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Moms Who Think - Pregnancy index
Category: Health and Medicine > Pregnancy
Date & country: 30/08/2013, USA
Words: 599


Conceive
To initiate a pregnancy, which is what happens when a sperm

Conception
When a sperm

Congenital disorder
A condition existing at or from birth.

Constipation
Bowel movements that are irregular, hard, dry, and difficult to push out.

Contraception
Methods to prevent a woman from becoming pregnant.

Contraction
The strong, rhythmic tightening of the uterus during labor. Regular strong and painful contractions dilate

Contraction stress test (CST)
A test to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus. A CST tests how the baby responds to the stress of uterine contractions

Convulsion
A series of spasm-like contractions of muscles.

Cord
See umbilical cord

Cord blood banking
The collecting and storing of the baby's umbilical-cord

Cord blood harvesting
Blood from the newborn's umbilical cord

Cord compression
When the umbilical cord gets squeezed during labor and/or delivery, reducing blood flow and oxygen to the baby.

Cord knots
When the umbilical cord becomes knotted, either during delivery or when the baby moves around in utero

Cord prolapse
When the umbilical cord slips through the cervix or into the vagina

Corpus luteum
A small yellowish body of cells that form after ovulation

Corpus luteum cyst
If the corpus luteum fails to regress at the expected time (around 10 weeks into pregnancy), it turns into a cyst. It rarely presents a problem, but a practitioner will monitor its size as a precaution.

Cortisol
A stress hormone

Couvade syndrome
When a father-to-be exhibits physical responses to his partner's pregnancy, including weight gain, backache, food cravings, and mood swings.

Cradle hold
A well-known breastfeeding

Crossover hold
The position during breastfeeding

Crown-to-rump length
The measurement of a baby's size from the top of the head to the buttocks. This measurement is usually used during a first-trimester ultrasound

Crowning
During labor when the baby's head has reached the external vaginal opening and can be seen from the outside.

Curettage
The scrapping of the lining of the uterus to remove any residual products of conception following an incomplete miscarriage

Cystic fibrosis
An inherited disorder that affects the respiratory and digestive systems.

Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
A common and highly contagious viral infection. If contracted during pregnancy, CMV may lead to hearing loss, vision problems, and behavioral problems in the baby. Back to top

D&C
Abbr. See dilation and curettage.

Deep vein thrombosis
A blood clot that develops in a vein deep in a limb.

Dehydration
When the body loses more fluid than it takes in.

Demerol
An analgesic

Depoprovera
A form of birth control. Depoprovera is a high dose of the hormone

DES
A synthetic form of estrogen

Diabetes
A disorder in which the body does not produce enough insulin

Diaphragm
A barrier type birth control method that covers the cervix

Diastasis recti
The separation of the muscles running down the middle of the stomach, from the bottom of the rib cage to the top of the pubic bone during pregnancy. The muscles slowly return to normal after delivery.

Diastolic blood pressure
When taking blood pressure

Dilation
The opening of the cervix

Dilation and curettage (D&C)
A procedure in which the cervix is mechanically dilated

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
An omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid. DHA is a major component of the brain and retina and is essential for proper brain growth and eye development in a fetus

Doppler
A handheld ultrasound

Doula
Also called childbirth assistants, doulas are specially trained to provide comfort and support during labor

Down syndrome
The most common chromosomal abnormality

Dropping
Also known as lightening

Due date
The estimated date a baby might be born. It is determined based on the first day of a woman's last menstruation

Dystocia
When labor does not progress. Uterine

Eclampsia
Eclampsia occurs when untreated preeclampsia

Ectopic pregnancy
When a fertilized

Edema
Swelling due to the accumulation of fluids in the tissues. Swelling in the ankles and feet occurs in 75 percent of pregnant women.

Effacement
Also referred to as ripening, effacement is the thinning of the cervix

Egg
A female's reproductive cell produced by the ovary

Egg donation
When a woman provides her eggs

Ejaculate
The fluid emitted from a man's penis that contains sperm

Ejaculation
When a man expels semen

Elective induction
When drugs are chosen to stimulate labor, rather than waiting for it to begin on its own.

Electronic fetal monitor
A device that checks a fetus's

Embolism
A detached blood clot that blocks circulation in a blood vessel to a part of a body.

Embryo
The name used to describe a developing fertilized egg from the time of implantation through the eighth week after conception. After eight weeks it is called a fetus

Embryo transfer
An assisted reproductive technology in which a fertilized egg is inserted into a woman's uterus

Embryonic stage
The second through eighth week after conception

Endodermal germ layer
Also known as the endoderm or entoderm, this inner layer of cells in the embryo eventually develops into the digestive tract, respiratory organs, genitals

Endometriosis
The condition that results when endometrial cells (the tissue that lines the uterus) grow outside the uterus, most often on the ovaries

Endometrium
The lining of the uterus into which the embryo

Endorphin
A hormone

Enema
No longer routinely administered in hospitals for laboring women, an enema empties the bowels.

Engaged
When the baby's head has moved down into the pelvis

Engagement
Engagement, also called lightening

Engorgement
Swollen and tender breasts postpartum

Epidural
Anesthesia

Episiotomy
An incision made in the perineum

Estimated date of birth (EDB)
A term midwives

Estimated date of confinement (EDC)
An archaic term for the estimated date a baby might be born. It is determined based on the first day of a woman's last menstruation

Estimated date of delivery (EDD)
The estimated date a baby might be born. It is determined based on the first day of a woman's last menstruation

Estriol
A hormone

Estrogen
A hormone

Exclusive breastfeeding
Breastfeeding

Expressing breast milk
Removing breast milk from the breasts using a pump to store for a later feeding.

External cephalic version (ECV)
The most frequently used method to turn a breech

External fetal monitoring
A device that monitors a fetus's progress and vital signs during pregnancy or when a woman is in labor. It records the fetal heartbeat and the mother's contractions

Extrauterine pregnancy
Also called an ectopic pregnancy

Failure to progress
When labor

Fallopian tubes
The narrow ducts or tubes in a woman's abdomen that carries egg

False labor
Contractions

Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
The U.S. Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 requires up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for employees (of companies with more than 50 employees) to care for a newborn or newly adopted child. Under this act, people can also take time off to care for a sick child, parent, or spouse.

Family practitioner
The updated term for the general practitioner who provides medical service for the whole family.

Fecal incontinence
The inability to hold in bowel movements. Sometimes, a tear

Fertility
Being able to conceive

Fertility medications
Medications used to enable a woman conceive

Fertility specialist
An obstetrician-gynecologist

Fertilization
When an egg

Fertilization age
The age of the fetus

Fetal acoustical stimulation
A test to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus

Fetal alcohol effect (FAE)
Moderate drinking of alcohol (one to two drinks daily) during pregnancy can cause FAE in the baby, a syndrome characterized by numerous developmental and behavioral problems. The symptoms are subtle early on and become apparent when the child is older and has trouble with school and socialization.

Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
Heavy drinking of alcohol during pregnancy (five or six drinks a day) can cause numerous physical and mental birth defects

Fetal anomaly
An abnormality or malformation in the fetus

Fetal blood sampling
A genetic test that screens blood from a fetus umbilical cord

Fetal diagnostic testing
Tests to determine the well-being of the fetus during pregnancy.

Fetal distress
When a fetus is not receiving enough oxygen. Signs of fetal distress include a slowed heartbeat or absence of fetal movement

Fetal fibronectin (FFN)
A protein that, if found in cervical

Fetal heart rate
The rate of the baby's heartbeat while in the uterus

Fetal loss
When a fetus dies inside the uterus.

Fetal monitoring
Tracking a fetus's heartbeat and a woman's uterine contractions