Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Confer French développement
.] [ Written also developement
.] 1. The act of developing or disclosing that which is unknown; a gradual unfolding process by which anything is developed, as a plan or method, or an image upon a photographic plate; gradual advancement or growth through a series of progressive changes; also, the result of developing, or a developed state.
A new development of imagination, taste, and poetry. Channing. 2. (Biol.) The series of changes which animal and vegetable organisms undergo in their passage from the embryonic state to maturity, from a lower to a higher state of organization. 3. (Math.) (a) The act or process of changing or expanding an expression into another of equivalent value or meaning. (b) The equivalent expression into which another has been developed. 4. (mus.) The elaboration of a theme or subject; the unfolding of a musical idea; the evolution of a whole piece or movement from a leading theme or motive. Development theory (Biol.)
, the doctrine that animals and plants possess the power of passing by slow and successive stages from a lower to a higher state of organization, and that all the higher forms of life now in existence were thus developed by uniform laws from lower forms, and are not the result of special creative acts. See the Note under Darwinian . Syn.
-- Unfolding; disclosure; unraveling; evolution; elaboration; growth.
Developmental adjective Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the process of development; as, the developmental power of a germ. Carpenter.
Devenustate transitive verb [ Latin devenustatus , past participle of devenustare to disfigure; de + venustus lovely, graceful.] To deprive of beauty or grace. [ Obsolete]
Devergence, Devergency noun See Divergence .
Devest transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Devested
; present participle & verbal noun Devesting
.] [ Latin devestire
to undress; de
to dress: confer Old French devestir
, French dévêtir
. Confer Divest
.] 1. To divest; to undress. Shak. 2. To take away, as an authority, title, etc., to deprive; to alienate, as an estate.
» This word is now generally written divest
, except in the legal sense.
Devest intransitive verb (Law) To be taken away, lost, or alienated, as a title or an estate.
Devex adjective [ Latin devexus , from devehere to carry down.] Bending down; sloping. [ Obsolete]
Devex noun Devexity. [ Obsolete] May (Lucan).
[ Latin devexitas
, from devexus
. See Devex
] A bending downward; a sloping; incurvation downward; declivity.
[ R.] Davies (Wit's Pilgr.)
Devi noun ; fem . of Deva . A goddess.
Deviant adjective Deviating. [ Obsolete]
Deviate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deviated
; present participle & verbal noun Deviating
.] [ Latin deviare
to deviate; de
to go, travel, via
way. See Viaduct
.] To go out of the way; to turn aside from a course or a method; to stray or go astray; to err; to digress; to diverge; to vary.
Thus Pegasus, a nearer way to take, Pope. Syn.
May boldly deviate from the common track.
-- To swerve; stray; wander; digress; depart; deflect; err.
Deviate transitive verb To cause to deviate.
To deviate a needle. J. D. Forbes.
Deviation noun [ Late Latin deviatio : confer French déviation .] Deviation of a falling body (Physics) , that deviation from a strictly vertical line of descent which occurs in a body falling freely, in consequence of the rotation of the earth. -- Deviation of the compass , the angle which the needle of a ship's compass makes with the magnetic meridian by reason of the magnetism of the iron parts of the ship. -- Deviation of the line of the vertical , the difference between the actual direction of a plumb line and the direction it would have if the earth were a perfect ellipsoid and homogeneous, -- caused by the attraction of a mountain, or irregularities in the earth's density.
1. The act of deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the common way, from an established rule, etc.; departure, as from the right course or the path of duty. 2. The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of sin; an error; an offense. 2. (Com.) The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured, thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility.
Deviator noun [ Latin , a forsaker.] One who, or that which, deviates.
Deviatory adjective Tending to deviate; devious; as, deviatory motion. [ R.] Tully.
[ Middle English devis
, will, intention, opinion, invention, from French devis
architect's plan and estimates (in Old French , division, plan, wish), devise
device (in sense 3), in Old French also, division, wish, last will, from deviser
. See Devise
, transitive verb
, and confer Devise
] 1. That which is devised, or formed by design; a contrivance; an invention; a project; a scheme; often, a scheme to deceive; a stratagem; an artifice.
His device in against Babylon, to destroy it. Jer. li. 11.
Their recent device of demanding benevolences. Hallam.
He disappointeth the devices of the crafty. Job v. 12. 2. Power of devising; invention; contrivance.
I must have instruments of my own device . Landor. 3. (a) An emblematic design, generally consisting of one or more figures with a motto, used apart from heraldic bearings to denote the historical situation, the ambition, or the desire of the person adopting it. See Cognizance . (b) Improperly, an heraldic bearing.
Knights-errant used to distinguish themselves by devices on their shields. Addison.
A banner with this strange device - Longfellow. 4. Anything fancifully conceived. Shak. 5. A spectacle or show.
[ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl. 6. Opinion; decision.
[ Obsolete] Rom. of R. Syn.
-- Contrivance; invention; design; scheme; project; stratagem; shift. -- Device
implies more of inventive power, and contrivance
more of skill and dexterity in execution. A device
usually has reference to something worked out for exhibition or show; a contrivance
usually respects the arrangement or disposition of things with reference to securing some end. Devices
were worn by knights-errant on their shields; contrivances
are generally used to promote the practical convenience of life. The word device
is often used in a bad sense; as, a crafty device
is almost always used in a good sense; as, a useful contrivance
Deviceful adjective Full of devices; inventive.
A carpet, rich, and of deviceful thread. Chapman.
Devicefully adverb In a deviceful manner. [ R.]
[ Anglo-Saxon deófol
; akin to German ...eufel
, Goth. diabaúlus
; all from Latin diabolus
the devil, Greek ... the devil, the slanderer, from ... to slander, calumniate, orig., to throw across; ... across + ... to throw, let fall, fall; confer Sanskrit gal
to fall. Confer Diabolic
.] 1. The Evil One; Satan, represented as the tempter and spiritual of mankind.
[ Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil . Luke iv. 2.
That old serpent, called the Devil , and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world. Rev. xii. 9. 2. An evil spirit; a demon.
A dumb man possessed with a devil . Matt. ix. 32. 3. A very wicked person; hence, any great evil.
Glendower." "The devil
Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil ? John vi. 70. 4. An expletive of surprise, vexation, or emphasis, or, ironically, of negation.
The devil a puritan that he is, . . . but a timepleaser. Shak.
The things, we know, are neither rich nor rare, Pope. 5. (Cookery) A dish, as a bone with the meat, broiled and excessively peppered; a grill with Cayenne pepper.
But wonder how the devil they got there.
Men and women busy in baking, broiling, roasting oysters, and preparing devils on the gridiron. Sir W. Scott. 6. (Manuf.) A machine for tearing or cutting rags, cotton, etc. Blue devils
. See under Blue .
-- Cartesian devil
. See under Cartesian .
-- Devil bird (Zoology)
, one of two or more South African drongo shrikes ( Edolius retifer , and E. remifer ), believed by the natives to be connected with sorcery.
-- Devil may care
, reckless, defiant of authority; -- used adjectively. Longfellow.
-- Devil's apron (Botany)
, the large kelp ( Laminaria saccharina , and Latin longicruris ) of the Atlantic ocean, having a blackish, leathery expansion, shaped somewhat like an apron.
-- Devil's coachhorse
. (Zoology) (a) The black rove beetle ( Ocypus olens ).
[ Eng.] (b) A large, predacious, hemipterous insect ( Prionotus cristatus ); the wheel bug.
[ U.S.] -- Devil's darning-needle
. (Zoology) See under Darn , transitive verb
-- Devil's fingers
, Devil's hand (Zoology)
, the common British starfish ( Asterias rubens ); -- also applied to a sponge with stout branches.
[ Prov. Eng., Irish & Scot.] -- Devil's riding-horse (Zoology)
, the American mantis ( Mantis Carolina ).
-- The Devil's tattoo
, a drumming with the fingers or feet.
"Jack played the Devil's tattoo
on the door with his boot heels." F. Hardman (Blackw. Mag.).
-- Devil worship
, worship of the power of evil; -- still practiced by barbarians who believe that the good and evil forces of nature are of equal power.
-- Printer's devil
, the youngest apprentice in a printing office, who runs on errands, does dirty work (as washing the ink rollers and sweeping), etc.
"Without fearing the printer's devil
or the sheriff's officer." Macaulay.
-- Tasmanian devil (Zoology)
, a very savage carnivorous marsupial of Tasmania ( Dasyurus, or Diabolus, ursinus ).
-- To play devil with
, to molest extremely; to ruin.
Devil transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Deviled
; present participle & verbal noun Deviling
.] 1. To make like a devil; to invest with the character of a devil. 2. To grill with Cayenne pepper; to season highly in cooking, as with pepper.
A deviled leg of turkey. W. Irving.
Devil-diver, Devil bird noun
. (Zoology) A small water bird. See Dabchick .
Devil's darning-needle (Zoology) A dragon fly. See Darning needle , under Darn , transitive verb
Deviless noun A she- devil. [ R.] Sterne.
Devilet noun A little devil. [ R.] Barham.
Devilfish noun (Zoology) (a) A huge ray ( Manta birostris or Cephaloptera vampyrus ) of the Gulf of Mexico and Southern Atlantic coasts. Several other related species take the same name. See Cephaloptera . (b) A large cephalopod, especially the very large species of Octopus and Architeuthis . See Octopus . (c) The gray whale of the Pacific coast. See Gray whale . (d) The goosefish or angler ( Lophius ), and other allied fishes. See Angler .
Deviling noun A young devil. [ Obsolete] Beau. & Fl.
Devilish adjective 1. Resembling, characteristic of, or pertaining to, the devil; diabolical; wicked in the extreme.
wickedness." Sir P. Sidney.
This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, sensual, devilish . James iii. 15. 2. Extreme; excessive.
[ Colloq.] Dryden. Syn.
-- Diabolical; infernal; hellish; satanic; wicked; malicious; detestable; destructive. -- Dev"il*ish*ly
Devilism noun The state of the devil or of devils; doctrine of the devil or of devils. Bp. Hall.
Devilize transitive verb To make a devil of.
He that should deify a saint, should wrong him as much as he that should devilize him. Bp. Hall.
Devilkin noun A little devil; a devilet.
Devilment noun Deviltry. Bp. Warburton.
; plural Devilries 1. Conduct suitable to the devil; extreme wickedness; deviltry.
Stark lies and devilry . Sir T. More. 2. The whole body of evil spirits. Tylor.
Devilship noun The character or person of a devil or the devil. Cowley.
; plural Deviltries Diabolical conduct; malignant mischief; devilry. C. Reade.
Devilwood noun (Botany) A kind of tree ( Osmanthus Americanus ), allied to the European olive.
[ Latin devius
way. See Viaduct
.] 1. Out of a straight line; winding; varying from directness; as, a devious path or way. 2. Going out of the right or common course; going astray; erring; wandering; as, a devious step. Syn.
-- Wandering; roving; rambling; vagrant. -- De"vi*ous*ly
Devirginate adjective [ Latin devirginatus , past participle of devirginare .] Deprived of virginity. [ R.]
Devirginate transitive verb To deprive of virginity; to deflour. [ R.] Sandys.
Devirgination noun [ Latin devirginatio .] A deflouring. [ R.] Feltham.
[ From Devise
.] 1. Capable of being devised, invented, or contrived. 2. Capable of being bequeathed, or given by will.
Devisal noun A devising. Whitney.
Devise transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Devised
; present participle & verbal noun Devising
.] [ Old French deviser
to distribute, regulate, direct, relate, F., to chat, from Latin divisus
divided, distributed, past participle of dividere
. See Divide
, and confer Device
.] 1. To form in the mind by new combinations of ideas, new applications of principles, or new arrangement of parts; to formulate by thought; to contrive; to excogitate; to invent; to plan; to scheme; as, to devise an engine, a new mode of writing, a plan of defense, or an argument.
To devise curious works. Ex. CCTV. 32.
Devising schemes to realize his ambitious views. Bancroft. 2. To plan or scheme for; to purpose to obtain.
For wisdom is most riches; fools therefore Spenser. 3. To say; to relate; to describe.
They are which fortunes do by vows devise .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. To imagine; to guess.
[ Obsolete] Spenser. 5. (Law) To give by will; -- used of real estate; formerly, also, of chattels. Syn.
-- To bequeath; invent; discover; contrive; excogitate; imagine; plan; scheme. See Bequeath
Devise intransitive verb To form a scheme; to lay a plan; to contrive; to consider.
I thought, devised , and Pallas heard my prayer. Pope.
was formerly followed by of
; as, let us devise of
[ Old French devise
division, deliberation, wish, will, testament. See Device
.] 1. The act of giving or disposing of real estate by will; -- sometimes improperly applied to a bequest of personal estate. 2. A will or testament, conveying real estate; the clause of a will making a gift of real property.
Fines upon devises were still exacted. Bancroft. 3. Property devised, or given by will.
Devise noun Device. See Device .
Devisee noun (Law) One to whom a devise is made, or real estate given by will.
Deviser noun One who devises.
Devisor noun (Law) One who devises, or gives real estate by will; a testator; -- correlative to devisee .
Devitable adjective [ Latin devitare to avoid; de + vitare to shun, avoid.] Avoidable. [ Obsolete]