Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Impasture transitive verb To place in a pasture; to foster. [ R.] T. Adams.
[ Latin impatibilis
; prefix im-
not + patibilis
supportable. See Patible
.] 1. Not capable of being borne; impassible.
A spirit, and so impatible of material fire. Fuller.
[ Middle English impacience
, French impatience
, from Latin impatientia
.] The quality of being impatient; want of endurance of pain, suffering, opposition, or delay; eagerness for change, or for something expected; restlessness; chafing of spirit; fretfulness; passion; as, the impatience of a child or an invalid.
I then, . . . Shak.
Out of my grief and my impatience ,
With huge impatience he inly swelt Spenser.
More for great sorrow that he could not pass,
Than for the burning torment which he felt.
Impatiency (ĭm*pa"sh e n*sȳ) noun Impatience. [ Obsolete]
Impatiens (-shĭ*ĕnz) noun [ Latin , impatient.] (Botany) A genus of plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force. Called also touch-me-not , jewelweed , and snapweed . I. Balsamina (sometimes called lady's slipper ) is the common garden balsam.
[ Middle English impacient
, French impatient
, from Latin impatiens
; prefix im-
not + patiens
patient. See Patient
.] 1. Not patient; not bearing with composure; intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty; passionate; -- often followed by at , for , of , and under .
A violent, sudden, and impatient necessity. Jer. Taylor.
Fame, impatient of extremes, decays Pope.
Not more by envy than excess of praise.
The impatient man will not give himself time to be informed of the matter that lies before him. Addison.
Dryden was poor and impatient of poverty. Macaulay. 2. Not to be borne; unendurable.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 3. Prompted by, or exhibiting, impatience; as, impatient speeches or replies. Shak. Syn.
-- Restless; uneasy; changeable; hot; eager; fretful; intolerant; passionate.
Impatient noun One who is impatient. [ R.]
Impatiently adverb In an impatient manner.
Impatronization noun Absolute seignory or possession; the act of investing with such possession. [ R.] Cotgrave.
Impatronize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impatronized
; present participle & verbal noun Impatronizing
.] To make lord or master; as, to impatronize one's self of a seigniory.
[ R.] Bacon.
Impave transitive verb To pave.
Impaved with rude fidelity Wordsworth.
Of art mosaic.
[ Latin impavidus
. See In-
not, and Pavid
Impawn transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impawned
; present participle & verbal noun Impawning
.] [ Prefix im-
: confer Empawn
.] To put in pawn; to pledge. Shak.
Impeach transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impeached
; present participle & verbal noun Impeaching
.] [ Middle English empeechier
to prevent, hinder, bar, French empêcher
, Latin impedicare
to entangle; prefix im-
in + pedica
fetter, from pes
, foot. See Foot
, and Appeach
.] 1. To hinder; to impede; to prevent.
These ungracious practices of his sons did impeach his journey to the Holy Land. Sir J. Davies.
A defluxion on my throat impeached my utterance. Howell. 2. To charge with a crime or misdemeanor; to accuse; especially to charge (a public officer), before a competent tribunal, with misbehavior in office; to cite before a tribunal for judgment of official misconduct; to arraign; as, to impeach a judge. See Impeachment . 3. Hence, to charge with impropriety; to dishonor; to bring discredit on; to call in question; as, to impeach one's motives or conduct.
And doth impeach the freedom of the state. Shak. 4. (Law) To challenge or discredit the credibility of, as of a witness, or the validity of, as of commercial paper.
» When used in law with reference to a witness, the term signifies, to discredit, to show or prove unreliable or unworthy of belief; when used in reference to the credit
of witness, the term denotes, to impair, to lessen, to disparage, to destroy. The credit of a witness may be impeached
by showing that he has made statements out of court contradictory to what he swears at the trial, or by showing that his reputation for veracity is bad, etc. Syn.
-- To accuse; arraign; censure; criminate; indict; impair; disparage; discredit. See Accuse
Impeach noun Hindrance; impeachment. [ Obsolete]
Impeachable adjective That may be impeached; liable to impeachment; chargeable with a crime.
Owners of lands in fee simple are not impeachable for waste. Z. Swift.
Impeacher noun One who impeaches.
[ Confer French empêchement
.] The act of impeaching, or the state of being impeached
; as: (a) Hindrance; impediment; obstruction.
Willing to march on to Calais, Shak. (b) A calling to account; arraignment; especially, of a public officer for maladministration.
Without impeachment .
The consequence of Coriolanus' impeachment had like to have been fatal to their state. Swift. (c) A calling in question as to purity of motives, rectitude of conduct, credibility, etc.; accusation; reproach; as, an impeachment of motives. Shak.
» In England, it is the privilege or right of the House of Commons to impeach, and the right of the House of Lords to try and determine impeachments. In the United States, it is the right of the House of Representatives to impeach, and of the Senate to try and determine impeachments. Articles of impeachment
. See under Article .
-- Impeachment of waste (Law)
, restraint from, or accountability for, injury; also, a suit for damages for injury. Abbott.
Impearl transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impearled
; present participle & verbal noun Impearling
.] [ Prefix im-
in + pearl
: confer French emperler
.] 1. To form into pearls, or into that which resembles pearls.
Dewdrops which the sun Milton. 2. To decorate as with pearls or with anything resembling pearls.
Impearls on every leaf and every flower.
With morning dews impearled . Mrs. Browning.
The dews of the morning impearl every thorn. R. Digby.
[ Confer French impeccabilité
.] The quality of being impeccable; exemption from sin, error, or offense.
Infallibility and impeccability are two of his attributes. Pope.
[ Latin impeccabilis
; prefix im-
not + peccare
to err, to sin: confer French impeccable
.] Not liable to sin; exempt from the possibility of doing wrong.
-- noun One who is impeccable; esp., one of a sect of Gnostic heretics who asserted their sinlessness.
God is infallible, impeccable , and absolutely perfect. P. Skelton.
Impeccancy noun Sinlessness. Bp. Hall.
Impeccant adjective Sinless; impeccable. Byron.
Impecuniosity noun The state of being impecunious. Thackeray. Sir W. Scott.
[ Latin im-
not + pecunia
money: confer French impécunieux
.] Not having money; habitually without money; poor.
An impecunious creature. B. Jonson.
Impedance noun [ Impede + -ance .] (Electricity) The apparent resistance in an electric circuit to the flow of an alternating current, analogous to the actual electrical resistance to a direct current, being the ratio of electromotive force to the current. It is equal to R 2 + X 2 , where R = ohmic resistance, X = reactance. For an inductive circuit, X = 2πfL , where f = frequency and L = self-inductance; for a circuit with capacity X = 1 Ã· 2πfC , where C = capacity.
Impede transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impeded
; present participle & verbal noun Impeding
.] [ Latin impedire
, lit., to entangle the feet; prefix im-
in + pes
, foot. See Foot
, and confer Impeach
.] To hinder; to stop in progress; to obstruct; as, to impede the advance of troops.
Whatever hinders or impedes Logfellow.
The action of the nobler will.
Impedible adjective Capable of being impeded or hindered. [ R.] Jer. Taylor.
[ Latin impedimentum
: confer French impediment
.] That which impedes or hinders progress, motion, activity, or effect.
Thus far into the bowels of the land Shak. Impediment in speech
Have we marched on without impediment .
, a defect which prevents distinct utterance. Syn.
-- Hindrance; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty; incumbrance. -- Impediment
. An impediment
literally strikes against our feet, checking our progress, and we remove it. An obstacle
rises before us in our path, and we surmount or remove it. A difficulty
sets before us something hard to be done, and we encounter it and overcome it. A hindrance
holds us back for a time, but we break away from it.
The eloquence of Demosthenes was to Philip of Macedon, a difficulty to be met with his best resources, an obstacle to his own ambition, and an impediment in his political career. C. J. Smith.
Impediment transitive verb To impede. [ R.] Bp. Reynolds.
Impedimenta noun plural
[ Latin See Impediment
.] Things which impede or hinder progress; incumbrances; baggage;
, the supply trains which must accompany an army.
On the plains they will have horses dragging travoises, dogs with travoises, women and children loaded with impedimenta . Julian Ralph.
Impedimental adjective Of the nature of an impediment; hindering; obstructing; impeditive.
Things so impedimental to success. G. H. Lewes.
[ Latin impeditus
, past participle See Impede
.] Hindered; obstructed.
[ R.] Jer. Taylor.
Impedite transitive verb To impede. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Impedition noun [ Latin impeditio .] A hindering; a hindrance. [ Obsolete] Baxier.
Impeditive adjective [ Confer French impéditif .] Causing hindrance; impeding. "Cumbersome, and impeditive of motion." Bp. Hall.
Impel transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impelled
; present participle & verbal noun Impelling
.] [ Latin impellere
; prefix im-
in + pellere
, to drive. See Pulse
a beat, and confer Impulse
.] To drive or urge forward or on; to press on; to incite to action or motion in any way.
The surge impelled me on a craggy coast. Pope. Syn.
-- To instigate; incite; induce; influence; force; drive; urge; actuate; move.
Impellent adjective [ Latin impellens , present participle of impellere .] Having the quality of impelling.
Impellent noun An impelling power or force. Glanvill.
Impeller noun One who, or that which, impels.
Impen transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impenned
; present participle & verbal noun Impenning
.] To shut up or inclose, as in a pen. Feltham.
Impend transitive verb [ Latin impendĕre ; prefix im- in + pendĕre to weigh out, pay.] To pay. [ Obsolete] Fabyan.
Impend intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Impended
; present participle & verbal noun Impending
.] [ Latin impendēre
; prefix im-
in + pendēre
to hang. See Pendant
.] To hang over; to be suspended above; to threaten from near at hand; to menace; to be imminent. See Imminent .
Destruction sure o'er all your heads impends . Pope.
Impendence, Impendency noun The state of impending; also, that which impends. " Impendence of volcanic cloud." Ruskin.
[ Latin impendens
, present participle of impendēre
.] Impending; threatening.
Impendent horrors, threatening hideous fall. Milton.
Impending adjective Hanging over; overhanging; suspended so as to menace; imminet; threatening.
An impending brow. Hawthorne.
And nodding Ilion waits th' impending fall. Pope. Syn.
-- Imminent; threatening. See Imminent
Impenetrability noun [ Confer French impénétrabilité .]
1. Quality of being impenetrable. 2. (Physics) That property in virtue of which two portions of matter can not at the same time occupy the same portion of space. 3. Insusceptibility of intellectual or emotional impression; obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.
[ Latin impenetrabilis
; prefix im-
not + penetrabilis
penetrable: confer French impénétrable
.] 1. Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not admitting the passage of other bodies; not to be entered; impervious; as, an impenetrable shield.
Highest woods impenetrable Milton. 2. (Physics) Having the property of preventing any other substance from occupying the same space at the same time. 3. Inaccessible, as to knowledge, reason, sympathy, etc.; unimpressible; not to be moved by arguments or motives; as, an impenetrable mind, or heart.
To star or sunlight.
They will be credulous in all affairs of life, but impenetrable by a sermon of the gospel. Jer. Taylor.
Impenetrableness noun The quality of being impenetrable; impenetrability.
Impenetrably adverb In an impenetrable manner or state; imperviously. " Impenetrably armed." Milton. " Impenetrably dull." Pope.