Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Hypochondres noun plural
[ French hypocondres
, formerly spely hypochondres
.] The hypochondriac regions. See Hypochondrium .
Hypochondria noun [ New Latin ] (Medicine) Hypochondriasis; melancholy; the blues.
Hypochondriac adjective [ Greek ... affocated in the hypochondrium: confer French hypocondriaque , formerly spelt hypochondriaque .] Hypochondriac region (Anat.) , a region on either side of the abdomen beneath the cartilages of the false ribs, beside the epigastric, and above the lumbar, region.
1. Of or pertaining to hypochondria, or the hypochondriac regions. 2. Affected, characterized, or produced, by hypochondriasis.
Hypochondriac noun A person affected with hypochondriasis.
He had become an incurable hypochondriac . Macaulay.
Hypochondriacal adjective Same as Hypochondriac , 2.
Hypochondriacism noun (Medicine) Hypochondriasis. [ R.]
[ New Latin So named because supposed to have its seat in the hypochondriac regions. See Hypochondriac
, and confer Hyp
, 1st Hypo
.] (Medicine) A mental disorder in which melancholy and gloomy views torment the affected person, particularly concerning his own health.
Hypochondriasm noun (Medicine) Hypochondriasis. [ R.]
, English Hypochondriums
. [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... under the cartilage of the breastbone; ... under + ... cartilage.] (Anat.) Either of the hypochondriac regions.
Hypochondry noun Hypochondriasis.
Hypocist noun [ Greek ... a plant growing on the roots of the Cistus .] An astringent inspissated juice obtained from the fruit of a plant ( Cytinus hypocistis ), growing from the roots of the Cistus , a small European shrub.
, English Hypocleidiums
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... under + ... a little key.] (Anat.) A median process on the furculum, or merrythought, of many birds, where it is connected with the sternum.
[ Greek ...; ... under + ... to caress.] Endearing; diminutive; as, the hypocoristic form of a name.
The hypocoristic or pet form of William. Dr. Murray.
Hypocrateriform adjective [ Prefix hypo- + krath`r cup + -form .] (Botany) hypocraterimorphous; salver-shaped. Wood.
Hypocraterimorphous adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek krath`r bowl + morfh` form.] (Botany) Salver-shaped; having a slender tube, expanding suddenly above into a bowl-shaped or spreading border, as in the blossom of the phlox and the lilac.
; plural Hypocrisies
(- sĭz). [ Middle English hypocrisie
, Old French hypocrisie
, French hypocrisie
, Latin hypocrisis
, from Greek "ypo`krisis
the playing a part on the stage, simulation, outward show, from "ypokr`nesqai
to answer on the stage, to play a part; "ypo`
under + kri`nein
to decide; in the middle voice, to dispute, contend. See Hypo-
, and Critic
.] The act or practice of a hypocrite; a feigning to be what one is not, or to feel what one does not feel; a dissimulation, or a concealment of one's real character, disposition, or motives; especially, the assuming of false appearance of virtue or religion; a simulation of goodness.
Hypocrisy is the necessary burden of villainy. Rambler.
Hypocrisy is the homage vice pays to virtue. La Rochefoucauld (Trans. ).
[ French, from Latin hypocrita
, Greek ... one who plays a part on the stage, a dissembler, feigner. See Hypocrisy
.] One who plays a part; especially, one who, for the purpose of winning approbation of favor, puts on a fair outside seeming; one who feigns to be other and better than he is; a false pretender to virtue or piety; one who simulates virtue or piety.
The hypocrite's hope shall perish. Job viii. 13.
I dare swear he is no hypocrite , but prays from his heart. Shak. Syn.
-- Deceiver; pretender; cheat. See Dissembler
Hypocritely adverb Hypocritically. [ R.] Sylvester.
[ Greek ...: confer French hypocritique
.] Of or pertaining to a hypocrite, or to hypocrisy; as, a hypocritical person; a hypocritical look; a hypocritical action.
Hypocritical professions of friendship and of pacific intentions were not spared. Macaulay.
-- Hyp`o*crit"ic*al*ly adverb
Hypocrystalline adjective [ Prefix hypo- + crystalline .] (Crystallog.) Partly crystalline; -- said of rock which consists of crystals imbedded in a glassy ground mass.
[ Prefix hypo-
: confer French hypocycloïde
.] (Geom.) A curve traced by a point in the circumference of a circle which rolls on the concave side in the fixed circle. Confer Epicycloid , and Trochoid .
; plural -tyla
. [ New Latin , from Greek "ypo`
beneath + ... a finger, toe.] (Zoology) The under side of the toes.
[ Prefix hypo-
.] (Biol.) Same as Hypoblast .
[ New Latin See Hypo
, and derma
.] 1. (Botany) A layer of tissue beneath the epidermis in plants, and performing the physiological function of strengthening the epidermal tissue. In phanerogamous plants it is developed as collenchyma . 2. (Zoology) An inner cellular layer which lies beneath the chitinous cuticle of arthropods, annelids, and some other invertebrates.
Hypodermatic adjective Hypodermic. -- Hyp`o*der*mat"ic*al*ly adverb
[ See Hypoderma
.] Of or pertaining to the parts under the skin. Hypodermic medication
, the application of remedies under the epidermis, usually by means of a small syringe, called the hypodermic syringe.
-- Hyp`o*der"mic*al*ly adverb
Hypodicrotic, Hypodicrotous adjective (Physiol.) Exhibiting retarded dicrotism; as, a hypodicrotic pulse curve.
[ Confer French hypogastrique
. See Hypogastrium
.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the hypogastrium or the hypogastric region. Hypogastric region
. (a) The lower part of the abdomen. (b) An arbitrary division of the abdomen below the umbilical and between the two iliac regions.
Hypogastrium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... under + ... belly.] (Anat.) The lower part of the abdomen.
Hypogean adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek ... earth.] (Botany) Hypogeous. [ Written also hypogæan .]
Hypogene adjective [ Prefix hypo- + the root of Greek ... to be born: confer French hypogène .] (Geol.) Formed or crystallized at depths beneath the earth's surface; -- said of granite, gneiss, and other rocks, whose crystallization is believed of have taken place beneath a great thickness of overlying rocks. Opposed to epigene .
[ See Hypogean
.] (Botany) Growing under ground; remaining under ground; ripening its fruit under ground.
[ Written also hypogæous
; plural Hypogea
. [ Latin , from Greek ..., ..., subterranean; ... under + ..., ..., the earth.] (Anc. Arch.) The subterraneous portion of a building, as in amphitheaters, for the service of the games; also, subterranean galleries, as the catacombs.
Hypoglossal adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek ... the tongue.] (Anat.) Under the tongue; -- applied esp., in the higher vertebrates, to the twelfth or last pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the base of the tongue. -- noun One of the hypoglossal nerves.
Hypognatous adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek ... the jaw.] (Zoology) Having the maxilla, or lower jaw, longer than the upper, as in the skimmer.
Hypogyn noun (Botany) An hypogynous plant.
Hypogynous adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek ... woman, female: confer French hypogyne .] (Botany) Inserted below the pistil or pistils; -- said of sepals, petals, and stamens; having the sepals, petals, and stamens inserted below the pistil; -- said of a flower or a plant. Gray.
Hypogæic adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek gai^a , gh^ , earth.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the peanut, or earthnut ( Arachis hypogæa ). Hypogæic acid (Chemistry) , an acid in the oil of the earthnut, in which it exists as a glyceride, and from which it is extracted as a white, crystalline substance.
Hypohyal adjective [ Prefix hypo- + Greek letter ....] (Anat.) Pertaining to one or more small elements in the hyoidean arch of fishes, between the caratohyal and urohyal. -- noun One of the hypohyal bones or cartilages.
[ Prefix hypo-
+ Greek ... pressed close.] (Botany) Exhibiting a downward convexity caused by unequal growth. Confer Epinastic .
Hyponasty noun (Botany) Downward convexity, or convexity of the inferior surface.
Hyponitrite noun (Chemistry) A salt of hyponitrous acid.
Hyponitrous adjective [ Prefix hypo- + nitrous .] (Chemistry) Containing or derived from nitrogen having a lower valence than in nitrous compounds. Hyponitrous acid (Chemistry) , an unstable nitrogen acid, NOH, whose salts are produced by reduction of the nitrates, although the acid itself is not isolated in the free state except as a solution in water; -- called also nitrosylic acid .
[ New Latin See Hypo-
, and Pharynx
.] (Zoology) An appendage or fold on the lower side of the pharynx, in certain insects.
Hypophosphate noun (Chemistry) A salt of hypophosphoric acid.
Hypophosphite noun (Chemistry) A salt of hypophosphorous acid.
Hypophosphoric adjective [ Prefix hypo- + phosphoric .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, or containing, phosphorus in a lower state of oxidation than in phosphoric compounds; as, hypophosphoric acid. Hypophosphoric acid (Chemistry) , an acid, P 2 H 4 O 6 , produced by the slow oxidation of moist phosphorus, and isolated only as a solution in water. It is regarded as a condensation product of one molecule of phosphoric acid with one of phosphorous acid, by partial dehydration.
Hypophosphorous adjective [ Prefix hypo- + phosphorous .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, phosphorus in a lower state of oxidation than in phosphoric compounds; as, hypophosphorous acid. Hypophosphorous acid (Chemistry) , an acid, H 3 PO 2 , whose salts are produced by the action of barium hygrate on phosphorus. It may be obtained from its water solution, by exaporation and freezing, as a white crystalline substance. It is a powerful reducing agent.