Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Bloat (blōt) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Bloated ; present participle & verbal noun Bloating .] [ Confer Icelandic blotna to become soft, blautr soft, wet, Swedish blöt soft, blöta to soak; akin to German bloss bare, and Anglo-Saxon bleát wretched; or perhaps from root of Eng. 5th blow . Confer Blote .]
1. To make turgid, as with water or air; to cause a swelling of the surface of, from effusion of serum in the cellular tissue, producing a morbid enlargement, often accompanied with softness.

2. To inflate; to puff up; to make vain. Dryden.

Bloat intransitive verb To grow turgid as by effusion of liquid in the cellular tissue; to puff out; to swell. Arbuthnot.

Bloat adjective Bloated. [ R.] Shak.

Bloat noun A term of contempt for a worthless, dissipated fellow. [ Slang]

Bloat transitive verb To dry (herrings) in smoke. See Blote .

Bloated (blōt"ĕd) p. adjective Distended beyond the natural or usual size, as by the presence of water, serum, etc.; turgid; swollen; as, a bloated face. Also, puffed up with pride; pompous.

Bloatedness noun The state of being bloated.

Bloater (-ẽr) noun [ See Bloat , Blote .] The common herring, esp. when of large size, smoked, and half dried; -- called also bloat herring .

Blob (blŏb) noun [ See Bleb .]
1. Something blunt and round; a small drop or lump of something viscid or thick; a drop; a bubble; a blister. Wright.

2. (Zoology) A small fresh-water fish ( Uranidea Richardsoni ); the miller's thumb.

Blobber (blŏb"bẽr) noun [ See Blubber , Blub .] A bubble; blubber. [ Low] T. Carew.

Blobber lip , a thick, protruding lip.

His blobber lips and beetle brows commend.
Dryden.

Blobber-lipped (-lĭpt`) adjective Having thick lips. "A blobber-lipped shell." Grew.

Blocage noun [ French] (Architecture) The roughest and cheapest sort of rubblework, in masonry.

Block noun [ Middle English blok ; confer French bloc (fr. Old High German ), D. & Danish blok , Swedish & German block , Old High German bloch . There is also an Old High German bloch , biloh ; bi by + the same root as that of English lock . Confer Block , transitive verb , Blockade , and see Lock .]


1. A piece of wood more or less bulky; a solid mass of wood, stone, etc., usually with one or more plane, or approximately plane, faces; as, a block on which a butcher chops his meat; a block by which to mount a horse; children's playing blocks , etc.

Now all our neighbors' chimneys smoke,
And Christmas blocks are burning.
Wither.

All her labor was but as a block
Left in the quarry.
Tennyson.

2. The solid piece of wood on which condemned persons lay their necks when they are beheaded.

Noble heads which have been brought to the block .
E. Everett.

3. The wooden mold on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped. Hence: The pattern or shape of a hat.

He wears his faith but as the fashion of his hat; it ever changes with the next block .
Shak.

4. A large or long building divided into separate houses or shops, or a number of houses or shops built in contact with each other so as to form one building; a row of houses or shops.

5. A square, or portion of a city inclosed by streets, whether occupied by buildings or not.

The new city was laid out in rectangular blocks , each block containing thirty building lots. Such an average block , comprising 282 houses and covering nine acres of ground, exists in Oxford Street.
Lond. Quart. Rev.

6. A grooved pulley or sheave incased in a frame or shell which is provided with a hook, eye, or strap, by which it may be attached to an object. It is used to change the direction of motion, as in raising a heavy object that can not be conveniently reached, and also, when two or more such sheaves are compounded, to change the rate of motion, or to exert increased force; -- used especially in the rigging of ships, and in tackles.

7. (Falconry) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.

8. Any obstruction, or cause of obstruction; a stop; a hindrance; an obstacle; as, a block in the way.

9. A piece of box or other wood for engravers' work.

10. (Print.) A piece of hard wood (as mahogany or cherry) on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted to make it type high.

11. A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt. [ Obsolete]

What a block art thou !
Shak.

12. A section of a railroad where the block system is used. See Block system , below.

A block of shares (Stock Exchange) , a large number of shares in a stock company, sold in a lump. Bartlett. -- Block printing . (a) A mode of printing (common in China and Japan) from engraved boards by means of a sheet of paper laid on the linked surface and rubbed with a brush. S. W. Williams. (b) A method of printing cotton cloth and paper hangings with colors, by pressing them upon an engraved surface coated with coloring matter. -- Block system on railways, a system by which the track is divided into sections of three or four miles, and trains are so run by the guidance of electric signals that no train enters a section or block before the preceding train has left it.

Block transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Blocked ; present participle & verbal noun Blocking .] [ Confer French bloquer , from bloc block. See Block , noun ]
1. To obstruct so as to prevent passage or progress; to prevent passage from, through, or into, by obstructing the way; -- used both of persons and things; -- often followed by up ; as, to block up a road or harbor.

With moles . . . would block the port.
Rowe.

A city . . . besieged and blocked about.
Milton.

2. To secure or support by means of blocks; to secure, as two boards at their angles of intersection, by pieces of wood glued to each.

3. To shape on, or stamp with, a block; as, to block a hat.

To block out , to begin to reduce to shape; to mark out roughly; to lay out; as, to block out a plan.

Block noun
1. In Australia, one of the large lots into which public land, when opened to settlers, is divided by the government surveyors.

2. (Cricket) (a) The position of a player or bat when guarding the wicket. (b) A block hole. (c) The popping crease. [ R.]

Back blocks , Australian pastoral country which is remote from the seacoast or from a river.

Block book A book printed from engraved wooden blocks instead of movable types.

Block chain (Machinery) A chain in which the alternate links are broad blocks connected by thin side links pivoted to the ends of the blocks, used with sprocket wheels to transmit power, as in a bicycle.

Block signal (Railroads) One of the danger signals or safety signals which guide the movement of trains in a block system. The signal is often so coupled with a switch that act of opening or closing the switch operates the signal also.

Block system (Railroads) A system by which the track is divided into short sections, as of three or four miles, and trains are so run by the guidance of electric, or combined electric and pneumatic, signals that no train enters a section or block until the preceding train has left it, as in absolute blocking , or that a train may be allowed to follow another into a block as long as it proceeds with excessive caution, as in permissive blocking .

Block tin See under Tin .

Blockade noun [ Confer Italian bloccata . See Block , transitive verb ]
1. The shutting up of a place by troops or ships, with the purpose of preventing ingress or egress, or the reception of supplies; as, the blockade of the ports of an enemy.

» Blockade is now usually applied to an investment with ships or vessels, while siege is used of an investment by land forces. To constitute a blockade , the investing power must be able to apply its force to every point of practicable access, so as to render it dangerous to attempt to enter; and there is no blockade of that port where its force can not be brought to bear. Kent.

2. An obstruction to passage.

To raise a blockade . See under Raise .

Blockade transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Blockaded ; present participle & verbal noun Blockading .]
1. To shut up, as a town or fortress, by investing it with troops or vessels or war for the purpose of preventing ingress or egress, or the introduction of supplies. See note under Blockade , noun " Blockaded the place by sea." Gilpin.

2. Hence, to shut in so as to prevent egress.

Till storm and driving ice blockade him there.
Wordsworth.

3. To obstruct entrance to or egress from.

Huge bales of British cloth blockade the door.
Pope.

Blockader noun
1. One who blockades.

2. (Nautical) A vessel employed in blockading.

Blockage noun The act of blocking up; the state of being blocked up.

Blockhead noun [ Block + head .] A stupid fellow; a dolt; a person deficient in understanding.

The bookful blockhead , ignorantly read,
With loads of learned lumber in his head.
Pope.

Blockheaded adjective Stupid; dull.

Blockheadism noun That which characterizes a blockhead; stupidity. Carlyle.

Blockhouse noun [ Block + house : confer German blockhaus .]
1. (Mil.) An edifice or structure of heavy timbers or logs for military defense, having its sides loopholed for musketry, and often an upper story projecting over the lower, or so placed upon it as to have its sides make an angle wit the sides of the lower story, thus enabling the defenders to fire downward, and in all directions; -- formerly much used in America and Germany.

2. A house of squared logs. [ West. & South. U. S.]

Blocking noun
1. The act of obstructing, supporting, shaping, or stamping with a block or blocks.

2. Blocks used to support (a building, etc.) temporarily.

Blocking course (Architecture) The finishing course of a wall showing above a cornice.

Blockish adjective Like a block; deficient in understanding; stupid; dull. " Blockish Ajax." Shak. -- Block"ish*ly , adverb -- Block"ish*ness , noun

Blocklike adjective Like a block; stupid.

Bloedite noun [ From the chemist Blöde .] (Min.) A hydrous sulphate of magnesium and sodium.

Blolly noun (Botany) (a) A shrub or small tree of southern Florida and the West Indies ( Pisonia obtusata ) with smooth oval leaves and a hard, 10-ribbed fruit. (b) The rubiaceous shrub Chicocca racemosa , of the same region.

Blomary noun See Bloomery .

Bloncket, Blonket adjective [ Old French blanquet whitish, dim. of blanc white. Confer Blanket .] Gray; bluish gray. [ Obsolete]

Our bloncket liveries been all too sad.
Spenser.

Blond metal A variety of clay ironstone, in Staffordshire, England, used for making tools.

Blond, Blonde adjective [ French, fair, light, of uncertain origin; confer Anglo-Saxon blonden-feax gray-haired, old, prop. blended-haired, as a mixture of white and brown or black. See Blend , transitive verb ] Of a fair color; light- colored; as, blond hair; a blond complexion.

Blonde noun [ French]
1. A person of very fair complexion, with light hair and light blue eyes. [ Written also blond .]

2. [ So called from its color.] A kind of silk lace originally of the color of raw silk, now sometimes dyed; -- called also blond lace .

Blondness noun The state of being blond. G. Eliot.

Blood (blŭd) noun [ Middle English blod , blood , Anglo-Saxon blōd ; akin to Dutch bloed , Old High German bluot , German blut , Goth. blōþ , Icelandic blōð , Swedish & Danish blod ; probably from the same root as English blow to bloom. See Blow to bloom.]
1. The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted. See under Arterial .

» The blood consists of a liquid, the plasma, containing minute particles, the blood corpuscles. In the invertebrate animals it is usually nearly colorless, and contains only one kind of corpuscles; but in all vertebrates, except Amphioxus, it contains some colorless corpuscles, with many more which are red and give the blood its uniformly red color. See Corpuscle , Plasma .

2. Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship.

To share the blood of Saxon royalty.
Sir W. Scott.

A friend of our own blood .
Waller.

Half blood (Law) , relationship through only one parent. -- Whole blood , relationship through both father and mother. In American Law, blood includes both half blood, and whole blood. Bouvier. Peters.

3. Descent; lineage; especially, honorable birth; the highest royal lineage.

Give us a prince of blood , a son of Priam.
Shak.

I am a gentleman of blood and breeding.
Shak.

4. (Stock Breeding) Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.

» In stock breeding half blood is descent showing one half only of pure breed. Blue blood , full blood , or warm blood , is the same as blood .

5. The fleshy nature of man.

Nor gives it satisfaction to our blood .
Shak.

6. The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction.

So wills the fierce, avenging sprite,
Till blood for blood atones.
Hood.

7. A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition. [ R.]

He was a thing of blood , whose every motion
Was timed with dying cries.
Shak.

8. Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as if the blood were the seat of emotions.

When you perceive his blood inclined to mirth.
Shak.

» Often, in this sense, accompanied with bad , cold , warm , or other qualifying word. Thus, to commit an act in cold blood , is to do it deliberately, and without sudden passion; to do it in bad blood , is to do it in anger. Warm blood denotes a temper inflamed or irritated. To warm or heat the blood is to excite the passions. Qualified by up , excited feeling or passion is signified; as, my blood was up .

9. A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake.

Seest thou not . . . how giddily 'a turns about all the hot bloods between fourteen and five and thirty?
Shak.

It was the morning costume of a dandy or blood .
Thackeray.

10. The juice of anything, especially if red.

He washed . . . his clothes in the blood of grapes.
Gen. xiix. 11.

» Blood is often used as an adjective, and as the first part of self-explaining compound words; as, blood- bespotted, blood- bought, blood- curdling, blood- dyed, blood- red, blood- spilling, blood- stained, blood- warm, blood- won.

Blood baptism (Eccl. Hist.) , the martyrdom of those who had not been baptized. They were considered as baptized in blood, and this was regarded as a full substitute for literal baptism. -- Blood blister , a blister or bleb containing blood or bloody serum, usually caused by an injury. -- Blood brother , brother by blood or birth. -- Blood clam (Zoology) , a bivalve mollusk of the genus Arca and allied genera, esp. Argina pexata of the American coast. So named from the color of its flesh. -- Blood corpuscle . See Corpuscle . -- Blood crystal (Physiol.) , one of the crystals formed by the separation in a crystalline form of the hæmoglobin of the red blood corpuscles; hæmatocrystallin. All blood does not yield blood crystals. -- Blood heat , heat equal to the temperature of human blood, or about 98½ ° Fahr. -- Blood horse , a horse whose blood or lineage is derived from the purest and most highly prized origin or stock. -- Blood money . See in the Vocabulary. -- Blood orange , an orange with dark red pulp. -- Blood poisoning (Medicine) , a morbid state of the blood caused by the introduction of poisonous or infective matters from without, or the absorption or retention of such as are produced in the body itself; toxæmia. -- Blood pudding , a pudding made of blood and other materials. -- Blood relation , one connected by blood or descent. -- Blood spavin . See under Spavin . -- Blood vessel . See in the Vocabulary. -- Blue blood , the blood of noble or aristocratic families, which, according to a Spanish prover , has in it a tinge of blue; -- hence, a member of an old and aristocratic family. -- Flesh and blood . (a) A blood relation, esp. a child. (b) Human nature. -- In blood (Hunting) , in a state of perfect health and vigor. Shak. -- To let blood . See under Let . -- Prince of the blood , the son of a sovereign, or the issue of a royal family. The sons, brothers, and uncles of the sovereign are styled princes of the blood royal ; and the daughters, sisters, and aunts are princesses of the blood royal .

Blood transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Blooded ; present participle & verbal noun Blooding .]
1. To bleed. [ Obsolete] Cowper.

2. To stain, smear or wet, with blood. [ Archaic]

Reach out their spears afar,
And blood their points.
Dryden.

3. To give (hounds or soldiers) a first taste or sight of blood, as in hunting or war.

It was most important too that his troops should be blooded .
Macaulay.

4. To heat the blood of; to exasperate. [ Obsolete]

The auxiliary forces of the French and English were much blooded one against another.
Bacon.

Blood money
1. Money paid to the next of kin of a person who has been killed by another.

2. Money obtained as the price, or at the cost, of another's life; -- said of a reward for supporting a capital charge, of money obtained for betraying a fugitive or for committing murder, or of money obtained from the sale of that which will destroy the purchaser.

Blood vessel (Anat.) Any vessel or canal in which blood circulates in an animal, as an artery or vein.

Blood-boltered adjective [ Blood + Prov. English bolter to mat in tufts. Confer Balter .] Having the hair matted with clotted blood. [ Obsolete & R.]

The blood-boltered Banquo smiles upon me.
Shak.

Bloodbird (blŭd"bẽrd`) noun (Zoology) An Australian honeysucker ( Myzomela sanguineolata ); -- so called from the bright red color of the male bird.

Blooded adjective Having pure blood, or a large admixture or pure blood; of approved breed; of the best stock.

» Used also in composition in phrases indicating a particular condition or quality of blood; as, cold- blooded ; warm- blooded .

Bloodflower noun [ From the color of the flower.] (Botany) A genus of bulbous plants, natives of Southern Africa, named Hæmanthus , of the Amaryllis family. The juice of H. toxicarius is used by the Hottentots to poison their arrows.

Bloodguilty adjective Guilty of murder or bloodshed. "A bloodguilty life." Fairfax. -- Blood"guilt`i*ness noun -- Blood"guilt`less , adjective

Bloodhound noun A breed of large and powerful dogs, with long, smooth, and pendulous ears, and remarkable for acuteness of smell. It is employed to recover game or prey which has escaped wounded from a hunter, and for tracking criminals. Formerly it was used for pursuing runaway slaves. Other varieties of dog are often used for the same purpose and go by the same name. The Cuban bloodhound is said to be a variety of the mastiff.

Bloodily adverb In a bloody manner; cruelly; with a disposition to shed blood.

Bloodiness noun
1. The state of being bloody.

2. Disposition to shed blood; bloodthirstiness.

All that bloodiness and savage cruelty which was in our nature.
Holland.