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Moms Who Think - Pregnancy index
Category: Health and Medicine > Pregnancy
Date & country: 30/08/2013, USA
Words: 599


Fetal movement counts
After 27 weeks of pregnancy, women are encouraged to perform periodic counts to measure how often their baby moves within an hour. Ten or more movements per hour are considered normal.

Fetal period
The stage of fetal development following the embryonic

Fetal presentation
The position of the baby, feet down (breech

Fetal scalp stimulation
A test to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus. This test assesses how a fetus reacts to pressure on, or pinching of, the scalp.

Fetal-maternal exchange
The transfer of oxygen and nutrients from the expectant mother to the baby through the umbilical cord

Fetoscopy
A diagnostic procedure in which a doctor inserts a laparoscope (a small viewing instrument) through a small incision in a pregnant woman's abdomen and uterine wall to look for any abnormalities in the fetus.

Fetus
The name given to a baby in utero

Fever
When body temperature rises above its normal level, usually 98.6

Fibroids
Growths on the uterus. Fibroids can be small or large and are almost always benign.

Focal point
A spot in a room

Folic acid
This B vitamin, found in prenatal vitamins and green leafy vegetables, prevents anemia and has been shown to reduce incidence of neural tube defects

Follicle
An egg

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
A hormone

Fontanels
The soft spots on a baby's head that allow its skull to compress during birth and pass through the birth canal

Football hold
The position during breastfeeding

Footling breech
When the fetus is positioned feet down at term

Forceps
Tong-shaped instruments that are inserted into the vagina

Frank breech
When the fetus is positioned buttocks down at term

Fraternal twins
Twins born at the same time but resulting from the fertilization

Full-term
A baby born between 37 and 42 weeks gestation

Fundal height
The distance between the top of a pregnant woman's uterus (fundus) to her pubic bone. The fundal height is measured to determine fetal age.

Fundus
The rounded top part of the uterus. Back to top

Gamete intra-fallopian transfer
An infertility

General anesthesia
Drugs that make a person unconscious and unable to feel pain. General anesthesia is sometimes used for emergency cesarean sections

General practitioner
A physician who provides basic care. See family practitioner

Genetic
Determined by genes. Inherited conditions are genetic.

Genetic counseling
Counseling with a health care professional to help prospective parents understand and evaluate their risks of having a child born with birth defects

Genetic disorder
A disease or condition caused by abnormal genes.

Genetic screening
Any test used to find genetic

Genital herpes
A virus that affects the genital

Genitals
External sex organs in the male and female.

German measles
Also called rubella, German measles is a highly contagious viral disease causing a mild red rash that can cause serious birth defects

Gestation
Synonymous with pregnancy, gestation refers to the period of time a baby is carried in the uterus

Gestational age
The age of the fetus

Gestational diabetes
A condition that develops during pregnancy when blood sugar levels become too high because the mother doesn't produce enough insulin

Gingivitis
Red, tender, bleeding gums, which, if left untreated, can develop into periodontitis, a serious form of gum disease.

Glucose
A form of sugar present in the blood.

Glucose challenge test
See glucose screening test

Glucose screening test
A preliminary test used to check for diabetes

Glucose tolerance test
This is the next step if a glucose screening test

Glucosuria
Glucose

Gonorrhea
A sexually transmitted disease

Gravida
The medical term for a pregnant woman.

Group B streptococcus
A bacterium that can be found in the vagina

GYN
Abbr. See gynecologist.

Gynecologist (GYN)
A physician who specializes in women's health. See ob-gyn

Habitual miscarriage (or abortion)
Three or more consecutive miscarriages

HCG
Abbr. See human chorionic gonadotropin

Heartburn
A burning sensation felt in the chest and throat when acid from the stomach leaks up into the esophagus. During pregnancy, the muscle at the top of the stomach that usually prevents digestive acids from going back up relaxes, allowing gastric juices to splash back. The pressure of the growing uterus

Hegar's sign
Used by physicians and midwives

HELLP syndrome
An abbreviation for hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets. HELLP is a rare, serious condition occurring during pregnancy on its own or in association with preeclampsia

Hematocrit
In a blood test, the number (or percentage) of red blood cells.

Hemoglobin
A type of protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen to body tissues.

Hemophilia
A genetic

Hemorrhage
Heavy bleeding from the uterus. Hemorrhage is rare and can occur postpartum

Hemorrhoids
Varicose veins

Hepatitis B
An infection of the liver caused by a blood-borne virus or through sexual contact. It can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, though there is a vaccine that all newborns

Herpes
A sexually transmitted disease

High-risk pregnancy
A pregnancy with a higher than normal risk of developing complications. Risk may be related to a woman's age, a woman carrying multiple fetuses

HIV
The sexually transmitted virus that causes AIDS. If untreated, an HIV-positive mother can transmit the virus to her fetus

Home birth
Labor

Home pregnancy test
A test that diagnoses pregnancy by detecting the presence of the hormone

Hormone
A chemical secretion that the body produces to stimulate or slow down various body functions.

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
A hormone produced during pregnancy. Excreted in urine, hCG is used in testing to detect pregnancy.

Hydatidiform mole
An abnormal pregnancy in which there is no fetus

Hydramnios
When there is too much amniotic fluid

Hydrocephalus
A relatively rare condition caused by an abnormal amount of fluid in the brain. It is sometimes the first sign of spina bifida

Hydrotherapy
The therapeutic use of warm water, usually in a Jacuzzi tub, often used to help relax a laboring woman and reduce her discomfort. A complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM

Hyperemesis gravidarum
An exaggerated form of morning sickness

Hyperglycemia
Having too much glucose

Hypertension
High blood pressure

Hyperthyroidism
Elevated levels of the thyroid hormone. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can cause problems during pregnancy.

Hyperventilation
Breathing too fast, leading to dizziness and tingling. Can occur during labor.

Hypnobirthing
Using hypnosis

Hypnosis
CAM

Hypotension
Low blood pressure

Hypothyroidism
A deficiency of thyroid hormone due to an underactive thyroid gland. If left untreated, hypothyroidism can cause problems during and/or after pregnancy.

Hypoxia
A lack of sufficient oxygen to the baby, due to a cord compression

Hysterectomy
The surgical removal of the uterus.Back to top

Identical twins
Identical twins are formed from the division of one fertilized

Immune system
The protective system of the body that defends against infection and disease.

Immunization
The administration of a vaccine, often by injection, that makes the body resistant to certain bacteria or viruses.

Implantation
The process in which a fertilized egg

In utero
Inside the uterus

In vitro fertilization (IVF)
A procedure, used to treat infertility

Inborn errors of metabolism
Genetic

Incision
A cut made to open the body during surgery. During a cesarean section

Incompetent cervix
A condition in which the cervix

Incontinence
The inability to control one's bladder

Induction
Using artificial means (such as drugs like pitocin

Inferior vena cava
The vein responsible for returning blood from the lower body to the heart. Lying faceup during pregnancy can compress the inferior vena cava.

Infertility
The inability to conceive

Inhibin-A
A hormone

Insomnia
Inability to fall or stay asleep.

Insulin
Insulin regulates the level of glucose

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
An assisted fertilization technique in which a single sperm

Intrapartum fever
Elevated body temperature in a pregnant woman during labor and/or delivery.

Intrauterine device (IUD)
A device (plastic or metal) placed in a woman's uterus

Intrauterine insemination
Used to help couples trying to conceive

Intravenous catheter (IV)
A small, hollow flexible tube inserted into a vein so that fluids or medications can be given.