Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hyracoidea noun plural
[ New Latin See Hyrax
, and oid
.] (Zoology) An order of small hoofed mammals, comprising the single living genus Hyrax .
[ New Latin , from Greek ... shrew mouse.] (Zoology) Any animal of the genus Hyrax , of which about four species are known. They constitute the order Hyracoidea. The best known species are the daman ( H. Syriacus ) of Palestine, and the klipdas ( H. capensis ) of South Africa. Other species are H. arboreus and H. Sylvestris , the former from Southern, and the latter from Western, Africa. See Daman .
Hyrcanian, Hyrcan adjective Of or pertaining to Hyrcania, an ancient country or province of Asia, southeast of the Caspian (which was also called the Hyrcanian) Sea. "The Hyrcan tiger." " Hyrcanian deserts." Shak.
Hyrse noun [ German hirse , Old High German hirsi .] (Botany) Millet.
Hyrst noun A wood. See Hurst .
Hyson noun [ Chin. hi-tshun , lit., first crop, or blooming spring.] A fragrant kind of green tea. Hyson skin , the light and inferior leaves separated from the hyson by a winnowing machine. M‘Culloch.
Hyssop noun [ Middle English hysope , ysope , Old French ysope , French hysope , hyssope , Latin hysopum , hyssopum , hyssopus , Greek ..., ..., an aromatic plant, from Hebrew ēsov .] A plant ( Hyssopus officinalis ). The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste. » The hyssop of Scripture is supposed to be a species of caper ( Capparis spinosa ), but probably the name was used for several different plants.
Hysteranthous adjective [ Greek ... after + ... flower.] (Botany) Having the leaves expand after the flowers have opened. Henslow.
Hysteresis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... to be behind, to lag.] (Physics) A lagging or retardation of the effect, when the forces acting upon a body are changed, as if from velocity or internal friction; a temporary resistance to change from a condition previously induced, observed in magnetism, thermoelectricity, etc., on reversal of polarity.
Hysteretic adjective (Electricity) Of or pert. to hysteresis. -- Hysteretic constant , the hysteretic loss in ergs per cubic centimeter per cycle.
[ New Latin : confer French hystérie
. See Hysteric
.] (Medicine) A nervous affection, occurring almost exclusively in women, in which the emotional and reflex excitability is exaggerated, and the will power correspondingly diminished, so that the patient loses control over the emotions, becomes the victim of imaginary sensations, and often falls into paroxism or fits.
» The chief symptoms are convulsive, tossing movements of the limbs and head, uncontrollable crying and laughing, and a choking sensation as if a ball were lodged in the throat. The affection presents the most varied symptoms, often simulating those of the gravest diseases, but generally curable by mental treatment alone.
Hysteric, Hysterical adjective
[ Latin hystericus
, Greek ..., from "yste`ra
the womb; perhaps akin to ... latter, later, and English utter
.] Of or pertaining to hysteria; affected, or troubled, with hysterics; convulsive, fitful.
With no hysteric weakness or feverish excitement, they preserved their peace and patience. Bancroft.
Hysterics noun plural (Medicine) Hysteria.
Hysteroepilepsy noun [ Hysteria + epilepsy .] (Medicine) A disease resembling hysteria in its nature, and characterized by the occurrence of epileptiform convulsions, which can often be controlled or excited by pressure on the ovaries, and upon other definite points in the body. -- Hys`ter*o*ep`i*lep"tic adjective
Hysterogenic adjective [ Hyste ria + root of Greek ... to be born.] (Physiol.) Producing hysteria; as, the hysterogenic pressure points on the surface of the body, pressure upon which is said both to produce and arrest an attack of hysteria. De Watteville.
Hysterology noun [ Greek ...; ... the latter + ... discourse: confer French hystérologie .] (Rhet.) A figure by which the ordinary course of thought is inverted in expression, and the last put first; -- called also hysteron proteron .
Hysteron proteron [ New Latin , from Greek ... the latter, following + ... before, others, sooner.] (Rhet.) (a) A figure in which the natural order of sense is reversed; hysterology; as, valet atque vivit , "he is well and lives." (b) An inversion of logical order, in which the conclusion is put before the premises, or the thing proved before the evidence.
Hysterophyte noun [ Greek ... following + ... plant.] (Botany) A plant, like the fungus, which lives on dead or living organic matter. -- Hys`ter*oph"y*tal adjective
[ Greek "yste`ra
womb + ... to cut: confer French hystérotomie
.] (Medicine) The Cæsarean section. See under Cæsarean .
[ See Hystrix
.] (Zoology) Like or pertaining to the porcupines.
Hystricomorphous adjective [ Hystrix + Greek ... form.] (Zoology) Like, or allied to, the porcupines; -- said of a group ( Hystricomorpha ) of rodents.
Hystrix noun [ Greek ... porcupine.] (Zoology) A genus of rodents, including the porcupine.
Hythe noun A small haven. See Hithe .
[ Obsolete] I
(ī). 1. I, the ninth letter of the English alphabet, takes its form from the Phœnician, through the Latin and the Greek. The Phœnician letter was probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly the same as that of the Italian I, or long e as in mete . Etymologically I is most closely related to e , y , j , g ; as in d i nt, d e nt, b e verage, Latin b i bere; E. k i n, Anglo-Saxon c y nn; E. th i n, Anglo-Saxon þ y nne; E. domin i on, don j on, dun g eon.
In English I has two principal vowel sounds: the long sound, as in pīne
; and the short sound, as in pĭn
. It has also three other sounds: ( a
) That of e
, as in thirst
. ( b
) That of e
(in words of foreign origin), as in machine
. ( c
) That of consonant y
(in many words in which it precedes another vowel), as in bunion
, etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in fail
; and with o
often forms a proper diphtong, as in oil
. See Guide to Pronunciation
, §§ 98-106. The dot which we place over the small or lower case i
dates only from the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally represented by the same character, and even after the introduction of the form J into English dictionaries, words containing these letters were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together. 2. In our old authors, I was often used for ay (or aye ), yes, which is pronounced nearly like it. 3. As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2, etc.