit
.] 1. The matter which subsides to the bottom, from water or any other liquid; settlings; lees; dregs. 2. (Geol.) The material of which sedimentary rocks are formed.
Sedimental adjective Sedimentary.
[ Confer French sédimentaire
.] Of or pertaining to sediment; formed by sediment; containing matter that has subsided. Sedimentary rocks
. (Geol.) See Aqueous rocks , under Aqueous .
Sedimentation noun The act of depositing a sediment; specifically (Geol.) , the deposition of the material of which sedimentary rocks are formed.
[ Middle English sedicioun
, Old French sedition
, French sédition
, from Latin seditio
, originally, a going aside; hence, an insurrectionary separation; prefix se-
, aside + itio
a going, from ire
, to go. Confer Issue
.] 1. The raising of commotion in a state, not amounting to insurrection; conduct tending to treason, but without an overt act; excitement of discontent against the government, or of resistance to lawful authority.
In soothing them, we nourish 'gainst our senate Shak.
The cockle of rebellion, insolence, sedition .
Noisy demagogues who had been accused of sedition . Macaulay. 2. Dissension; division; schism.
Now the works of the flesh are manifest, . . . emulations, wrath, strife, seditions , heresies. Gal. v. 19, 20. Syn.
-- Insurrection; tumult; uproar; riot; rebellion; revolt. See Insurrection
Seditionary noun An inciter or promoter of sedition. Bp. Hall.
Seditious adjective [ Latin seditiosus : confer French séditieux .]
1. Of or pertaining to sedition; partaking of the nature of, or tending to excite, sedition; as, seditious behavior; seditious strife; seditious words. 2. Disposed to arouse, or take part in, violent opposition to lawful authority; turbulent; factious; guilty of sedition; as, seditious citizens. -- Se*di"tious*ly , adverb -- Se*di"tious*ness , noun
Seduce transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Seduced
; present participle & verbal noun Seducing
.] [ Latin seducere
; prefix se-
aside + ducere
to lead. See Duke
.] 1. To draw aside from the path of rectitude and duty in any manner; to entice to evil; to lead astray; to tempt and lead to iniquity; to corrupt.
For me, the gold of France did not seduce . Shak. 2. Specifically, to induce to surrender chastity; to debauch by means of solicitation. Syn.
-- To allure; entice; tempt; attract; mislead; decoy; inveigle. See Allure
1. The act of seducing. 2. The means employed to seduce, as flattery, promises, deception, etc.; arts of enticing or corrupting. Pope.
Seducer noun One who, or that which, seduces; specifically, one who prevails over the chastity of a woman by enticements and persuasions.
He whose firm faith no reason could remove, Dryden.
Will melt before that soft seducer , love.
Seducible adjective Capable of being seduced; corruptible.
Seducing adjective Seductive. "Thy sweet seducing charms." Cowper. -- Se*du"cing*ly , adverb
[ Latin seductio
: confer French séduction
. See Seduce
.] 1. The act of seducing; enticement to wrong doing; specifically, the offense of inducing a woman to consent to unlawful sexual intercourse, by enticements which overcome her scruples; the wrong or crime of persuading a woman to surrender her chastity. 2. That which seduces, or is adapted to seduce; means of leading astray; as, the seductions of wealth.
Seductive adjective Tending to lead astray; apt to mislead by flattering appearances; tempting; alluring; as, a seductive offer.
This may enable us to understand how seductive is the influence of example. Sir W. Hamilton.
Seductively adverb In a seductive manner.
Seductress noun A woman who seduces.
[ Latin sedulitas
. See Sedulous
.] The quality or state of being sedulous; diligent and assiduous application; constant attention; unremitting industry; sedulousness.
The industrious bee, by his sedulity in summer, lives in honey all the winter. Feltham.
[ Latin sedulus
, perhaps from sedere
to sit, and so akin to English sit
.] Diligent in application or pursuit; constant, steady, and persevering in business, or in endeavors to effect an object; steadily industrious; assiduous; as, the sedulous bee.
What signifies the sound of words in prayer, without the affection of the heart, and a sedulous application of the proper means that may naturally lead us to such an end? L'Estrange. Syn.
-- Assiduous; diligent; industrious; laborious; unremitting; untiring; unwearied; persevering. -- Sed"u*lous*ly
Sedum noun [ New Latin , from Latin sedere to sit; so called in allusion to the manner in which the plants attach themselves to rocks and walls.] (Botany) A genus of plants, mostly perennial, having succulent leaves and cymose flowers; orpine; stonecrop. Gray.
[ Middle English se
, Old French se
, from Latin sedes
a seat, or the kindred sedere
to sit. See Sit
, and confer Siege
.] 1. A seat; a site; a place where sovereign power is exercised.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Jove laughed on Venus from his sovereign see . Spenser. 2. Specifically: (a) The seat of episcopal power; a diocese; the jurisdiction of a bishop; as, the see of New York. (b) The seat of an archbishop; a province or jurisdiction of an archbishop; as, an archiepiscopal see . (c) The seat, place, or office of the pope, or Roman pontiff; as, the papal see . (d) The pope or his court at Rome; as, to appeal to the see of Rome. Apostolic see
. See under Apostolic .
(sē) transitive verb
[ imperfect Saw
(sa); past participle Seen
(sēn); present participle & verbal noun Seeing
.] [ Middle English seen
, Anglo-Saxon seón
; akin to OFries. sīa
, Dutch zien
, Old Saxon & Old High German sehan
, German sehen
, Icelandic sjā
, Swedish se
, Danish see
, Goth. saíhwan
, and probably to Latin sequi
to follow (and so originally meaning, to follow with the eyes). Greek "e`pesqai
, Sanskrit sac
. Confer Sight
to follow.] 1. To perceive by the eye; to have knowledge of the existence and apparent qualities of by the organs of sight; to behold; to descry; to view.
I will now turn aside, and see this great sight. Ex. iii. 3. 2. To perceive by mental vision; to form an idea or conception of; to note with the mind; to observe; to discern; to distinguish; to understand; to comprehend; to ascertain.
Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren. Gen. xxxvii. 14.
Jesus saw that he answered discreetly. Mark xii. 34.
Who's so gross Shak. 3. To follow with the eyes, or as with the eyes; to watch; to regard attentively; to look after. Shak.
That seeth not this palpable device?
I had a mind to see him out, and therefore did not care for contradicting him. Addison. 4. To have an interview with; especially, to make a call upon; to visit; as, to go to see a friend.
And Samuel came no more to see Saul until the day of his death. 1 Sam. xv. 35. 5. To fall in with; to meet or associate with; to have intercourse or communication with; hence, to have knowledge or experience of; as, to see military service.
Make us glad according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years wherein we have seen evil. Ps. xc. 15.
Verily, verily, I say unto you, if a man keep my saying, he shall never see death. John viii. 51.
Improvement in wisdom and prudence by seeing men. Locke. 6. To accompany in person; to escort; to wait upon; as, to see one home; to see one aboard the cars. God you
( him, or me
, etc.) see
, God keep you (him, me, etc.) in his sight; God protect you.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
-- To see
, to see (it) to the end; to be present at, or attend, to the end.
-- To see stars
, to see flashes of light, like stars; -- sometimes the result of concussion of the head.
[ Colloq.] -- To see (one) through
, to help, watch, or guard (one) to the end of a course or an undertaking.
See intransitive verb 1. To have the power of sight, or of perceiving by the proper organs; to possess or employ the sense of vision; as, he sees distinctly.
Whereas I was blind, now I see . John ix. 25. 2. Figuratively: To have intellectual apprehension; to perceive; to know; to understand; to discern; -- often followed by a preposition, as through , or into .
For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see ; and that they which see might be made blind. John ix. 39.
Many sagacious persons will find us out, . . . and see through all our fine pretensions. Tillotson. 3. To be attentive; to take care; to give heed; -- generally with to ; as, to see to the house.
See that ye fall not out by the way. Gen. xlv. 24.
» Let me see
, Let us see
, are used to express consideration, or to introduce the particular consideration of a subject, or some scheme or calculation.
Cassio's a proper man, let me see now, - Shak.
To get his place.
is sometimes used in the imperative for look
, or behold
. " See
! upon the banks of Boyne he stands." Halifax. To see about a thing
, to pay attention to it; to consider it.
-- To see on
, to look at.
[ Obsolete] "She was full more blissful on to see
-- To see to
. (a) To look at; to behold; to view
. [ Obsolete] "An altar by Jordan, a great altar to see to
" Josh. xxii. 10. (b) To take care about; to look after; as, to see to a fire.
See transitive verb In poker and similar games at cards, to meet (a bet), or to equal the bet of (a player), by staking the same sum.
Seecatch noun [ Russian siekach .] (Zoology) A full-grown male fur seal. [ Alaska]
; plural Seed
. [ Middle English seed
, Anglo-Saxon sǣd
, from sāwan
to sow; akin to Dutch zaad
seed, German saat
, Icelandic sāð
, Goth. mana sēþs
seed of men, world. See Sow
to scatter seed, and confer Colza
.] 1. (Botany) (a) A ripened ovule, consisting of an embryo with one or more integuments, or coverings; as, an apple seed ; a currant seed . By germination it produces a new plant. (b) Any small seedlike fruit, though it may consist of a pericarp, or even a calyx, as well as the seed proper; as, parsnip seed ; thistle seed .
And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed , and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself. Gen. i. 11.
» The seed proper has an outer and an inner coat, and within these the kernel or nucleus. The kernel is either the embryo alone, or the embryo inclosed in the albumen, which is the material for the nourishment of the developing embryo. The scar on a seed, left where the stem parted from it, is called the hilum
, and the closed orifice of the ovule, the micropyle
. 2. (Physiol.) The generative fluid of the male; semen; sperm; -- not used in the plural. 3. That from which anything springs; first principle; original; source; as, the seeds of virtue or vice. 4. The principle of production.
Praise of great acts he scatters as a seed , Waller. 5. Progeny; offspring; children; descendants; as, the seed of Abraham; the seed of David.
Which may the like in coming ages breed .
» In this sense the word is applied to one person, or to any number collectively, and admits of the plural form, though rarely used in the plural. 6. Race; generation; birth.
Of mortal seed they were not held. Waller. Seed bag (Artesian well)
, a packing to prevent percolation of water down the bore hole. It consists of a bag encircling the tubing and filled with flax seed, which swells when wet and fills the space between the tubing and the sides of the hole.
-- Seed bud (Botany)
, the germ or rudiment of the plant in the embryo state; the ovule.
-- Seed coat (Botany)
, the covering of a seed.
-- Seed corn
, or Seed grain (Botany)
, corn or grain for seed.
-- Seed down (Botany)
, the soft hairs on certain seeds, as cotton seed.
-- Seed drill
. See 6th Drill , 2 (a) .
-- Seed eater (Zoology)
, any finch of the genera Sporophila , and Crithagra . They feed mainly on seeds.
-- Seed gall (Zoology)
, any gall which resembles a seed, formed on the leaves of various plants, usually by some species of Phylloxera.
-- Seed leaf (Botany)
, a cotyledon.
-- Seed lobe (Botany)
, a cotyledon; a seed leaf.
-- Seed oil
, oil expressed from the seeds of plants.
-- Seed oyster
, a young oyster, especially when of a size suitable for transplantation to a new locality.
-- Seed pearl
, a small pearl of little value.
-- Seed plat
, or Seed plot
, the ground on which seeds are sown, to produce plants for transplanting; a nursery.
-- Seed stalk (Botany)
, the stalk of an ovule or seed; a funicle.
-- Seed tick (Zoology)
, one of several species of ticks resembling seeds in form and color.
-- Seed vessel (Botany)
, that part of a plant which contains the seeds; a pericarp.
-- Seed weevil (Zoology)
, any one of numerous small weevils, especially those of the genus Apion , which live in the seeds of various plants.
-- Seed wool
, cotton wool not yet cleansed of its seeds.
[ Southern U.S.]
Seed intransitive verb 1. To sow seed. 2. To shed the seed. Mortimer. 3. To grow to maturity, and produce seed.
Many interests have grown up, and seeded , and twisted their roots in the crevices of many wrongs. Landor.
Seed transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Seeded
; present participle & verbal noun Seeding
.] 1. To sprinkle with seed; to plant seeds in; to sow; as, to seed a field. 2. To cover thinly with something scattered; to ornament with seedlike decorations.
A sable mantle seeded with waking eyes. B. Jonson. To seed down
, to sow with grass seed.
Seed-lac noun A species of lac. See the Note under Lac .
Seedbox noun (Botany) (a) A capsule. (b) A plant ( Ludwigia alternifolia ) which has somewhat cubical or box-shaped capsules.
Seedcake noun A sweet cake or cooky containing aromatic seeds, as caraway. Tusser.
Seedcod noun A seedlip. [ Prov. Eng.]
Seeder noun One who, or that which, sows or plants seed.
Seediness noun The quality or state of being seedy, shabby, or worn out; a state of wretchedness or exhaustion.
[ Colloq.] G. Eliot.
What is called seediness , after a debauch, is a plain proof that nature has been outraged. J. S. Blackie.
Seedless adjective Without seed or seeds.
Seedling noun (Botany) A plant reared from the seed, as distinguished from one propagated by layers, buds, or the like.
Seedlip, Seedlop noun [ Anglo-Saxon sǣdleáp ; sǣd seed + leáp basket.] A vessel in which a sower carries the seed to be scattered. [ Prov. Eng.]
Seedness noun Seedtime. [ Obsolete] Shak.
; plural Seedsmen
n). 1. A sower; one who sows or scatters seed.
The seedsman Shak. 2. A person who deals in seeds.
Upon the slime and ooze scatters his grain.
[ Anglo-Saxon sǣdtīma
.] The season proper for sowing.
While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night, shall not cease. Gen. viii. 22.