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Golden Glow Paints - glossary of painting colours and terms
Category: Hobbies and Crafts > glossary of painting colours and terms
Date & country: 16/11/2010, USA
Words: 211


holidays
Voids in the dried paint film.

hot spots
Lime spots, which are not completely cured and bleed through the coating on a plastered wall.

inhibitor
Material such as primer used to retard rusting or corrosion.

intercoat adhesion
The adhesion between two coats of paint.

interior
The inside surfaces of a structure.

intermediate coat
The coating between the primer and finish often called a barrier coat.

joint cement
Cement used for drywall construction; also used as a bedding compound for joint tape and as a filler for nail holes.

joint tape
Special paper or paper-faced cotton tape used over joints between wallboard to conceal the joint and provide a smooth surface for painting.

kalsomine
See Calcimine.

lacquer
A fast-drying clear pigmented coating that dries by solvent evaporation.

lap
To lay or place one coat so its edge extends over and covers the edge of a previous coat, causing an increased film thickness.

latex
A water-thinned paint, such as a polyvinyl acetate, styrene butadiene or acrylic.

leveling
Ability of a film to flow out free from ripples, pockmarks and brush marks after application.

lifting
The softening and penetration of a previous film by solvents in the paint being applied over it, resulting in raising and wrinkling.

lightfastness
No loss of color due to exposure to light, heat or weathering.

linseed oil
A drying oil used in paint, varnish and lacquer.

marine varnish
Varnish specially designed for immersion in water and exposure to marine atmosphere.

masking
Temporary covering of areas not to be painted.

masking tape
A strip of paper or cloth similar to adhesive tape, which can be easily removed, used to temporarily cover areas that are not to be painted.

mastic
A heavy-bodied paste like coating of high build often applied with a trowel.

metallics
A class of paints that include metal flakes in their composition.

mildew resistance
The ability of a coating to resist the growth of molds and mildew. Mildew is particularly prevalent in moist, humid and warm climates.

mildewcide
An agent that helps prevent molds or mildew growth on paint.

mineral spirits
Paint thinners or solvents derived from petroleum.

nailhead rusting
Rust from iron nails that penetrates or bleeds through the coating and stains the surrounding areas.

nap
The length of fibers in a paint roller cover.

nonvolatile
The portion of paint left after the solvent evaporates; sometimes called the solids content.

oil stains
There are two types of oil stains, penetrating and non-penetrating. Penetrating oil stains contain dyes and resins that penetrate the surface; non-penetrating oil stains contain larger amounts of pigments and are usually opaque or transparent.

opacity
The ability of a paint to hide the previous surface or color.

opaque coating
A coating that hides the previous surface coating.

orange peel
Film having the roughness of an orange due to poor roller or spray application.

paint gauge
Instrument for measuring the thickness of paint film.

paint remover
A compound that softens old paint or varnish and permits scraping off the loosened material.

patching plaster
A special plaster made for repairing plaster walls.

peeling
Detachment of a dried paint film in relatively large pieces, usually caused by moisture or grease under the painted surface.

pigments
Paint ingredients mainly used to impart color and hiding power.

pihnole
Very small holes in paint film, usually not deep enough to show undercoat.

plaster of paris
A quick setting, pure white powder, used to set bathroom wall fixtures such as towel racks or used by craft groups for pouring molds and making plaster objects.

polyurethane
Wide range of coatings, ranging from hard gloss enamels to soft flexible coatings. Good to very good adhesion, hardness, flexibility and resistance. Surface preparation critical.

polyvinyl acetate
A synthetic resin largely used as a vehicle for many latex paints. Often referred to as PVA.

pot life
Amount of time after mixing a two-part paint system during which it can be applied.

prime coat or primer
The first coat or undercoat that helps bind the topcoat to the substrate.

propellant
The gas used to expel materials from aerosol containers.

putty
Doughlike mixture of pigment and oil used to set glass in window frames and to fill nail holes and cracks.

removers
Substances used to soften old varnish or paint so they may be removed easily.

resin
A natural or synthetic material that is the main ingredient of paint and that binds ingredients together. It also aids adhesion to the surface.

roller
A paint application tool having a revolving cylinder covered with lambs-wool, fabric, foamed plastic or other material.

ropiness
Paint dries with a stringy look because it did not flow evenly onto the surface.

runs
Blemished film caused by excessive flow of coating.

rust preventative paint or primer
The first coat of paint applied directly to iron or steel structures to slow down or prevent rust.

sags
Excessive flow, causing runs or sagging in paint film during application. Usually caused by applying too heavy a coat of paint or thinning too much.

sal soda
Crystallized sodium carbonate. It is used for making cleaning solutions to remove grease and grime from old painted surfaces.

sand finish
Rough finish plaster wall.

sanding surfaces
A heavily pigmented finishing material used for building the surface to a smooth condition. It is sanded after drying.

satin finish
See Semi-Gloss

scrubbability
The ability of a paint film to withstand scrubbing and cleaning with water, soap and other household cleaning agents.

sealer
A thin liquid applied to seal a surface, to prevent previous paint from bleeding through from the surface or to prevent undue absorption of the topcoat into the substrate.

seeds
Small, undesirable particles or granules other than dust found in paint, varnish or lacquer.

self-cleaning
Controlled chalking of a paint film so dirt does not adhere to the surface.

semi-gloss
Having a luster between full and flat.

semi-transparent
A degree of hiding greater than transparent but less than opaque.

set up
A film that has dried so that it is firm is said to have "set up".

settling
Paint separation in which pigments accumulate at the bottom of the container.

shake painter
A rectangular-shaped flat pad with an attached handle that is used to paint shingles, shakes and other special surfaces and areas.

sheen
The degree of luster of a dried paint film.

sheen uniformity
The even distribution of luster over the entire surface of an applied finish.

shellac
Derived from a resinous substance called Lac. Used as a sealer and finish for floors, for sealing knots and other purposes. A natural resin, usually in the form of thin flakes.

silicone
See Resin.

skin
Tough covering that forms on paints if container is not tightly sealed.

solids
See Nonvolatile.

solvent
The volatile part of paint composition that evaporates during drying.

spackling compound
A material used as crack filler for preparing surfaces before painting.

spar varnish
A very durable varnish designed for service on exterior surfaces.

spatter
Small particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when applying paint.

spot priming
A method of protecting localized spots. The only areas primed are those that require additional protection due to rusting or peeling of the former coat.

spraying
A method of application in which the coating material is broken up into a fine mist that is directed onto the surface to be coated.

spreading rate
The area to which paint can be spread; usually expressed as square feet per gallon.

stain
A solution or suspension of coloring matter in a vehicle designed primarily to be applied to create color effects rather than to form a protective coating. A transparent or semi-opaque coating that colors without completely obscuring the grain of the surface.

stippling
A finish made by using a stippling brush or roller stippler or a newly painted surface before the paint is dry.

streaking
The irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various lengths and colors in an applied film; usually caused by some form of contamination.

strip
Removal of old finishes with paint removers.

styrene-butadiene
See Resin.

substrate
Surface to be painted.

surface tension
The property of a coating that makes it tend to shrink when applied.

tack rag
A piece of loosely woven cloth that has been dipped into varnish oil and wrung out. When it becomes tacky or sticky, it is used to wipe a surface to remove particles of dust.

tacky
Sticky condition of coating during drying, between wet and dry-to-touch stage.

texture
The roughness or irregularity of a surface.

texture paint
Paint that can be manipulated by brush, roller, trowel or other tool to produce various effects.

thinners
Solvents used to thin coatings.

thixotropy
The property of a material that causes it to change from a thick, pasty consistency to a fluid consistency upon agitation, brushing or rolling.

tint base
The basic paint in a custom color system to which colorants are added.

toner
Pigmented lacquer sealer that is applied by spray. Toners provide color and make the surface appear more even.

touch up
The ability of a coating film to be spot repaired (usually within a few months of initial painting) without showing color or gloss differences.

turpentine
A colorless liquid, which is used as a thinner for oil paints and varnishes, distilled from the products of the pine tree.

undercoat
A primer or intermediate coating before the finish coating.

varnish
Transparent liquid that dries on exposure to air to give a decorative and protective and protective coating when applied as a thin film.

varnish stain
Varnishes colored with a dye and without the same power of penetrations as the true stains, leaving a colored coating on the surface.

vehicle
The liquid portion of paint composed mainly of solvents, resins or oils.

vinyl
A resin with poor adhesion but good hardness, flexibility and resistance. Used for swimming pools, tank linings and marine equipment.

viscosity
The thickness of a coating as related to its ability to flow as a liquid.