Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Syphon noun See Syphon .

Syracuse noun A red wine of Italy.

Syren noun See Siren . [ R.]

Syriac adjective [ Latin Syriacus , from Syria : confer French syriaque .] Of or pertaining to Syria, or its language; as, the Syriac version of the Pentateuch. -- noun The language of Syria; especially, the ancient language of that country.

Syriacism noun A Syrian idiom; a Syrianism.

Syrian adjective [ Latin Syrius : confer French Syrien .] Of or pertaining to Syria; Syriac. -- noun A native of Syria.

Syrianism noun A Syrian idiom, or a peculiarity of the Syrian language; a Syriacism. Paley.

Syriasm noun A Syrian idiom; a Syrianism; a Syriacism. M. Stuart.

The Scripture Greek is observed to be full of Syriasms and Hebraisms.
Bp. Warburton.

Syringa noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., a shepherd's pipe, tube. Confer Syringe .] (Botany) (a) A genus of plants; the lilac. (b) The mock orange; -- popularly so called because its stems were formerly used as pipestems.

Syringe noun [ French seringue (cf. Pr. siringua , Spanish jeringa , Italian sciringa , scilinga ), fg. Greek ..., ..., a pipe or tube; confer Sanskrit svar to sound, and English swarum . Confer Syringa .] A kind of small hand-pump for throwing a stream of liquid, or for purposes of aspiration. It consists of a small cylindrical barrel and piston, or a bulb of soft elastic material, with or without valves, and with a nozzle which is sometimes at the end of a flexible tube; -- used for injecting animal bodies, cleansing wounds, etc.

Garden syringe . See Garden .

Syringe transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Syringed ; present participle & verbal noun Syringing .]
1. To inject by means of a syringe; as, to syringe warm water into a vein.

2. To wash and clean by injection from a syringe.

Syringeal adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the syrinx; as, the syringeal muscle.

Syringin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the bark of the lilac ( Syringa ) and extracted as a white crystalline substance; -- formerly called also lilacin .

Syringocœle noun [ Syrinx + Greek ... hollow.] (Anat.) The central canal of the spinal cord. B. G. Wilder.

Syringotome noun [ Confer French syringotome . See Syringotomy .] (Surg. & Anat.) A small blunt-pointed bistoury, -- used in syringotomy.

Syringotomy noun [ Greek ... a tube, a hollow sore + ... to cut: confer French syringotomie .] (Surg.) The operation of cutting for anal fistula.

Syrinx noun ; plural Syringes . [ New Latin , from Greek ... a pipe.]
1. (Mus.) A wind instrument made of reeds tied together; -- called also pandean pipes .

2. (Anat.) The lower larynx in birds.

» In birds there are two laringes, an upper or true, but voiceless, larynx in the usual position behind the tongue, and a lower one, at or near the junction of the trachea and bronchi, which is the true organ of the voice.

Syrma noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to drag.] (Class. Antiq.) A long dress, trailing on the floor, worn by tragic actors in Greek and Roman theaters.

Syrphian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the syrphus flies. -- noun (Zoology) A syrphus fly.

Syrphus fly [ New Latin Syrphus , the generic name, from Greek ..., ..., a kind of winged insect.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of dipterous flies of the genus Syrphus and allied genera. They are usually bright-colored, with yellow bands, and hover around plants. The larvæ feed upon plant lice, and are, therefore, very beneficial to agriculture.

Syrt noun [ Latin syrtis a sand bank in the sea, Greek ...: confer French syrte .] A quicksand; a bog. [ R.] Young.

Syrtic adjective Of or pertaining to a syrt; resembling syrt, or quicksand. [ R.] Ed. Rev.

Syrtis noun ; plural Syrtes . [ See Syrt .] A quicksand.

Quenched in a boggy syrtis , neither sea
Nor good dry land.

Syrup noun , Syr"up*y adjective [ See Sirup .] Same as Sirup , Sirupy .

Syssarcosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to unite by flesh, to cover over with flesh; sy`n with + ..., ..., flesh.] (Anat.) The junction of bones by intervening muscles.

Systaltic adjective [ Latin systalticus drawing together, Greek ..., from ... to draw together. Confer Sustaltic , Systole .] (Physiol.) Capable of, or taking place by, alternate contraction and dilatation; as, the systaltic action of the heart.

Systasis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to stand together. See under System .] A political union, confederation, or league. [ R.] Burke.

System noun [ Latin systema , Greek ..., from ... to place together; sy`n with + ... to place: confer French système . See Stand .]
1. An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military system ; the solar system .

The best way to learn any science, is to begin with a regular system , or a short and plain scheme of that science well drawn up into a narrow compass.
I. Watts.

2. Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. "The great system of the world." Boyle.

3. Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business.

4. (Mus.) The collection of staves which form a full score. See Score , noun

5. (Biol.) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as, the capillary system , the muscular system , the digestive system , etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.

6. (Zoology) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians.

Block system , Conservative system , etc. See under Block , Conservative , etc.

Systematic, Systematical adjective [ Greek ...: confer French systématique .]
1. Of or pertaining to system; consisting in system; methodical; formed with regular connection and adaptation or subordination of parts to each other, and to the design of the whole; as, a systematic arrangement of plants or animals; a systematic course of study.

Now we deal much in essays, and unreasonably despise systematical learning; whereas our fathers had a just value for regularity and systems.
I. Watts.

A representation of phenomena, in order to answer the purposes of science, must be systematic .

2. Proceeding according to system, or regular method; as, a systematic writer; systematic benevolence.

3. Pertaining to the system of the world; cosmical.

These ends may be called cosmical, or systematical .

4. (Medicine) Affecting successively the different parts of the system or set of nervous fibres; as, systematic degeneration.

Systematic theology . See under Theology .

Systematically adverb In a systematic manner; methodically.

Systematism noun The reduction of facts or principles to a system. Dunglison.

Systematist noun [ Confer French systématiste .]
1. One who forms a system, or reduces to system.

2. One who adheres to a system.