Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ CF. Slush
.] 1. Mud; mire; soft mud; slush. Mortimer. Tennyson. 2. Small floating pieces of ice, or masses of saturated snow. Kane. 3. (Mining) See Slime , 4. Sludge hole
, the hand-hole, or manhole, in a steam boiler, by means of which sediment can be removed.
Sludge noun Anything resembling mud or slush; as: (a) A muddy or slimy deposit from sweage. (b) Mud from a drill hole in boring. (c) Muddy sediment in a steam boiler. (d) Settling of cottonseed oil, used in making soap, etc. (e) A residuum of crude paraffin-oil distillation.
Sludge acid Impure dark-colored sulphuric acid that has been used in the refining of petroleum.
Sludger (slŭj"ẽr) noun A bucket for removing mud from a bored hole; a sand pump.
Sludger noun A shovel for sludging out drains, etc.
Sludy adjective Miry; slushy.
Slue transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slued
; present participle & verbal noun Sluing
] [ Prov. English slew
to turn round, Scot. to lean or incline to a side; confer Icelandic sn...a
to turn, bend.] [ Written also slew
.] 1. (Nautical) To turn about a fixed point, usually the center or axis, as a spar or piece of timber; to turn; -- used also of any heavy body. 2. In general, to turn about; to twist; -- often used reflexively and followed by round .
They laughed, and slued themselves round. Dickens.
Slue intransitive verb To turn about; to turn from the course; to slip or slide and turn from an expected or desired course; -- often followed by round .
Slue noun See Sloough , 2.
[ Middle English slugge
to be slothful; confer LG. slukk
low- spirited, sad, English slack
, Dutch slak
, a snail.] 1. A drone; a slow, lazy fellow; a sluggard. Shak. 2. A hindrance; an obstruction.
[ Obsolete] Bacon. 3. (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial pulmonate mollusks belonging to Limax and several related genera, in which the shell is either small and concealed in the mantle, or altogether wanting. They are closely allied to the land snails. 4. (Zoology) Any smooth, soft larva of a sawfly or moth which creeps like a mollusk; as, the pear slug ; rose slug . 5. A ship that sails slowly.
[ Obsolete] Halliwell.
His rendezvous for his fleet, and for all slugs to come to, should be between Calais and Dover. Pepys. 6.
[ Perhaps a different word.] An irregularly shaped piece of metal, used as a missile for a gun. 7. (Print.) A thick strip of metal less than type high, and as long as the width of a column or a page, -- used in spacing out pages and to separate display lines, etc. Sea slug
. (Zoology) (a) Any nudibranch mollusk
. (b) A holothurian.
-- Slug caterpillar
. Same as Slugworm .
Slug intransitive verb To move slowly; to lie idle.
To slug in sloth and sensual delight. Spenser.
Slug transitive verb To make sluggish. [ Obsolete] Milton.
Slug transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slugged
; present participle & verbal noun Slugging
.] 1. To load with a slug or slugs; as, to slug a gun. 2. To strike heavily.
[ Cant or Slang]
Slug intransitive verb To become reduced in diameter, or changed in shape, by passing from a larger to a smaller part of the bore of the barrel; -- said of a bullet when fired from a gun, pistol, or other firearm.
Slug-horn adjective An erroneous form of the Scotch word slughorne , or sloggorne , meaning slogan .
Slugabed noun One who indulges in lying abed; a sluggard. [ R.] "Fie, you slugabed !" Shak.
+ - ard
.] A person habitually lazy, idle, and inactive; a drone.
Go to the ant, thou sluggard ; consider her ways, and be wise. Prov. vi. 6.
Sluggard adjective Sluggish; lazy. Dryden.
Sluggardize transitive verb To make lazy. [ R.] Shak.
[ Middle English sloggardye
.] The state of being a sluggard; sluggishness; sloth. Gower.
Idleness is rotten sluggardy . Chaucer.
Slugger noun One who strikes heavy blows; hence, a boxer; a prize fighter. [ Cant or Slang]
Slugging match (a) A boxing match or prize fight marked rather by heavy hitting than skill. [ Cant or Slang] (b) A ball game, esp. a baseball game, in which there is much hard hitting of the ball. [ Slang, U. S.]
Sluggish adjective 1. Habitually idle and lazy; slothful; dull; inactive; as, a sluggish man. 2. Slow; having little motion; as, a sluggish stream. 3. Having no power to move one's self or itself; inert.
Matter, being impotent, sluggish , and inactive, hath no power to stir or move itself. Woodward.
And the sluggish land slumbers in utter neglect. Longfellow. 4. Characteristic of a sluggard; dull; stupid; tame; simple.
[ R.] "So sluggish
a conceit." Milton. Syn.
-- Inert; idle; lazy; slothful; indolent; dronish; slow; dull; drowsy; inactive. See Inert
. -- Slug"gish*ly
Sluggy adjective Sluggish. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Slugs noun plural (Mining) Half-roasted ore.
Slugworm noun (Zoology) Any caterpillar which has the general appearance of a slug, as do those of certain moths belonging to Limacodes and allied genera, and those of certain sawflies.
[ Old French escluse
, French écluse
, Late Latin exclusa
, from Latin excludere
, to shut out: confer Dutch sluis
sluice, from the Old French. See Exclude
.] 1. An artifical passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, as in a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow; also, a water gate or flood gate. 2. Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.
Each sluice of affluent fortune opened soon. Harte.
This home familiarity . . . opens the sluices of sensibility. I. Taylor. 3. The stream flowing through a flood gate. 4. (Mining) A long box or trough through which water flows, -- used for washing auriferous earth. Sluice gate
, the sliding gate of a sluice.
Sluice transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sluiced
; present participle & verbal noun Sluicing
.] 1. To emit by, or as by, flood gates.
[ R.] Milton. 2. To wet copiously, as by opening a sluice; as, to sluice meadows. Howitt.
He dried his neck and face, which he had been sluicing with cold water. De Quincey. 3. To wash with, or in, a stream of water running through a sluice; as, to sluice eart or gold dust in mining.
Sluiceway noun An artificial channel into which water is let by a sluice; specifically, a trough constructed over the bed of a stream, so that logs, lumber, or rubbish can be floated down to some convenient place of delivery.
Sluicy adjective Falling copiously or in streams, as from a sluice.
And oft whole sheets descend of sluicy rain. Dryden.
[ CF. Slump
] 1. A foul back street of a city, especially one filled with a poor, dirty, degraded, and often vicious population; any low neighborhood or dark retreat; -- usually in the plural; as, Westminster slums are haunts for theives. Dickens. 2. plural (Mining) Same as Slimes .
Slum intransitive verb To visit or frequent slums, esp. out of curiosity, or for purposes of study, etc. [ Colloq.]
Slumber intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slumbered
; present participle & verbal noun Slumbering
.] [ Middle English slombren
, Anglo-Saxon slumerian
, from sluma
slumber; akin to Dutch sluimeren
to slumber, Middle High German slummern
, German schlummern
, Danish slumre
, Swedish slumra
, Goth. slawan
to be silent.] 1. To sleep; especially, to sleep lightly; to doze. Piers Plowman.
He that keepeth Israel shall neither slumber nor sleep. Ps. cxxi. 4. 2. To be in a state of negligence, sloth, supineness, or inactivity.
Slumber transitive verb
1. To lay to sleep. [ R.] Wotton. 2. To stun; to stupefy. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Slumber noun Sleep; especially, light sleep; sleep that is not deep or sound; repose.
He at last fell into a slumber , and thence into a fast sleep, which detained him in that place until it was almost night. Bunyan.
Fast asleep? It is no matter; Shak.
Enjoy the honey-heavy dew of slumber .
Rest to my soul, and slumber to my eyes. Dryden.
Slumberer noun One who slumbers; a sleeper.
Slumberingly adverb In a slumbering manner.
Slumberless adjective Without slumber; sleepless.
Slumberous adjective 1. Inviting slumber; soporiferous.
"Pensive in the slumberous
shade." Pope. 2. Being in the repose of slumber; sleepy; drowsy.
His quiet and almost slumberous countenance. Hawthorne.
Slumbery adjective Sleepy. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Slumbrous adjective Slumberous. Keats.
Slumgum noun The impure residue, consisting of cocoons, propolis, etc., remaining after the wax is extracted from honeycombs.
Slumming verbal noun Visiting slums.
Slump noun [ Confer Dutch slomp a mass, heap, Danish slump a quantity, and English slump , v.t.] The gross amount; the mass; the lump. [ Scot.]
Slump transitive verb
[ Confer Lump
; also Swedish slumpa
to bargain for the lump.] To lump; to throw into a mess.
These different groups . . . are exclusively slumped together under that sense. Sir W. Hamilton.
Slump intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Slumped
; present participle & verbal noun Slumping
.] [ Scot. slump
a dull noise produced by something falling into a hole, a marsh, a swamp.] To fall or sink suddenly through or in, when walking on a surface, as on thawing snow or ice, partly frozen ground, a bog, etc., not strong enough to bear the person.
The latter walk on a bottomless quag, into which unawares they may slump . Barrow.
1. A boggy place. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] 2. The noise made by anything falling into a hole, or into a soft, miry place. [ Scot.]
Slump intransitive verb
1. To slide or slip on a declivity, so that the motion is perceptible; -- said of masses of earth or rock. 2. To undergo a slump, or sudden decline or falling off; as, the stock slumped ten points. [ Colloq.]
Slump noun A falling or declining, esp. suddenly and markedly; a falling off; as, a slump in trade, in prices, etc. [ Colloq.]
Slumpy adjective Easily broken through; boggy; marshy; swampy. [ Prov. Eng. & Colloq. U.S.] Bartlett.
Slung imperfect & past participle of Sling . Slung shot
, a metal ball of small size, with a string attached, used by ruffians for striking.