Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ French furet
, confer Late Latin furo
; probably from Latin fur
thief (cf. Furtive
); confer Arm. fur
wise, sly.] (Zoology) An animal of the Weasel family ( Mustela or Putorius furo ), about fourteen inches in length, of a pale yellow or white color, with red eyes. It is a native of Africa, but has been domesticated in Europe. Ferrets are used to drive rabbits and rats out of their holes.
Ferret transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ferreted
; present participle & verbal noun Ferreting
.] [ Confer French fureter
. See Ferret
] To drive or hunt out of a lurking place, as a ferret does the cony; to search out by patient and sagacious efforts; -- often used with out ; as, to ferret out a secret.
Master Fer! I'll fer him, and firk him, and ferret him. Shak.
[ Ital. foretto
, dim. of fiore
flower; or French fleuret
. Confer Floret
.] A kind of narrow tape, usually made of woolen; sometimes of cotton or silk; -- called also ferreting .
Ferret noun [ French feret , dim. or fer iron, Latin ferrum .] (Glass Making) The iron used for trying the melted glass to see if is fit to work, and for shaping the rings at the mouths of bottles.
Ferret-eye noun (Zoology) The spur-winged goose; -- so called from the red circle around the eyes.
Ferreter noun One who ferrets. Johnson.
Ferretto noun [ Italian ferretto di Spagna, dim. of ferro iron, from Latin ferrum .] Copper sulphide, used to color glass. Hebert.
Ferri- (Chemistry) A combining form indicating ferric iron as an ingredient; as, ferri cyanide.
[ From Ferry
.] The price or fare to be paid for passage at a ferry.
[ Latin ferrum
iron: confer French ferrique
. See Ferrous
.] Pertaining to, derived from, or containing iron. Specifically (Chemistry) , denoting those compounds in which iron has a higher valence than in the ferrous compounds; as, ferric oxide; ferric acid. Ferric acid (Chemistry)
, an acid, H 2 FeO 4 , which is not known in the free state, but forms definite salts, analogous to the chromates and sulphates.
-- Ferric oxide (Chemistry)
, sesquioxide of iron, Fe 2 O 3 ; hematite. See Hematite .
Ferricyanate noun [ Ferri- + cyanate .] (Chemistry) A salt of ferricyanic acid; a ferricyanide.
Ferricyanic adjective [ Ferri- + cyanic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, a ferricyanide. Ferricyanic acid (Chemistry) , a brown crystalline substance, H 6 (CN) 12 Fe 2 , obtained from potassium ferricyanide, and regarded as the type of the ferricyanides; -- called also hydro-ferricyanic acid , hydrogen ferricyanide , etc.
Ferricyanide noun [ Ferri- + cyanide .] (Chemistry) One of a complex series of double cyanides of ferric iron and some other base. Potassium ferricyanide (Chemistry) , red prussiate of potash; a dark, red, crystalline salt, K 6 (CN) 12 Fe 2 , consisting of the double cyanide of potassium and ferric iron. From it is derived the ferrous ferricyanate, Turnbull's blue .
Ferrier noun A ferryman. Calthrop.
Ferriferous adjective [ Latin ferrum iron + -ferous : confer French ferrifère .] Producing or yielding iron.
Ferriprussiate noun [ Ferri- + prussiate .] (Chemistry) A ferricyanate; a ferricyanide. [ R.]
Ferriprussic adjective [ Ferri- + prussic .] (Chemistry) Ferricyanic. [ R.]
Ferris wheel An amusement device consisting of a giant power-driven steel wheel, revolvable on its stationary axle, and carrying a number of balanced passenger cars around its rim; -- so called after G. W. G. Ferris, American engineer, who erected the first of its kind for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.
Ferro- (Chemistry) A prefix, or combining form, indicating ferrous iron as an ingredient; as, ferro cyanide.
Ferro-concrete noun (Arch. & Engin.) Concrete strengthened by a core or foundation skeleton of iron or steel bars, strips, etc. Floors, columns, piles, water pipes, etc., have been successfully made of it. Called also armored concrete steel , and reënforced concrete .
Ferrocalcite noun [ Ferro- + calcite .] Limestone containing a large percentage of iron carbonate, and hence turning brown on exposure.
Ferrocyanate noun [ Ferro- + cyanate : confer French ferrocyanate .] (Chemistry) A salt of ferrocyanic acid; a ferrocyanide.
Ferrocyanic adjective [ Ferro- + cyanic : confer French ferrocyanique .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, a ferrocyanide. ferrocyanic acid (Chemistry) , a white crystalline substance, H 4 (CN) 6 Fe, of strong acid properties, obtained from potassium ferrocyanide, and regarded as the type of the ferrocyanides; -- called also hydro-ferrocyanic acid , hydrogen ferrocyanide . etc.
Ferrocyanide noun [ Ferro- + cyanide .] (Chemistry) One of a series of complex double cyanides of ferrous iron and some other base. Potassium ferrocyanide (Chemistry) , yellow prussiate of potash; a tough, yellow, crystalline salt, K 4 (CN) 6 Fe, the starting point in the manufacture of almost all cyanogen compounds, and the basis of the ferric ferrocyanate, prussian blue . It is obtained by strongly heating together potash, scrap iron, and animal matter containing nitrogen, as horn, leather, blood, etc., in iron pots.
(... or ... or ...; see Prussiate
, 277) noun
.] (Chemistry) A ferrocyanate; a ferocyanide.
Ferroprussic adjective [ Ferro- + prussic .] (Chemistry) Ferrocyanic.
Ferroso- (Chemistry) See Ferro- .
Ferrotype noun [ Latin ferrum iron + -type .] A photographic picture taken on an iron plate by a collodion process; -- familiarly called tintype .
[ Confer French ferreux
. See Ferreous
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, iron; -- especially used of compounds of iron in which the iron has its lower valence; as, ferrous sulphate.
[ See Ferrugo
.] Having the color or properties of the rust of iron.
Ferrugineous adjective Ferruginous. [ R.]
[ Latin ferruginus
, from ferrugo
, - ginis
, iron rust: confer French ferrugineux
. See Ferrugo
.] 1. Partaking of iron; containing particles of iron. Boyle. 2. Resembling iron rust in appearance or color; brownish red, or yellowish red.
Ferrugo noun [ Latin , iron rust, from ferrum iron.] A disease of plants caused by fungi, commonly called the rust , from its resemblance to iron rust in color.
[ Formerly verrel
, French virole
, from Latin viriola
little bracelet, dim. of viriae
, plural, bracelets; probably akin to viere
to twist, weave, and English withe
. The spelling with f
is due to confusion with Latin ferrum
iron.] 1. A ring or cap of metal put round a cane, tool, handle, or other similar object, to strengthen it, or prevent splitting and wearing. 2. (Steam Boilers) A bushing for expanding the end of a flue to fasten it tightly in the tube plate, or for partly filling up its mouth.
Fer*ru"mi*nate transitive verb [ Latin ferruminatus , past participle of ferruminare to cement, solder, from ferrumen cement, from ferrum iron.] To solder or unite, as metals. [ R.] Coleridge.
Ferrumination noun [ Latin ferruminatio : confer French ferrumination .] The soldering or uniting of metals. [ R.] Coleridge.
Ferry transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Ferried
; present participle & verbal noun Ferrying
.] [ Middle English ferien
to convey, Anglo-Saxon ferian
, from faran
to go; akin to Icelandic ferja
to ferry, Goth. farjan
to sail. See Fare
.] To carry or transport over a river, strait, or other narrow water, in a boat.
Ferry intransitive verb To pass over water in a boat or by a ferry.
They ferry over this Lethean sound Milton.
Both to and fro.
; plural Ferries
. [ Middle English feri
; akin to Icelandic ferja
, Swedish färja
, Danish færge
, German fähre
. See Ferry
, transitive verb
] 1. A place where persons or things are carried across a river, arm of the sea, etc., in a ferryboat.
It can pass the ferry backward into light. Milton.
To row me o'er the ferry . Campbell. 2. A vessel in which passengers and goods are conveyed over narrow waters; a ferryboat; a wherry. 3. A franchise or right to maintain a vessel for carrying passengers and freight across a river, bay, etc., charging tolls. Ferry bridge
, a ferryboat adapted in its structure for the transfer of railroad trains across a river or bay.
-- Ferry railway
. See under Railway .
Ferryboat noun A vessel for conveying passengers, merchandise, etc., across streams and other narrow waters.
; plural Ferrymen One who maintains or attends a ferry.
Fers adjective Fierce. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Ferthe adjective Fourth. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
[ Latin fertilis
, from ferre
to bear, produce: confer French fertile
. See Bear
to support.] 1. Producing fruit or vegetation in abundance; fruitful; able to produce abundantly; prolific; fecund; productive; rich; inventive; as, fertile land or fields; a fertile mind or imagination.
Though he in a fertile climate dwell. Shak. 2. (Botany) (a) Capable of producing fruit; fruit-bearing; as, fertile flowers. (b) Containing pollen; -- said of anthers. 3. produced in abundance; plenteous; ample.
Henceforth, my early care . . . Milton. Syn.
Shall tend thee, and the fertile burden ease
Of thy full branches.
implies the inherent power of production; fruitful
, the act. The prairies of the West are fertile
by nature, and are turned by cultivation into fruitful
fields. The same distinction prevails when these words are used figuratively. A man of fertile
genius has by nature great readiness of invention; one whose mind is fruitful
has resources of thought and a readiness of application which enable him to think and act effectively.
Fertilely adverb In a fertile or fruitful manner.
fertileness noun Fertility. Sir P. Sidney.
Fertilitate transitive verb To fertilize; to fecundate. Sir T. Browne.
[ Latin fertilitas
: confer French fertilité
.] The state or quality of being fertile or fruitful; fruitfulness; productiveness; fecundity; richness; abundance of resources; fertile invention; quickness; readiness; as, the fertility of soil, or of imagination.
of resource." E. Everett.
And all her husbandry doth lie on heaps Shak.
Corrupting in its own fertility .
Thy very weeds are beautiful; thy waste Byron.
More rich than other climes' fertility .
Fertilization noun 1. The act or process of rendering fertile. 2. (Biol.) The act of fecundating or impregnating animal or vegetable germs; esp., the process by which in flowers the pollen renders the ovule fertile, or an analogous process in flowerless plants; fecundation; impregnation. Close fertilization (Botany)
, the fertilization of pistils by pollen derived from the stamens of the same blossom.
-- Cross fertilization
, fertilization by pollen from some other blossom. See under Cross , adjective
Fertilize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Fertilized
; present participle & verbal noun Fertilizing
.] [ Confer French fertiliser
.] 1. To make fertile or enrich; to supply with nourishment for plants; to make fruitful or productive; as, to fertilize land, soil, ground, and meadows.
And fertilize the field that each pretends to gain. Byron. 2. To fecundate; as, to fertilize flower. A. R. Wallace.
1. One who fertilizes; the agent that carries the fertilizing principle, as a moth to an orchid. A. R. Wallace. 2. That which renders fertile; a general name for commercial manures, as guano, phosphate of lime, etc.
[ Latin ferula
giant fennel (its stalks were used in punishing schoolboys), rod, whip, from ferire
to strike; akin to Old High German berjan
, Icelandic berja
. Confer Ferule
.] 1. A ferule.
[ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 2. The imperial scepter in the Byzantine or Eastern Empire.
Ferulaceous adjective [ Latin ferulaceus , from ferula rod: confer French férulacé .] Pertaining to reeds and canes; having a stalk like a reed; as, ferulaceous plants.
Ferular noun A ferule. [ Obsolete] Milton.