### monad

- an atom having a valence of one
- a singular metaphysical entity from which material properties are said to derive

[

*n]* - an atom having a valence of one 2. [n] - a singular metaphysical entity from which material properties are said to derive

Found on http://www.webdictionary.co.uk/definition.php?query=monad

Philosophical term deriving from the work of Gottfried Leibniz, suggesting a soul or metaphysical unit that has a self-contained life. The monads are independent of each other but coordinated by a...

Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20688

**Mon'ad** * noun* [ Latin

* monas* ,

* - adis* , a unit, Greek ..., ..., from

mo`nos alone.]

** 1.** An ultimate atom, or simple, unextended point; something ultimate and indivisible.

** 2.** * (Philos. of Leibnitz)* The elementary and indestructible units which were conceived o...

Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/M/90

1. An ultimate atom, or simple, unextended point; something ultimate and indivisible. ... 2. <philosophy> The elementary and indestructible units which were conceived of as endowed with the power to produce all the changes they undergo, and thus determine all physical and spiritual phenomena. ... 3. <zoology> One of the smallest flangel...

Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20973

*noun* (biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan)

Found on https://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/20974

(mon´әd) a single-celled protozoon or coccus. a univalent radical or element. in meiosis, one member of a tetrad.

Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/21001

• (n.) An atom or radical whose valence is one, or which can combine with, be replaced by, or exchanged for, one atom of hydrogen. • (n.) One of the smallest flangellate Infusoria; esp., the species of the genus Monas, and allied genera. • (n.) The elementary and indestructible units which were conceived of as endowed with the power ...

Found on http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/monad/

(from Greek monas `unit`), an elementary individual substance that reflects the order of the world and from which material properties are derived. ... [14 related articles]

Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/m/110

*[non-standard analysis]* In non-standard analysis, a monad (also called halo) is the set of points infinitesimally close to a given point. If x is finite (limited), the unique real number in the monad of x is called the standard part of x. == Notes == ...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(non-standard_analysis)

monad: see Bruno, Giordano; Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Baron von.

Found on http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0916371.html

(Gr. Monas, a unit) In Greek usage, originally the number one. Later, any individual or metaphysical unit. Bruno named his metaphysical units monads to distinguish them from the Democritean atoms. The monads, centers of the world life, are both psychic and spatial individuals. Leibniz (borrowing the term possibly from Augustine, Bruno or Protesta.....

Found on http://www.ditext.com/runes/m.html

In philosophy, monad is an imaginary entity in the philosophy of Leibnitz, according to whom monads are simple substances, of which the whole universe is composed, each differing from every other, but all agreeing in having no extension, but in being possessed of life, the source of all motion and activity. Every monad, according to Leibnitz, is a ...

Found on http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/browse/AM.HTM

Type: Term Pronunciation: mon-′ad Definitions: 1. A univalent element or radical. 2. A unicellular organism. 3. In meiosis, the single chromosome derived from a tetrad after the first and second maturation divisions.

Found on http://www.medilexicon.com/medicaldictionary.php?t=55774

*[music]* In music, a monad is a single note or pitch. The Western chromatic scale, for example, is composed of twelve monads. Monads are contrasted to dyads, groups of two notes, triads, groups of three, and so on. ...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(music)

*[philosophy]* Monad (from Greek μονάς monas, `unit` from μόνος monos, `alone`), according to the Pythagoreans, was a term for Divinity or the first being, or the totality of all beings, Monad being the source or the One meaning without division. For the Pythagoreans, the generation of number series was related to objects of geometr...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(philosophy)

*[Gnosticism]* The Monad in early Christian gnostic writings is an adaptation of concepts of the Monad in Greek philosophy to Christian gnostic belief systems. ==Overview== The term monad comes from the Greek feminine noun monas (nominative singular, μονάς), `one unit,` where the ending -s in the nominative form resolves to the ending -d...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(Gnosticism)

*[functional programming]* In functional programming, a monad is a structure that represents computations defined as sequences of steps: a type with a monad structure defines what it means to chain operations, or nest functions of that type together. This allows the programmer to build pipelines that process data in steps, in which each actio...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(functional_programming)

*[category theory]* They will satisfy some axioms about identity and associativity that result from the adjunction properties. Every monad arises from some adjunction, in fact typically from many adjunctions. Two constructions introduced below, the Kleisli category and the category of Eilenberg-Moore algebras, are extremal solutions of the pr...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(category_theory)

A single pollen grain unattached to others; as opposed to a tetrad.

Found on http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/orchidkey/html/glossary.html

*[linear algebra]* In linear and homological algebra, a monad is a 3-term complex of objects in some abelian category whose middle term B is projective and whose first map A → B is injective and whose second map B → C is surjective. Equivalently a monad is a projective object together with a 3-step filtration (B ⊃ ker(B → C) ⊃ im(A ...

Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monad_(linear_algebra)

an unextended, indivisible and indestructible entity that is the basic constituent of physical reality.

Found on http://www.philosophybasics.com/general_glossary.html

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