Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer German hussa
, interj., hurrah, huzza. √43. Confer Hurrah
.] A word used as a shout of joy, exultation, approbation, or encouragement.
Huzza noun A shout of huzza ; a cheer; a hurrah.
They made a great huzza or shout. Evelyn.
Huzza intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Huzzaed
; present participle & verbal noun Huzzaing
.] To shout huzza; to cheer.
Huzza transitive verb To receive or attend with huzzas.
He was huzzaed into the court. Addison.
Hy adjective High. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Hyacine noun A hyacinth. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
[ Latin hyacinthus
a kind of flower, probably the iris, gladiolus, or larkspur, also a kind of gem, perhaps the sapphire; as, a proper name, Hyacinthus
, a beautiful Laconian youth, beloved by Apollo, from Greek ..., ...: confer French hyacinthe
. Confer Jacinth
. The hyacinth was fabled to have sprung from the blood of Hyacinthus
, who was accidentally slain by Apollo.] 1. (Botany) (a) A bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus , bearing beautiful spikes of fragrant flowers. H. orientalis is a common variety. (b) A plant of the genus Camassia ( C. Farseri ), called also Eastern camass ; wild hyacinth. (c) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana , a Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru . 2. (Min.) A red variety of zircon, sometimes used as a gem. See Zircon . Hyacinth bean (Botany)
, a climbing leguminous plant ( Dolichos Lablab ), related to the true bean. It has dark purple flowers and fruit.
Hyacinthian adjective Hyacinthine. [ R.]
[ Latin hyacinthinus
, Greek ....] Belonging to the hyacinth; resembling the hyacinth; in color like the hyacinth. Milton.
His curling locks like hyacinthine flowers. Cowper.
The hyacinthine boy, for whom Emerson.
Morn well might break and April bloom.
Hyades, Hyads noun plural
[ Latin Hyades
, Greek ....] (Astron.) A cluster of five stars in the face of the constellation Taurus, supposed by the ancients to indicate the coming of rainy weather when they rose with the sun.
Thro' scudding drifts the rainy Hyades Tennyson.
Vext the dim sea.
[ New Latin , from Greek ... glassy, from "y`alos
glass.] (Zoology) A pteropod of the genus Cavolina . See Pteropoda , and Illustration in Appendix.
[ See Hyaline
.] The process of becoming, or the state of being, transparent like glass.
Hyaline adjective [ Latin hyalinus , Greek ..., from "y`alos glass: confer French hyalin .] Glassy; resembling glass; consisting of glass; transparent, like crystal. " Hyaline spaces." Carpenter.
Hyaline noun 1. A poetic term for the sea or the atmosphere.
"The clear hyaline
, the glassy sea." Milton.
Our blood runs amazed 'neath the calm hyaline . Mrs. Browning. 2. (Biol.) The pellucid substance, present in cells in process of development, from which, according to some embryologists, the cell nucleus originates. 3. (Physiol. Chem.) The main constituent of the walls of hydatid cysts; a nitrogenous body, which, by decomposition, yields a dextrogyrate sugar, susceptible of alcoholic fermentation. Gamgee.
Hyalite noun [ Greek "y`alos glass: confer French hyalite .] (Min.) A pellucid variety of opal in globules looking like colorless gum or resin; -- called also Müller's glass .
Hyalograph noun [ Greek "y`alos glass + graph .] An instrument for tracing designs on glass.
Hyalography noun Art of writing or engraving on glass.
Hyaloid adjective [ Greek ... glassy, transparent; "y`alos glass + ... appearance: confer French hyaloïde .] (Anat.) Resembling glass; vitriform; transparent; hyaline; as, the hyaloid membrane, a very delicate membrane inclosing the vitreous humor of the eye.
[ New Latin , from Greek "y`alos
glass + ... a thread.] (Zoology) A genus of hexactinelline sponges, having a long stem composed of very long, slender, transparent, siliceous fibres twisted together like the strands of a color. The stem of the Japanese species ( H. Sieboldii ), called glass-rope , has long been in use as an ornament. See Glass-rope .
[ Greek "y`alos
glass + ... to appear.] (Min.) A species of the feldspar group containing barium. See Feldspar .
Hyalospongia noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek "y`alos glass + ... a sponge.] (Zoology) An order of vitreous sponges, having glassy six-rayed, siliceous spicules; -- called also Hexactinellinæ .
Hyalotype noun [ Greek "y`alos glass + -type .] A photographic picture copied from the negative on glass; a photographic transparency. R. Hunt.
Hyblæan adjective [ Latin Hyblaeus .] Pertaining to Hybla, an ancient town of Sicily, famous for its bees.
Hybodont adjective [ Greek ... hump + ..., ..., a tooth.] (Paleon.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, an extinct genus of sharks ( Hybodus ), especially in the form of the teeth, which consist of a principal median cone with smaller lateral ones.
[ New Latin See Hybodont
.] (Paleon.) An extinct genus of sharks having conical, compressed teeth.
[ Latin hybrida
, probably allied to Greek ... wantonness (as if unbridled, lawless, unnatural), perhaps akin to Greek "ype`r
over, English over
: confer French hybride
.] (Biol.) The offspring of the union of two distinct species; an animal or plant produced from the mixture of two species. See Mongrel .
Hybrid adjective Produced from the mixture of two species; as, plants of hybrid nature.
Hybrid noun (Philol.) A word composed of elements which belong to different languages.
Hybridism noun The state or quality of being hybrid.
Hybridist noun One who hybridizes.
Hybridity noun Hybridism.
Hybridizable adjective Capable of forming a hybrid, or of being subjected to a hybridizing process; capable of producing a hybrid by union with another species or stock.
Hybridizable genera are rarer than is generally supposed, even in gardens where they are so often operated upon, under circumstances most favorable to the production of hybrids. J. D. Hooker.
Hybridization noun The act of hybridizing, or the state of being hybridized.
Hybridize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Hybridized
; present participle & verbal noun Hybridizing
.] To render hybrid; to produce by mixture of stocks.
Hybridize intransitive verb (Biol.) To produce hybrid offspring; to interbreed; to cross.
Hybridizer noun One who hybridizes.
Hybridous adjective Same as Hybrid .
Hydage noun (Law) A land tax. See Hidage .
Hydantoic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, hydantoin. See Glycoluric .
Hydantoin noun [ Hyd rogen + all antion .] (Chemistry) A derivative of urea, C 3 H 4 N 2 O 2 , obtained from allantion, as a white, crystalline substance, with a sweetish taste; -- called also glycolyl urea .
Hydatid noun [ Greek ..., ..., a watery vesicle under the upper eyelid, from "y`dwr , "y`datos , water: confer French hydatide .] (Zoology) A membranous sac or bladder filled with a pellucid fluid, found in various parts of the bodies of animals, but unconnected with the tissues. It is usually formed by parasitic worms, esp. by larval tapeworms, as Echinococcus and Cœnurus. See these words in the Vocabulary. Hydatid of Morgagni (Anat.) , one of the small pedunculated bodies found between the testicle and the head of the epididymis, and supposed to be a remnant of the Müllerian duct.
Hydatiform adjective [ Hydatid + -form .] Resembling a hydatid.
Hydatoid adjective [ Greek "y`dwr , "y`datos , water + -oid .] (Anat.) Resembling water; watery; aqueous; hyaloid.
, Latin Hydræ
. [ Latin hydra
, Greek "y`dra
; akin to "y`dwr
water. See Otter
the animal, Water
.] 1. (Class. Myth.) A serpent or monster in the lake or marsh of Lerna, in the Peloponnesus, represented as having many heads, one of which, when cut off, was immediately succeeded by two others, unless the wound was cauterized. It was slain by Hercules. Hence, a terrible monster.
Gorgons, and Hydras , and Chimeras dire. Milton. 2. Hence: A multifarious evil, or an evil having many sources; not to be overcome by a single effort. 3. (Zoology) Any small fresh-water hydroid of the genus Hydra , usually found attached to sticks, stones, etc., by a basal sucker.
» The body is a simple tube, having a mouth at one extremity, surrounded by a circle of tentacles with which it captures its prey. Young hydras bud out from the sides of the older ones, but soon become detached and are then like their parent. Hydras are remarkable for their power of repairing injuries; for if the body be divided in pieces, each piece will grow into a complete hydra, to which fact the name alludes. The zooids or hydranths of marine hydroids are sometimes called hydras
. 4. (Astron.) A southern constellation of great length lying southerly from Cancer, Leo, and Virgo.
Hydrachnid noun [ Hydr- + ar achnid .] (Zoology) An aquatic mite of the genus Hydrachna . The hydrachnids, while young, are parasitic on fresh-water mussels.
: confer French hydracide
.] (Chemistry) An acid containing hydrogen; -- sometimes applied to distinguish acids like hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, and the like, which contain no oxygen, from the oxygen acids or oxacids. See Acid .
Hydracrylic adjective [ Hydr- + acrylic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an isomeric variety of lactic acid that breaks down into acrylic acid and water.
[ See Hydra
, and Actinia
.] (Zoology) Any species or marine hydroids, of the genus Hydractinia and allied genera. These hydroids form, by their rootstalks, a firm, chitinous coating on shells and stones, and esp. on spiral shells occupied by hermit crabs. See Illust. of Athecata .
Hydragogue adjective [ Latin hydragogus conveying off water, Greek ...; "y`dwr water + ... to lead: confer French hydragogue .] (Medicine) Causing a discharge of water; expelling serum effused into any part of the body, as in dropsy. -- noun A hydragogue medicine, usually a cathartic or diuretic.
Hydræmia (hi*drē"mĭ*ȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek "y`dwr water + a"i^ma blood.] (Medicine) An abnormally watery state of the blood; anæmia.
Hyæna noun (Zoology) Same as Hyena .