Copy of `Curry Printing`

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Curry Printing
Category: Agriculture and Industry > Printing press
Date & country: 30/06/2014, UK
Words: 577


Short Ink
Ink that is smooth and creamy but does not flow freely.

Show Through
A problem that occurs when the printing on one side of a sheet is seen from the other side.

Side Guide
The guides on the sides of the sheet fed press that position the sheet sideways as the paper is led towards the front guides.

Side Stitching
Stitching where the wire staples pass through the pile of sections or leaves gathered upon each other and are clinched on the underside.

Signature
(Section) Printed sheet (or its flat) that consists of a number of pages of a book, placed so that they will fold and bind together as a section of a book. The printed sheet after folding.

Silhouette halftone
A halftone with the background screen removed.

Silverprint
Reference, brownline proof.

Slitting
A term to describe the process of cutting of printed sheets by the cutting wheels of a printing press.

Smoothness
That quality of paper defined by its levelness which allows for pressure consistency in printing, assuring uniformity of print.

Soft Dot
An excessively large halo around a dot in a photograph that causes a fringe that diminishes the dot intensity.

Spine
Back edge of a book.

Spiral Bind
A binding whereby a wire or plastic is spiraled through holes punched along the binding side.

Spot Color
Small area printed in a second color.

Spread
A film image that is larger than the original image to accommodate ink trapping. Reference, trapping

Stabbing
To bind a series of pages with wire staples such that staples enter from the front and back simultaneously, neither side being long enough to exit the opposite side.

Stability
The quality of paper to maintain its original size when it undergoes pressure and moisture changes.

Stagger Cutting
A process of cutting many sheets from the same parent sheet in which the smaller sheets have different grain directions; also called dutch or bastard cutting.

Star Target
The Graphic Arts Technical Foundation, GATF has established various quality control images; the star target appears along with the color bar and helps the pressman detect any irregularity in the ink spread. Reference, Color Bars

Static Neutralizer
A device on a printing press that minimizes the amount of static build up on paper as it passes through the press.

Step And Repeat
A process of generating multiple exposures by taking an image and stepping it according to a predetermined layout.

Stet
A proofreader's symbol that is usually written in the copy margin, that indicates that the copy, which was marked for correction, should be left as it was.

Stock
A term for unprinted paper or other material to be printed.

Strip-In
To add an element, such as copy that is shot separately, and then stripped into place on a goldenrod flat.

Stripping
Originally, the removal of the photographic emulsion with its image from individual negatives and combining them in position on a glass plate. Now the use of stripfilm materials, and the cutting, attachment, and other operations for assembling. The positioning of positives and negatives on the flat before proceeding to platemaking.

Stumping Or Blocking
Impressing book covers, etc., by means of hot die, brass types or blocks.

Super Calendaring
A machine procedure that produces a high finished paper surface that is extremely smooth and exceptional for printing.

Synthetic Papers
Any petroleum based waterproof papers with a high tensile strength.

Tack
The adhesive quality of inks.

Tag
A dense, strong paper stock.

Tensile Strength
A paper's ability to withstand pressure.

Text
A high quality printing paper.

Thermography
A printing process whereby slow drying ink is applied to paper and while the ink is still wet, it is lightly dusted with a resinous powder. The paper then passes through a heat chamber where the powder melts and fuses with the ink to produce a raised surface.

Through Drier
A slower drier that dries the ink throughout without forming a hard crust.

Ticket Envelope
Envelopes used mostly for theater tickets, with no other particular usage.

Tint
A halftone screen that contains all the same sized dots.

Titanium Oxide
A bright white pigment (opaque) used for printing on metal and flexible packaging.

Toluidine Red
A red pigment with poor bleed resistance.

Tooth
The rough surfaced finish of papers such as vellum or antique.

Transparent
Inks that do not block out the colored inks that they print over, but instead blend with them to create intermediate colors.

Trapping
The process of printing wet ink over printed ink which may be wet or dry.

Trim Marks
Marks placed on the sheet to indicate where to cut the page.

Twin Wire Machine
Fourdrinier papermaking machines with two wires, instead of a wire and felt side. This assures higher quality when two sides are used for printing.

Two-sidedness
The difference in feel and appearance of either side of a sheet of paper due to the papermaking process having a felt and wire side.

Uncalendared
Papers that are not smoothed by going through the calendaring process.

Up
A term used to describe how many similar sheets can be produced on a larger sheet; two up, four up, etc.

Upright
A term given to books bound on the longer dimension.

Vacuum Frame
Also called a contact frame; used in the platemaking process to hold materials in tight contact during exposure.

Vandyke
Brown print

Varnish
A clear shiny ink used to add gloss to printed pieces. The primary component of the ink vehicle. Reference, vehicle.

Vehicle
A combination of varnish, waxes, dryers etc., that contain the pigment of inks and control the flow, the drying and the adhesion of the pigments to the printed surface.

Vellum
A finish of paper that is rough, bulky and has a degree of tooth.

Velour Paper
A term given to papers that are coated with an adhesive and then flock dusted.

Velox
A photographic print which is made from a negative.

Verso
A term given to the left-hand or even-numbered pages of a book.

Vignette
Fade to white or small decorative design or illustration. A photo or illustration etc., in which the tones fade gradually away until they blend with the surface they are printed on.

Walk-off
A term given to the occurrence of plate deterioration of the image area during the printing process; usually occurs on long runs.

Washup
The procedure of cleaning a particular ink from all of the printing elements (rollers, plate, ink fountain etc.) of a press.

Watermark
A translucent logo that is embossed during the papermaking process while the paper slurry is on the dandy roll. Reference, dandy roll

Web
The roll of paper that is used in web or rotary printing.

Web Break
A tear in a web roll during the printing process.

Web Press
Cylinder printing machine in which the paper is fed from a continuous reel, as opposed to sheet fed.

Web Tension
The term given to the tension or pull exerted by the web press on the web roll.

Wedding Paper
A soft paper that is thick and holds up well under embossing.

Wet Trapping
The ability of an ink film to accept subsequent ink films.

Widow
A single word or two left at the end of a paragraph, or a part of a sentence ending a paragraph, which loops over to the next page and stands alone. Also, the last sentence of a paragraph which contains only one or two short words.

Wipe On Plate
A plate on which is wiped a light sensitive coating by a coating device; usually the first step in this type of platemaking.

Wire Side
That side of the paper which lies on the wire screen side of the papermaking machine.

Wire Stitching Or Stapling
To fasten together sheets, signatures, or sections with wire staples. 3 methods... saddle stitching, side stitching, and stabbing.

Wove
A smooth paper made on finely textured wire that gives the paper a gentle patterned finish.

Wrinkles
The unevenly dried surface of printed inks.

Writing Paper
Another name for bond paper.

Xerographic Paper
Papers made to reproduce well in copy machines and laser printers.

Yield Value
The actual amount of force needed to start an ink flowing.

F&G
A term in the binding process referring to folding and gathering.

M weight
The actual weight of 1000 sheets of any given size of paper.

W&B
An abbreviation for work and back. Reference, sheetwise.

W&T
An abbreviation for work and turn.