Copy of `Trail End - Historical sites`

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Trail End - Historical sites
Category: Architecture and Buildings
Date & country: 26/09/2013, UK
Words: 152


Ovolo
Convex molding also called quarter round

Palladin Window
One with an arched center section flanked by lower flat-topped sections

Parapet
Part of a wall that extends beyond the roof

Patera
Round or oval disc, usually ornamented with a rosette in the center

Pediment
Triangular gable end of roof above cornice

Pendant
Hanging ornament

Pent Roof
Sloping roof attached to side of building

Pier
Square pillar or post

Pilaster
Half column or pier attached to a wall

Plinth
Raised platform upon which sits a column

Porte Cochere
Porch roof projecting over a driveway

Portico
Porch supported by columns, usually above entrance

Postern
Side entrance

Putto
Statue of naked chubby baby; similar to a cherub with no wings

Quatrefoil
Four-lobed motif; usually in block shape

Quoins
Units of cut stone or brick used to accentuate the vertical corners of buildings

Reeding
Opposite of fluting; protruding half-round molding

Ridge Roll
Rounded cap covering exterior peak of roof

Rincleau
Scroll or vines cut in stone

Rubble
Undressed broken stone used in construction

Rusticated
Stonework with beveled or angled edges

Sash
Frame in which the glass panes or a window are set

Scrollwork
Ornamental work with curvilinear open patterns

Segmented Arch
Arch that does not form complete semi-circle

Sill
Bottom member of a window or door

Soffit
Underside of an eave, lintel or other horizontal element

Spindle
Turned vertical wooden element used in stair railings and porch trim

Stoop
Small porch leading to entrance of a house

String Course
Horizontal band of masonry wrapping around entire facade of building

Terra Cotta
Fired clay used for decorative ornamental details

Terrace
Open area connected to building; usually paved

Tracery
Interlaced lines that form the lacy openwork of a Gothic-style window

Transom
Small window above door

Trayle
Decorative motif of continuous vine, leaf and grape clusters

Trefoil
Clover-leaved pattern

Triglyph
Banded decoration in a frieze

Turpet
Small tower on corner of building supported by corbels

Tuscan Column
Simple column with plain shaft

Tympanum
Triangular face of a pediment

Uncoursed Masonry
Not set in layers; no continuous horizontal joints

Veranda
Porch that runs along front or side of a building; supported by pillars or columns

Vermiculation
Decorative masonry surface with shallow channels

Volutes
Scroll shape found on Ionic capital

Voussoir
Wedge-shaped stones forming curved parts of an arch

Wainscot
Facing of wood paneling, usually covering lower portion of interior wall

Water Table
Molding or projection on the exterior located at the intersection of the basement and first story

Wheel Window
Round window with mullions radiating from the center

Widow
Narrow platform on roof; usually with wooden or wrought-iron balustrade

Wing
Building part projecting from a central or main part

Xystus
Tree-lined walk

Yoke
Top of a double-hung window

Zoophorous
Frieze decorated with animal or human figures