Firman

A firman, farman (فرمان farmân) or ferman (Turkish) at the constitutional level was a royal mandate or decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, including the Ottoman Empire, Mughal Empire, State of Hyderabad, and Iran under Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi. During various periods they were collected and applied as traditi...
Found on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firman

Firman

• (n.) In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance.
Found on http://thinkexist.com/dictionary/meaning/firman/

firman

(from the article `Egypt`) ...put by de Lesseps into Sa`d`s account. French pressure on the sultan succeeded at last in overcoming resistance to the canal project at ...
Found on http://www.britannica.com/eb/a-z/f/28

Firman

Fir'man noun ; plural Firmans or . [ Pers. fermān .] In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance. [ Wr...
Found on http://www.encyclo.co.uk/webster/F/33
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