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Moms Who Think - Pregnancy index
Category: Health and Medicine > Pregnancy
Date & country: 30/08/2013, USA
Words: 599


Secondhand smoke
When a person inhales the smoke exhaled by a smoker. Secondhand smoke, like smoking, is dangerous for a developing fetus

Semen
White fluid containing sperm

Sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Diseases communicable by sexual relations, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, genital

Shoulder dystocia
When a baby's shoulders get stuck in the birth canal

Show
See bloody show

Sickle-cell anemia
A genetic

Side-lying position
Breastfeeding

SIDS
Abbr. See sudden infant death syndrome

Sitz bath
A shallow, tepid bath often recommended to soothe the discomfort and pain of episiotomy

Sleep apnea
A condition in which breathing stops briefly during sleep, temporarily reducing the amount of oxygen that is taken in.

Small for gestational age (SGA)
A baby who is not growing as well as it should given his or her gestational age

Sonogram
An ultrasound

Sonographer
The technician who performs an ultrasound

Sore nipples
Tender, red, cracked, and painful nipples caused by breastfeeding

Speculum
A device used to spread a woman's vaginal

Sperm
The male reproductive cells produced by the testicles. Sperm is deposited by the male into the female's vagina

Sperm motility
The ability of sperm

Spermicides
Chemical agents that kill sperm

Spider veins
Small red or blue blood vessels that appear close to the skin's surface and resemble a spider. Spider veins may result from the hormonal

Spina bifida
A neural tube defect

Spinal block
A labor

Spinal headache
A headache that results when the needle used for a spinal anesthesia or an epidural

Spontaneous labor
Labor

Spotting
Any type of bloody discharge from the vagina

Squat bar
A U-shaped bar that attaches to a birthing bed allowing a laboring

Stages of labor
Labor

Station
An indication of how far the presenting part

Steroids
Synthetic hormones

Stillbirth
The death of a baby after 20 weeks gestation

Stillborn
A baby showing no signs of life at birth.

Stress incontinence
The inability to hold in urine. Many women find they leak urine during the last trimester

Stretch marks
Discolored linear patterns that result from stretching of the skin. In pregnancy, stretch marks, also known as striae, may appear on the abdomen, breasts, buttocks, and legs; they usually fade slowly after delivery.

Striae
See stretch marks

Stripping of the membranes
A technique used to encourage the onset of labor

Suckling
When the baby breastfeeds

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
The sudden death of an infant from unexplained causes. SIDS occurs most frequently in infants two to four months old.

Sweeping of the membranes
Another term for stripping of the membranes

Symphysis pubic dysfunction
Pain in the pubic symphysis

Symphysis pubis
The front part of the pelvis

Syphilis
A sexually transmitted disease

Systolic blood pressure
The upper number in a blood pressure

Tay-Sachs disease
A genetic disorder

TENS
Abbr. See transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Teratogen
A drug, chemical, or infection that can cause a birth defect

Terbutaline
A medication used to halt the contractions

Term
The length of a pregnancy, or 40 weeks.

Termination
Another word for abortion.

Thalassemia
An inherited genetic disorder

Thrombophlebitis
The inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot.

Thyroiditis
Fluctuating thyroid function after childbirth. Symptoms begin with hyperthyroidism

Tilted uterus
In 20 percent of women, the top of the uterus

Tipped uterus
Another term for a tilted uterus

Tocolysis
The administration of medications to stop uterine contractions

Toxemia
More commonly called preeclampsia

Toxoplasmosis
A parasitic infection carried in cat feces and uncooked meat that can be dangerous to the fetus

Transducer
The device used in ultrasound

Transitional labor
The end of the first stage of labor

Transverse
When the fetus

Trial of labor
Attempting labor

Trimester
A time span of three months. Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters, each approximately 13 to 14 weeks long. Generally speaking, each trimester is marked by different phases of fetal development.

Triple screen
A blood test given to a woman between weeks 15 and 18 of pregnancy to screen for an increased risk of the baby having a birth defect

Trophoblastic disease
An abnormal pregnancy in which there is no fetus

Tubal ligation
A sterilization procedure in which a woman's fallopian tubes

Tubal pregnancy
When a fertilized

Ultrasound
A procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to create a moving image of a baby in utero

Umbilical cord
The flexible cord of tissue connecting the fetus

Umbilical cord blood banking
See cord blood banking

Undescended testicles
Failure of a baby boy's testicles to descend into the scrotum by the time he is born. Many times the condition corrects itself. Other cases need to be surgically corrected.

Unripe cervix
When the cervix

Urge to push
The natural impulse felt by a laboring woman toward the end of the first stage

Urinalysis
An analysis of urine to find out its content.

Urinary incontinence
Involuntary loss of urine. Many women find they leak urine during the last trimester

Urinary tract infection (UTI)
An infection anywhere in the urinary system, usually in the bladder. Symptoms include fever

Uterine inversion
After the delivery of a baby, if the placenta

Uterine involution
The postpartum

Uterine rupture
When the scar from a previous cesarean

Uterus
The hollow, pear-shaped, muscular organ in which a baby grows. Back to top

Vacuum extraction
A procedure used as an alternative to forceps

Vacuum-assisted birth
When vacuum extraction

Vagina
The female genital

Vaginal birth
The birth of a baby through the birth canal

Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC)
The vaginal birth

Vaginitis
An infection in the vagina

Varicose veins
Swollen veins, usually in the legs, common during pregnancy because of increased blood volume and increased pressure on the veins from the growing uterus

VBAC
Abbr. See vaginal birth after cesarean

Venus thrombosis
A blood clot that develops in a vein, usually in a leg. Pregnant women are more susceptible to clots during pregnancy and postpartum

Vernix
A greasy white substance that covers the fetus

Version
See external cephalic version

Vertex presentation
When the baby is positioned head down in the uterus

Very low birth weight baby
A baby weighing less than three pounds three ounces at birth.

Viable
A baby mature enough to survive outside the womb

Vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS)
A test to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus

Vulva
A woman's external genital

Walking epidural
An epidural

Water birth
A type of childbirth in which a woman labors

Womb
Another name for the uterus

Yeast infection
A vaginal

Zidovudine (ZDV)
An antiretroviral drug used to treat an HIV

Zygote
The fertilized