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Moms Who Think - Pregnancy index
Category: Health and Medicine > Pregnancy
Date & country: 30/08/2013, USA
Words: 599


Inverted nipples
A condition in which the nipples

Involution
The postpartum

Iron deficiency anemia
A decrease in the number of red blood cells, usually due to a shortage of iron. The condition, detected through a blood test, causes such symptoms as fatigue, weakness, breathlessness, or fainting spells. Eating a diet rich in iron and taking an iron supplement during the second half of pregnancy is crucial to keep up with the increased need for r...

Kegel exercises
Simple exercise designed to tone the muscles in the vaginal

Labia
The two sets of skin folds that protect a woman's genitals

Labor
The process of childbirth, beginning with the rhythmic contractions

Laceration
In pregnancy, a laceration refers to a tear

Lactation
The production of milk that usually begins between two and seven days after a woman gives birth.

Lactation consultant or specialist
A person trained to assist breastfeeding

Lactose intolerance
A condition in which the body has difficulty digesting dairy products. Symptoms of lactose intolerance include bloating, diarrhea, gas, pain, or cramps.

Lamaze
This technique for preparing for childbirth

Lanugo
The fine temporary hair that covers a fetus

Large for gestational age (LGA)
A newborn

Last menstrual period (LMP)
The first day of last menstrual period, the date that is used to calculate the 40 weeks of pregnancy and a woman's due date

Latching on
The movement in which the baby takes the nipple

Latent labor
The first and longest phase of labor

Laxative
A food or medicine that stimulates evacuation of the bowels.

Lay midwife
An uncertified or unlicensed midwife

Layette
Clothing and other supplies for a newborn

LDPR
Abbr. See labor, delivery, postpartum, recovery room

LDR
Abbr. See labor, delivery, recovery room

Leboyer birth
A childbirth technique that advocates a trauma-free birth. This can include putting the baby on the mother's abdomen immediately after delivery, dimming the lights, massaging the baby, or giving the newborn

Leg cramps
Painful leg spasms common at night during the second and third trimesters

Leopold maneuvers
Techniques used by physicians and midwives

Letdown
The letdown reflex is an involuntary reflex during breastfeeding

Leukorrhea
A thick, milky, mild-smelling vaginal discharge

Lightening
Also known as dropping

Linea alba
The white line that runs down the center of the abdomen to the top of the pubic bone. During pregnancy, it darkens and is renamed the linea nigra

Linea nigra
The so-called black line that runs down the center of the abdomen to the top of the pubic bone. This darkening is caused by pregnancy hormones

Listeriosis
An illness caused by bacteria found in certain foods including unpasteurized milk products, undercooked meats, fish, shellfish, poultry, deli meats, and unwashed vegetables. The symptoms of listeriosis are similar to those of the flu. The illness can be transmitted in utero

LMP
Abbr. See last menstrual period

Local anesthesia
An injection of anesthesia

Lochia
Vaginal discharge

Low birth weight baby
A full-term

Luteinizing hormone
A hormone

Macrosomia
A condition in which a newborn

Magnesium sulfate
A medication used to prevent and treat eclampsia

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A diagnostic tool that in pregnancy can yield a clearer picture of the fetal

Malpresentation
An abnormal position of a baby's body or head during childbirth.

Mammary glands
The glands of the breast that produce breast milk.

Mask of pregnancy
More common in women with darker complexions, this discoloration of the face during pregnancy appears in a mask-like configuration or a confetti-like appearance on the forehead, nose, and cheeks. It gradually fades after delivery.

Mastitis:
An infection of a milk duct in the breast. Symptoms include swelling, tenderness, redness, and fever. Treatment for mastitis includes massage, warm compress, continued breastfeeding

Maternal and fetal specialist
An ob-gyn

Maternity center
A facility designed and equipped for childbirth. It is intended for women with low-risk pregnancies. Also called a birthing center

Maternity leave
Paid or unpaid time off work to care for a new baby. Under the Family and Medical Leave Act

Meconium
A greenish-brown substance that comes from a baby's digestive tract and is ordinarily passed after delivery as the baby's first stool. Sometimes, the meconium is passed before birth, in which case it stains the amniotic fluid

Meconium aspiration
When meconium

Meconium staining
When the baby passes meconium

Membranes
The sac that surrounds the baby in the uterus

Menstrual cycle
The regular monthly reproductive cycle of a woman, including the growth of the lining of the uterus

Mercury
A toxic substance that can harm an unborn baby's developing brain and nervous system. Mercury is found in high concentrations in certain types of fish including shark, swordfish, tilefish, and king mackerel.

Midwife
A person with training and professional experience who provides care to women during pregnancy and through labor

Miscarriage
The spontaneous and involuntary loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks, estimated to occur in 15 to 20 percent of all pregnancies. Most miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, and many occur before a woman even knows she's pregnant.

Misoprostol
A drug used to soften the cervix

Missed miscarriage (or abortion)
When an embryo

Molar pregnancy
An abnormal pregnancy in which there is no fetus

Molding
The temporary reshaping of a baby's head to facilitate its passage through the birth canal

Montgomery's tubercles or follicles
The small goose-bump-like glands that appear on the areola

Morning sickness
Nausea

Moxibustion
A traditional Chinese treatment that combines acupuncture

MSAFP
Abbreviation for maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein

Multigravida
A woman who has previously been pregnant.

Multipara
A woman who has previously had one or more babies.

Multiple birth
When a woman delivers more than one baby.

Multiple pregnancy
When a woman has more than one fetus

Mutation
A noninherited genetic disorder

Naegele's rule
The method used for estimating a pregnant woman's due date

Narcotics:
Analgesics

Natural childbirth
A term used to describe a labor

Nausea
A queasy feeling in the stomach that can, but does not always, lead to vomiting. Nausea is very common in the first trimester

Neonatal
The time from a baby's birth to four weeks of age.

Neonatal death
The death of a live-born baby anytime between birth and four weeks of age.

Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
A special care nursery for sick and premature

Neonate
A newborn

Neonatologist
A physician who specializes in the care of newborns

Nesting instinct
Toward the end of pregnancy, many pregnant women feel an urge to prepare for the impending birth. This burst of energy can lead an expectant mother to clean out the house or organize the nursery, among other behaviors.

Neural tube defect
A birth defect

Newborn
The term for a baby between birth and one month old. Also referred to as the neonatal

NICU
Abbr. See neonatal intensive care unit

Nipple confusion
A newborn

Nipples
The small projection near the center of the breast containing the outlets of the milk ducts.

Nonreassuring fetal status
An indication, based on a nonstress test

Nonstress test (NST)
A way to check on how the baby is doing while inside the uterus

Nuchal cord
A condition in which the umbilical cord

Nuchal fold thickness
A thickening of skin behind the fetal

Nuchal translucency
An abnormal collection of fluid behind the fetal

Nullipara
A woman who has never delivered a baby.

Nurse practitioner
A nurse who has completed a master's program in a specialty and is able to diagnose and treat conditions, as well as prescribe medications. Back to top

Nurse-midwife
A registered nurse who has completed graduate-level programs in midwifery

Ob-gyn
Obstetrician-gynecologist. A physician specializing in women's reproductive health.

Obstetrician
A physician specializing in obstetrics

Obstetrics
The medical field dealing with the management of pregnancy, labor

Obstructed labor
When labor

Oligohydramnios
A condition in which there is too little amniotic fluid

Omega-3 fatty acids
Essential fatty acids such as DHA

Operative vaginal delivery
A vaginal birth

Oral contraceptives
Also known as birth control pills, oral contraceptives contain hormones

Ovaries
The female reproductive organs that release eggs

Ovulation
The monthly release of a mature egg

Ovum
A human egg