cinchona

[n] - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
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Cinchona

Cin·cho'na noun [ So named from the wife of Count Chinchon , viceroy of Peru in the seventeenth century, who by its use was freed from an intermittent fever, and after her return to Spain, contributed to the general propagation of this remedy.] 1. (Botany) A genus of trees growing n...
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/C/79

cinchona

A genus of rubiaceous south american trees that yields the toxic cinchona alkaloids from their bark; quinine, quinidine, chinconine, cinchonidine and others are used to treat malaria and cardiac arrhythmias. ... (12 Dec 1998) ...
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cinchona

chinchona noun any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
Found on https://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20974

cinchona

Peruvian bark noun medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
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cinchona

(sin-ko´nә) the dried bark of the stem or root of various South American trees of the genus Cinchona; it is the source of quinine, cinchonine, and other alkaloids and was used as an antimalarial.
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/21001

Cinchona

• (n.) A genus of trees growing naturally on the Andes in Peru and adjacent countries, but now cultivated in the East Indies, producing a medicinal bark of great value. • (n.) The bark of any species of Cinchona containing three per cent. or more of bitter febrifuge alkaloids; Peruvian bark; Jesuits` bark.
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Cinchona

genus of about 40 species of plants, mostly trees, in the madder family (Rubiaceae), native to the Andes of South America. The flowers are small and ... [5 related articles]
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/c/85

cinchona

Type: Term Pronunciation: sin-kō′nă Definitions: 1. The dried bark of the root and stem of various species of Cinchona, a genus of evergreen trees (family Rubiaceae), native of South America but cultivated in various tropic regions. The cultivated bark contains 7-10% of total alkaloids; about 70% is quinine. Cinchona contains more t...
Found on http://www.medilexicon.com/medicaldictionary.php?t=17654

cinchona

cinchona (singkō'nu) or chinchona (chingkō'nu) , name for species of the genus Cinchona, evergreen trees of the madder family native to the Andean highlands from Bolivia to Colombia and also to some mountainous regions of Panama and Costa Rica. The trees are now cultivated elsewh...
Found on http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/sci/A0812261.html

Cinchona

The cinchona is a genus of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants of the order Cinchonaceae native to South America which consists of gamopetalous, calycifloral dicotyledons, sometimes regarded as a sub-order of Rubiaceae.with fragrant white or pink flowers. They have simple opposite leaves, flowers arranged in panicles or corymbs; calyx adherent, ent...
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cinchona

Any of a group of tropical American shrubs or trees belonging to the madder family. The drug quinine is produced from the bark of some species, and these are now cultivated in India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, and Indonesia. (Genus Chinchona, family Rubiaceae.)
Found on http://www.talktalk.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0010786.html

Cinchona

The name of the genus is due to Linnaeus, who named the tree in 1742 after the Second Countess of Chinchón, the wife of a viceroy of Peru, who, in 1638 (according to accounts at the time, now disparaged) was introduced by native Quechua healers to the medicinal properties of cinchona bark. Stories of the medicinal properties of this bark, however...
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cinchona
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