Chromosome

A thread-like body found in cell nuclei, comprised of genes arranged in linear order. In higher organisms chromosomes consist of DNA in association with protein. In bacteria they exist as naked DNA. While genes are the units of heredity, chromosomes are the units of transmission from one generation to the next. During cell division chromosomes may break, rejoin or cross over giving rise to new genetic combinations....
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chromosome

(Variation and inheritance) one of the rod shaped bodies found in the nucleus of cells that contain genetic information (DNA)
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chromosome

(Learning Modules / Biology / DNA / Glossary) A threadlike 'package' or structure of genes, made up of DNA in the nucleus of a cell. Chromosomes direct the activity within the cell and pass on genetic information to new cells. Different kinds of organisms have different numbers of chromosomes. Humans have 23 pairs, 46 in all: 44 autosomes and two sex chromosomes....
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Chromosome

A chromosome is packaged and organized chromatin, a complex of macromolecules found in cells, consisting of DNA, protein and RNA. The main information-carrying macromolecule is a single piece of coiled double-stranded DNA, containing many genes, regulatory elements and other non-coding DNA. The DNA-bound macromolecules are proteins, which serve to...
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Chromosome

Chromosomes are paired strands of DNA, with accompanying structural proteins, on which genes are located. Domestic cattle have 30 pairs of chromosomes, one chromosome of each pair having been inherited form each parent. One random chromosome of each pair is transmitted to each egg or sperm cell produced by a parent.
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Chromosome

• (n.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant of Weismann.
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chromosome

<cell biology> The self-replicating genetic structures of cells containing the cellular DNA that bears in its nucleotide sequence the linear array of genes. ... The DNA of eukaryotes is subdivided into chromosomes, that consist of a number of chromosomes whose DNA is associated with various proteins. The chromosomes become more tightly packed...
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chromosome

(Gk: chromos/ chromatos colour; soma body; referring to the coloured part in a transparent cell) a microscopic thread-shaped body which carries genes. Numbers of chromosomes occur in the nucleus of each plant and animal cell and their number and form are usually constant for every species of organism. Chromosomes are usually visible only during cel...
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chromosome

(kro´mә-sōm) in eukaryotes, a structure in the cell nucleus that contains a linear thread of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) the transmitter of genetic information. During cell division the chromosomal material is compactly coiled, making it visible with appropriate staining and permitting its movement in the cel...
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chromosome

noun a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
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chromosome

Click images to enlargeStructures in a cell nucleus that carry the many thousands of genes, in sequence, that determine the characteristics of an organism. There are 46 chromosomes in a normal human cell. Each chromosome normally consists of one very long double strand (or molecule) of DNA, coiled and folded to produce a ...
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Chromosome

[genetic algorithm] In genetic algorithms, a chromosome (also sometimes called a genome) is a set of parameters which define a proposed solution to the problem that the genetic algorithm is trying to solve. The chromosome is often represented as a simple string, although a wide variety of other data structures are also used. ==Chromosome de...
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Chromosome

Chro'mo·some` noun [ Greek ... color + ... the body.] (Biol.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant of Weismann.
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Chromosome

A chromosome is a chemical found in all cells which determines how the cell will act.
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Chromosome

A chromosome is a rod-shaped structure containing genes that is found in the cell nucleus. It is composed of long strands of DNA with many proteins attached.
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Chromosome

A linear sequence of genes wound up with proteins into a single unit that is found in the nucleus of
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chromosome

A long, tightly packaged DNA molecule that contains the genetic instructions essential for the life of a cell and allows the transmission of genetic information from generation to generation.
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Chromosome

A microscopically visible carrier of genetic information.
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Chromosome

A part of a cell which contains the genes.
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Chromosome

A single DNA molecule, a tightly coiled strant of DNA, condensed into a compact structure in vivo by complexing with accessory histones or histone-like proteins. Chromosomes exist in pairs in higher eukaryotes. (See Chromosome walking.)
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Chromosome

a strand of DNA tightly wrapped around proteins called histones. Chromosomes are the way DNA is organized in a cell.
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Chromosome

A structural unit of genetic material consisting of a long molecule of DNA complexed with special proteins in eukaryotes, but not in prokaryotes
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chromosome

A structure in the cell nucleus that carries DNA. At certain times in the cell cycle, chromosomes are visible as string-like entities. Chromosomes consist of the DNA with various proteins, particularly histones, bound to it.
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Chromosome

A structure made of genes found in the nucleus of a cell
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Chromosome

A thread-like structure containing many genes.
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